References of "Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative"
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See detailThe relevance of the cooperative model in the field of renewable energy
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2014), 85(2), 193-212

This article examines the relevance of the cooperative model in the field of renewable energy (RE). RE sources have been developed since the end of the 1970s and their growth has been expansive since then ... [more ▼]

This article examines the relevance of the cooperative model in the field of renewable energy (RE). RE sources have been developed since the end of the 1970s and their growth has been expansive since then. While social-ecological movements have been instrumental in shifting the public attention towards the need for alternative energies (Sine and Lee, 2009), in most countries the sector has rapidly become dominated by corporate actors experienced in building large-scale RE projects. In an attempt to counter the corporate hegemony and to protect available lands, a range of citizen initiatives have emerged under different forms and names such as community energy groups or renewable energy (source) cooperatives (van der Horst, 2008; Willis and Willis, 2012; Lipp et al., 2012; Schreuer and Weismeier-Sammer, 2010; Weismeier-Sammer and Reiner, 2011). Pioneering examples include EWS in Germany, Enercoop in France, Energy4All in the UK, or Ecopower in Belgium. As these citizen groups tend to adopt the cooperative model, or a related form depending on the local legislation and context, it seems important to understand what are the specific features, assets and limitations of this model in the field of RE. Indeed, while ‘traditional’ cooperatives operating for a long time in fields such as banking, agriculture, or retail, have received an important attention in the cooperative literature, much work still needs to be done to understand why and how cooperatives emerge either in fields in which they have not traditionally been widespread (such as health and care, services, etc.), or in ‘new’ fields or sub-fields (such as fair trade, microfinance or renewable energy). Research is even more needed insofar as ‘new’ cooperatives tend to differ from traditional ones in several ways, for instance through the involvement of multiple stakeholders (rather than a dominant one such as producers, consumers or workers) or through a stronger orientation towards general interest goals (beyond traditional mutual interest at the basis of most cooperatives). While RE cooperatives have strongly developed in countries such as Denmark (Lipp et al., 2012), Germany (Schreuer, 2012; Weismeier-Sammer and Reiner, 2011) and to a lesser extent the UK (Aitken, 2010; Kellett, 2007; Seyfang et al., 2012; van der Horst, 2008; Willis and Willis, 2012; Walker et al., 2007), their development has been much slower in other countries, particularly Southern Europe (Lipp et al., 2012). This seems to echo, to a certain extent, the general development of RE in these countries (Haas et al., 2011). Before mapping these differences against the background of RE development in these countries, it is necessary to understand how the assets and limits of the cooperative model apply to the particular case of RE. This is precisely the aim of this article. On the one hand, the assets of the cooperative model enable to understand why this form has been adopted by citizen groups and has developed in certain countries. On the other hand, the limits or weaknesses of the model enable to explain why cooperatives are still a minority in the field of RE and why their development is constrained by obstacles in certain countries. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Security and Retirement: the Relationship between Workers, Firms and Government
Lefebvre, Mathieu ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2013), 84(1), 43-61

In this paper we survey a number of theoretical and empirical studies in order to propose explanations to the fall of labor force participation at older age. Starting from the largely studied e ect of ... [more ▼]

In this paper we survey a number of theoretical and empirical studies in order to propose explanations to the fall of labor force participation at older age. Starting from the largely studied e ect of social security schemes on labor supply, we explore the employers behavior and the role of govern- ments in the development of early retirement schemes. We show that early retirement is the result of a global agreement between rms and government where workers have incentives to early exit the labor market due to generous non actuarial bene ts. Firms have an advantage to separate older workers because they are costly compare to young workers and governments hope that by pushing elderly into early retirement they will solve the massive unemployment problem. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent Trends in Social Economy Research
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Chaves, Rafael; Monzon Campos, José Luis

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2012), 83(3), 251-433

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See detailIntroduction: Recent Trends in Social Economy Research
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Chaves, Rafael; Monzon Campos, José Luis

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2012), 83(3), 251-258

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See detailThe Future of Public Enterprises: Contributions to a new Discourse
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Florio, Massimo

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2011), 82(4), 361-373

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See detailThe Future of Public Enterprises: Contributions to a new Discourse
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Florio, Massimo

