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See detailDetailed sedimentological study of a non-classical succession for Trois-Fontaines and Terres d'Haurs formations (Lower Givetian, Marenne, Belgium)- Introduction of the Marenne Member
Mabille, Cédric ULg; De Wilde, Clotilde ULg; Hubert, Benoît et al

in Geologica Belgica (2008), 11

This work details for the first time the sedimentology of the Marenne quarry. It exposes a remarkable succession of strata from the Trois-Fontaines Formation and the base of the Terres d’Haurs Formation ... [more ▼]

This work details for the first time the sedimentology of the Marenne quarry. It exposes a remarkable succession of strata from the Trois-Fontaines Formation and the base of the Terres d’Haurs Formation. Two sections (Marenne East and Marenne Centre) are investigated within the quarry. The first one (115 metres) covers both formations and is characterized by a mixed carbonate-siliciclastic succession replacing the classical base of the Trois-Fontaines Formation. We propose here to include these particular facies into a new member of the Trois-Fontaines Formation, the Marenne Member. The second one (48 metres) exposes a reefal lens also attributed to this new Marenne Member. Magnetic susceptibility was used to confirm geometric correlations previously obtained between these two sections. Petrographic study leads to the definition of 14 microfacies which are integrated into three palaeoenvironmental models. The first model (six microfacies) is proposed for the Marenne Member. In this ramp model, terrigenous inputs are particularly important. The mid-ramp is composed of four microfacies more or less influenced by storm events. The inner ramp (limited to the FWWB vicinity) is characterized by the development of the reefal lens and by peloidal microfacies. The upper part of Trois-Fontaines Formation is depicted by a back-reef model (three microfacies) which is mainly dominated by lagoons. However, intermittent agitation and non-restricted settings allow the local development and the reworking of branching organisms. The last model proposed (five microfacies) concerns the Terres d’Haurs Formation and corresponds to a ramp profile with the development of shoals. Those shoals locally protect semi-restricted lagoons. Algal mats are also observed. The last part of the work concerns the sedimentary dynamics and proposes sea level variations as the key parameter probably responsible for the succession of these three depositional settings. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Monts de Baileux section: detailed sedimentology and magnetic susceptibility of Hanonet, Trois-Fontaines and Terres d'Haurs formations (Eifelian-Givetian boundary and Lower Givetian, SW Belgium)
Mabille, Cédric ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2008), 11

This work details for the first time the sedimentology of Les Monts de Baileux section. This section, located in a quarry between Chimay and Couvin, exposes a remarkable succession of strata from the top ... [more ▼]

This work details for the first time the sedimentology of Les Monts de Baileux section. This section, located in a quarry between Chimay and Couvin, exposes a remarkable succession of strata from the top of the Jemelle Formation to the base of the Mont d’Haurs Formation. It therefore offers the opportunity to investigate the entire Hanonet, Trois- Fontaines and Terres d’Haurs formations, biostratigraphically from Polygnathus ensensis to P. timorensis conodont zones. This large lithostratigraphic thickness of clayley and argillaceous, and also pure limestones encompasses the Eifelian/ Givetian boundary in the lower part of Hanonet Formation, allowing a better understanding of the transition between the Eifelian which corresponds to a mixed siliciclastic-carbonate detrital ramp and the lower Givetian dominated by a carbonate rimmed shelf-related sedimentation. Petrographic study leads to the definition of 21 microfacies integrated into two palaeogeographical models. The first model (13 microfacies) is proposed for the Jemelle, Hanonet and Trois-Fontaines formations, i.e. P. ensensis Zone and almost entire P. hemiansatus Zone. In this platform model, the fore-reef environment is characterized by a high influence of storm events and carbonate input coming from proximal settings. The reef is mainly composed of an accumulation of stromatoporoids, crinoids, tabulate corals and rugose corals with a peloidal matrix. The back-reef area is dominated by agitated environments and calmer lagoons. Locally, less agitated conditions allow growth of massive and laminar organisms. The second model (6 microfacies) concerns the Terres d’Haurs Formation with the end of P. hemianstus Zone and significant part of the P. timorensis Zone. This ramp model is divided into a mid-ramp characterized by open-marine sedimentation interrupted by storm-related events and an inner ramp composed of ooidal shoals, back-shoal sedimentation and storm related deposits. Two other microfacies are fragmentarily defined for the Mont d’Haurs Formation, within the main P. varcus / P. rhenanus intervals. This unit was affected by strong dolomitization processes, where scarcity of well preserved, primary sedimentary fabrics is not favourable for designing of a microfacies-based model at all. The last part of the work concerns stratigraphic variations of magnetic susceptibility (MS). Values of mass MS of rocks were plotted and juxtaposed with semi-quantitative variation curves of microfacies. According to the prevailing magnitudes of MS, the relationships with two controlling parameters are evaluated: terrigenous influence (using the thin-section data on detrital quartz contents as proxies) and wave agitation (based on microfacies interpretation). The transgressive- regressive evolution of microfacies characteristics are compared with the juxtaposed trends in decreasing-increasing MS magnitudes. Approximately two thirds of this section suggests a good matching of the trends on generalized lithological and magnetic data. It is explained by common presence of clayey/silty impurities of slightly to moderately varying compositions which are greatly evidenced by means of thin-section studies and represent a principal and abundant paramagnetic component. The overall MS magnitudes actually show decreasing trends together with vigorous, eustatically driven sealevel rises. However, the remaining third of intervals in this section shows the rather complex than simple, equivocally or negatively arranged sequence/lithologic and MS stratigraphic trends. [less ▲]

