References of "Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE]"
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See detailMacrolophus pygmaeus (Rambur) as an efficient predator of the tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) in Europe. A review
De Backer, Lara ULg; Caparros Megido, Rudy ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2014)

The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), originates from South America, and remains one of the main tomato pests in this continent. Since its introduction to Europe in 2006, Mediterranean countries ... [more ▼]

The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), originates from South America, and remains one of the main tomato pests in this continent. Since its introduction to Europe in 2006, Mediterranean countries have also been exposed to this pest. Because of the endophytic habits of the larvae and ability of adults to reproduce parthenogenetically, chemicals and sexual pheromone- based control methods generate poor results. Recently, the use of biocontrol agents, such as Macrolophus pygmaeus Rambur (Heteroptera: Miridae), has been investigated as an alternative means of control, the results of which are presented in this review. Macrolophus pygmaeus is a mirid bug that is widely used to control different phytophagous insects in integrated pest management strategies through Europe. Several studies have confirmed the high predation potential of M. pygmaeus on T. absoluta under laboratory and semi-field conditions. This predator spontaneously colonizes tomato greenhouses in the southern Mediterranean countries. The use of banker plants (i.e., plants that provide a habitat to the predator) improves the colonization ability of this natural enemy. Hence, if the local population size is low, an augmentative strategy could be adopted. Predators may be released before or after the onset of pest infestation, with recommendations varying depending on natural population densities of both the pest and predator. The efficiency of M. pygmaeus has also been evaluated when used in combination with other biocontrol agents or with chemicals. This work presents an overview of different types of control strategies using M. pygmaeus against the tomato leafminer, T. absoluta. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact du séchage sur la viabilité de Pseudomonas fluorescens (synthèse bibliographique)
Mputu Kanyinda, Jean-Noël ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2014), 18(1), 134-141

The drying Pseudomonas fluorescens makes more economical storage, transportation and marketing. It aims to stop and to stabilize all biological activities for an optimal storage, compatible with the ... [more ▼]

The drying Pseudomonas fluorescens makes more economical storage, transportation and marketing. It aims to stop and to stabilize all biological activities for an optimal storage, compatible with the conservation of maximum viability of microorganisms desired. The viability of bacteria after drying depends on the operating conditions of the latter. One of the most important criteria to consider during the drying of biologically active products is the quality of the final dried product. Freeze-drying is the most drying method used for Pseudomonas. But temperature changes it induced are not without consequence for the cells. They are responsible for cell damage (peroxidation of fatty acids) and genetic (proteins and DNA oxidation). However, use of protective compounds during freeze-drying and during storage increases significantly the rate of cell viability. [less ▲]

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See detailÉtablissement de scénarios alternatifs de valorisations alimentaires et non alimentaires des ressources céréalières wallonnes à l’horizon 2030
Van Stappen, Florence; Delcour, Alice; Gheysens, Stéphanie et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2014), 18(2), 193-208

Based on the current uses of cereals grown in Wallonia (Belgium), various scenarios defining possible futures for the Walloon cereal sector have been created.

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See detailVOC emissions and protein expression mediated by the interactions between herbivorous insects and Arabidopsis plant. A review
Hien, Truong Thi Dieu ULg; Heuskin, Stéphanie ULg; Delaplace, Pierre ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2014), 18(3), 455-464

Herbivorous insects, such as phloem-sap feeders and chewers, induce resistance response in plants. There is a long-standing hypothesis that herbivores increase the emission of volatile organic compounds ... [more ▼]

Herbivorous insects, such as phloem-sap feeders and chewers, induce resistance response in plants. There is a long-standing hypothesis that herbivores increase the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the Arabidopsis plant model. However, most works were restricted to the study of the regulation of plant VOC emissions and only in some cases to the effects of insects on such emissions. Often these investigations do not establish a link between quantitative and qualitative emission of plant VOCs with actual damages caused by insects. Moreover, information remain limited about the processes that occur at the protein level encoded of the host plant under stress conditions. Here, we briefly summarize the effects of specific chewing and phloem-sap feeding insects on the emission of VOCs by Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0, and review some predictions about pathogenesis-related proteins, based on current evolutionary hypotheses. Further investigation of the effects of herbivorous insects on VOC emissions and protein expression is expected to improve our knowledge about their patterns and functions in plant responses to stresses. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary description of the diet of Hippopotamus amphibius L. in Loango National Park (Gabon)
Michez, Adrien ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Dendocker, Nicolas et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(4), 580-583

