References of "Annales de Biologie Clinique"
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See detailValidation analytique d'une méthode chromatographique destinée à rechercher et à identifier les opiacés naturels ou (semi) synthétiques
DUBOIS, Nathalie ULg; Counerotte, Stéphane ULg; Goffin, Eric ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2014), 72(2), 197-206

L’identification de la substance absorbée par un consommateur d’opiacés peut être problématique dans la mesure où il n’existe pas de biomarqueur spécifique pour toutes les molécules. Nous avons développé ... [more ▼]

L’identification de la substance absorbée par un consommateur d’opiacés peut être problématique dans la mesure où il n’existe pas de biomarqueur spécifique pour toutes les molécules. Nous avons développé une technique de chromatographie liquide ultra-haute pression couplée à un spectromètre de masse en tandem qui permet l’identification et le dosage de 25 opiacés dans le plasma. La préparation de l’échantillon consiste en une extraction en phase solide sur colonnes Oasis ® MCX (Waters). La méthode a été validée selon les critères préconisés par la FDA, complètement pour 21 substances et avec quelques réserves pour les 4 produits restants. Cette méthode a été appliquée à 80 patients traités au CHU de Liège pour lesquels la recherche d’opiacés était positive. L’identification du produit consommé a été effective dans 86 % des cas. [less ▲]

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See detailElévation faible d’hCG en dehors d’un contexte gravidique : à propos de deux cas et revue de la littérature
DE BACKER, Benjamin ULg; GOFFIN, Frédéric ULg; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2013), 71(4), 496-502

Unexpected finding or persistence of low human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels is not a rare situation. It requires a clinico-biological approach in order to avoid misunderstandings that could lead to ... [more ▼]

Unexpected finding or persistence of low human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels is not a rare situation. It requires a clinico-biological approach in order to avoid misunderstandings that could lead to inappropriate diagnostic or therapeutic attitudes. Beyond pregnancy, persistent low levels of hCG may be associated with various benign and malignant conditions, i.e. quiescent gestational trophoblastic disease (QTD), raised pituitary hCG or false positive elevation caused by circulating heterophile antibodies. We report the cases of two non-pregnant patients with low serum hCG. In the first case, hCG levels raised during several years following a spontaneous abortion. The likelihood of heterophilic antibodies interference was ruled out and extensive clinical investigation excluded the presence of a tumour. The diagnosis was QTD. In the second case, elevated hCG came to light as an incidental finding in a women with chronic renal failure and led the clinicians to question the laboratory. The cause was probably an increase in pituitary hCG consecutive to terminal renal failure. These cases illustrate the importance of understanding the biology of the hCG and the causes of its persistent low elevation, which are reviewed in this article. It is essential to demonstrate clinically the presence of a tumour in order to avoid unnecessary and ineffective chemotherapy and/or hysterectomy. [less ▲]

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See detailLa surveillance biologique de l'exposition aux produits chimiques en toxicologie industrielle et de l'environnement
MISTRETTA, Virginie ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2013), 71(3), 257-267

Biological monitoring, also called biomonitoring, is a process to prevent and assess health risk for individuals exposed to chemical products present in environment or through workplace exposure ... [more ▼]

Biological monitoring, also called biomonitoring, is a process to prevent and assess health risk for individuals exposed to chemical products present in environment or through workplace exposure. Biomonitoring is most often a monitoring of exposure or of effect. The exposure monitoring is currently the most widespread in toxicology. It involves the determination in biological fluids of different biomarkers, most of which are biomarkers of internal dose. These biological indicators are typically measured in blood and urine, but other biological samples can be analyzed. They are used to assess the penetration of environmental pollutants into the body. Assay results are interpreted in relation to reference values which are adapted either to occupationally exposed populations, or to general population. This interpretation and the choice of appropriate biomarker of exposure are not always obvious. Biomonitoring has some limitations despite its many advantages. It is complementary to another health prevention approach: the monitoring of ambient air. To illustrate in practice the biomonitoring of exposure, several examples of toxics and their associated biomarkers are reviewed: benzene, toluene, styrene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, chloroform, 2-hexanone and hydrogen cyanide. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilité de l'immuno-histochimie dans la détection des altérations des gènes réparateurs des mésappariements de l'ADN À propos d'une série de 48 cas de cancers colorectaux
Ziadi, Sonia; Ben Gacen, Riadh; Haoues, Imen et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2011), 69(2), 167-173