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See detailThe miospores of the Westphalian C / Westphalian D transition in the Campine Basin (Belgium) in the context of the macroflora zonations.
Streel, Maurice ULg; Somers, Y; Dusar, M

in Geologica Belgica (2008), 11(3-4), 243-250

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See detailSedimentology and magnetic susceptibility of the Couvin Formation (Eifelian, South Western Belgium): Carbonate platform initiation in a hostile world
Mabille, Cédric ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2007), 10(1-2), 47-67

The Eifelian of Belgium is mainly characterised by a mixed siliciclastic-carbonate sedimentation on a ramp profile. In this context, the Couvin Formation is the more important and remarkable exception. It ... [more ▼]

The Eifelian of Belgium is mainly characterised by a mixed siliciclastic-carbonate sedimentation on a ramp profile. In this context, the Couvin Formation is the more important and remarkable exception. It represents a carbonate platform initiation in a hostile environment. This work is mainly based on the stratotype, corresponding to two stratigraphic sections located in Couvin, along the southern border of the Dinant Synclinorium. These sections are the Eau Noire and Falaise de l'Abime sections. Unfortunately, they are discontinuous. To allow a better understanding of the sedimentary dynamics, the data are complemented by a shorter but continuous section located in Villers-la-Tour (3.5 km West of Chimay). Petrographic study leads to the definition of 14 microfacies which are integrated in a palaeogeographical model. It corresponds to a platform setting where the reef complex is mainly constituted by an accumulation of crinoids, stromatoporoids and tabulate corals. The microfacies evolution is interpreted in terms of bathymetrical variations. It shows a general shallowing-upward trend encompassing the vertical succession of fore-reef settings, reef development, back-reef and then lagoon environment. This interpretation is supported by trends in mean magnetic susceptibility data, providing a better understanding of the sedimentary dynamics. Moreover, these data show positive correlation with concentrations of detritic minerals, but an inverse relationship with well washed skeletal limestones. The comparison of the three studied sections leads to considerations concerning the lateral variability in the Couvin Formation indicating more agitated conditions in the Abime Member in Villers-le-Tour section. [less ▲]

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See detailPalynomorph distribution and bathymetry in the Chanxhe section (eastern Belgium), reference for the neritic late to latest Famennian transition (Late Devonian).
Maziane-Serraj, N; Hartkopf-Fröder, C; Streel, Maurice ULg et al

in Geologica Belgica (2007), 10(3-4), 170-175

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See detailFrasnian
Coen-Aubert, M.; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2006), 9(1-2), 19-25

The name Frasnian, which comes from the locality of Frasnes near Couvin in Belgium, was introduced by Gosselet in 1879 and was formally retained for the lower stage of the Upper Devonian by the ... [more ▼]

The name Frasnian, which comes from the locality of Frasnes near Couvin in Belgium, was introduced by Gosselet in 1879 and was formally retained for the lower stage of the Upper Devonian by the Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy in 1981. The modern definition of the Frasnian is based on conodonts and the historical background of the stage is developed in detail herein. Data about the lithostratigraphy, sedimentology, biostratigraphy, chronostratigraphy and absolute age of the Frasnian can also been found in this contribution. [less ▲]

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See detailDisused Jurassic regional stage from Belgium: Virtonian
Delsate, D.; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2006), 9(1-2), 199-200

An overview of the definition and history of the Virtonian is given with the argumentation for the abandonment of this disused regional stage.