Due to the paucity of suitable habitat, hippos are very rare in the Congo Bassin. Compared to East-African populations, Central African populations of hippos have been less studied. Information found in ... [more ▼]

Due to the paucity of suitable habitat, hippos are very rare in the Congo Bassin. Compared to East-African populations, Central African populations of hippos have been less studied. Information found in the literature regarding the animal’s basic ecology is limited. This study focuses on the description of the diet of an isolated hippo population in Loango National Park (Gabon), comparing faecal analysis with a reference collection ofherbaceous species from the savannas. The effectiveness of using faecal analysis versus using the floristic description of hippos’ pastures was demonstrated. The most frequent herbaceous species identified in faeces samples were Paspalum vaginatum, Axonopus compressus, Stenotaphrum secundatum (Poaceae) and Desmodium triflorum (Fabaceae). The voluntary consumption of a dicotyledonous species (Desmodium triflorum) is novel for this species. [less ▲]

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See detailSoil model systems used to assess fouling, soil adherence and surface cleanability in the laboratory: a review
Toure, Yetioman ULg; Mabon, Nicolas; Sindic, Marianne ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(3), 527-539

Surface fouling is a chronic problem in processing industries. The hygienic state of surfaces is thus a critical parameter with respect to the performance of the production process and to the final ... [more ▼]

Surface fouling is a chronic problem in processing industries. The hygienic state of surfaces is thus a critical parameter with respect to the performance of the production process and to the final quality of the product. For this reason, cleaning and disinfection are essential. The most important first step in implementing a fouling mitigation strategy through cleaning and disinfection is to understand the mechanisms of fouling. This allows ways to be found to reduce, even to eliminate fouling, or to improve the effectiveness of cleaning and disinfection. This paper reviews the relevant literature and summarizes a selection of soil model systems used to aid such improvements. Organic, mineral, microbial, particulate, and composite soil model systems are presented. These soil model systems are of particular relevance in the study of fouling, cleaning or soil adhesion onto solid surfaces in the laboratory environment. The key features of the models, as well as their practical advantages and disadvantages, are described and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de l'évolution de la consommation de plats préparés en Belgique
Winandy, Stéphane ULg; De Fays, Maud; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(4), 593-603

This study aims to analyze the evolution of the consumption of ready-made food in Belgium and to discern any trends. The data used are expenditure made on convenience food from 1999 and 2009 (in euros ... [more ▼]

This study aims to analyze the evolution of the consumption of ready-made food in Belgium and to discern any trends. The data used are expenditure made on convenience food from 1999 and 2009 (in euros) and socio-demographic characteristics, obtained from the Household Budget Survey undertaken annually by the Federal Public Service Economy (DGSIE). Statistical analyses (simple, multiple and binary logistic regressions) enable the study of consumption trends in terms of exependiture and percentage of consumers as well as the determination of consumer profiles. Convenience food is part of the eating habits of Belgian households, with more than nine out of ten households being consumers. Convenience food prepared from meat is the most frequently purchased. For all ready-made food, the variable of household size explains the most variability in consumption, followed by the variables of income and age. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution to the study of the resistance to drying of Pseudomonas fluorescens
Mputu Kanyinda, Jean-Noël ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013)

The objective of this thesis is to study the resistance to drying of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Freeze-drying is the most suitable method for drying P. fluorescens. However, freeze-drying induced loss of ... [more ▼]

The objective of this thesis is to study the resistance to drying of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Freeze-drying is the most suitable method for drying P. fluorescens. However, freeze-drying induced loss of cell viability. This loss of viability is mainly due to membrane rupture, temperature and oxidation of fatty acids, membrane proteins and glutathione. For this purpose, the use of protective compounds during freeze-drying has allowed us to obtain a powder having a high viability. We then studied the impact of these protective compounds, oxygen and storage temperature on the viability of P. fluorescens during storage. Analyses of fatty acids, proteins, glutathione and the study of membrane integrity during the various manufacturing processes and storage have established a link between the degree of oxidation and cell death. The results of flow cytometry showed that the freeze-drying longer affects the viability of P. fluorescens rather than storage. We have increased the yield of the production in bioreactor of P. fluorescens and time of culture was halved. [less ▲]

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See detailImpacts of logging and hunting on western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) populations and consequences for forest regeneration. A review
Haurez, Barbara ULg; Petre, Charles-Albert ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(2), 364-372

Timber exploitation is rapidly expanding throughout the Congo Basin. Forest areas assigned to timber harvesting have sharply expanded over the decades and logging concessions now largely overlap with the ... [more ▼]

