References of "Behavioural Processes"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSensitivity to tactile novelty in the terrestrial isopod, Porcellio scaber
Anselme, Patrick ULg

in Behavioural Processes (2013), 92(1), 52-59

Invertebrates have been studied at biochemical, ecological, and behavioural levels, but current knowledge about the impact that learning may have on behaviour is rather sparse. The present study aimed to ... [more ▼]

Invertebrates have been studied at biochemical, ecological, and behavioural levels, but current knowledge about the impact that learning may have on behaviour is rather sparse. The present study aimed to examine the sensitivity of isolated rough woodlice (Porcellio scaber Latreille 1804) to the tactile novelty of their environment. A simple way to test this issue was to refer to the place preference paradigm, traditionally used in vertebrates. In Experiment 1, woodlice were placed in a compartment for 30 min in order to assess their ability to develop habituation in the absence of reward. In Experiment 2, woodlice were exposed to a compartment for 20 min (habituation phase) and were then given free choice between that compartment and a novel compartment for 2 min (preference phase). Depending on test conditions, rewards (humidity and/or shelter) were present or absent in the familiar compartment. The familiar and novel compartments differed with respect to the texture of the floor. In Experiment 3, the floor texture was the same in the two compartments in order to control for a novelty effect. The main results indicate that woodlice exhibited increased locomotion time, increased distance travelled, and increased speed in the novel compartment compared to the familiar compartment. There was no preference for either compartment when the floor textures of both were identical. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAbnormal patterns of displacement activities: a review and reinterpretation
Anselme, Patrick ULg

in Behavioural Processes (2008), 79(1), 48-58

A series of important theoretical contributions flourished in the years 1950-70 about displacement activities — those ‘out-of-context’ actions expressed by organisms in stressful situations. Nothing ... [more ▼]

A series of important theoretical contributions flourished in the years 1950-70 about displacement activities — those ‘out-of-context’ actions expressed by organisms in stressful situations. Nothing really new has appeared thereafter. Although the models address different issues, such as causal factors of displacement, it appears obvious that they do not provide a unified (coherent) approach; they often explain the same phenomena using very different means and turn out to be contradictory on several points. In addition, some problems currently remain unsolved, especially concerning the fact that displacement activities exhibit ‘abnormalities’ of expression in comparison with the same activities performed in usual context. Each model is here described and criticized in order to evaluate its explanatory power and allow the identification of specific limits. A new, integrative model — the Anticipatory Dynamics Model (or ADM) — then attempts to overcome the failures of previous models. The ADM suggests that abnormal patterns of displacement activities result from attentional interference caused by a thwarting experience or conflicting motivations. At least one theoretical prediction of the ADM can be differentiated from that of any other model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNon-photoperiodic factors and timing of breeding in blue tits: Impact of environmental and social influences in semi-natural conditions
Caro, S. P.; Lambrechts, M. M.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg et al

in Behavioural Processes (2007), 75(1), 1-7

The seasonal development of life-history traits is influenced by many environmental factors. The impact of photoperiodic and non-photoperiodic factors on nest building and egg laying has been rarely ... [more ▼]

The seasonal development of life-history traits is influenced by many environmental factors. The impact of photoperiodic and non-photoperiodic factors on nest building and egg laying has been rarely investigated in non-domesticated avian species for which long term field data sets are available. Former investigations showed that blue tits originating from geographically close populations in the Mediterranean region do not respond in the same way to photoperiodic factors in semi-natural outdoor conditions. Here we show experimentally that nest building and onset of egg laying in captive blue tits is also proximately influenced by non-photoperiodic factors, including aspects related to aviary characteristics and social interactions between birds of the two sexes originating from different local Mediterranean study populations. In two successive experiments, we show that (1) increasing the volume of the aviary advanced the egg laying period of one specific population by almost I month, and (2) crossing pairs of birds from different origins strongly reduced the nest building and egg laying behaviours. These results indicate that obtaining biologically relevant breeding results in captivity with wild birds requires the control and experimental manipulation of a wide array of complex environmental cues. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSome conceptual problems with the classical theory of behaviour
Anselme, Patrick ULg

in Behavioural Processes (2007), 75(3), 259-275

Behaviour is usually assumed to depend on the reach of a critical intensity-termed reactivity threshold-by its motivation. This view represents a simple, predictive theoretical framework in ethology and ... [more ▼]

Behaviour is usually assumed to depend on the reach of a critical intensity-termed reactivity threshold-by its motivation. This view represents a simple, predictive theoretical framework in ethology and animal psychology. However, it is here argued that only the influence of an isolated motivation on behaviour can be explained that way; that such a view fails to account for behaviour when several motivations are jointly activated. Upon analysis, the classical theory of behaviour (CTB) proves to be under-specified and thus leads to three conceptual problems that make it logically inconsistent for the study of multiple motivations. A revision of the CTB, called anticipatory dynamics model (ADM), is then developed in order to bring a theoretical solution to these conceptual problems. The ADM hypothesizes that an organism's motivational interactions are due to the limitation of the organism's attentional resources. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of auditory distractors on song discrimination in male canaries (Serinus canaria)
Appeltants, D.; Gentner, T. Q.; Hulse, S. H. et al

in Behavioural Processes (2005), 69(3), 331-341

Male songbirds such as canaries produce complex learned vocalizations that are used in the context of mate attraction and territory defense. Successful mate attraction or territorial defense requires that ... [more ▼]

