References of "Astrophysics & Space Science"
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See detailThe feedback of massive stars on interstellar astrochemical processes
De Becker, Michaël ULg

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2014), 350(1), 237-243

Astrochemistry is a discipline that studies physico-chemical processes in astrophysical environments. Such environments are characterized by conditions that are substantially different from those existing ... [more ▼]

Astrochemistry is a discipline that studies physico-chemical processes in astrophysical environments. Such environments are characterized by conditions that are substantially different from those existing in usual chemical laboratories. Models which aim to explain the formation of molecular species in interstellar environments must take into account various factors, including many that are directly, or indirectly related to the populations of massive stars in galaxies. The aim of this paper is to review the influence of massive stars, whatever their evolution stage, on the physico-chemical processes at work in interstellar environments. These influences include the ultraviolet radiation field, the production of high energy particles, the synthesis of radionuclides and the formation of shocks that permeate the interstellar medium. [less ▲]

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See detailTransiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission Resolving the nature of transit candidates for the LRa03 and SRa03 fields
Cavarroc, C.; Moutou, C.; Gandolfi, D. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2012), 337

CoRoT is a space telescope which aims at studying internal structure of stars and detecting extrasolar planets. We present here a list of transits detected in the light curves of stars observed by CoRoT ... [more ▼]

CoRoT is a space telescope which aims at studying internal structure of stars and detecting extrasolar planets. We present here a list of transits detected in the light curves of stars observed by CoRoT in two fields in the anti-center direction: the LRa03 one observed during 148 days from 3 October 2009 to 1 March 2010 followed by the SRa03 one from the 5 March 2010 to the 29 March 2010 during 25 days. 5329 light curves for the LRa03 field and 4169 for the SRa03 field were analyzed by the detection team of CoRoT. Then some of the selected exoplanetary candidates have been followed up from the ground. In the LRa03 field, 19 exoplanet candidates have been found, 8 remain unsolved. No secured planet has been found yet. In the SRa03 field, there were 11 exoplanetary candidates among which 6 cases remain unsolved and 3 planets have been found: CoRoT-18b, CoRoT-19b, CoRoT-20b. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthetic pulsational line profile variations
Oreiro, R.; Telting, J. H.; Østensen, R. H. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 329

We have produced simulated time series of high resolution spectroscopy for sdBs. We present the first results of testing classical mode identification techniques. Here, in particular, we analyse the ... [more ▼]

We have produced simulated time series of high resolution spectroscopy for sdBs. We present the first results of testing classical mode identification techniques. Here, in particular, we analyse the behaviour of individual spectral lines and discuss the results and applicability of the moment method. [less ▲]

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See detailEXOTIME: searching for planets around pulsating subdwarf B stars
Schuh, Sonja; Silvotti, Roberto; Lutz, Ronny et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010, October), 329

In 2007, a companion with planetary mass was found around the pulsating subdwarf B star V391 Pegasi with the timing method, indicating that a previously undis- covered population of substellar companions ... [more ▼]

In 2007, a companion with planetary mass was found around the pulsating subdwarf B star V391 Pegasi with the timing method, indicating that a previously undis- covered population of substellar companions to apparently single subdwarf B stars might exist. Following this serendip- itous discovery, the EXOTIME (http://www.na.astro.it/ ~silvotti/exotime/) monitoring program has been set up to follow the pulsations of a number of selected rapidly pul- sating subdwarf B stars on time scales of several years with two immediate observational goals: (1) determine P ̇ of the pulsational periods P (2) search for signatures of substellar companions in O– C residuals due to periodic light travel time variations, which would be tracking the central star’s companion- induced wobble around the centre of mass These sets of data should therefore, at the same time, on the one hand be useful to provide extra constraints for classical asteroseismological exercises from the P ̇ (comparison with “local” evolutionary models), and on the other hand allow one to investigate the preceding evolution of a target in terms of possible “binary” evolution by extending the otherwise unsuccessful search for companions to potentially very low masses. While timing pulsations may be an observationally ex- pensive method to search for companions, it samples a dif- ferent range of orbital parameters, inaccessible through or- bital photometric effects or the radial velocity method: the latter favours massive close-in companions, whereas the timing method becomes increasingly more sensitive toward wider separations. In this paper we report on the status of the on-going ob- servations and coherence analysis for two of the currently five targets, revealing very well-behaved pulsational charac- teristics in HS 0444+0458, while showing HS 0702+6043 to be more complex than previously thought. [less ▲]

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See detailProgress in the asteroseismic analysis of the pulsating sdB star PG 1605+072
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Charpinet, Stéphane; Fontaine, Gilles et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010, October), 329

