Osteoarthritis year in review 2015: soluble biomarkers and the BIPED criteria.
; ; et al
in Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society (2016), 24(1), 9-20
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize biomarker data published from April 2014 to May 2015 to provide insight to the ongoing work in the field of osteoarthritis (OA). Furthermore, to summarize the BIPED ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize biomarker data published from April 2014 to May 2015 to provide insight to the ongoing work in the field of osteoarthritis (OA). Furthermore, to summarize the BIPED criteria and set it in context of the medical needs of 2015. METHODS: PubMed was used as searching machine: Time period 2014/04/01-2015/05/01, MeSH term [Biomarker] AND [Osteoarthritis], Language; English, Full text available. Reviews were excluded. Only papers describing protein based biomarkers measured in human body fluids from OA patients were included. RESULTS: Biomarkers of joint tissue turnover, cytokines, chemokines and peptide arrays were measured in different cohorts and studies. Amongst those were previously tested biomarkers such as osteocalcin, Carboxy-terminal cross-linked fragment of type II collagen (CTX-II) and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP). A majority of the biomarker were classified as I, B or B biomarkers according to the BIPED criteria. Work is continuing on testing biomarkers in OA. There is still a huge, unmet medical need to identify, test, validate and qualify novel and well-known biomarkers. A pre-requisite for this is better characterization and classification of biomarkers to their needs, which may not be reached before higher understanding of OA phenotypes has been gained. In addition, we provide some references to some recent guidelines from Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) on qualification and usage of biomarkers for drug development and personalized medicine, which may provide value to the field. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Oleuropein or rutin consumption decreases the spontaneous development of osteoarthritis in the Hartley guinea pig.
; Sanchez, Christelle ; et al
in Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society (2015), 23(1), 94-102
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential protective effects of three polyphenols oleuropein, rutin and curcumin, on joint ageing and osteoarthritis (OA) development. DESIGN: Sixty 4-week-old Dunkin-Hartley ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential protective effects of three polyphenols oleuropein, rutin and curcumin, on joint ageing and osteoarthritis (OA) development. DESIGN: Sixty 4-week-old Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs were randomized into four groups and received daily during 31 weeks either standard guinea pig diet (control group) or a standard guinea pig diet enriched with oleuropein (0.025%), rutin (0.5%) or rutin/curcumin (0.5%/0.25%) association. Biomarkers of OA (Coll2-1, Coll2-1NO2, Fib3-1, Fib3-2, ARGS), as well as inflammation (PGE2) were quantified in the serum. Histological assessments of knee cartilage and synovial membrane were performed at week 4 (five young reference guinea pigs) and week 35. RESULTS: At week 35, guinea pigs in the control group spontaneously developed significant cartilage lesions with mild synovial inflammation. The histological scores of cartilage lesions and synovitis were well correlated with the increased level of serum biomarkers. Histologically, all treatments significantly reduced the cartilage degradation score (P < 0.01), but only oleuropein significantly decreased the synovial histological score (P < 0.05) and serum PGE2 levels (P < 0.01) compared to the control group. Coll2-1 was decreased by rutin and the combination of rutin/curcumin, Fib3-1 and Fib3-2 were only decreased by the rutin/curcumin mixture, while Coll2-1NO2 was significantly decreased by all treatments (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Oleuropein and rutin +/- curcumin significantly slowed down the progression of spontaneous OA lesions in guinea pigs. While no additive effect was seen in the curcumin + rutin group, the differential effects of oleuropein and rutin on inflammatory and cartilage catabolic markers suggest an interesting combination for future studies in OA protection. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 38 (10 ULg)
Consequences of chondrocyte hypertrophy on osteoarthritic cartilage: potential effect on angiogenesis.
