References of "X-Ray Spectrometry [=XRS]"
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See detailA remote controlled XRF system for field analysis of cultural heritage objects
Hocquet, François-Philippe ULg; Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULg; Marchal, André ULg et al

in X-Ray Spectrometry [=XRS] (2008), 37(4), 304-308

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is a nondestructive, multielemental, fast and cost-effective analysis technique. It can be applied in a nonvacuum environment directly on the samples without any preparation. As ... [more ▼]

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is a nondestructive, multielemental, fast and cost-effective analysis technique. It can be applied in a nonvacuum environment directly on the samples without any preparation. As archaeological and historical objects are often unique and may not be easily movable, a mobile XRF detector system allowing in situ analysis is ideally suited for archaeometric applications. A mobile system was designed and built at the IPNAS laboratory to provide such analyses. The system includes an industrial grade x-ray generator which supplies the primary x-ray beam, an air-cooled silicon rift Detector detector (SDD) with a 5-mm(2) active area. The data acquisition system measures the energy and the intensity of the secondary fluorescence x-rays. The detector signal is amplified and analyzed by a multichannel recorder coupled to a microcomputer running JavaSpectre which visualizes and analyzes spectra obtained from the detector. The detection head, containing the detector, the x-ray tube and its power supply, are fixed on a movable platform allowing independent vertical and horizontal movement. All displacements are controlled by a hand-held personal digital assistant (PDA) (Palm) which exchanges data with microcontrollers embedded in the system providing a very precise positioning of the detector over a surface of many square meters. This system control, as well as a typical application of this XRF spectrometer for analyzing pigment composition of a wall painting, will be described. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of PIXE and PIGE under variable ion beam incident angle to several fields of archaeometry
Weber, Georges ULg; Martinot, L.; Strivay, David ULg et al

in X-Ray Spectrometry [=XRS] (2005), 34(4, JUL-AUG), 297-300

For several years, the specific features of PIXE and PIGE have made them very attractive in the field of archaeometry. Among them, non-destructivity is one of the most important. The possibility of ... [more ▼]

For several years, the specific features of PIXE and PIGE have made them very attractive in the field of archaeometry. Among them, non-destructivity is one of the most important. The possibility of working under atmospheric pressure is also important because of the very different shapes and sizes of the artefacts concerned. However, these ion beam techniques suffer from the same disadvantage: the information coming from x-rays or),brays produced at different places along the charged particle path is integrated. That prevents one from taking into account the possible element concentration gradients due to multilayered systems or diffusion processes. This paper presents several applications of PIXE and PIGE applied under variable ion beam incident angle. PIGE has been mainly used for studying ancient glass items or glass windows in order to detect or evaluate the glass corrosion process. The examples given for PIGE deal with Roman and Merovingian glass objects and cathedral glass windows and PIXE applications concern studies for resolving the multilayered structure of easel paintings. The set-up allowing one to perform the measurements should be very stable, the rotation axis should pass through the beam axis and the detector should follow the sample movement. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential PIXE measurements for the stratigraphic analysis of the painting Madonna dei Fusi by Leonardo da Vinci
Grassi, Novella; Migliori, Alessandro; Mandò, PierAndrea et al

in X-Ray Spectrometry [=XRS] (2005), 34(4), 306-309

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