References of "IEEE Transactions on Power Systems"
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See detailMinimal Reduction of Unscheduled Flows for Security Restoration: Application to Phase Shifter Control
Marinakis, Adamantios ULg; Glavic, Mevludin; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2010), 25(1), 506-515

More and more transmission system operators, noticeably in Europe, equip their systems with phase shifting transformers to counteract transit flows that take place in a large meshed interconnection. This ... [more ▼]

More and more transmission system operators, noticeably in Europe, equip their systems with phase shifting transformers to counteract transit flows that take place in a large meshed interconnection. This paper proposes algorithms for the coordinated control of several phase shifters by one operator with the objective of reducing the unscheduled flow through its system. Minimum reduction of unscheduled flow and minimum deviation with respect to present operating point are sought in order to minimize the trouble caused, while ensuring secure operation. Attention is paid to combining pre and post-contingency controls. The resulting algorithms, simple and compatible with real-time applications, are illustrated on a realistic test system. [less ▲]

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See detailSecuring Transient Stability using Time-Domain Simulations within an Optimal Power Flow
Zarate-Minano, Rafael; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg; Milano, Federico et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2010), 25(1), 243-253

This paper provides a methodology to restore transient stability. It relies on a well-behaved optimal power flow model with embedded transient stability constraints. The proposed methodology can be used ... [more ▼]

This paper provides a methodology to restore transient stability. It relies on a well-behaved optimal power flow model with embedded transient stability constraints. The proposed methodology can be used for both dispatching and redispatching. In addition to power flow constraints and limits, the resulting optimal power flow model includes discrete time equations describing the time evolution of all machines in the system. Transient stability constraints are formulated by reducing the initial multi-machine model to a one-machine infinite-bus equivalent. This equivalent allows imposing angle bounds that ensure transient stability. The proposed optimal power flow model is tested and analyzed using an illustrative 9-bus system, the well-known New England 39-bus, 10-machine system and a real-world 1228-bus system with 292 synchronous machines. [less ▲]

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See detailWide-area Detection of Voltage Instability from Synchronized Phasor Measurements. Part I: Principle
Glavic, Mevludin; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2009), 24(3), 1408-1416

This two-part paper deals with the early detection of an impending voltage instability from the system states provided by synchronized phasor measurements. Recognizing that voltage instability detection ... [more ▼]

This two-part paper deals with the early detection of an impending voltage instability from the system states provided by synchronized phasor measurements. Recognizing that voltage instability detection requires assessing a multi-dimensional system, the method fits a set of algebraic equations to the sampled states, and performs an efficient sensitivity computation in order to identify when a combination of load powers has passed through a maximum. The important effects of overexcitation limiters are accounted for. The approach does not require any load model. This first part of the paper is devoted to theoretical foundations of sensitivity calculation along the system trajectory, derivation of the algebraic model, and illustration on a simple 5-bus system involving the long-term dynamics of a load tap changer and a field current limiter. [less ▲]

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See detailWide-area Detection of Voltage Instability from Synchronized Phasor Measurements. Part II: Simulation results
Glavic, Mevludin; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2009), 24(3), 1417-1425

This two-part paper deals with the early detection of an impending voltage instability from the system states provided by synchronized phasor measurements. Recognizing that voltage instability detection ... [more ▼]

This two-part paper deals with the early detection of an impending voltage instability from the system states provided by synchronized phasor measurements. Recognizing that voltage instability detection requires assessing a multidimensional system, the method fits a set of algebraic equations to the sampled states, and performs an efficient sensitivity in order to identify when a combination of load powers has passed through a maximum. This second part of the paper presents simulation results obtained from detailed time-domain simulation of the Nordic32 test system, without and with measurement noise, respectively. Several practical improvements are described such as anticipation of overexcitation limiter activation, and use of a moving average filter. Robustness to load behaviour, non updated topology and unobservability is also shown. Finally a comparison with Thevenin impedance matching criterion is provided. [less ▲]

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See detailCoupling optimization and dynamic simulation for preventive-corrective control of voltage instability
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2009), 24(2), 796-805