Pesesse, Laurence ; Sanchez, Christelle ; et al
in Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society (2013), 21(12), 1913-23
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the link between the hypertrophic phenotype of chondrocytes and angiogenesis in osteoarthritis (OA) and more particularly to demonstrate that OA ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the link between the hypertrophic phenotype of chondrocytes and angiogenesis in osteoarthritis (OA) and more particularly to demonstrate that OA hypertrophic chondrocytes potentially express a phenotype promoting angiogenesis through the expression of factors controlling endothelial cells migration, invasion and adhesion. METHOD: Human OA chondrocytes were cultivated in alginate beads in medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) to induce chondrocyte hypertrophy. The hypertrophic phenotype was characterized throughout 28 days of culture by measuring the expression of specific genes and by a microscopic observation of cellular morphology. The effect of media conditioned by OA hypertrophic chondrocyte on endothelial cells migration, invasion and adhesion was evaluated in functional assays. Moreover, hypertrophic OA chondrocytes were tested for the expression of angiogenic factors by real-time RT-PCR. RESULTS: Specific markers of hypertrophy and observation of cellular morphology attested of the hypertrophic phenotype of chondrocytes in our culture model. Functional angiogenesis assays showed that factors produced by hypertrophic chondrocytes stimulated migration, invasion and adhesion of endothelial cells. Among the evaluated angiogenic factors, bone sialoprotein (BSP) was the most highly upregulated in hypertrophic chondrocytes. The inhibition of endothelial cell adhesion by a GRGDS peptide confirmed the implication of RGD domain proteins, like BSP, in hypertrophic chondrocyte-induced adhesion of endothelial cells. CONCLUSION: Hypertrophic differentiation of chondrocyte may promote angiogenesis. Our findings established the relation of BSP with OA chondrocyte hypertrophy and suggested that this factor could constitute a potential target to control cartilage neovascularisation in OA. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 32 (8 ULg)
Osteoarthritis year 2011 in review: biochemical markers of osteoarthritis: an overview of research and initiatives.
in Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society (2012), 20(3), 215-7
The "year in review" session is a key moment of the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) Congress. This is a unique opportunity for opinion leaders to summarize and comment the recent ... [more ▼]
The "year in review" session is a key moment of the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) Congress. This is a unique opportunity for opinion leaders to summarize and comment the recent advances in one particular field of osteoarthritis research. This review is a summary of selected studies related to soluble biomarkers published between September 1st, 2010 and August 30th, 2011 and identified by a pubmed search using the terms "biomarkers" and "osteoarthritis". In addition, I have selected some works presented during the 2011 OARSI Congress. This year was dominated by the publication of a consensus paper on the qualification of osteoarthritis (OA) biomarkers by the OARSI/Food Drug Administration (FDA) Osteoarthritis Biomarkers Working Group, and of proteomes of chondrocyte vesicles, urine and serum. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)
Usefulness of specific OA biomarkers, Coll2-1 and Coll2-1NO(2), in the anterior cruciate ligament OA canine model.
Henrotin, Yves ; ; et al
in Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society (2012), 20(7), 787-90Detailed reference viewed: 21 (5 ULg)
Coll2-1, Coll2-1NO2 and myeloperoxidase serum levels in erosive and non-erosive osteoarthritis of the hands.
; ; DEBERG, Michelle et al
in Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society (2012), 20(6), 557-61
OBJECTIVE: Erosive osteoarthritis of the hand (EHOA) is thought to be an aggressive variant of hand osteoarthritis (HOA) characterised by prominent local inflammation and radiographic aspects of bone ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: Erosive osteoarthritis of the hand (EHOA) is thought to be an aggressive variant of hand osteoarthritis (HOA) characterised by prominent local inflammation and radiographic aspects of bone erosions in interphalangeal (IP) joints. However, rare studies have until now investigated the value of biomarkers in these patients. Thus, we determined Coll2-1, a marker of type II collagen denaturation, its nitrated form (Coll2-1NO2) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in serum of patients with EHOA vs non-EHOA and subsequently evaluated their relationships with disease indices of severity and activity. METHODS: Coll2-1, Coll2-1NO2 and MPO were measured using specific immunoassays in 82 patients, 57 with EHOA, all females, median age 59 (41-74 yrs) and 20 with non-EHOA, all females, median age 55 (43-73 yrs), fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for hand OA. EHOA was characterized by the presence of at least one central bone erosion on radiograph in the IP joints. Patients were also evaluated for disease duration, number of affected (swollen and painful or tender) joints, radiographic score (RS) by Kallman scale and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). RESULTS: Serum levels of MPO were higher in EHOA (230.0 +/- 152.1 ng/ml) than in non-EHOA (160.2 +/- 111.5 ng/ml, P=0.037). Coll2-1NO2 levels trended towards an elevation in EHOA compared non-EHOA (0.40 +/- 0.86 vs 0.22 +/- 0.14 nmol/l, P=0.06), while Coll2-1 levels were not different. Correlations were found for disease duration and both MPO (R(2)=0.48, P=0.001) and Coll2-1NO2 (R(2)=0.73, P=0.01) after the splitting of the population in subgroups according to a cut off value above the 50th percentile. A correlation was found between hsCRP and MPO (R(2)=0.57, P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study clearly demonstrates an elevation of some serum biomarkers in EHOA, in comparison with non-EHOA. In particular, MPO, hsCRP and the ratio Coll2-1NO2/Coll2-1 discriminated the two subsets of hand osteoarthritis (HOA), and a trend was also observed for Coll2-1NO2. These data suggest that these biomarkers could be helpful for the diagnosis of EHOA. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULg)