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See detailPLA2G3 promotes mast cell maturation and function.
Starkl, Philipp; Marichal, Thomas ULg; Galli, Stephen J.

in Nature immunology (2013), 14(6), 527-9

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See detailTyrosine phosphorylation of VHR phosphatase by ZAP-70.
Alonso, Andres; Rahmouni, Souad ULg; Williams, Scott et al

in Nature Immunology (2003), 4(1), 44-8

The ZAP-70 tyrosine kinase is a key component of the signaling machinery for the T cell antigen receptor (TCR). Whereas recruitment and activation of ZAP-70 are relatively well understood, the proteins ... [more ▼]

The ZAP-70 tyrosine kinase is a key component of the signaling machinery for the T cell antigen receptor (TCR). Whereas recruitment and activation of ZAP-70 are relatively well understood, the proteins phosphorylated by ZAP-70 are incompletely known. We report here that VHR, a Vaccinia virus VH1-related dual-specific protein phosphatase that inactivates the mitogen-activated kinases Erk2 and Jnk, is phosphorylated at Y138 by ZAP-70. Tyr138 phosphorylation was required for VHR to inhibit the Erk2-Elk-1 pathway and, conversely, the VHR(Y138F) mutant augmented TCR-induced Erk2 kinase and activation of the gene encoding interleukin 2. These results suggest that VHR is a target for ZAP-70 and tempers activation of the Erk2 pathway in a ZAP-70-controlled manner. [less ▲]

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See detailInositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate is essential for normal T lymphocyte development
Pouillon, V.; Hascakova-Bartova, R.; Pajak, B. et al

in Nature Immunology (2003), 4

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P(3)) is phosphorylated by Ins(1,4,5)P(3) 3-kinase, generating inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4)). The physiological function of Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4 ... [more ▼]

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P(3)) is phosphorylated by Ins(1,4,5)P(3) 3-kinase, generating inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4)). The physiological function of Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4) is still unclear, but it has been reported to be a potential modulator of calcium mobilization. Disruption of the gene encoding the ubiquitously expressed Ins(1,4,5)P(3) 3-kinase isoform B (Itpkb) in mice caused a severe T cell deficiency due to major alterations in thymocyte responsiveness and selection. However, we were unable to detect substantial defects in Ins(1,4,5)P(3) amounts or calcium mobilization in Itpkb(-/-) thymocytes. These data indicate that Itpkb and Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4) define an essential signaling pathway for T cell precursor responsiveness and development [less ▲]

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