This paper proposes an approach coupling security constrained optimal power flow with time-domain simulation to determine an optimal combination of preventive and corrective controls ensuring a voltage ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes an approach coupling security constrained optimal power flow with time-domain simulation to determine an optimal combination of preventive and corrective controls ensuring a voltage stable transition of the system towards a feasible long-term equilibrium, if any of a set of postulated contingencies occurs. A security-constrained optimal power flow is used to adjust the respective contribution of preventive and corrective actions. Furthermore, information is extracted from (quasi steady-state) time-domain simulations to iteratively adjust the set of coupling constraints used by a corrective security constrained optimal power flow until its solution is found dynamically secure and viable. Numerical results are provided on a realistic 55-bus test system. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of network equivalents for voltage optimization in multi-area power systems
Phulpin, Yannick; Miroslav, Begovic; Petit, Marc et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2009), 24(2), 729-743

The paper addresses the problem of decentralized optimization for a power system partitioned into several areas controlled by different transmission system operators (TSOs). The optimization variables are ... [more ▼]

The paper addresses the problem of decentralized optimization for a power system partitioned into several areas controlled by different transmission system operators (TSOs). The optimization variables are the settings for taps, generators’ voltages and compensators’, and the objective function is either based on the minimization of reactive power support, the minimization of active power losses, or a combination of both criteria. We suppose that each TSO assumes an external network equivalent for its neighboring areas and optimizes without concern for the neighboring systems’ objectives its own optimization function. We study, in the context where every TSO adopts the same type of objective function, the performance of an iterative scheme, where every TSO refreshes at each iteration the parameters of its external network equivalents depending on its past internal observations, solves its local optimization problem, and then, applies its “optimal actions” to the power system. In the context of voltage optimization, we find out that this decentralized control scheme can converge to nearly optimal global performance for relatively simple equivalents and simple procedures for fitting their parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailA new iterative approach to the corrective security-constrained optimal power flow problem
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2008), 23(4), 1342-1351

This paper deals with techniques to solve the corrective security-constrained optimal power flow (CSCOPF) problem. To this end, we propose a new iterative approach that comprises four modules: a CSCOPF ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with techniques to solve the corrective security-constrained optimal power flow (CSCOPF) problem. To this end, we propose a new iterative approach that comprises four modules: a CSCOPF which considers only a subset of potentially binding contingencies among the postulated ones, a (steady-state) security analysis (SSSA), a contingency filtering (CF) technique, and an OPF variant to check post-contingency state feasibility when taking into account post-contingency corrective actions. We compare performances of our approach and its possible variants with classical CSCOPF approaches such as the direct approach and Benders decomposition (BD), on three systems of 60, 118, and 1203 buses. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal Identification of Voltage Emergency Situations
Vournas, Costas; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2008), 23(3), 1239-1248

This paper proposes a simple procedure to identify the onset of long-term voltage instability from the time evolution of the distribution voltages controlled by load tap changers. The moving average of ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a simple procedure to identify the onset of long-term voltage instability from the time evolution of the distribution voltages controlled by load tap changers. The moving average of sampled measurements is computed and used to trigger local emergency signals. The method is validated on voltage signals obtained from time simulation of a realistic test system. The ability to identify instability in the critical area is demonstrated in three test cases. [less ▲]

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See detailUndervoltage load shedding using distributed controllers
Otomega, Bogdan; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2007), 22(4), 1898-1907

A new load shedding scheme against long-term voltage instability is proposed. It uses a set of distributed controllers, each monitoring transmission voltages in a zone and controlling a group of related ... [more ▼]

A new load shedding scheme against long-term voltage instability is proposed. It uses a set of distributed controllers, each monitoring transmission voltages in a zone and controlling a group of related loads. Each controller acts in closed-loop, shedding amounts that vary in magnitude and time according to the evolution of its monitored voltage. The whole system can operate without information exchange between controllers, the latter being implicitly coordinated through network voltages. The operation, design and robustness features are illustrated through simulations of a real system. [less ▲]

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See detailDistributed undervoltage load shedding
Otomega, Bogdan; Glavic, Mevludin; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2007), 22(4), 2283-2284

