References of "Powder Technology"
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See detailCharacterization of dry and wet sawdust porous beds
Parmentier, Nicolas; Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg et al

in Powder Technology (2014), 264

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See detailInfluence of particle shape on size distribution measurements by 3D and 2D image analyses and laser diffraction
Califice, Arnaud ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg; Dislaire, Godefroid ULg et al

in Powder Technology (2013), 237

This paper highlights the fact that particle size distribution (PSD) is not unique for the same product, and is dependent on the chosen measurement technique, especially for asymmetric shapes. Laser ... [more ▼]

This paper highlights the fact that particle size distribution (PSD) is not unique for the same product, and is dependent on the chosen measurement technique, especially for asymmetric shapes. Laser diffraction and 2D image analysis are commonly used PSD measurement techniques. However, the resultsmay not be representative of the true physical dimensions of the particles. The influence of particle shape on PSD results obtained from 2D/3D image analysis and laser diffraction was investigated. Two metallic powders presenting extreme shape properties (round and elongated particles) were analyzed, as well as a blend of the two pure products. 2D image analysis and laser diffraction results were compared to 3D image analysis (measuring the true particle size). This paper compares the PSD results obtained from the three methods. Some commonly used size parameters in image analysis software did not give meaningful results in regard of the true physical dimensions of the particles. The existence of the two populations (products with extremely different shape and size characteristics) could not be identified with such size parameters, and laser diffraction also performed poorly. The PSD obtained from more precise size parameters (image analysis) better corresponded to the true dimensions of the particles. This study highlights the strengths and weaknesses of particle size analysis techniques when studying products presenting diverse particle shapes, and points out that caution is required in the choice of the size parameters, and in the interpretation of PSD results. [less ▲]

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See detailFlow abilities of powders and granular materials evidenced from dynamical tap density measurement
Traina, Karl; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Bontempi, Sébastien ULg et al

in Powder Technology (2013), 235

This paper offers an overview of the flow properties of granular systems, including voids, granular porosity and random packing characteristics. For the purposes of the study, the notion of additional ... [more ▼]

This paper offers an overview of the flow properties of granular systems, including voids, granular porosity and random packing characteristics. For the purposes of the study, the notion of additional porous volume is intro-duced. This volume is defined as the additional air volume added to the optimal granular packing. It represents the difference between the volume of the bulk powder bed and that of the same powder but when ideally packed. It appears as the volume of additional air (or voids) trapped/stored between the grains when the powder passes from a dynamical state to a static state (during the filling of a container or the formation of a powder heap, for example). Therefore, if the powder bed traps air, it is then able to restore air partially or completely or not at all, depending on the intergranular cohesion level. This mechanism of the storing and releasing of air can be analysed from the measurement of compressibility curves. If the powder is non-cohesive or free flowing, it traps a small amount of air in its static state. Conversely, if the powder is cohesive, it traps more air. These data can be related to the flow properties of granular materials. Indeed, the compressibility curves obtained for gran-ular materials provide information such as additional porosity, a kinetic parameter which characterizes the com-pressibility dynamics, a granular relaxation index which predicts how far a powder is from its optimal packing state and an index which gauges the de-areation speed of the powder. Measurement of such properties provides a better understanding of the nature of granular materials. Measurements of dynamical compressibility were car-ried out on five granular materials (two different lactose powders, hydrated lime Ca(OH)2, yttrium stabilized zir-conia balls and polystyrene balls). The overall results are presented using a radar graph. The use of this tool and its advantages are discussed in relation to the measurement and characterization of powder flow properties. [less ▲]

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See detailCascade of granular flows for characterizing segregation
Lumay, Geoffroy ULg; Boschini, Frédéric ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg et al

in Powder Technology (2013)

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See detailMeasuring the flowing properties of powders and grains
Lumay, Geoffroy ULg; Boschini, Frédéric ULg; traina, Karl et al

in Powder Technology (2012), 224

A granular material is a complex system which exhibits non-trivial transitions between the static, the quasi-static and the dynamical states. Indeed, an assembly of grains can behave like a solid or a ... [more ▼]

A granular material is a complex system which exhibits non-trivial transitions between the static, the quasi-static and the dynamical states. Indeed, an assembly of grains can behave like a solid or a fluid according to the applied stress. In between solid and fluid granular states, very slow dynamics are observed. When a complete macroscopic characterization of a powder is needed, all these granular states have to be precisely analyzed. In this paper, we show how three measurement techniques can be used to measure the physical properties of a powder. The measurements are based on classical tests modified to meet the recent fundamental researches on granular materials. The static properties of the powder are analyzed through the shape of a heap. The quasi-static behavior is studied with the analysis of the compaction dynamics. Finally, the dynamical regime is monitored through the flow in a rotating drum. In order to illustrate how these measurements can be used in practical cases, analyses are performed with three types of granular materials: silicon carbide abrasives, flours and rice. These selected materials allow to show the influence of the different parameters (grain size, grain size distribution, grain shape) on the macroscopic properties of the assembly. Moreover, these studies show the pertinence of the parameters obtained with the proposed techniques for the rheological characterization of powders and grains. [less ▲]

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See detailNanostructured silica templated by double hydrophilic block copolymers with a comb-like architecture
Warnant, Jérôme ULg; Reboul, J.; Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg et al

in Powder Technology (2011), 208

An original way to synthesize nanostructured materials is the use of new structuring agents constituted of induced and reversible micelles of Double Hydrophilic Block Copolymers (DHBC). The present paper ... [more ▼]

An original way to synthesize nanostructured materials is the use of new structuring agents constituted of induced and reversible micelles of Double Hydrophilic Block Copolymers (DHBC). The present paper aims at showing that induced micelles can be obtained by complexation between a PAA-b-PAMPEO (DHBC) polymer containing a comb-type neutral block and a polyamine, that the micellization process is reversible as a function of the pH and finally, that the obtained polyion complex micelles can be successfully used in the preparation of well organized mesostructured silica materials. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of porous texture of hyperporous materials by mercury porosimetry using densification equation
Pirard, René ULg; Alié, Christelle ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg

in Powder Technology (2002), 128(2-3), 242-247

The purpose of this paper is to propose a method of analyzing the mercury porosimetry data in the case of materials called hyperporous. This class of material does not undergo intrusion by mercury ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to propose a method of analyzing the mercury porosimetry data in the case of materials called hyperporous. This class of material does not undergo intrusion by mercury; instead, it shrinks under the mercury isostatic pressure and its density increases. The phenomenon is partially or completely irreversible. The proposed method enables computing the pore volume distribution as a function of the pore size in the same way as Washburn's method does in the case of mercury intrusion. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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