Male songbirds such as canaries produce complex learned vocalizations that are used in the context of mate attraction and territory defense. Successful mate attraction or territorial defense requires that a bird be able to recognize individuals based on their vocal performance and identify these songs in a noisy background. In order to learn more about how birds are able to solve this problem, we investigated, with a two-alternative choice procedure, the ability of adult male canaries to discriminate between conspecific song segments from two different birds and to maintain this discrimination when conspecific songs are superimposed with a variety of distractors. The results indicate that male canaries have the ability to discriminate, with a high level of accuracy song segments produced by two different conspecific birds. Song discrimination was partially maintained when the stimuli were masked by auditory distractors, but the accuracy of the discrimination progressively declined as a function of the number of masking distractors. The type of distractor used in the experiments (other conspecific songs or different types of artificial white noise) did not markedly affect the rate of deterioration of the song discrimination. These data indicate that adult male canaries have the perceptual abilities to discriminate and selectively attend to one ongoing sound that occurs simultaneously with one or more other sounds. The administration of a noradrenergic neurotoxin did not impair markedly the discrimination learning abilities although the number of subjects tested was too small to allow any firm conclusion. In these conditions, however, the noradrenergic lesion significantly increased the number failures to respond in the discrimination learning task suggesting a role, in canaries, of the noradrenergic system in some attentional processes underlying song learning and processing. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAromatase inhibition blocks the expression of sexually-motivated cloacal gland movements in male quail
Taziaux, Mélanie ULg; Cornil, Charlotte ULg; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Behavioural Processes (2004), 67(3), 461-469

In Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), activation of appetitive and consummatory aspects of male sexual behavior requires aromatization of testosterone (T) into estrogens. Appetitive male sexual behavior ... [more ▼]

In Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), activation of appetitive and consummatory aspects of male sexual behavior requires aromatization of testosterone (T) into estrogens. Appetitive male sexual behavior (ASB) is usually assessed with the use of a learned social proximity procedure. In the present experiment, we investigated the role of estrogens in the activation of an another index of ASB. the female-induced activation of rhythmic cloacal sphincter movements (RCSMs) that are produced in reaction to the visual presentation of a female. Consummatory sexual behavior (CSB) was also assessed by the frequency and latency of copulatory behaviors. Castrated male quail were treated with Silastic implants filled with T in association with chronic injections of the aromatase inhibitor Vorozole(TM) (R83842; 1 mg/kg twice a day; CX + T + VOR group). Control birds were implanted with T capsules only (CX + T group). CSB was almost completely blocked by injections of the aromatase inhibitor. The RCSM frequency decreased progressively in the CX + T + VOR group by comparison with the CX + T group and was therefore significantly reduced at the end of the experiment. These results demonstrate that the frequency of RCSM, a second measure of ASB is, like the social proximity response and CSB, blocked by inhibition of estrogen production. It was shown previously that lesions of the preoptic area inhibit both aspects of the appetitive sexual behavior (proximity response and RCSM). It is therefore, likely that both responses are controlled, like copulation, by aromatase-containing neurons of the preoptic area. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailTemporal differentiation in two strains of small rodents: a wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and an albino mouse (Mus musculus OF1)
Lejeune, Helga ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Ferrara, André ULg

in Behavioural Processes (2000), 52(2-3), 155-169

Wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and OF1 albino mice (Mus musculus) were compared over durations ranging from 0.5 to 7 s, using the differential reinforcement of response duration schedule (DRRD) and a ... [more ▼]

Wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and OF1 albino mice (Mus musculus) were compared over durations ranging from 0.5 to 7 s, using the differential reinforcement of response duration schedule (DRRD) and a 'platform' response, i.e. staying on a small platform for a specified criterion duration to be reinforced. Species-related differences were found for mean response durations, efficiency and the number of trials needed to reach a preset performance criterion. Coefficients of variation of response durations did not differ. Overall, OF1 mice needed more trials than wood mice to reach a temporal criterion. However, over 3-7 s, data from both strains almost fitted the behavioral assumptions of Scalar Timing theory. Performance of mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) trained in a similar setting was shown for visual comparison. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (8 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFear reactions of domestic sheep confronted with either a human or a human-like model
Bouissou, Marie-France; Vandenheede, Marc ULg

in Behavioural Processes (1995), 34

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe cognitive approach to familiar face processing in human subjects
Brédart, Serge ULg; Bruyer, R.

in Behavioural Processes (1994), 33(1-2), 213-232

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFear reactions of ewes to photographic images
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Bouissou, Marie-France

in Behavioural Processes (1994), 32

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAmineptine and response timing in the rat
Lejeune, Helga ULg; Hermans, Isabelle ULg; Mocaer, E. et al

in Behavioural Processes (1993), 29

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (0 ULg)