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See detailA new understanding of psychopathy: The contribution of phenomenological psychopathology
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Psychopathology (in press)

The objective of this study is to present a theoretical paper about a clinical issue. Our aim is to propose some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study is to present a theoretical paper about a clinical issue. Our aim is to propose some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy. We will discuss several major theoretical works dedicated to this nosographic entity (mainly those of Schneider, Cleckley and Hare). We will also examine a significant issue raised by Cooke et al., namely whether psychopathic functioning is consistently related to antisocial behavior. This theoretical essay is informed by clinical situations (involving psychopaths who were interviewed in prison or in forensic centers). The method applied a phenomenological psychopathology analysis to the clinical material. We first compare Binswanger’s conception of mania with psychopathic functioning. Patients’ behavior is similar but there is a difference related to the dialectic between the ego and the alter ego. A patient with mania has a fundamental crisis of the ego, which a psychopath does not have. A second finding of our investigations concerns emotions and the adaptive dimension of the psychopathic disorder. An epistemological discussion of the concept of emotions reveals that psychopaths are competent in the management of emotional stimuli, which confers a psychological advantage upon them. [less ▲]

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See detailImprovement of Autobiographical Memory in Schizophrenia Patients Following a Cognitive Intervention: A Preliminary Study.
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Neumann, Aurore; Nutthals, Frédérique et al

in Psychopathology (2008), 41

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction in accessing specific autobiographical information. This is consistent with the abnormal development of the personal identity characterizing this ... [more ▼]

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction in accessing specific autobiographical information. This is consistent with the abnormal development of the personal identity characterizing this mental disorder. The present study evaluates the effect of a cognitive intervention on autobiographical memory and on the capacity to project oneself in the future in people suffering from schizophrenia. Sampling and Method: The intervention consisted of group sessions during which participants were trained to recollect specific events reported in their diary. Further, exercises to stimulate their thoughts on their personal identity were proposed. An AM test was administrated before and after the intervention, as well as at three months follow-up. Further, neuropsychological and affective assessments were conducted before and after treatments. Patients’ performances were compared to those from the control group Results: The capacities to generate specific events are improved by the cognitive intervention, and that the benefits are preserved 3 months later. However, no neuropsychological or affective benefit was found. Conclusion: Despite positive results on specific memory, the significant benefits have to be extended to other clinical variables such as symptom reduction, neuropsychological and social functioning. Nevertheless, the results revealed that CRT on AM could be a useful additional intervention for schizophrenia patients. [less ▲]

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