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See detailDisused Palaeozoic regional stages from Belgium: Devillian, Revinian, Salmian, Gedinnian and Burnotian.
Dejonghe, L.; Herbosch, A.; Steemans, Philippe ULg et al

in Geologica Belgica (2006), 9(1-2), 191-197

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See detailStrunian
Streel, Maurice ULg; Brice, D; Mistiaen, B

in Geologica Belgica (2006), 9(1/2), 105-109

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See detailFamennian
Thorez, J; Dreesen, R; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2006), 9(1/2), 27-45

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See detailAltered rhyolitic rocks in the Visé boreholes: a geochemical approach
Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg; Goemaere, Eric; Grigolato, Jean-Christophe et al

in Geologica Belgica (2005), 8(3), 71-83

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See detailFrasnian carbonate buildups of southern Belgium: the Arche and Lion members interpreted as atolls
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Demany, B.; Coen-Aubert, M.

in Geologica Belgica (2005), 8(1-2), 69-91

The facies architecture, sedimentary dynamics and paleogeographic evolution were reconstructed for a number of Frasnian buildups developed on a carbonate platform on the south side of the Dinant ... [more ▼]

The facies architecture, sedimentary dynamics and paleogeographic evolution were reconstructed for a number of Frasnian buildups developed on a carbonate platform on the south side of the Dinant Synclinorium (Belgium). Bed-by-bed sampling and detailed petrography were complemented by magnetic susceptibility analysis, allowing for high-precision lateral correlation. Six facies were recognised in the buildups, each characterized by a specific range of textures and assemblage of organisms: grey, pinkish or greenish limestone, with stromatactis, corals and stromatoporoids (facies A3-L3); grey limestone with corals, peloids and dasycladales (facies A4-L4); grey, microbial limestone (facies A5-L5); grey limestone with dendroid stromatoporoids (facies A6-L6); grey, laminar fenestral limestone, (facies A7-L7); grey, bioturbated limestone (facies A8-L8). The time-equivalent off -buildup sediments include a large amount of transported material that originally came from the buildups. Sedimentological evidence suggests that facies A3-L3 developed between the storm wavebase and the fairweather wavebase, in a oligophotic environment. This facies contains lenses of facies A5-L5, with stromatolitic coatings and Renalcis-rich thrombolitic bushes. These lenses were developed in greatest abundance closest to the fairweather wavebase, and they became anastomosing. Facies A6-L6 was developed in an environment with slightly restricted water circulation; there is a steady transition between this facies and the fenestral limestone A7-L7, which were deposited in a moderately protected subtidal to intertidal area. Facies A8-L8 developed at subtidal depths in a quiet, lagoonal environment. The buildups started with the development of facies A3-L3, with microbial lenses and algal facies becoming progressively more abundant upwards. Above about 20m in each buildup, more protected facies are found in the buildup’s central part. This atoll-like geometry suggests the development of restricted sedimentation in this central area, sheltered by bindstone or floatstone facies. The initial development of the lower part of a buildup during a transgression and subsequent highstand would have been followed by reefal growth along the edge of the buildup during the succeeding lowstand; an atoll crown would then have started to develop during the following transgressive stage. The presence of restricted facies can be seen as the consequence of the balance between sea level rise and reef growth. [less ▲]

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See detailZeolites, prehnite, and pumpellyite from Bertrix, Belgium.
Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Theye, Thomas

in Geologica Belgica (2005), 8(1-2), 33-42

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See detailA Psammosteid Heterostracan (Vertebrata: Pteraspidomorphi) from the Emsian (Lower Devonian) of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Delsate, D.; Blieck, A.; Steemans, Philippe ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2004), 7(1-2), 21-26

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