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See detailUltraviolet observations of the Saturnian north aurora and polar haze distribution with the HST-FOC
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Dols, V.; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

in NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N (1995), 96

Near simultaneous observations of the Saturnian H2 north ultraviolet aurora and the polar haze were made at 153 nm and 210 nm respectively with the Faint Object Camera on board the Hubble Space Telescope ... [more ▼]

Near simultaneous observations of the Saturnian H2 north ultraviolet aurora and the polar haze were made at 153 nm and 210 nm respectively with the Faint Object Camera on board the Hubble Space Telescope. The auroral observations cover a complete rotation of the planet and, when co-added, reveal the presence of an auroral emission near 80 deg N with a peak brightness of about 150 kR of total H2 emission. The maximum optical depth of the polar haze layer is found to be located approximately 5 deg equatorward of the auroral emission zone. The haze particles are presumably formed by hydrocarbon aerosols initiated by H2+ auroral production. In this case, the observed haze optical depth requires an efficiency of aerosol formation of about 6 percent, indicating that auroral production of hydrocarbon aerosols is a viable source of high-latitude haze. [less ▲]

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See detailHST-FOC observations of a remarkable UV auroral event on Jupiter
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Grodent, Denis ULg; Prangé, R. et al

in NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N (1994), 95

Two sets of UV (ultraviolet) images of the Jovian north aurora were obtained with the Faint Object Camera (FOC) on Hubble. The first series shows a very intense discrete arc in corotation with the planet ... [more ▼]

Two sets of UV (ultraviolet) images of the Jovian north aurora were obtained with the Faint Object Camera (FOC) on Hubble. The first series shows a very intense discrete arc in corotation with the planet. The maximum apparent H2 emission rate corresponds to an electron precipitation of approximately 1/sq Wm, a very large flux in comparison with the solar EUV (extreme ultraviolet) heating. The hugh particle heating rate of the auroral upper atmosphere of Jupiter is expected to cause a large transient temperature increase and generate strong thermospheric winds. Twenty hours later, the discrete arc had considerably decreased in brightness. The timescale and magnitude of the change in the UV aurora strongly suggests that the discrete Jovian auroral precipitation is related to large scale current system variations as are the Earth's discrete aurorae. [less ▲]

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