Timber exploitation is rapidly expanding throughout the Congo Basin. Forest areas assigned to timber harvesting have sharply expanded over the decades and logging concessions now largely overlap with the range of western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman, 1847). However this species, which is considered as critically endangered by IUCN, could play an essential role in maintaining the structure and composition of tropical rainforest notably through seed dispersal services. This is likely due to its frugivorous diet, high stomach capacity and ability to swallow seeds of variable sizes. Moreover gorillas have a long gut retention time of ingested food, travel long daily distances and deposit most ingested seeds in suitable habitats for plant development (such as logging gaps). Consequently, the preservation of the role of gorilla in forest regeneration is essential in the context of logged forest ecosystems. Timber harvesting has two major opposing impacts on gorilla populations: on the one hand, gorillas benefit from growth of herbaceous vegetation (e.g. Marantaceae and Zingiberaceae) following forest canopy opening, as such herbs provide both staple food and nest-building materials; on the other hand, gorilla populations suffer with the rise in hunting associated with logging activity, especially with road network installation. Considering the potential negative knock-on effects of logging concessions on the ecological function of western lowland gorilla, the implementation of timber harvesting methods that preserve gorilla populations is a considerable challenge for forest sustainability, as well as for gorilla’s conservation. [less ▲]

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See detailContrôle de l'azote potentiellement lessivable dans le sol en début de période de lixiviation. Etablissement des valeurs de référence
Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; De Toffoli, Marc; Bachelart, Florent ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17

Based on observations in the field, for ten years, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (ULg) and the Catholic University of Louvain set annual benchmarks for nitrate-nitrogen concentrations in the soil at the ... [more ▼]

Based on observations in the field, for ten years, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (ULg) and the Catholic University of Louvain set annual benchmarks for nitrate-nitrogen concentrations in the soil at the beginning of the leaching period (referred to as ‘PLN’ - Potentially Leachable Nitrogen). These values are used as a reference to monitor farmers located in vulnerable zones, with the monitoring being carried out by the Public Service of Wallonia. Soil samples were taken twice a year (October and December) from approximately 250 plots subjected to reasoned nitrogen fertilization. The plots were located within 34 reference farms (constituting the Agricultural Survey Areas). The samples were then analyzed for nitrate-nitrogen content. The results allowed to establish reference values for eight classes of cultivation or meadow. Analysis of the results recorded in 2011, as in previous years, illustrates the importance of “crop” and “year” in establishing reference values. [less ▲]

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See detailMise en oeuvre du Programme de Gestion Durable de l'Azote à l'échelle de deux petits bassins versants (Arquennes - Belgique) et évaluation d'impact par le suivi des flux de nitrate aux exutoires et par modélisation numérique
Deneufbourg, Mathieu ULg; Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Gaule, David et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013, April), 17(S1), 164-176

Four water catchments used by the Walloon Society of Water (SWDE) in the rural village of Arquennes (Province of Hainaut, Belgium) have been contaminated by nitrate (concentrations between 60 and 70 mg ... [more ▼]

Four water catchments used by the Walloon Society of Water (SWDE) in the rural village of Arquennes (Province of Hainaut, Belgium) have been contaminated by nitrate (concentrations between 60 and 70 mg NO3-·l-1) for several years. The catchment basins (31 ha and 47 ha) are located exclusively in a cultivated area on loamy soils. Since October 2004, these basins have been used as a pilot area for the environmental evaluation of good agricultural practices as regards nitrogen management (adaptation of amounts of mineral nitrogen fertilizers, farm manure management, soil cover after harvest, etc.) thanks to monitoring by farmers. This approach fits into the general pattern of the Sustainable Nitrogen Management Program (PGDA in French), which implements the European Nitrates Directive as part of Walloon legislation. The second objective of the working scheme is to study and to set up a decision-making tool aimed at preventing the contamination of water by agricultural nitrate around water catchments. Two numerical models (SWAT and FEFLOW®) were used together in order to simulate the passage of water and nitrogen from the soil surface to the water catchments outlets. Calibration and validation of models were based, among other things, on soil and subsoil characterization and on tracer testing in both saturated and unsaturated zones. Moreover crop yield, farming practices, water and nitrate fluxes in water catchments, groundwater levels and nitrate concentration in groundwater were monitored for eight years. The results of simulations show that the application of PGDA in Arquennes watersheds would lead to a decrease in nitrate concentration (to almost 50 mg NO3-·l-1) in water catchments in 2012. This expected improvement in water quality has been visible since 2009 in water catchments, with mean nitrate concentrations of lower than 50 mg NO3-·l-1 at the end of 2012. [less ▲]