The hot pulsating sdB star PG 1605+072 exhibits uncommon spectroscopic and pulsation properties, and is one of the biggest challenge in the field of sdB star modeling. Two hypotheses have been proposed to ... [more ▼]

The hot pulsating sdB star PG 1605+072 exhibits uncommon spectroscopic and pulsation properties, and is one of the biggest challenge in the field of sdB star modeling. Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain its unusually rich pulsation spectrum. The first is the natural explanation of a fast-rotating pulsator, which lifts the (2 l+1)-fold degeneracy of the frequency components. Another approach, where PG 1605+072 can be seen as a slow rotator, considers that the numerous low amplitude frequency components are second- and third-order harmonics and nonlinear combinations of the highest amplitude frequencies. We investigated the two hypotheses in the light of asteroseismology, using our latest tools—including pulsation codes that incorporate star rotation and new generation complete sdB models. The results of both approaches are presented, showing interesting results and raising new questions for our understanding of this mysterious sdB star. [less ▲]

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See detailHow asteroseismology can constrain the global parameters of solar-like star models
Ozel, N.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Baglin, A.

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

In the previous years, p-mode oscillations (pressure oscillations stochastically excited by convection) have been detected in several solar-like stars thanks to the ground-based spectroscopic and space ... [more ▼]

In the previous years, p-mode oscillations (pressure oscillations stochastically excited by convection) have been detected in several solar-like stars thanks to the ground-based spectroscopic and space spectroscopic and photometric observations. We study the importance of seismic constraints on stellar modeling and the impact of their accuracy on reducing the uncertainties of global stellar parameters (i.e. mass, age, etc.). We use the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) method to analyze the sensitivity of stellar models to seismic constraints. In this context, we construct a grid of evolutionary sequences for solar-like stars with varying age and mass. Around each model of this grid, we evaluate the partial derivatives with respect to a large set of free parameters: mass â ³, age Ï , mixing-length parameter α, initial helium abundance Y [SUB]0[/SUB], and initial metallicity Z/ X [SUB]0[/SUB]. Masses between 0.9 and 1.55 M [SUB]ȯ[/SUB] and central hydrogen abundances from Xc=0.7 to 0.05 have been considered in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailStochastic excitation of gravity modes in massive main-sequence stars
Samadi, R.; Belkacem, Kevin ULg; Goupil, M. J. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

We investigate the possibility that gravity modes can be stochastically excited by turbulent convection in massive main-sequence (MS) stars. We build stellar models of MS stars with masses M=10 M [SUB]ȯ ... [more ▼]

We investigate the possibility that gravity modes can be stochastically excited by turbulent convection in massive main-sequence (MS) stars. We build stellar models of MS stars with masses M=10 M [SUB]ȯ[/SUB],15 M [SUB]ȯ[/SUB], and 20 M [SUB]ȯ[/SUB]. For each model, we then compute the power supplied to the modes by turbulent eddies in the convective core (CC) and the outer convective zones (OCZ). We found that, for asymptotic gravity modes, the major part of the driving occurs within the outer iron convective zone, while the excitation of low n order modes mainly occurs within the CC. We compute the mode lifetimes and deduce the expected mode amplitudes. We finally discuss the possibility of detecting such stochastically-excited gravity modes with the CoRoT space-based mission. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of stellar rotation on oscillation frequencies
Ouazzani, R. M.; Goupil, M. J.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

We investigate whether the rotational splittings of β Cephei stars can give some clue about the existence of a differential rotation in latitude, and if they are contaminated by the cubic order effects ... [more ▼]

We investigate whether the rotational splittings of β Cephei stars can give some clue about the existence of a differential rotation in latitude, and if they are contaminated by the cubic order effects of rotation on oscillation frequencies. We also study some properties of splitting asymmetries and axisymmetric mode frequencies which provide seismic constrains on the distortion of the star. We find that only non-perturbative methods are able to reproduce those two seismic characteristics within 0.01% error bars for stars when they rotate faster than 3.3% Ω [SUB] k [/SUB]. If error bars of 1% are acceptable, the threshold of validity of perturbative methods is extended to 10% Ω [SUB] k [/SUB]. [less ▲]

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See detailOvershooting and semiconvection: structural changes and asteroseismic signatures
Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

Overshooting and semiconvection are two poorly known mechanisms which affect the extent and the efficiency of chemical mixing outside classical convection zones in stars. We discuss the uncertainties and ... [more ▼]

