References of "Acta Neurologica Belgica"
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See detailNerve biopsy: indications and contribution to the diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. The experience of the Born Bunge Foundation University of Antwerp and University of Liege between 1987 and 1997.
Deprez, Manuel ULg; Ceuterick-de Groote, C.; Schoenen, Jean ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2000), 100(3), 162-6

We reviewed 355 nerve biopsies analysed at the Laboratories of Neuropathology of the Born-Bunge Foundation/University of Antwerp (BBF/UIA) and University of Liege (ULg) between 1987 and 1997. We examined ... [more ▼]

We reviewed 355 nerve biopsies analysed at the Laboratories of Neuropathology of the Born-Bunge Foundation/University of Antwerp (BBF/UIA) and University of Liege (ULg) between 1987 and 1997. We examined the indications for nerve biopsy, the yield of the procedure, and the influence of clinical and neuropathological parameters. Contributory biopsies accounted for 35.5% and 47.3% respectively at ULg and BBF/UIA laboratories: of these, one third showed specific histological findings, the majority being informative only when combined with the relevant clinical data. The profile of indications for nerve biopsy was roughly comparable in both laboratories. The search for an inflammatory neuropathy prompted 35-40% of all biopsies with more than 50% of specimens being informative in this indication. The lowest yield (20%) was obtained among the nerve biopsies performed in the absence of any presumptive aetiology. These accounted for 22-33% of all cases. Inadequate surgical resection, delays in transport or processing errors precluded histological study of 4% (BBF/UIA) to 8% (ULg) of the specimens. We conclude that nerve biopsies should be performed by experienced surgeons and handled in specialised laboratories. Only a relatively small number of causes of neuropathy can be diagnosed on the basis of histology alone. More often, contributory biopsies will result from the combination of non-specific suggestive histological features with relevant clinical information. The diagnostic yield of nerve biopsy is function of careful patient selection and close collaboration between the clinician and the neuropathologist. [less ▲]

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See detailMethodological Issues in a Cost-of-Dementia Study in Belgium: The National Dementia Economic Study (Nades)
Kurz, Xavier; Broers, Mattie; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1999), 99(3), 167-75

The NAtional Dementia Economic Study (NADES) is an on-going prospective, one-year cohort study developed in Belgium to assess the socio-economic consequences of dementia in a group of patients and their ... [more ▼]

The NAtional Dementia Economic Study (NADES) is an on-going prospective, one-year cohort study developed in Belgium to assess the socio-economic consequences of dementia in a group of patients and their caregivers (n = 400). Comparison is made with a group of subjects with cognitive impairment and no dementia (n = 100) and a group of subjects without any cognitive impairment (n = 100). Recruitment of subjects is based on screening of warning signs of dementia by general practitioners, followed by a Cambridge Mental Disorders of the Elderly Examination (CAMDEX) performed at home. This paper presents an overview of the study protocol and the rationale for basic design options, such as the choice of study population, screening strategy, and methods used for the case validation. It also presents preliminary results on the prevalence of dementia in general practice, the sensitivity and specificity of the warning signs as a screening test of dementia, and the validity of a computerised case ascertainment algorithm based on DSM-III-R criteria. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly thalamic and cortical hypometabolism in adult-onset dementia due to metachromatic leukodystrophy
Salmon, Eric ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Maertens De Noordhout, Alain ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1999), 99(3), 185-188

A case of early-onset adult dementia with family history of dementia is reported, characterised by neuropsychological deficits, suggesting frontal involvement, with mild non specific white matter ... [more ▼]

A case of early-onset adult dementia with family history of dementia is reported, characterised by neuropsychological deficits, suggesting frontal involvement, with mild non specific white matter abnormalities on CT scan. Familial Alzheimer's disease was suspected but the neuropathological diagnosis on brain biopsy was metachromatic leukodystrophy. 18FDG-PET revealed a very peculiar pattern of metabolic impairment in thalamic areas, in medial and frontopolar regions, and in occipital lobes. Neuropsychological follow-up showed relatively stable difficulties of long-term memory and signs of frontal lobe dysfunction, similar to those observed in subcortical dementias. MRI subsequently showed periventricular leukoencephalopathy. The brain metabolic pattern observed in that case of metachromatic leukodystrophy was quite different from that reported in other types of dementia. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration of implicit artificial grammar learning in Parkinson's disease
Peigneux, Philippe ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1999), 99(2), 107-117

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See detailOligodendrocytes: From Development to Demyelinated Lesion Repair
Rogister, Bernard ULg; Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Moonen, Gustave ULg

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1999), 99(1), 32-9

Spontaneous but incomplete remyelination is observed after a demyelinating lesion. We know since ten years now that oligodendrocyte progenitors, (OP) and totipotent neural stem cells remain present in the ... [more ▼]