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See detailRecommandations pour le choix et l'harmonisation des techniques de dosage de la créatinine
Bargnoux, Anne-Sophie; Boutten, Anne; Cambillau, Michelle et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2011), 69(1), 9-16

En 2010, un groupe de travail mixte constitué de la Société française de biologie clinique (SFBC) et de la Société de nephrologie (SN) a formulé les propositions suivantes afin de réactualiser les ... [more ▼]

En 2010, un groupe de travail mixte constitué de la Société française de biologie clinique (SFBC) et de la Société de nephrologie (SN) a formulé les propositions suivantes afin de réactualiser les recommanadations pour le dosage de la créatinine plasmatique. [less ▲]

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See detailLe dosage de l'inuline: mise au point
DELANAYE, Pierre ULg; Souvignet, Marie; Dubourg, Laurence et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2011), 69(3), 273-84

L’inuline, polymère de fructose, reste le marqueur de référence du débit de filtration glomérulaire (DFG). Popularisé par les études de Smith et Shannon, son dosage n’en demeure pas moins complexe et ... [more ▼]

L’inuline, polymère de fructose, reste le marqueur de référence du débit de filtration glomérulaire (DFG). Popularisé par les études de Smith et Shannon, son dosage n’en demeure pas moins complexe et sujet à des interférences dont celle du glucose est la plus importante. Il existe deux grands types de dosages de l’inuline : les méthodes de dosage « acide » et enzymatiques. Le dosage « acide » consiste en un dosage colorimétrique du fructose obtenu après hydrolyse de l’inuline en milieu très acide. Le dosage du fructose englobe différentes méthodes de dosage dont la plus utilisée est la réaction à l’anthrone. Toutes ces méthodes présentent des interférences au glucose. Différentes méthodes « enzymatiques » ont été décrites au cours du temps. Celles-ci apparaissent plus précises et sans doute moins sujettes aux interférences même si peu d’études comparatives sont disponibles. Plusieurs auteurs ont également développé des dosages de type CLHP. Cette méthode spécifique et précise demeure cependant moins adaptée à la routine. Ainsi, si l’utilisation de l’inuline comme marqueur de référence n’est pas remise en cause, son dosage reste délicat, sujet aux interférences et à une certaine interprétation. Des études supplémentaires restent nécessaires pour valider analytiquement et comparativement les techniques de dosage de l’inuline. [less ▲]

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See detailAnticorps anti-gliadines déamidées et maladie coeliaque : données actuelles et évaluation des faux positifs de cinq trousses de dosage
Lutteri, Laurence ULg; Sagot, Laurence; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2010), 68(2), 149-56

Recently, anti-deamidated gliadin antihodies were proposed for the serological diagnosis of celiac disease. We evaluate the specificity of different anti-deamidated gliadin antibodies ELISA in comparison ... [more ▼]