Overshooting and semiconvection are two poorly known mechanisms which affect the extent and the efficiency of chemical mixing outside classical convection zones in stars. We discuss the uncertainties and the inferences of those processes in main sequence stars burning hydrogen in a convective core. We then focus on the asteroseismic signatures of partially or fully mixed zones surrounding the convective core, through the detailed shape of the induced chemical composition profile. We emphasize the potential power of asteroseismology to determine the internal structure of stars and thus to help us understand the physical processes at work inside the stars. [less ▲]

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See detailComparisons between stellar models and reliability of the theoretical models
Lebreton, Yveline; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

The high quality of the asteroseismic data provided by space missions such as CoRoT (Michel et al. in The CoRoT Mission, ESA Spec. Publ. vol. 1306, p. 39, 2006) or expected from new operating missions ... [more ▼]

The high quality of the asteroseismic data provided by space missions such as CoRoT (Michel et al. in The CoRoT Mission, ESA Spec. Publ. vol. 1306, p. 39, 2006) or expected from new operating missions such as Kepler (Christensen-Dalsgaard et al. in Commun. Asteroseismol. 150:350, 2007) requires the capacity of stellar evolution codes to provide accurate models whose numerical precision is better than the expected observational errors (i.e. below 0.1 μHz on the frequencies in the case of CoRoT). We present a review of some thorough comparisons of stellar models produced by different evolution codes, involved in the CoRoT/ESTA activities (Monteiro in Evolution and Seismic Tools for Stellar Astrophysics, 2009). We examine the numerical aspects of the computations as well as the effects of different implementations of the same physics on the global quantities, physical structure and oscillations properties of the stellar models. We also discuss a few aspects of the input physics. [less ▲]

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See detailThe red-giant CoRoT target HR 7349
Carrier, Fabien; Morel, Thierry ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2010), 328

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See detailCLÉS, Code Liégeois d'Évolution Stellaire
Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Théado, Sylvie; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2008), 316

CLÉS is an evolution code recently developed to produce stellar models meeting the specific requirements of studies in asteroseismology. It offers the users a lot of choices in the input physics they want ... [more ▼]

CLÉS is an evolution code recently developed to produce stellar models meeting the specific requirements of studies in asteroseismology. It offers the users a lot of choices in the input physics they want in their models and its versatility allows them to tailor the code to their needs and implement easily new features. We describe the features implemented in the current version of the code and the techniques used to solve the equations of stellar structure and evolution. A brief account is given of the use of the program and of a solar calibration realized with it. [less ▲]

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See detailThorough analysis of input physics in CESAM and CLÉS codes
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Lebreton, Yveline; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2008), 316(1-4), 219-229

This contribution is not about the quality of the agreement between stellar models computed by CESAM and CLÉS codes, but more interesting, on what ESTA-Task 1 run has taught us about these codes and about ... [more ▼]

This contribution is not about the quality of the agreement between stellar models computed by CESAM and CLÉS codes, but more interesting, on what ESTA-Task 1 run has taught us about these codes and about the input physics they use. We also quantify the effects of different implementations of the same physics on the seismic properties of the stellar models, that in fact is the main aim of ESTA experiments. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Liège Oscillation code
Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Théado, S. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2008), 316

The Liège Oscillation code can be used as a stand-alone program or as a library of subroutines that the user calls from a Fortran main program of his own to compute radial and nonradial adiabatic ... [more ▼]

The Liège Oscillation code can be used as a stand-alone program or as a library of subroutines that the user calls from a Fortran main program of his own to compute radial and nonradial adiabatic oscillations of stellar models. We describe the variables and the equations used by the program and the methods used to solve them. A brief account is given of the use and the output of the program. [less ▲]

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See detailX1908+075: A Late O-Type Supergiant with a Neutron Star Companion
Morel, Thierry ULg; Grosdidier, Yves

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2006), 304

X1908 + 075 is a highly-absorbed Galactic X-ray source likely made up of a pulsar accreting wind material from a massive companion. We have used near-IR photometric data complemented by follow-up ... [more ▼]

X1908 + 075 is a highly-absorbed Galactic X-ray source likely made up of a pulsar accreting wind material from a massive companion. We have used near-IR photometric data complemented by follow-up spectroscopy to identify the likely counterpart to this X-ray source and to assign a spectral type O7.5 9.5 If to the primary. Further details can be found in Morel and Grosdidier (2005). [less ▲]

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See detailPhotospheric Abundance Peculiarities in RS CVn Binaries
Morel, Thierry ULg; Micela, Giuseppina; Favata, Fabio

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2006), 304

We discuss the results of a LTE abundance study of 14 single-lined RS CVn binaries. Increasingly peculiar abundance ratios are observed for the cooler and more active stars in this sample (this is best ... [more ▼]