A new design of load shedding against long-term voltage instability is proposed. It uses a set of distributed controllers, each monitoring a transmission voltage, controlling a group of loads, acting in ... [more ▼]

A new design of load shedding against long-term voltage instability is proposed. It uses a set of distributed controllers, each monitoring a transmission voltage, controlling a group of loads, acting in closed-loop, and adjusting its action to the voltage evolution. The whole system operates without information exchange between controllers. [less ▲]

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See detailContingency filtering techniques for preventive security-constrained optimal power flow
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Glavic, M.; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2007), 22(4), 1690-1697

This paper focuses on contingency filtering to accelerate the iterative solution of preventive security-constrained optimal power flow (PSCOPF) problems. To this end, we propose two novel filtering ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on contingency filtering to accelerate the iterative solution of preventive security-constrained optimal power flow (PSCOPF) problems. To this end, we propose two novel filtering techniques relying on the comparison at an intermediate PSCOPF solution of post-contingency constraint violations among postulated contingencies. We assess these techniques by comparing them with severity index-based filtering schemes, on a 60- and a 118-bus system. Our results show that the proposed contingency filtering techniques lead to faster solution of the PSCOPF, while being more robust and meaningful, than severity-index based ones. [less ▲]

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See detailModel predictive control to alleviate thermal overloads
Otomega, Bogdan; Marinakis, Adamantios ULg; Glavic, Mevludin et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2007), 22(3), 1384-1385

An approach inspired by model predictive control is proposed to determine a sequence of control actions aimed at alleviating thermal overloads. The algorithm brings the line currents below their limits in ... [more ▼]

An approach inspired by model predictive control is proposed to determine a sequence of control actions aimed at alleviating thermal overloads. The algorithm brings the line currents below their limits in the time interval left by protections while accounting for constraints on control changes at each step. Its closed-loop nature allows to compensate for model inaccuracies. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the statement of the corrective security-constrained optimal power flow problem
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2007), 22(2), 887-889

This letter proposes a formulation of the corrective security-constrained optimal power-flow problem imposing, in addition to the classical post-contingency constraints, existence and viability ... [more ▼]

This letter proposes a formulation of the corrective security-constrained optimal power-flow problem imposing, in addition to the classical post-contingency constraints, existence and viability constraints on the short-term equilibrium reached just after contingency. The rationale for doing so is discussed and supported by two examples. [less ▲]

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See detailReference transmission network: A game theory approach
Minoia, Anna; Ernst, Damien ULg; Dicorato, Maria et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2006), 21(1), 249-259

The transmission network plays a key role in an oligopolistic electricity market. In fact, the capacity of a transmission network determines the degree to which the generators in different locations ... [more ▼]

The transmission network plays a key role in an oligopolistic electricity market. In fact, the capacity of a transmission network determines the degree to which the generators in different locations compete with others and could also greatly influence the strategic behaviors of market participants. In such an oligopolistic framework, different agents may have distinct and sometimes opposite interests in urging or hindering certain transmission expansions. Therefore, the regulatory authority, starting from the existing grid, faces the challenge of defining an optimal network upgrade to be used as benchmark for approval or rejection of a given transmission expansion. The aim of this paper is to define the concept of reference transmission network (RTN) from an economic point of view and to provide a tool for the RTN assessment in a deregulated framework where strategic behaviors are likely to appear. A general game-theoretic model for the RTN evaluation is presented, and the solution procedure is discussed. The strategic behavior of market agents in the spot market is modeled according to a Supply Function Equilibrium approach. The impact of transmission capacity expansion on market participants' strategic behavior is studied on a three-bus test network. The RTN is computed and compared with the optimal expansion found when perfect competition among power producers is assumed. [less ▲]

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See detailUnified sensitivity analysis of unstable or low voltages caused by load increases or contingencies
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2005), 20(1), 321-329

