References of "International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part A : Applied Radiation and Isotopes"
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See detail2- and 4-[18F]fluorotropapride, two specific D2 receptor ligands for positron emission tomography: N.C.A. syntheses and animal studies.
Damhaut, Philippe; Cantineau, Robert; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part A : Applied Radiation and Isotopes (1992), 43(10), 1265-74

Tropapride, (exo)-2,3-dimethoxy-N-[8-(phenylmethyl)-8- azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]benzamide hydrochloride, has been labeled with fluorine-18 at the 2- and 4-positions of its benzylic group. Two synthetic ... [more ▼]

Tropapride, (exo)-2,3-dimethoxy-N-[8-(phenylmethyl)-8- azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]benzamide hydrochloride, has been labeled with fluorine-18 at the 2- and 4-positions of its benzylic group. Two synthetic pathways were investigated: the first one required the alkylation of the norbenzyl precursor with 2- or 4-[18F]fluorobenzyl bromide (radiochemical yield of 5% EOB, 180 min); the second method consisted of a reductive amination of norbenzyl tropapride with 2- or 4-[18F]fluorobenzaldehyde (20% EOB, 110 min). In both cases, the specific activity was found to be greater than 1 Ci/mumol (EOS). Animal studies in rats showed the percentage of the injected dose localizing in the whole brain to be 0.6 +/- 0.09 and 0.2 +/- 0.03 at 2 h post injection for the para- and the ortho-[18F]fluoro analogs of tropapride respectively. Cerebral biodistribution studies showed at 4 h a striatum uptake of 5 +/- 0.7% of the injected dose per gram of striatum for the para derivative with a low fixation into the frontal cortex and the cerebellum (% ID/g FC < 0.4 and % ID/g Cb < 0.3). The selectivity of 4-[18F]fluorotropapride for D2 dopaminergic sites was demonstrated through blocking experiments with ketanserin, spiperone and halopemide. The saturability was confirmed by the use of variable specific activities. These preliminary results showed that 4-[18F]fluorotropapride can be considered as a potent radiopharmaceutical for the study of the dopaminergic system with PET. [less ▲]

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See detailThe synthesis of no-carrier-added DL-4-[18F]fluorodeprenyl via the nucleophilic aromatic substitution reaction.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Fowler, Joanna S.; Dewey, Stephen L. et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part A : Applied Radiation and Isotopes (1991), 42(2), 121-7

No-carrier-added DL-alpha-methyl-beta-4-[18F]fluorophenyl-N-methyl-N-propynylethylamin e (DL-4-[18F]fluorodeprenyl) was synthesized via the following 3-step procedure: (1) nucleophilic aromatic ... [more ▼]

No-carrier-added DL-alpha-methyl-beta-4-[18F]fluorophenyl-N-methyl-N-propynylethylamin e (DL-4-[18F]fluorodeprenyl) was synthesized via the following 3-step procedure: (1) nucleophilic aromatic substitution by [18F]fluoride on 4-nitrobenzaldehyde to produce 4-[18F]fluorobenzaldehyde (yield 65%); (2) the reaction of 4-[18F]fluorobenzaldehyde with (1-chloro-1-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl)lithium followed by hydrolysis to give 4-[18F]fluorophenylacetone (yield 50%); and (3) reductive alkylation of 4-[18F]fluorophenylacetone with N-methyl-propynylamine in the presence of NaBH3CN (yield 35%) followed by HPLC purification to give a racemic mixture of 4-[18F]fluorodeprenyl. The overall yield was 11% (EOB corrected), the synthesis time was 90 min and the specific activity greater than 0.57 Ci/mumol (end of synthesis). This synthesis approach, the conversion of an aromatic aldehyde to a homologous methyl ketone, extends the flexibility of the nucleophilic aromatic substitution reaction by applying it to the synthesis of radiotracers which do not bear electron-withdrawing activating groups on the aromatic ring. The tissue distribution of DL-4-[18F]fluorodeprenyl in mice at 1, 10 and 60 min was also measured and showed that metabolic defluorination was not significant. Clearance of radioactivity from brain after injection of DL-4-[18F]fluorodeprenyl was more rapid than that previously observed for [11C]L-deprenyl. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical processing for production of no-carrier-added selenium-73 from germanium and arsenic targets and synthesis of L-2-amino-4-([73Se]methylseleno) butyric acid (L-[73Se]selenomethionine).
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Guillaume, Marcel; Brihaye, Claude et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part A : Applied Radiation and Isotopes (1990), 41(9), 829-38

The Ge(4He, xn) and 75As(p, 3n) reactions were compared as the best potential routes for routine production of selenium-73 (73Se) for medical applications. With 26 MeV alpha particles, available with ... [more ▼]

