Meckel's diverticulum as a cause of colic: 2 cases with different morphological features
Verwilghen, Denis ; Van Galen, Gaby ; Busoni, Valeria et al
in Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde (2010), 135(11), 452-455Detailed reference viewed: 57 (13 ULg)
Vaccination strategies against myxomavius infections: are we really doing the best?
in Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde (2010), 134Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 ULg)
Prevalence, molecular typing, and antibiotic sensitivity of enteropathogenic, enterohaemorrhagic, and verotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolated from veal calves.
Bardiau, Marjorie ; Muylaert, Adeline ; Duprez, Jean-Noël et al
in Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde (2010), 135(14-15), 554-8
Cattle are considered to be an important reservoir of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) and verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) strains that can cause disease in humans, and numerous studies of ... [more ▼]
Cattle are considered to be an important reservoir of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) and verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) strains that can cause disease in humans, and numerous studies of the prevalence of these strains in cattle (focusing mainly on dairy and beef cattle) have been carried out in different regions of Europe, Asia, and America. To date, only a few studies of veal calves have been published focusing on EHEC strains belonging to the O157 serogroup EHEC, whereas EHEC and VTEC can belong to hundreds of different serotypes (many of which are as dangerous to humans as the O157:H7 EHEC, such as strains of the O26, O91, O103, O111, O113 and O145 serogroups). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), EHEC, and VTEC strains in veal calves in Belgium and to characterize the positive isolates (serogroups, virulence-associated factor-encoding genes and antibiotic resistance profiles). The prevalence of EPEC, EHEC, and VTEC strains in faecal samples from veal calves in Belgium was found to be 11.7% (6.5% of the calves were found to be positive for EPEC strains, 2.6% for EHEC, and 3.9% for VTEC strains). No O157:H7 EHEC Strain was identified, but three calves were found to carry strains belonging to the O26 and O111 serogroups. The results of antibiotic sensitivity tests showed a high level of resistance (83% of strains were resistant or intermediate resistant to five or more antibiotics of the 13 tested antibiotics), which might be caused by the frequent use of antibiotics in veterinary practice. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Tetanus in the equine species: a retrospective study of 31 cases.
Van Galen, Gaby ; Delguste, Catherine ; Sandersen, Charlotte et al
in Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde (2008), 133(12), 512-7
BACKGROUND: Few studies exist about factors affecting the outcome of horses with tetanus. ANIMALS: 31 equids (30 horses and 1 donkey) with a clinical diagnosis of tetanus admitted to the Equine Clinic of ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Few studies exist about factors affecting the outcome of horses with tetanus. ANIMALS: 31 equids (30 horses and 1 donkey) with a clinical diagnosis of tetanus admitted to the Equine Clinic of the University of Liege between 1991 and 2006. The cases were divided into two groups according to the outcome (survivors and non-survivors). METHODS: The clinical data of survivors and non-survivors were compared using an ANOVA (continuous data) or a Fisher's test (discrete data). RESULTS: The survival rate was 32%. Most animals were 5 years or younger, and none had been appropriately vaccinated. The non-survivors were significantly younger than the survivors. The development of dyspnoea, recumbency, and the combination of dysphagia, dyspnoea, and recumbency was observed significantly more in the non-survivors than in the survivors. The timing of tetanus antitoxin administration (either immediately after the onset of suggestive signs or after a delay) was not different between the two groups. The time between the occurrence of a wound and the first signs ranged from 2 days to 2 months and was not significantly different between groups. All non-survivors died within 8 days of the first signs. CONCLUSIONS & CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: This study suggests that young animals are affected more often and more severely by tetanus than older animals. Dyspnoea, recumbency, and the combination of dysphagia, dyspnoea, and recumbency can be considered as indicators of a poor prognosis in equids suffering from tetanus. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 191 (19 ULg)