Recently, anti-deamidated gliadin antihodies were proposed for the serological diagnosis of celiac disease. We evaluate the specificity of different anti-deamidated gliadin antibodies ELISA in comparison with conventional anti-native gliadin kits. Serum sainples froin 46 non celiac patients trere analyzed by five different quantitative ELISA for anti-native gliadin, antideamidated gliadin and anti-fransglutaininase neo-epitope antibodies together with a screening ELISA. Twenty-four percent of the patients deinonstrated anti-native gliadin lgA and 63% 1gO antibodies. Using anti-dearnidated gliadin antibodies, tire number of false positive IgA and, particularly, 1gG results,markedly decreased in the non celiac patients: 21 and 24% respectively with anti-Gliadin (GAF-3X) Euroimmun kit, 7 and 26% with Bindazyme 1-lurnan Anti-Gliadin (MGP) The Binding Site kit and 0 and 41% with Celiac G+ Immco kit. The new assay which makes use of the physiological complex of tissue transglutaminase cross-linked with deamidated gliadin peptides, called neo-epitope, did not improve the differential diagnosis of celiac disease with 30% of false positive results in IgG (2% in IgA). IJsing the Inova screening kit, a positive resuit for IgA and/or IgG anti-deamidated gliadin and!or anti- tissue transglutaminase antibodies was obtained in 24% of the non celiac patients. In conclusion, our study assessed the superiority, in ternis of specificity, of anti-deamidated gliadin antibodies, over the conventional anti-gliadin antibodies for die differential diagnosis of celiac disease. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrélation aldostérone et parathormone en cas d'hyperparathyroïdie primaire vs secondaire?
Ho, Thi Thanh Giang ULg; Keutgens, Aurore ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2010), 68(6), 703-4

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See detailLa creatinine : d'hier a aujourd'hui.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Maillard, Nicolas et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2010), 68(5), 531-43

Serum creatinine is certainly one of the most prescribed biological parameters. In this review article, we remind some historical data regarding creatinine. Different methodologies to measure creatinine ... [more ▼]

Serum creatinine is certainly one of the most prescribed biological parameters. In this review article, we remind some historical data regarding creatinine. Different methodologies to measure creatinine in blood and urine are deeply described. We also discuss the physiological reason for its use as a glomerular filtration rate marker. However, analytical and physiological limitations are described and discussed. Creatinine clearance usefulness is finally largely discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPropositions pour l'expression standardisée des résultats d'HbA1c
Gillery, Pierre; Périer, C.; Bordas-Fonfrède, M. et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2009), 67(6), 669-71

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See detailComparison of two immunoassays for oxidized LDL determination
Le Goff, Caroline ULg; Haleng, Jeanine ULg; Denooz, André ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2009), 67(1),

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See detailEncore un pas vers la standardisation internationale du dosage d'HbA1c
Gillery; Bordas-fonfrède; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2008), 66(1), 6-8

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See detailEvolution des modalités d'évaluation de la fonction rénale basée sur la créatinine entre 2005 et 2008: conséquences pour les biologistes
Séronie-Vivien, S.; Piéroni, L.; Galteau, M.-M. et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2008), 66(3), 263-8

Les recommandations internationales de 2005 concernant l’insuffisance rénale chronique proposent une classification basée sur le débit de filtration glomérulaire (DFG). Depuis cette date, la question ... [more ▼]

Les recommandations internationales de 2005 concernant l’insuffisance rénale chronique proposent une classification basée sur le débit de filtration glomérulaire (DFG). Depuis cette date, la question posée de la validité des formules évaluant le DFG, et des créatininémies qui y sont insérées, se pose de façon encore plus cruciale qu’il y a quelques années. Pour les biologistes, les conséquences de ces recommandations cliniques sont importantes. En premier lieu, la formule classique de Cockcroft-Gault doit être abandonnée au profit de l’équation dite MDRD à 4 variables, et ce malgré les recommandations officielles françaises actuelles, qui devraient être modifiées d’ici peu. D’autre part, afin d’optimiser l’évaluation du DFG par cette formule, les biologistes doivent choisir entre la version dite « 186 » de l’équation MDRD, adaptée aux méthodes de dosage de la créatininémie non raccordées à la méthode de référence (chromatographie liquide ou gazeuse couplée à la spectrométrie de masse) et la version dite « 175 », adaptée aux méthodes de dosages raccordées. A ce jour, seules certaines méthodes enzymatiques ont fait la preuve de leur raccordement à une méthode de référence. L’avenir des méthodes colorimétriques classiques est incertain. [less ▲]

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See detailCystatine C: point d'etape et perspectives.
Seronie-Vivien, Sophie; Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Pieroni, Laurence et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2008), 66(3), 301-23

