Human exposure to endocrine disrupters: consequences of gastroplasty on plasma concentration of toxic pollutants
Charlier, Corinne ; Desaive, Claude ; Plomteux, Guy
in International Journal of Obesity (2002), 26(11), 1465-1468
BACKGROUND: Body weight loss occurring after a hypoenergetic diet or a gastroplasty could be followed by an increase in blood concentration of potentially toxic pollutants that can interfere with the ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Body weight loss occurring after a hypoenergetic diet or a gastroplasty could be followed by an increase in blood concentration of potentially toxic pollutants that can interfere with the hormonal system (endocrine disrupters). DESIGN: Thirty obese individuals recruited for gastroplasty were compared before and after treatment with 45 normal-weight people. MEASUREMENTS: Blood samples were analyzed for DDT, DDE, HCB and PCBs no. 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153 and 180, by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The results indicate clearly that body weight loss occurring after gastroplasty increases plasma concentration of lipophilic pollutants. CONCLUSION: Gastroplasty increases plasma concentration of organochlorine pesticides and PCBs, which could be a risk factor of endocrine disruption. Future longitudinal research will have to determine if the advantages of body weight loss are reduced by this potentially harmful effect. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)
Associations between health representation and BMI in a pediatric population
Guillaume, Michèle ;
in International Journal of Obesity (1998, August)Detailed reference viewed: 6 (2 ULg)
Differences in associations of fatness status, familial and nutritional factors with blood lipids between boys and girls.
in International Journal of Obesity (1998, August)Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)
Obesity and nutrition. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study
in International Journal of Obesity (1997, June)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Familial trends of obesity through three generations: the Belgian-Luxembourg child study.
Guillaume, Michèle ; ; et al
in International Journal of Obesity (1995), 19 Suppl 3
Province de Luxembourg in Belgium is an area with clustering of obesity as well as other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. In this study, obesity was ... [more ▼]
Province de Luxembourg in Belgium is an area with clustering of obesity as well as other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. In this study, obesity was studied in a total of 1028 boys and girls in age-strata 6-8, 8-10, 10-12 years, selected at random from school classes. Participation rate was about 70%. Non-participants did not differ from participants in comparisons of school records of height and weight. Furthermore, information on birth weight, parents' height and weight was collected, as well as reported problems of obesity in grandparents. The results show a high prevalence of pronounced obesity in these children. BMIs were strongly correlated between the children and both parents. Furthermore, grandparents' obesity problems were related to the BMI of parents, and also to obesity indices in the children. Birth weights were related to current BMI of the children (in girls only for the youngest age-group), and to their mothers' BMI. It was concluded that obesity is prevalent in this area and can be traced through three generations, and seems to be discoverable already at birth. Energy intake is high and physical activity level is low in these children. However, statistical analyses suggest that familial factors exert a greater impact than environmental factors on the BMI of the children. These results, as well as the wide-spread, consistent familial clustering of obesity, traceable already at birth, suggest influence of strong genetic traits for obesity in this population. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Effects of moderate versus marked weight loss on insulin sensitivity and androgenic markers in obese women
LETIEXHE, Michel ; SCHEEN, André ; PAQUOT, Nicolas et al
in International Journal of Obesity (1993), 17(suppl 2), 96Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
Unchanged insulin secretion after an acute moderate weight reduction in non- diabetic obese subjects.
SCHEEN, André ; Paquot, Nicolas ; et al
in International Journal of Obesity (1992, May), 35(29 (suppl)), 116Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Improvement of the metabolic clearance rate of insulin after a protein-supplemented fast in obese subjects.
PAQUOT, Nicolas ; SCHEEN, André ; et al
in International Journal of Obesity (1992)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)