References of "Terrain : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Europe"
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See detailLes morts utiles
Despret, Vinciane ULg

in Terrain : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Europe (2014), 62

It is not unusual nowadays to hear of people telling us that individuals who had been close to them have helped them after death. These people may have told them what to do when they were faced with ... [more ▼]

It is not unusual nowadays to hear of people telling us that individuals who had been close to them have helped them after death. These people may have told them what to do when they were faced with difficulties, comforted them, sent them messages of reassurance or even have given them advice. We find this kind of phenomenon in a remarkable number of cultures throughout the world. In this way then it is possible for the dead to continue to help and to engage in fruitful post mortem careers which enrich the lives of living people who may have been close to them and in some cases of strangers who can become the channels for this unexpected help. In this way vocations may be created, whether these be those of the departed or those who benefit from the received guidance acting either as experts or merely as helpers. These post mortem destinies do not simply follow from the realisation of such a vocation. All sorts of careers are open to the dead, whether these result from their own free will or not. They are called upon to participate in exchanges of services or of goods; they may be asked to reorganise solidarities. Sometimes the dead may even be expected to participate in political projects. [less ▲]

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See detailEt pourtant ils coopèrent. Regard des sciences sociales sur la coopération animale
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Terrain : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Europe (2012), 58

Behavioural bioloigists find it difficult to explain the evolution of cooperation among non kin from a strict natural selection point of view. Rather than questionning the paradigm itself, even though it ... [more ▼]

Behavioural bioloigists find it difficult to explain the evolution of cooperation among non kin from a strict natural selection point of view. Rather than questionning the paradigm itself, even though it only involves a part of the theroy of evolution, they add variables to the theory as, for example, the fact that cheaters will be found out and punished. By contrast, on the basis of the studies of cooperation among primates, and in terms of the resonses of monkeys in the tests to which they are subjected, I stress how difficult it is to study cooperation among primates outiside the social and emotional context which, in turn, it serves to define. Finally, I prpose that primatology should be open to social science approaches, so that it considers monkeys and apes as actors in interactions rather than as organisms simply carrying out strategis which have been inscribed in them by evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailLe non-public et la culture: une étude de cas en banlieue
Ghebaur, Cosmina ULg

in Terrain : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Europe (2012), 58

Depuis 2004, des expositions photographiques sont présentées en extérieur dans le cadre d'un festival annuel organisé par un conseil général de la banlieue parisienne. Quels sont les freins qui bloquent ... [more ▼]

Depuis 2004, des expositions photographiques sont présentées en extérieur dans le cadre d'un festival annuel organisé par un conseil général de la banlieue parisienne. Quels sont les freins qui bloquent dans ce cas précis l'accès à la culture, malgré le mode d'exposition urbain? L'article se focalise sur les représentations de la culture savante que se forgent les habitants; il prend sa source dans une enquête ethnographique en cours. [less ▲]

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