Cystatin C is a low molecular weight-protein, which may replace creatinine for the evaluation of renal function, particularly in the clinical settings where the relationship between creatinine production ... [more ▼]

Cystatin C is a low molecular weight-protein, which may replace creatinine for the evaluation of renal function, particularly in the clinical settings where the relationship between creatinine production and muscular mass impairs the clinical performance of creatinine. This paper intends to summarize the current knowledge about the physiology of cystatin C and about its use as a renal marker, alone or within formulas developed to estimate the glomerular filtration rate. Moreover, this paper reviews the recent data about potential other applications of cystatin C, especially in cardiology, in oncology and in clinical pharmacology. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation de la fonction renale: une actualisation.
Froissart, Marc; Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Seronie-Vivien, Sophie et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2008), 66(3), 269-75

During the last years, GFR estimation has received substantial attention with a focus on comparing results of new formulas with GFR measurements, and standardization of creatinine assays. Calibration of ... [more ▼]

During the last years, GFR estimation has received substantial attention with a focus on comparing results of new formulas with GFR measurements, and standardization of creatinine assays. Calibration of creatinine should improve performances. However, frequently used equations have lower precision in high GFR populations. This is the reason why a continuous effort in improving predicting equations is still needed. The use of calibrated creatinine, the onset of new GFR markers such as cystatin C, and pooling data across many study populations are underway to develop better prediction. [less ▲]

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See detailCalcium chez les patients hemodialyses : calcemie totale ou calcium ionise ? Le laboratoire doit-il systematiquement fournir au clinicien une valeur de calcemie totale corrigee obtenue par calcul ?
Monfort, Mélanie ULg; Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2008), 66(5), 573-6

Ionized calcium is the only physiologically active form of calcium. Because of the variation of albumin, pH and haemoconcentration observed during haemodialysis session in patients with chronic renal ... [more ▼]

Ionized calcium is the only physiologically active form of calcium. Because of the variation of albumin, pH and haemoconcentration observed during haemodialysis session in patients with chronic renal failure, measure of total calcium does not reflect the real variation of ionized calcium. However, many formulae to correct total calcium by albumin have been proposed but none of them has been validated in dialysis patients. At present time, computing progress permit laboratory to systematically provide a value of corrected total calcium on protocols but is it really indicated? Our results showed that any of those formulae allows obtaining a value of total calcium that possesses a significant critical difference in relation to total calcium. Thus, correction formulae must be abandoned in aid of ionized calcium in haemodialysis patients. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation analytique de l'ImmunoCap 250 (Sweden Diagnostics)
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Carlisi, Agnès; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2006), 64(1, Jan-Feb), 91-4

A new automate, ImmunoCap 250 has recently been released by Sweden Diagnostics for the determination of specific and total IgE. We have evaluated its analytical performances (intra- and inter-assay ... [more ▼]

A new automate, ImmunoCap 250 has recently been released by Sweden Diagnostics for the determination of specific and total IgE. We have evaluated its analytical performances (intra- and inter-assay precision, linearity, recovery and sensibility) and compared the results obtained by Unicap 100 on 149 samples positive for 12 different allergens and 30 samples containing different concentrations of total IgE. Intra- and inter-assay precision are less than 10% excepted for the specific IgE of one allergen (i3, common wasp), but still in accordance with the NCCLS guidelines. The sensibility is 0.01 kU(A)/L for specific and 0.35 kU/L for total IgE. The method is linear up to 5000 kU/L for total and at least 80 kU(A)/L for specific IgE. The recovery test showed a recovery of the International standard WHO 75/502 between 85 and 115%, with a mean of 103%. The correlation coefficient between the ImmunoCap 250 and Unicap 100 is 0.9866 and 0.9984 for specific and total IgE respectively. ImmunoCap 250 is a good solution for laboratories that perform twenty to thirty thousand determinations. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomarqueurs de toxicité et anomalies métaboliques dans les principales intoxications graves. Symptomatologie clinique et toxique. Le prélèvement conservatoire.
Goullé, Jean-Pierre; Lhermitte, Michel; Bartholi, M. et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2003), 61

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