This paper deals with the analysis of situations where load increases and/or contingencies cause transmission voltages to become unstable or unacceptably low. Simple sensitivities are proposed to ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the analysis of situations where load increases and/or contingencies cause transmission voltages to become unstable or unacceptably low. Simple sensitivities are proposed to determine the relative efficiency of candidate remedial actions, which are parameter changes likely to strengthen the system. To this purpose, the sensitivities of the bus voltage magnitude experiencing the largest drop are considered. In the neighborhood of a loadability limit or a critical point, it is shown that these sensitivities and those based on eigenvalue and eigenvector computation are essentially the same. However, the proposed analysis can also deal with low but stable situations. The accuracy of the proposed sensitivities is demonstrated on the models of two real systems, in which the parameters of concern are bus power injections. [less ▲]

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See detailCombining a stability and a performance-oriented control in power systems
Glavic, M.; Ernst, Damien ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2005), 20(1), 525-526

This paper suggests that the appropriate combination of a stability-oriented and a performance-oriented control technique is a promising way to implement advanced control schemes in power systems. The ... [more ▼]

This paper suggests that the appropriate combination of a stability-oriented and a performance-oriented control technique is a promising way to implement advanced control schemes in power systems. The particular approach considered combines control Lyapunov functions (CLF) and reinforcement learning. The capabilities of the resulting controller are illustrated on a control problem involving a thyristor-controlled series capacitor (TCSC) device for damping oscillations in a four-machine power system. [less ▲]

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See detailA General-Purpose Symbolically Assisted Numeric Computation Environment as a Support in Power Engineering Education
Glavic, Mevludin ULg; Dzafic, Izudin; Tesnjak, Sejid

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2005), 20(1), 3-12

This paper describes and illustrates a Windowsbased, general-purpose, symbolically assisted numeric computation environment within power engineering education applications. The examples considered include ... [more ▼]

This paper describes and illustrates a Windowsbased, general-purpose, symbolically assisted numeric computation environment within power engineering education applications. The examples considered include fundamental problems derived from three areas: power system analysis and optimization, electric machinery, and feedback control systems. [less ▲]

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See detailA Component-Based Power System Model-Driven Architecture
Dzafic, Izudin; Glavic, Mevludin ULg; Tesnjak, Sejid

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2004), 19(4), 2109-2110

This letter describes an approach of applying the model-driven development in power systems. A component-based model-driven architecture,that gives full flexibility of the automation in source code ... [more ▼]

This letter describes an approach of applying the model-driven development in power systems. A component-based model-driven architecture,that gives full flexibility of the automation in source code generation,is introduced. A design pattern to code generation is described. [less ▲]

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See detailDefinition and Classification of Power System Stability
Kundur, Prabha; Paserba, John; Ajjarapu, Venkat et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2004), 19(2), 1387-1401

The problem of defining and classifying power system stability has been addressed by several previous CIGRE and IEEE Task Force reports. These earlier efforts, however, do not completely reflect current ... [more ▼]

The problem of defining and classifying power system stability has been addressed by several previous CIGRE and IEEE Task Force reports. These earlier efforts, however, do not completely reflect current industry needs, experiences and understanding. In particular, the definitions are not precise and the classifications do not encompass all practical instability scenarios. This report developed by a Task Force, set up jointly by the CIGRE Study Committee 38 and the IEEE Power System Dynamic Performance Committee, addresses the issue of stability definition and classification in power systems from a fundamental viewpoint and closely examines the practical ramifications. The report aims to define power system stability more precisely, provide a systematic basis for its classification, and discuss linkages to related issues such as power system reliability and security. [less ▲]

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See detailAn educational simulation tool for power system control and stability
Vournas, Costas; Potamianakis, Emmanuel G.; Moors, Cédric et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2004), 19(1), 48-55

This paper presents a Simulink-based educational tool developed for the purpose of illustrating power system control and stability notions as well as introducing students to realistic, though tractable in ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a Simulink-based educational tool developed for the purpose of illustrating power system control and stability notions as well as introducing students to realistic, though tractable in size, design problems. Relevant courses are taught to last-year undergraduate as well as graduate students at the University of, Liege, Belgium, and the National Technical University of Athens, Greece.. After a brief description of the corresponding curricula, the paper describes the simulation tool and gives examples of problems and assignments given to the students. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 254 (14 ULg)