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2011), 82(4), 361-516

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See detailGradual Network Expansion and Universal Service Obligations
Gautier, Axel ULg; Mizuno, Keizo

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2011), 82(2), 97-113

Universal service obligations are usually not competitively neutral as they modify the way firms compete in the market. In this paper, we consider a continuum of local markets in a dynamic setting with a ... [more ▼]

Universal service obligations are usually not competitively neutral as they modify the way firms compete in the market. In this paper, we consider a continuum of local markets in a dynamic setting with a stochastically growing demand. The incumbent must serve all markets (ubiquity) possibly at a uniform price and an entrant decides on its market coverage before firms compete in prices. Connecting a market involves a sunk cost. We show that the imposition of a uniform price constraint modifies the timing of entry: for low connection cost markets, entry occurs earlier while for high connection cost markets, entry occurs later. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes the mission of providers matter on a quasi-market? The case of the Belgian "service voucher" scheme
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Henry, Arnaud; Nassaut, Stéphane et al

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2010), 81(4), 583-610

In 2001, the Belgian government introduced a ‘service voucher’ scheme in the field of domestic (housework) services, following a quasi-market mechanism which fosters competition between providers of ... [more ▼]

In 2001, the Belgian government introduced a ‘service voucher’ scheme in the field of domestic (housework) services, following a quasi-market mechanism which fosters competition between providers of different types as regards sector (for-profit, public, third sector) and mission (seeking profits, home care provision to vulnerable groups and work integration of the unemployed). Empirical evidence suggests that third sector organizations focusing on a social mission recognized by a tutelary regulation are the best performing with regards to the quality of jobs and service organization, leading to a better ‘triangulation’ of the service relationship. On the other hand, for-profit providers, especially temporary work agencies, seem to favour their capacity of adaptation to the desiderata of their clients and costs’ minimization to the detriment of the quality of jobs which are made as flexible as possible. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent themes in social economy research
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Lévesque, Benoît; McPherson, Ian

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2009), 80(2), 163-344

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See detailDes Annales de la régie directe aux Annales de l'économie publique, sociale et coopérative: un siècle de métamorphoses d'une revue économique internationale
Geerkens Provin, Eric ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2008), 79(3/4), 372-416

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See detailFrom the Annales de la régie directe to Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics: 100 years of Transformations in an International Economic Journal
Geerkens Provin, Eric ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2008), 79(3/4), 417-460

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See detailThe public sector and the social economy in the Annals of public and cooperative economics (1975-2007): towards a new paradigm
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Lévesque, Benoît

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2008), 79(3-4), 679-727

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See detailThe Annals are 100 Years Old
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Lévesque, Benoît

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2008), 79(3-4), 369-727

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See detailFondements et implications de la diversité organisationnelle au sein du commerce équitable
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2007), 78(2), 195-218

This article aims to examine the organizational landscape of rapidly growing social innovation: Fair Trade. The author seeks to understand the reasons of the diversity of organizational forms in this ... [more ▼]

This article aims to examine the organizational landscape of rapidly growing social innovation: Fair Trade. The author seeks to understand the reasons of the diversity of organizational forms in this sector. The concept of Fair Trade is first decomposed into four types of economic goods. Then, each type of organizational form is examined with regard to the production of these goods. Finally, the author suggests a number of consequences of organizational diversity on the evolution of this sector, focusing on Europe and providing examples from the field of Fair Trade in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring Quantity-Quality Trade-Offs in Regulation: the Brazilian Freight Railways Case
Estache, Antonio; Perelman, Sergio ULg; Trujillo, Lourdes

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2007), 78(1), 1-20

The quantity vs. quality trade-offs in network industries are well known from the theoretical literature and have been the subject of many empirical assessments, although mostly for the telecoms and ... [more ▼]