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See detailSuivi de la lixiviation du nitrate en plein champ par la technique lysimétrique : retour de huit années d'expérience
Deneufbourg, Mathieu ULg; Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Heens et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(S1), 177-186

Since 2003, nitrate leaching has been monitored in six plots located in a loamy area (Hesbaye, Belgium), mainly dedicated to wheat, sugarbeet and vegetable crops. Open-field lysimeters have been used in ... [more ▼]

Since 2003, nitrate leaching has been monitored in six plots located in a loamy area (Hesbaye, Belgium), mainly dedicated to wheat, sugarbeet and vegetable crops. Open-field lysimeters have been used in order not to impede agricultural operations. Lysimeters are used as follow-up tools to quantify the amounts of nitrate leaching below the root zone. This study aims to evaluate the suitability of PLN (Potentially Leachable Nitrogen – APL in French) defined in the Sustainable Nitrogen Management Program (PGDA in French) as an environmental indicator by relating nitrogen management practices (including fertilization recommendations) to PLN values and groundwater quality. This study demonstrates that lysimeters are efficient in collecting representative amounts of leaching water. Lysimeters show that PLN is identified as being related to the nitrate content in leaching water, which will not be taken up by the next crop. The amount of nitrate leaching below the root zone demonstrates the necessity and the relevance of the organic nitrogen spreading limits defined in the Sustainable Nitrogen Management Program. The lysimeter tool also shows that respect for leaching water quality standards under agricultural plots needs to be considered from an integrated and generalized approach, taking into account complete crop sequences and rotations, including rational fertilization rates and the introduction of catch crops in rotation. Some suitable or unsuitable crop sequences with regard to good groundwater quality are listed. [less ▲]

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See detailGestion durable de l'azote au-delà de la seule problématique "nitrate"
Bodson, Bernard ULg; Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17s1

The aim of the sustainable management of nitrogen is to reduce dramatically the risk of nitrogen leaching into groundwater. Regulations and recommendations have resulted in a more judicious use of manure ... [more ▼]

The aim of the sustainable management of nitrogen is to reduce dramatically the risk of nitrogen leaching into groundwater. Regulations and recommendations have resulted in a more judicious use of manure as a mineral fertilizer to benefit both the environment and farmers. Rehabilitating leguminous plants into our rotations and our forage areas needs to become a priority. These plants can partially substitute for imported soya and, at the same time, synthesize the free nitrogen available to plants. Management of intercropping and in particular of catch crops can no longer be limited to the single issue of nitrate in water. Integrated crop protection and risk reduction of greenhouse gas emissions also need to be taken into account and flexibility needs to be incorporated into the implementation of these intercropping rules. [less ▲]

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See detailKivuguto traditional fermented milk and the dairy industry in Rwanda. A review
Karenzi, Eugène ULg; Mashaku, Albert; Nshimiyimana, Alphonse M. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(2), 383-391

Traditional methods of fermenting milk involve the use of indigenous microorganisms, leading to the production of a variety of tastes in fermented milk products. Kivuguto is a fermented milk product ... [more ▼]

Traditional methods of fermenting milk involve the use of indigenous microorganisms, leading to the production of a variety of tastes in fermented milk products. Kivuguto is a fermented milk product, which is popular in Rwanda. Kivuguto is produced by traditional spontaneous acidification of raw milk by a microflora present both on utensils and containers used for milk preservation and in the near environment of cattle. Thus, this method does not allow the shelf stability of the product. Faced to such a situation, modern dairies now produce fermented milk and other dairy products using exotic strains. The main objectives of this paper are firstly, to provide documentation on the traditional production of kivuguto, as well as its by-products, and secondly, to describe the current situation of the dairy industry in Rwanda. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferent methods for spatial interpolation of rainfall data for operational hydrology and hydrological modeling at watershed scale: a review
Ly, Sarann ULg; Charles, Catherine ULg; Degré, Aurore ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(2), 392-406

Watershed management and hydrological modeling require data related to the very important matter of precipitation, often measured using raingages or weather stations. Hydrological models often require a ... [more ▼]

