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See detailInteraction between dendritic cells and nerve fibres in lymphoid organs after oral scrapie exposure
Dorban, Gauthier ULg; Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Demonceau, Christine ULg et al

in Virchows Archiv (2007), 451(6), 1057-1065

In transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), the infectious agent, called PrPsc, an abnormal isoform of the cellular prion protein, accumulates and replicates in lymphoid organs before affecting ... [more ▼]

In transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), the infectious agent, called PrPsc, an abnormal isoform of the cellular prion protein, accumulates and replicates in lymphoid organs before affecting the nervous system. To clarify the cellular requirements for the neuro-invasion of the scrapie agent from the lymphoid organs to the central nervous system, we have studied, by confocal microscopy, the innervations within Peyer's patches, mesenteric lymph nodes and the spleen of mice in physiological conditions and after oral exposure to prion. Contacts between nerve fibres and PrPsc-associated cells, dendritic cells (DCs) and follicular dendritic cells (FDCs), were evaluated in preclinical prion-infected mice. Using a double immunolabelling strategy, we demonstrated the lack of innervation of PrPsc-accumulating cells (FDCs). Contacts between nerve fibers and PrPsc-propagating cells (DCs) were detected in T-cell zones and cell-trafficking areas. This supports, for the first time, the possible implication of dendritic cells in the prion neuroinvasion process. [less ▲]

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See detailMalignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: report of a case with cytogenetic analysis
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Hermans, Gilberte ULg; Dome, Florence ULg et al

in Virchows Archiv (2003), 442(4), 388-392

The majority of solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the pleura are benign, but 10-30% locally recur or metastasize. Pathogenic factors relevant to the determinism of their biological properties are largely ... [more ▼]

The majority of solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the pleura are benign, but 10-30% locally recur or metastasize. Pathogenic factors relevant to the determinism of their biological properties are largely unknown. Cytogenetic data on SFTs of the pleura are sparse. We report herein a case of a malignant SFT of the pleura where successful karyotyping was obtained from the primary and recurrent tumors. The initial karyotype showed two abnormal clones: 48, XY; +8; +8; del(9)(q22; q32) [19] and 46, XY, t(1; 16)(q25;p 12) [7]. Culture of the recurrent tumor yielded one clone identical to the dominant clone of the initial karyotype. Demonstration of a recurrent abnormal karyotype largely supports its relevance to the malignant clone and suggests a role of supernumerary chromosome(s) 8 in the determinism of malignant behavior in SFT. [less ▲]

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