References of "Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBesoins psychosociaux et perception d'iniquité: combinaison de méthodes d'action pour venir en aide aux conjoints de patients atteints d'un cancer - Une étude pilote
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Jonius, Bénédicte et al

in Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive (2014), 24

Cancer is a chronic illness that impacts both patients and family members. Spouses will often take on a caregiver role, meeting psychosocial needs such as health professional needs and information needs ... [more ▼]

Cancer is a chronic illness that impacts both patients and family members. Spouses will often take on a caregiver role, meeting psychosocial needs such as health professional needs and information needs. This caregiver role can also create emotional distress. Moreover, spouses might experience perceived inequity characterized by a combination of feelings of overinvestment and of underbenefit. This perception of inequity can also lead to emotional distress. Given the consequences of cancer on spouses, psychological interventions may be one means for helping them to cope. In this study, cognitive and behavioural methods are proposed to spouses in order to support them facing their partner’s cancer and their own issues. The overriding objective of this study is to satisfy the psychosocial needs of cancer patient spouses. In order to reach this objective, it compares the efficacy of two methods of action: 1/ hierarchical organization of psychosocial needs and problem-solving, and 2/ hierarchical organization of psychosocial needs alone. This research also aims to assess the influence of the perception of inequity that spouses might feel on the utilization of the two methods of action. The main hypothesis was that the combination of the two methods of action would have a greater and intensified impact on the assessed dependant variables than the utilization of the hierarchical organization of psychosocial needs alone. Thirty-seven spouses were randomly assigned into two groups: the experimental group (n= 19) and the control group (n= 18). The methodology provided identical protocols to the two groups with one difference in that the training period differed in order to measure the effect of training for problem-solving skills. The average age of participants in the experimental group was 58 (SD = 11) on average, and 57 (SD = 11) in the control group. They were asked to complete several questionnaires at three different time periods with a three-week time interval (T0, T1 and T2) assessing these dependent variables: psychosocial needs and emotional distress (anxiety and depression). Socio-demographic data and the perception of inequity were only evaluated at T0. At T0, all participants realized a hierarchy of psychosocial needs. Between T0 and T1, the experimental group trained in the problem-solving method while control group trained between T1 and T2 for this method. Repeated ANOVA measures were conducted to assess the evolution of the psychosocial needs. Student t-tests were computed to assess the influence of inequity perception on the utilization of the two methods of action. The results confirmed previous findings demonstrating the psychosocial needs in spouses of cancer patients. Indeed, it appears that these participants perceive more psychosocial needs than those of similar samples. This difference might be explained by the period of our intervention which occurred earlier than in experimental designs of similar studies. The overall emotional distress felt by our participants was characterized by anxiety. Therefore, being the caregiver of a cancer patient seems to foster anxiety more than depression. The results confirmed the main hypothesis showing a significant decrease of the number of unsatisfied psychosocial needs when participants have used the two methods of action. This decrease was observed whenever the combination was implemented. In other words, the combination of the two methods of action optimized meeting psychosocial needs. However, the perception of inequity did not seem to influence the utilization of these two methods. This research presents some limitations in the form of a small sample size and of a single assessment of inequity perception at T0. Nevertheless, the results of this preliminary study remain interesting and promising: further research could enhance the employed experimental design in a larger sample in order to obtain more robust results. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes apports de la pléthysmographie et de la psychologie cognitive dans la compréhension des relations entre l’anxiété et l’excitation sexuelle
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Barbier, Valérie

in Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive (2008), 18

For years, sexual arousal has been considered as incompatible with anxiety. Studies using plethysmographic techniques developed in the last decades have demonstrated that it is not always so. Depending on ... [more ▼]

For years, sexual arousal has been considered as incompatible with anxiety. Studies using plethysmographic techniques developed in the last decades have demonstrated that it is not always so. Depending on experimental conditions, anxiety can exert an inhibitory, neutral or facilitative effect. It’s tempting to establish a link between these observation data and concepts otherwise issued from cognitive psychology. A coherent theory can thus be inferred about the relationship between anxiety and sexual arousal. This theory can be summed up in a few major points: (1) the inhibitory effect of anxiety on sexual function would mainly be due to a cognitive interference phenomenon: the subject focuses on danger cues rather than on erotic stimuli. (2) In this case, the subject’s working memory is saturated by danger-related information, therefore cognitive function available for treating erotic stimuli is diminished and sexual response is impaired. (3) A cognitive-emotional structure called erotophobia could be regarded as a vulnerability factor to cognitive interference. (4) If he cognitive interference mechanism is not activated, anxiety tends to facilitate sexual arousal, (5) by increasing the attention on erotic cues or/and (6) by attributing the physiological correlates of anxiety to an erotic source [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailBurrhus Frederic Skinner : un des plus grands (et des plus décriés) psychologues du siècle
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive (1998), 8(3), 113-115

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEditorial : la médecine comportementale : vingt ans après!
Fontaine, Ovide ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

in Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive (1992), 2(3), 2-3

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)