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See detailThe effect of singletons and interval length on interpreting diversity trends from the palaeobotanical record
Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Diez, José B.

in Palaeontologia Electronica (2012), 15(1),

The reliability and the identification of potential biases are central aspects to providing an accurate robust palaeontological data analysis. In the last decade, older concepts of evolutionary processes ... [more ▼]

The reliability and the identification of potential biases are central aspects to providing an accurate robust palaeontological data analysis. In the last decade, older concepts of evolutionary processes and patterns have been revised in the light of new methods and hypotheses. Moreover, new mathematical algorithms have been developed to better interpret evolution and to reduce several biases inherent in the fossil record from the animal viewpoint. This new global study, based on a complete overview of the plant fossil record, uses comparisons with previously established palaeofloristic patterns and employs a set of regression, accumulative and evolutionary analyses to test the influence of two important variables in the inference methods: the role of singleton taxa and the duration of the time units. The regression analyses reveal that the duration of the time units employed does not distort our perception of the number of singletons at the family level. Likewise, the duration as single factor also does not affect the measures of taxonomic diversity, and does not influence representation of the main evolutionary patterns of vascular plants. The analysis reveals that the percapita origination and extinction rates used provide global diversity patterns that diminish the effects of the possible taxonomic problems and preservational biases relating to the controversial nature of singleton taxa due to its restricted record, and they reveal that the main trends and plant turnover is characterized by slight abrupt changes, thus providing a more realistic vision about the dimension and magnitude of the observed evolutionary processes and diversification patterns from the plant fossil record. © Palaeontological Association January 2012. [less ▲]

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See detailILLUSTRATION OF MODERN BENTHIC FORAMINIFERA FROMBERMUDA AND REMARKS ON DISTRIBUTION IN OTHER SUBTROPICAL/TROPICAL AREAS
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Scott, David

in Palaeontologia Electronica (2003), 6(4), 1-29

A scanning light microscope (SLM) is used to illustrate recent benthic foraminiferal species from surface sediment samples collected in Bermuda subtropical environments. Species illustrated here are the ... [more ▼]

A scanning light microscope (SLM) is used to illustrate recent benthic foraminiferal species from surface sediment samples collected in Bermuda subtropical environments. Species illustrated here are the main foraminiferal species found in Bermuda lagoons, reefs, caves, mangroves, and ponds, but also occur in most subtropical and tropical areas. The SLM permits photography of specimens without coating and gives pictures most similar to specimens that micropaleontologists see under a dissecting reflected light microscope in a petri dish with water, in contrast to images made with scanning electron microscopes. These pictures are the first SLM illustrations of subtropical/tropical species of benthic foraminifera and will be very useful for their identification. Bermuda recent sediment hosts a benthic foraminifera fauna as diverse as in other subtropical and tropical areas, and the general trends of foraminiferal distribution and morphology are similar. Remarks on foraminiferal distribution in Bermuda and other subtropical/tropical areas are also presented. [less ▲]

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