We discuss the results of a LTE abundance study of 14 single-lined RS CVn binaries. Increasingly peculiar abundance ratios are observed for the cooler and more active stars in this sample (this is best illustrated in the case of oxygen). This may arise from the existence of large spot groups, departures from LTE much larger than anticipated and/or inadequacies in the Kurucz model atmospheres for these objects. [less ▲]

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See detailA View to the Future: Ultraviolet Studies of the Solar System
Brosch, Noah; Davies, John; Festou, Michel C et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2006), 303

We discuss the status of ultraviolet knowledge of Solar System objects. We begin with a short historical survey, followed by a review of knowledge gathered so far and of existing observational assets. The ... [more ▼]

We discuss the status of ultraviolet knowledge of Solar System objects. We begin with a short historical survey, followed by a review of knowledge gathered so far and of existing observational assets. The survey indicates that UV observations, along with data collected in other spectral bands, are necessary and in some cases essential to understand the nature of our neighbors in the Solar System. By extension, similar observations are needed to explore the nature of extrasolar planets, to support or reject astro-biology arguments, and to compose and test scenarios for the formation and evolution of planetary systems. We propose a set of observations, describing first the necessary instrumental capabilitites to collect these and outlining what would be the expected scientific return. We identify two immediate programmatic requirements: the establishment of a mineralogic database in the ultraviolet for the characterization of planetary, ring, satellite, and minor planet surfaces, and the development and deployment of small orbital solar radiation monitors. The first would extend the methods of characterizing surfaces of atmosphere-less bodies by adding the UV segment. The latter are needed to establish a baseline against which contemporaneous UV observations of Solar System objects must be compared. We identify two types of UV missions, one appropriate for a two-meter-class telescope using almost off-the-shelf technology that could be launched in the next few years, and another for a much larger (5--20 meter class) instrument that would provide the logical follow-up after a decade of utilizing the smaller facility. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the multiplicity of the O-star Cyg OB2#8a and its contribution to the gamma-ray source 3EG J2033+4118
De Becker, Michaël ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Swings, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2005), 297(1-4), 291-298

We present the results of an intensive spectroscopic campaign in the optical waveband revealing that Cyg OB2 # 8A is an O6+ O5.5 binary system with a period of about 21.9 days. Cyg OB2 # 8A is a bright X ... [more ▼]

We present the results of an intensive spectroscopic campaign in the optical waveband revealing that Cyg OB2 # 8A is an O6+ O5.5 binary system with a period of about 21.9 days. Cyg OB2 # 8A is a bright X-ray source, as well as a non-thermal radio emitter. We discuss the binarity of this star in the framework of a campaign devoted to the study of non-thermal emitters, from the radio waveband to gamma-rays. In this context, we attribute the non-thermal radio emission from this star to a population of relativistic electrons, accelerated by the shock of the wind-wind collision. These relativistic electrons could also be responsible for a putative gamma-ray emission through inverse Compton scattering of photospheric UV photons, thus contributing to the yet unidentified EGRET source 3EG J2033+ 4118. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Improved Method of Photometric Mode Identification: Applications to Slowly Pulsating B, beta Cephei, delta Scuti and gamma Doradus Stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2003), 284

We present an improved version of the method of photometric mode identification based upon the inclusion of non-adiabatic eigenfunctions determined in the stellar atmosphere, according to the formalism ... [more ▼]

We present an improved version of the method of photometric mode identification based upon the inclusion of non-adiabatic eigenfunctions determined in the stellar atmosphere, according to the formalism recently proposed by Dupret et al. (2002). We apply our method to beta Cephei, Slowly Pulsating B, delta Scuti and gamma Doradus stars. Besides identifying the degree l of the pulsating stars, our method is also a tool for improving the knowledge of stellar interiors and atmospheres, by imposing constraints on the metallicity for beta Cephei and SPBs, the characteristics of the superficial convection zone for delta Scuti and gamma Doradus stars and the limb-darkening law. [less ▲]

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See detailp-mode Oscillations of alpha Cen A
Thoul, Anne ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Vatovez, B. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2003), 284

Models of alpha Cen A & B have been computed using the masses determined by Pourbaix et al. (2002) and the data derived from the spectroscopic analysis of Neuforge and Magain (1997). The seismological ... [more ▼]

Models of alpha Cen A & B have been computed using the masses determined by Pourbaix et al. (2002) and the data derived from the spectroscopic analysis of Neuforge and Magain (1997). The seismological data obtained by Bouchy and Carrier (2001, 2002) do help improve our knowledge of the evolutionary status of the system. All the constraints are satisfied with a model which gives an age of about 6 Gyr for the binary. [less ▲]

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