Improvement of Autobiographical Memory in Schizophrenia Patients Following a Cognitive Intervention: A Preliminary Study.
Blairy, Sylvie ; ; et al
in Psychopathology (2008), 41
Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction in accessing specific autobiographical information. This is consistent with the abnormal development of the personal identity characterizing this ... [more ▼]
Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction in accessing specific autobiographical information. This is consistent with the abnormal development of the personal identity characterizing this mental disorder. The present study evaluates the effect of a cognitive intervention on autobiographical memory and on the capacity to project oneself in the future in people suffering from schizophrenia. Sampling and Method: The intervention consisted of group sessions during which participants were trained to recollect specific events reported in their diary. Further, exercises to stimulate their thoughts on their personal identity were proposed. An AM test was administrated before and after the intervention, as well as at three months follow-up. Further, neuropsychological and affective assessments were conducted before and after treatments. Patients’ performances were compared to those from the control group Results: The capacities to generate specific events are improved by the cognitive intervention, and that the benefits are preserved 3 months later. However, no neuropsychological or affective benefit was found. Conclusion: Despite positive results on specific memory, the significant benefits have to be extended to other clinical variables such as symptom reduction, neuropsychological and social functioning. Nevertheless, the results revealed that CRT on AM could be a useful additional intervention for schizophrenia patients. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 86 (12 ULg)
Associations between delusion proneness and personality structure in non-clinical participants: Comparison between young and elderly samples
Laroi, Frank ; Van der Linden, Martial ; et al
in Psychopathology (2006), 39(5), 218-226Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)