Spontaneous but incomplete remyelination is observed after a demyelinating lesion. We know since ten years now that oligodendrocyte progenitors, (OP) and totipotent neural stem cells remain present in the central nervous system of adult mammals. [less ▲]

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See detailNeurotransmitter-Mediated Regulation of Cns Myelination: A Review
Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg; Rigo, Jean-Michel et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1999), 99(1), 21-31

In addition to treatments aimed at preventing or limiting damage to myelin and oligodendrocytes, there is a crucial need for repair strategies in human demyelinating disorders. There is increasing ... [more ▼]

In addition to treatments aimed at preventing or limiting damage to myelin and oligodendrocytes, there is a crucial need for repair strategies in human demyelinating disorders. There is increasing evidence that besides growth factors, neurotransmitters can regulate different steps of the oligodendrogliogenesis. The present review on neurotransmitter receptor expression and function in the oligodendrocyte lineage emphasizes the concept that in this lineage cell proliferation and differentiation can be controlled through the modulation of the functional state of channel proteins and receptors, such as the delayed K+ rectifier, the AMPA/kainate, dopamine or muscarinic receptors, and, most likely, others yet to be found. We anticipate that a better understanding of the neurotransmitter-mediated neuronal oligodendroglial communication network opens prospects in the field of central nervous system (CNS) myelin repair, allowing the recruitment of the myelinating machinery that is known to remain present but quiescent in the CNS of multiple sclerosis patients. [less ▲]

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See detailPositron emission tomography in parkinsonism
Salmon, Eric ULg

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1997), 97(3), 187-191

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See detailGliomatosis Cerebri: Clinical, Radiological and Pathological Report of a Case with a Stroke-Like Onset
Schoenen, Jean ULg; de Leval, L.; Reznik, M.

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1996), 96(4), 294-300

A 62 year-old man was admitted with a right hemiparesis, sensory aphasia and right hemianopia which appeared on awakening. He was initially thought to have a stroke, but EEG showed diffuse slowing and ... [more ▼]

A 62 year-old man was admitted with a right hemiparesis, sensory aphasia and right hemianopia which appeared on awakening. He was initially thought to have a stroke, but EEG showed diffuse slowing and both CT scan and MRI irregular white matter lesion suggesting a leucoencephalopathy. His neurological deficit regressed, and he was discharged after 2 weeks. He was readmitted 6 months later because of mental confusion. MRI revealed diffuse white matter lesions extending up to the frontal lobes, these were hyperintense on T2 weighted images and suggested the diagnosis of gliomatosis cerebri (GC). The patient became progressively comatose and died 6 weeks later. At autopsy the brain looked diffusely swollen with irregular greyish areas of the white matter of both centrum ovale and brain stem. On microscopic examination the cerebrum and brain stem were diffusely and asymmetrically infiltrated by numerous neoplastic glial cells without angiogenesis or disruption of architectonic boundaries. There were no mitoses nor necrosis. Many tumour cells were GFAP- and S100-positive. A high proportion of cells contained the leucocyte antigen Leu-7. This case of gliomatosis cerebri is compared to the 9 published cases of GC with an initial focal neurological deficit and to the 19 publications reporting MRI results. The controversial nosological boundaries and etiopathogenetic hypotheses of this peculiar neoplastic disease are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailNeurotrophic Factors: Past and Future
Moonen, Gustave ULg; Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Rigo, Jean Michel et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1996), 96(3), 203-18

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See detailAnterior cingulate dysfunction in presenile dementia due to progressive supranuclear palsy
Salmon, Eric ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1996), 96(3), 247-253

We report neuropsychological and neuroimaging investigations performed in a patient suffering from presenile onset degenerative dementia and subsequent mild extrapyramidal and pyramidal signs. Early ... [more ▼]

We report neuropsychological and neuroimaging investigations performed in a patient suffering from presenile onset degenerative dementia and subsequent mild extrapyramidal and pyramidal signs. Early neuropsychological testing revealed frontal lobe dysfunction. Neuroanatomical pictures were not contributive. After four years of evolution, the clinical pattern was consistent with progressive supranuclear palsy. Statistical parametric mapping analysis of functional imaging revealed a highly significant metabolic impairment in the anterior cingulate gyrus, that might be a key feature of subcortico-frontal dementia in progressive supranuclear palsy. [less ▲]

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See detailFrontal lobe dementia presenting as personality disorder
Salmon, Eric ULg; Degueldre, Christian ULg; Franco, Gianni ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1996), 96(2), 130-134

The early differential diagnosis of frontal lobe dementia is particularly difficult because changes of personality or behaviour overwhelm intellectual and cognitive impairments. We report the case of a ... [more ▼]