The quantity vs. quality trade-offs in network industries are well known from the theoretical literature and have been the subject of many empirical assessments, although mostly for the telecoms and energy sectors. The purpose of this paper is to expand the evidence for the railway sector by documenting the importance of this trade-off in the context of the Brazilian freight railway industry reform, the first example of a railway sector in which tariff revisions are subject to joint output and quality performance indicators. The analysis is based on the calculation of the Malmquist productivity index proposed by Fare et al. (1995). The decomposable nature of this total factor productivity (TFP) index reveals the prevalence of quantity-quality trade-offs up to the end of the reform period, but a positive correlation between them during the period just afterwards. This type of information would certainly be useful for regulation purposes, particularly as an alternative way of taking into account quality without introducing complex, and very often ineffective, penalty schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnical efficiency in airlines under regulated and deregulated environments
Barla, Philippe; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2007), 60

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See detailSulphur Emissions and Productivity Growth in Industrialised Countries
Barla, Philippe; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2005), 76(2), 275-300

In this paper, we examine the relationship between economic and environmental performance. More specifically, we analyse the impact of SO2 reduction in the eighties (1980-1992) on productivity growth ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we examine the relationship between economic and environmental performance. More specifically, we analyse the impact of SO2 reduction in the eighties (1980-1992) on productivity growth, technical efficiency and technological progress for a set of 12 OECD countries. Our timeframe roughly corresponds to the adoption and implementation of the First Sulphur Protocol signed in 1985. First, we estimate an output based Malmquist productivity index using distance functions derived from successive DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) frontiers. This index is decomposed in two components namely technical and efficiency change. Second, we regress the change in productivity and its two components on a set of explanatory variables including annual variations in SO2 emissions. The results indicate that reductions in SO2 do not seem to have had a significant impact on productivity growth. The decomposition into efficiency and technology changes suggests that two countervailing effects may explain this result. On one hand, SO2 cutbacks adversely affect efficiency but on the other hand, they stimulate technical change. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation under Financial Constraints
Gautier, Axel ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2004), 75(4), 645-656

This article studies a simple procurement problem (Laffont and Tirole, 1993) where the regulator faces a cash-in-advance constraint. The introduction of such a constraint not only reduces the amount of ... [more ▼]

This article studies a simple procurement problem (Laffont and Tirole, 1993) where the regulator faces a cash-in-advance constraint. The introduction of such a constraint not only reduces the amount of public good provided but also limits the instruments available to the regulator. The wealth constraint could change the optimal regulatory contract from a two-part tariff, where the quantities produced depend on the firm's cost, to a less efficient fixed fee where the firm produces the same quantity whatever its cost. [less ▲]

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See detailL’évaluation de la performance économique des entreprises publiques africaines par la méthode des comptes de surplus
Mbangala, Mapapa ULg

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2001), 72

This paper focuses on the assessment of the economic performance of seven African railway enterprises using a Total Factor Productivity index decomposition. This method shows the role of these public ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the assessment of the economic performance of seven African railway enterprises using a Total Factor Productivity index decomposition. This method shows the role of these public enterprises in the production and distribution of added value. The analysis allows to identify the, positive or negative, contribution of each production factor to productivity growth. At the same time, it shows how the firm's partners do, or do not benefit from the added value created by these companies. [less ▲]

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See detailUn siècle d'histoire coopérative à travers les statistiques de l'A.C.I.
Mignot, Delphine; Defourny, Jacques ULg; Leclerc, André

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (1999), 70(1), 75-105

Beaucoup d'auteurs se sont déjà penchés sur l'évolution quantitative du mouvement coopératif; mais généralement leurs analyses se limitaient à un secteur, à une région ou à une période particulière. Grâce ... [more ▼]

Beaucoup d'auteurs se sont déjà penchés sur l'évolution quantitative du mouvement coopératif; mais généralement leurs analyses se limitaient à un secteur, à une région ou à une période particulière. Grâce à une collecte effectuée par A. Leclerc (Université de Moncton, Canada) de toutes les informations statistiques détenues par l'Alliance Coopérative Internationale, ce travail peut s'appuyer sur une base de données exceptionnelle concernant le nombre de coopérateurs affiliés à l'A.C.I. depuis 1896. Sur base de ce recensement, les auteurs ont cherché à déterminer les grandes orientations de l'évolution du sociétariat coopératif sur une période longue de près d'un siècle. Dans cet article, ils présentent la plupart des résultats obtenus en découpant la période analysée en quatre phases de développement du mouvement coopératif mondial. [less ▲]

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