The Ge(4He, xn) and 75As(p, 3n) reactions were compared as the best potential routes for routine production of selenium-73 (73Se) for medical applications. With 26 MeV alpha particles, available with compact cyclotrons, the first reaction required an enriched 70Ge target of sodium metagermanate to give a production yield of 1 mCi/microAh (0.037 GBq/microAh) in a 105 mg/cm2 target. With 55 MeV protons the As(p, 3n) reaction on natural arsenic yielded 20 mCi/microAh (0.74 GBq/microAh) in a 685 mg/cm2 target. A simple method was developed and optimized for both targets in order to isolate and purify the no-carrier-added selenium in the elemental form with a radiochemical yield greater than 75% in less than 90 min. An automated radiochemical processing unit has been designed for the routine production of 100-150 mCi (3.7-5.5 GBq) batches of carrier-free 73Se ready for radiopharmaceutical labeling. 30 mCi (1.11 GBq) (EOS) of L-2-amino-4-([73Se]methylseleno) butyric acid (L-[73Se]selenomethionine) ready for injection with a specific activity of 5 Ci/mmol (185 GBq/mmol) (EOS) were obtained through a fast chemical synthesis. Radiation absorbed dose estimates for L-[73Se]selenomethionine have been determined. A value of 0.70 rem/mCi (0.19 mSv/MBq) administered was calculated for the risk from irradiation in man. The first human PET investigation with [73Se]selenomethionine showed a very good delineation between liver and pancreas. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomated Production of Potassium-38 for the Study of Myocardial Perfusion Using Positron Emission Tomography
Guillaume, Marcel; de Landsheere, Christian ULg; Rigo, Pierre ULg et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part A : Applied Radiation and Isotopes (1988), 39(2), 97-107

The 35Cl(alpha, n)38K nuclear reaction was developed for the routine cyclotron production of repeated multimillicurie batches of 38K for dynamic studies of regional tissue perfusion with positron emission ... [more ▼]

The 35Cl(alpha, n)38K nuclear reaction was developed for the routine cyclotron production of repeated multimillicurie batches of 38K for dynamic studies of regional tissue perfusion with positron emission tomography. The objective is to make this isotope available as an alternative to the use of [13N]NH3 and 82Rb for the investigation of flow in experimental and clinical use. A sodium chloride powder target mounted on a water-cooled nickel backing is bombarded with 26 MeV helium-4 ions at a maximum beam current of 25 microA. The target is remotely disconnected from the bombardment port, transported to a hot cell and entirely processed by a computer-controlled system within a total time of less than 4 min. The final pyrogen-free isotonic and sterile solution of 38K has a radionuclidic purity of more than 99.99%. A typical yield of 19 +/- 2 mCi of 38K is obtained at the end of a 30 min bombardment at 10 microA. The production rate at saturation can therefore be estimated to 2.05 +/- 0.2 mCi/microA. [less ▲]

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See detailFast chemical synthesis of [75Se]L-selenomethionine.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Cantineau, Robert; Guillaume, Marcel et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part A : Applied Radiation and Isotopes (1987), 38(1), 59-61

A fast chemical synthesis of high specific activity [75Se]L-selenomethionine (10 Ci/mmol--370 GBq/mmol) is described with a view to 73Se labeling and PET studies. The overall radiochemical yield of the ... [more ▼]

A fast chemical synthesis of high specific activity [75Se]L-selenomethionine (10 Ci/mmol--370 GBq/mmol) is described with a view to 73Se labeling and PET studies. The overall radiochemical yield of the preparation is better than 80%. The purification method uses commercially available reverse phase HPLC columns and 9% NaCl as mobile phase. The final labeled compound is obtained in less than 3 h and the chemical, radiochemical and optical purities of the L-isomer are higher than 99.0%. [less ▲]

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See detailA New Route for the Synthesis of [18f]Fluoroaromatic Substituted Amino Acids: No Carrier Added L-P-[18f]Fluorophenylalanine
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Guillaume, M.; Christiaens, Léon ULg et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part A : Applied Radiation and Isotopes (1987), 38(12), 1033-8

L-p-[18F]fluorophenylalanine was designed as a potential marker for probing protein synthesis in the human brain by positron emission tomography. This radiotracer has been synthesized using nucleophilic ... [more ▼]

L-p-[18F]fluorophenylalanine was designed as a potential marker for probing protein synthesis in the human brain by positron emission tomography. This radiotracer has been synthesized using nucleophilic displacement of the activated nitro group of p-nitrobenzaldehyde by NCA 18F- obtained from the 18O (p, n) reaction on enriched water. The L-form of the [18F]fluoroamino acid can be separated on an analytical scale chiral column. A typical production run of 22.2 GBq (600 mCi) of 18F obtained after a 10 microA.h bombardment of 18 MeV protons on 99.8% 18O-enriched water leads to a batch of 1.11 GBq (30 mCi) of NCA L-p-[18F]fluorophenylalanine after a total synthesis time of 120 min. [less ▲]

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