The early differential diagnosis of frontal lobe dementia is particularly difficult because changes of personality or behaviour overwhelm intellectual and cognitive impairments. We report the case of a patient presenting with paranoid personality disorder who refused to collaborate in neuropsychological testing. Initial functional imaging showed frontal hypometabolism that served as an early marker of frontal lobe dysfunction. [less ▲]

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See detailSodium Valproate in Severe Migraine and Tension-Type Headache: An Open Study of Long-Term Efficacy and Correlation with Blood Levels
Lenaerts, M.; Bastings, E.; Sianard, J. et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1996), 96(2), 126-9

We performed an open prospective study of the prophylactic efficacy of sodium valproate in 56 patients among which 35 migraineurs, 7 chronic tension-type headache patients and 14 patients with combined ... [more ▼]

We performed an open prospective study of the prophylactic efficacy of sodium valproate in 56 patients among which 35 migraineurs, 7 chronic tension-type headache patients and 14 patients with combined headaches. We compared the mean number of headache days per month during a one-month-baseline period without prophylactic treatment and during the last month of a 6-month-treatment course. Among secondary parameters, we assessed headache intensity, adverse experiences and we measured valproate blood levels after one and after six months of treatment. Sixty percent of migraineurs had a 75% or more improvement in the number of headache days under sodium valproate, most of the remaining attacks being less severe. There was no significant improvement in chronic tension-type headache patients and only a mild effect in patients with combined headaches, almost exclusively on the migraine component. Thirty percent of patients reported adverse effects of which none was serious: there were 3 drop-outs. We found a moderate, but statistically significant, correlation between efficacy and blood levels of sodium valproate. [less ▲]

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See detailPathogenesis of migraine: the biobehavioural and hypoxia theories reconciled.
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1994), 94(2), 79-86

The recent pathophysiological data obtained in migraine patients during and between attacks are reviewed in this article. They suggest that the headache in migraine is due to activation of the trigemino ... [more ▼]

The recent pathophysiological data obtained in migraine patients during and between attacks are reviewed in this article. They suggest that the headache in migraine is due to activation of the trigemino-vascular system. While this can be found in other headache disorders, the process leading ultimately to trigemino-vascular activation appears to characterize migraine. Between attacks, the migrainous brain has two functional abnormalities: a habituation defect in sensory processing, probably related to dysfunctioning transmitter (serotonin, noradrenaline) systems and a reduced mitochondrial energy reserve. Both abnormalities may be genetically determined and concur to favour biochemical shifts leading to the migraine attack as a primary protective mechanism of the brain. Such a model of migraine pathogenesis reconciles the biobehavioural and hypoxia theories and opens new therapeutic perspectives. [less ▲]

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See detailDecrease of frontal metabolism demonstrated by positron emission tomography in a population of healthy elderly volunteers.
Salmon, Eric ULg; Maquet, Pierre ULg; Sadzot, Bernard ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1991), 91(5), 288-95

Frontal metabolism measured with positron emission tomography is shown to be decreased relatively to that in other cortical or sub-cortical areas, in a population of healthy elderly compared to young ... [more ▼]

Frontal metabolism measured with positron emission tomography is shown to be decreased relatively to that in other cortical or sub-cortical areas, in a population of healthy elderly compared to young volunteers. Cortical atrophy or neuronal depopulation are unlikely to entirely explain this physiological phenomenon, and sub-cortico-cortical deactivation should play a role, analogous to that proposed in subcortical diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailVaricella-Zoster virus infection in the nervous system: in vitro and in vivo models
Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg; Merville, Marie-Paule; Bourdon-Wouters, Christine et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1989), 88

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See detailPositron Emission Tomography in Degenerative Dementias
Salmon, Eric ULg; Franck, Georges ULg

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1989), 89(3-4, May-Oct), 150-155

Positron emission tomography demonstrates different abnormalities of cerebral metabolism or characteristic disturbances of neurotransmission systems in "cortical" and "subcortical" dementias. Those ... [more ▼]

Positron emission tomography demonstrates different abnormalities of cerebral metabolism or characteristic disturbances of neurotransmission systems in "cortical" and "subcortical" dementias. Those patterns may reflect the underlying anatomopathology, but may also give clues to the pathophysiology of a disease and its symptoms. [less ▲]

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See detailSlowly Progressive Aphasia Syndrome. A Positron Emission Tomographic Study
Salmon, Eric ULg; Sadzot, Bernard ULg; Maquet, Pierre ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1989), 89(3-4, May-Oct), 242-245

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See detailL'évaluation des troubles de la mémoire dans la vie quotidienne chez les patients Alzheimer
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Wyns, C.; Von Frenckell, R.

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1989), 89

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)