References of "International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part B : Nuclear Medicine and Biology"
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See detailAmino acids for the measurement of protein synthesis in vivo by PET.
Vaalburg, W.; Coenen, H. H.; Crouzel, C. et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part B : Nuclear Medicine and Biology (1992), 19(2), 227-37

In principle, PET in combination with amino acids labelled with positron-emitting radionuclides and kinetic metabolic models, can quantify local protein synthesis rates in tissue in vivo. These PET ... [more ▼]

In principle, PET in combination with amino acids labelled with positron-emitting radionuclides and kinetic metabolic models, can quantify local protein synthesis rates in tissue in vivo. These PET measurements have clinical potential in, for example, oncology, neurology and psychiatry. An optimal positron-emitting amino acid for the measurement of PSR has a high protein incorporation, can easily be prepared by automated equipment and has minimal non-protein radioactive metabolites. Presently L-[methyl-11C]methionine, L-[1-11C]leucine, L-[1-11C]tyrosine, L-[1-11C]phenylalanine, L-[1-11C]methionine and L-[2-18F]fluorotyrosine are under evaluation in normal volunteers and/or in patients. Several other amino acids are suggested. No comparison of the clinical usefulness of the different amino acids in man is yet available. Because of the longer half life of 18F compared to 11C, [18F]fluoro amino acids may have advantages over [11C]amino acids for the investigation of tissue with relative slow protein synthesis, such as brain, and for application in institutions with an off site, but nearby cyclotron. The half life of [13N]amino acids is considered to be too short for flexible clinical application. As yet no metabolic compartmental model has been investigated for [13N]amino acids. For routine application reliable preparation of the radiopharmaceutical is essential. Of all the amino acids under evaluation, a reliable, high yield, easy to automate production procedure is available for L-[methyl-11C]methionine only. It is however unlikely that this tracer can accurately measure PSR because of its non-protein metabolism. For the other amino acids the main problems in production are associated with complex multistep syntheses and/or low radiochemical yields, complex purification methods and the need to isolate the L-enantiomer. The kinetic metabolic models under investigation, consist of 4 or 5 compartments depending on the necessity to compensate for labelled metabolites. The metabolic profile of the amino acids is mainly extracted from animal experiments. Because of the number and amount of labelled metabolites in plasma, [11C]carboxylic labelled amino acids are preferred to amino acids with carbon-11 in another position. As yet no recommendation can be given on the optimal labelled amino acid(s) for PSR measurement in vivo nor on the methods to prepare the amino acids reported for this purpose. [less ▲]

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See detailLigands and tracers for PET studies of the 5-HT system--current status.
Crouzel, C.; Guillaume, Marcel ULg; Barre, L. et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part B : Nuclear Medicine and Biology (1992), 19(8), 857-70

The status of the radiochemical development and biological evaluation of radioligands and tracers for PET studies of the serotonergic system is reviewed, indicating those agents with present value and ... [more ▼]

The status of the radiochemical development and biological evaluation of radioligands and tracers for PET studies of the serotonergic system is reviewed, indicating those agents with present value and those with future potential. Practical recommendations are given for the preparation of two useful radioligands for PET studies of central 5-HT2 receptors, namely [18F]setoperone and [18F]altanserin. Though, it has not proved possible to recommend tracers or radioligands for the study of other aspects of serotonergic system, prospects for future radiochemical development are indicated, especially for developing radioligands for the 5-HT re-uptake site, and for the 5-HT1 and 5-HT3 receptors. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and tissue distribution of four Se-labeled tertiary amines, potential brain pH imaging agents.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Cantineau, Robert; Brihaye, Claude et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part B : Nuclear Medicine and Biology (1990), 17(6), 601-7

Four new tertiary amines: bis(3-N,N-dimethyl aminopropyl)selenide (PROMOSE), bis(3-N-(morpholino)propyl)selenide, N-methyl-selenomorpholine and N-phenyl-selenomorpholine structurally related to MOSE ... [more ▼]

Four new tertiary amines: bis(3-N,N-dimethyl aminopropyl)selenide (PROMOSE), bis(3-N-(morpholino)propyl)selenide, N-methyl-selenomorpholine and N-phenyl-selenomorpholine structurally related to MOSE proposed by Kung and Blau, have been labeled through a radiochemical procedure suitable for both 75Se and 73Se. The radiochemical yields of the carrier added synthesis ranged between 64 and 85% for the four 75Se labelings and was 64% EOB time corrected for [73Se]PROMOSE. The chemical and radiochemical purities were higher than 99% after chromatographic purifications. The n-octanol/phosphate buffer partition coefficients (P) were measured at various pH (6.5-8) for each compound and the tissue distributions of PROMOSE in rats were also carried out. The experimental results showed a good correlation between the P = f(pH) function and the in vivo behaviour of the considered compound. PROMOSE was selected for further investigations as a brain pH indicator. [less ▲]

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