Revisiting the Palaeolithic site of Kulbulak (Uzbekistan): First results from luminescence dating
; Flas, Damien ; et al
in Quaternary International (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
An open-air site from the recent Middle Palaeolithic in the Paris Basin (France): Les Bossats at Ormesson (Seine-et-Marne).
; Salomon, Hélène ; et al
in Quaternary International (2013)
In northern France, most of the sites attributed to the Middle Palaeolithic are open-air sites in which mainly lithic artefacts are found, due to taphonomic conditions often unfavourable to the ... [more ▼]
In northern France, most of the sites attributed to the Middle Palaeolithic are open-air sites in which mainly lithic artefacts are found, due to taphonomic conditions often unfavourable to the preservation of fauna. The lithic assemblages found in most of those open-air sites suggest that the activities on the camp sites were diversified, although flint knapping was often intense due to the proximity of sources of raw siliceous materials. With the exception of very rare open-air sites, fauna is poorly preserved and spatial and economic analyses may often be based on the spatial distribution of lithic artefacts, in particular based on refits and their analysis. Therefore the palaeoethnological approach is difficult to implement in most open-air areas. In contrast, in the Paris Basin, the study of more recent sites from the Tardiglacial, such as the Magdalenian sites of Pincevent or Etiolles, falls within this approach. The recent discovery (2009) and excavation of the open-air site of Ormesson (Seine-et-Marne - France) was initially intended to document a Gravettian occupation floor dated around 26,000 years uncal BP and related to a preferential bison hunt. Whilst checking the thickness of the loess in which the Gravettian level was found, several other prehistoric settlements were discovered (Chatelperronian, Middle Solutrean) including two units attributed to the Middle Palaeolithic. One of them, level 4, seems to be particularly well-preserved. It occurs between one and three meters below the main Upper Palaeolithic occupation. The lithic industry from level 4 belongs to a technical tradition generally attributed to the Middle Palaeolithic: discoid technology. The freshness of the material and the presence of bone fragments attributed in part to horse support a general good state of preservation of this occupation. The Mousterian remains seem to cover at least 500 m2, as currently estimated. Even more exceptional is the close spatial relationship between the discoid industry, the bone pieces, remains of fireplaces and especially the numerous fragments and nodules of red colouring materials. These were brought to the site where they were utilised by the Mousterians. The used surfaces show indisputable scraping traces and facets. These recent discoveries will certainly contribute to the debate on the cognitive capacities of nearly the last representatives of the Middle Palaeolithic and this within a complex stratigraphy which will allow us to make comparisons between the different periods. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 57 (4 ULg)
Mapping the expansion of the Northwest Magdalenian
in Quaternary International (2012), 272-273
New paleoclimatic data for the Lateglacial clarify climatic phases during the Lateglacial. Cold climate played a key role in limiting Magdalenian expansion from southwest and central Europe This paper ... [more ▼]
New paleoclimatic data for the Lateglacial clarify climatic phases during the Lateglacial. Cold climate played a key role in limiting Magdalenian expansion from southwest and central Europe This paper presents chronological and geographic data for the different climatic phases to map the expansion of the Magdalenian into northwest Europe. Specifically, it can be seen that initial expansion follows a southwest-northeast trajectory into southern Germany, followed by northern expansion into Belgium, central Germany and the Paris Basin at the end of the Oldest Dryas. During the Bølling and Allerød phases, human occupation intensified in the Paris Basin and contacts and/or territorial exploitation between both the Paris Basin and the Rhineland region with Belgian territory is demonstrated. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Chronostratigraphic context of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition. Recent data from Belgium
; Flas, Damien ; et al
in Quaternary International (2012), 259Detailed reference viewed: 26 (7 ULg)
A millennial record of environmental change in peat deposits from the Misten bog (East Belgium).
; ; et al
in Quaternary International (2012), 268Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Development and application of high-resolution petrography on resin-impregnated Holocene peat columns to detect and analyse tephras, cryptotephras, and other materials
De Vleeschouwer, François ; ; Fagel, Nathalie et al
in Quaternary International (2008), 178
We describe the potential for high-resolution detection, observation and chemical analysis of tephras and cryptotephras in freeze-dried and resin-impregnated peat sections. Special attention is drawn to ... [more ▼]
We describe the potential for high-resolution detection, observation and chemical analysis of tephras and cryptotephras in freeze-dried and resin-impregnated peat sections. Special attention is drawn to tephra grain alteration products, sensitive to standard lab treatment, but preserved using an impregnation technique developed here. Resulting blocks and thin sections provide a continuous archive of tephras that can be investigated through a wide range of non-destructive techniques encompassing polarising and fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with/without elemental analysis, and XRF-based core scanning. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
A method for estimating the migration time of plant species within the time range of 14C-Dating.
; ; et al
in Quaternary International (1998), 47/48Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
A comprehensive pollen- and tephra- based chronostratigraphic model for the Late Glacial and Holocene Period in the French Massif Central.
; ; et al
in Quaternary International (1996), 34-36Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)