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See detailPhysiological factors associated with the onset of sweating
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; Libert, J. P.

in Japanese Journal of Physiology (The) (1987), 37(4), 699-714

The influence of esophageal (Tes) and skin temperature (Tsk) variations, body heat storage, and individual parameters on the initiation of sweating was investigated in 9 unacclimated subjects during ... [more ▼]

The influence of esophageal (Tes) and skin temperature (Tsk) variations, body heat storage, and individual parameters on the initiation of sweating was investigated in 9 unacclimated subjects during thermal transients induced by exercise (25, 50, or 75 W) and by a step change in ambient temperature from 28 degrees C to 23, 28, 36.5, 45, or 50 degrees C. Seventy-four onsets of sweating were observed during the exposures, the sweating delay averaging 3 min at 45 and 50 degrees C, 6 min at 36.5 degrees C, and 9.5 min at 28 degrees C. In warm conditions (36.5 to 50 degrees C), the onset of sweating could mainly be related both to the level of Tsk and its rate component, whereas in cooler conditions (28 and 23 degrees C), the onset of sweating could only be related to a positive rate of Tes variation, the Tsk level being low and steady. On the whole set of data, the Tes changes at the onset were inversely related to the Tsk changes. The cumulated heat storage at the onset of sweating was 37 kJ/m2 (S.D. 25). It varied not only among subjects (range: 11-66 kJ/m2) but also within subjects even when differences in thermal state prior to exercise were accounted for. Among the individual parameters investigated, the magnitude of the decrease in Tes observed in response to the start of exercise was found to have a significant effect on the sweating delay. The Tes decrease was inversely related to the subject's skinfold thickness, and in a given subject, inversely related to the preexercise Tsk. It is concluded that the results are in agreement with a summation model of internal and mean skin temperatures on the sweating drive but that they do not verify the hypothesis of a critical level of heat storage at the onset of sweating. [less ▲]

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