Watershed management and hydrological modeling require data related to the very important matter of precipitation, often measured using raingages or weather stations. Hydrological models often require a preliminary spatial interpolation as part of the modeling process. The success of spatial interpolation varies according to the type of model chosen, its mode of geographical management and the resolution used. The quality of a result is determined by the quality of the continuous spatial rainfall which ensues from the interpolation method used. The objective of this article is to review the existing methods for interpolation of rainfall data that are usually required in hydrological modeling. We review the basis for the application of certain common methods and geostatistical approaches used in interpolation of rainfall. Previous studies have highlighted the need for new research to investigate ways of improving the quality of rainfall data and ultimately, the quality of hydrological modeling. [less ▲]

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See detailBacteriological assessment of smoked game meat in Lubumbashi, D.R.C.
Kabwang a Mpalang, Rosette; Kakubu a Mpalang, Mireille; Mukeng Kaut, Clarence et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17

The bacteriological quality of smoked game meat in Lubumbashi has not been studied much to date. The present study focused on the analysis of 182 samples of smoked game meat from three species, Syncerus ... [more ▼]

The bacteriological quality of smoked game meat in Lubumbashi has not been studied much to date. The present study focused on the analysis of 182 samples of smoked game meat from three species, Syncerus caffer (n = 63), Phacochoerus aethiopicus (n = 60) and Sylvicapra grimmia (n = 59), sold at retail outlets in Lubumbashi. The isolation of Escherichia coli from 81.3% of samples (mean 4.87 ± 0.6 log10 CFU.g-1 of sample) confirms significant faecal contamination of smoked game meat. The study has determined by culture prevalences of 0.0%, 4.3% [CI95% 1.4-7.4], 3.8% [CI95% 1.1-6.6] and 14.2% [CI95% 9.2-19.4] respectively for Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC), Salmonella spp., Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. Using Polymerase Chain Reaction, these prevalences were of 2.2% [IC95% 0.1-4.3], 6.0% [IC95% 2.6-9.5], 3.8% [IC95% 1.1-6.6] and 15.9% [IC95% 10.6-21.3] respectively for STEC, Salmonella spp., C. jejuni and C. coli. Syncerus caffer was established as a potential vehicle of STEC carrying stx1 gene (3.2%), stx2 gene (1.6%) and the combination of stx2 and eae genes (1.6%). On the basis of these data, we suggested the need for developing monitoring plans of the production, preparation, handling and distribution of smoked game meat in Lubumbashi. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the third Action Programme. Recommendations for regulatory and scientific research
Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(SPL1), 301-306

In accordance with the Nitrates Directive, the third "Durable Nitrogen Management Plan" (PGDA) will be soon reviewed in Wallonia (Belgium). The second "Nitrate - Water" workshop took place between 28th ... [more ▼]

In accordance with the Nitrates Directive, the third "Durable Nitrogen Management Plan" (PGDA) will be soon reviewed in Wallonia (Belgium). The second "Nitrate - Water" workshop took place between 28th May and 1st June 2012. The workshop was attended by both Belgian scientists (Université catholique de Louvain - UCL, Walloon Agricultural Research Center CRA-W, Université de Liège - ULg, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech) and French scientists (National Institute for Agricultural Research - INRA). In the light of the results of experiments presented by scientists at this workshop, modifications to the PGDA are now recommended. These concern organic and mineral nitrogen fertilization for crops and meadows; catch crops; soil nitrate-nitrogen residue limitation in autumn, at the start of the nitrate leaching period; the management of meadow ploughing and a modification of the dairy cow standard for nitrogen production. [less ▲]

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See detailMunkoyo : des racines comme sources potentielles en enzymes amylolytiques et une boisson fermentée traditionnelle (synthèse bibliographique)
Foma, Roland Kibwega; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Kayisu, Kalenga et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(2), 352-363

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See detailVers une intégration du sorgho comme matière première pour la brasserie moderne (synthèse bibliographique)
Bwanganga Tawaba, J.-C.; Ba, K.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(4), 622-633

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See detailPheromone-based management strategies to control the tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). A review
Caparros Megido, Rudy ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Verheggen, François ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2013), 17(3), 475-482

We here review pheromone control strategies for species-specific and environmentally safe management of the tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). This insect pest originates from ... [more ▼]

We here review pheromone control strategies for species-specific and environmentally safe management of the tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). This insect pest originates from South America and is now considered to be one of the most damaging invasive pests of tomatoes in the Mediterranean Basin countries of Europe and North Africa. After presenting the general principles of sex pheromone-based control strategies, we describe strategies used to control T. absoluta including pest detection, population monitoring, mass annihilation and mating disruption techniques. [less ▲]

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