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See detailActivity patterns, home-range size, and habitat utilization of Sarpa salpa (Teleostei : Sparidae) in the Mediterranean Sea
Jadot, Catherine; Donnay, Annick ULg; Acolas, M.-L. et al

in Ices Journal of Marine Science (2006), 63(1), 128-139

Acoustic telemetry was used to record diel movement and habitat utilization of the salema (Sarpa salpa) (Teleostei: Sparidae) during three consecutive summers from 2000 to 2002 in the Calvi and Achiarina ... [more ▼]

Acoustic telemetry was used to record diel movement and habitat utilization of the salema (Sarpa salpa) (Teleostei: Sparidae) during three consecutive summers from 2000 to 2002 in the Calvi and Achiarina bays of Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea. A total of 18 fish was equipped with acoustic transmitters inserted in the body cavity, 13 were tracked in the Bay of Calvi (275 mm +/- 26.9 L-F), and 5 in Achiarina Bay (260 mm +/- 33.6 LF). Two different systems were used to track the fish. The one used in the Bay of Calvi was a manual receiver and a directional hydrophone. The second system, used in Achiarina Bay, was a radioacoustic-positioning (RAP) system that continuously monitored the movements of the fish. Fish positions were put in a geographic information system (GIS) with information on the substratum and depth. Two patterns of behaviour could be identified in the three years. Either the fish had clearly defined daytime as opposed to night-time areas of residency, characterized by different depths and substrata or the fish persistently occupied the same sites during both day and night. In the Bay of Calvi, six fish were released I km from the capture site. All of them showed homing ability and returned to the site within 48 h. [less ▲]

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See detailLesions observed on stranded seabirds along the Belgian coast from 1992 to 1995
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Brosens, L.; Coignoul, Freddy ULg

in ICES Journal of Marine Science (1997), 54(4), 714-717

From 1992 to 1995, dead seabirds found on Belgian beaches were collected and various tissues of 241 birds were sampled for histopathological, bacteriological, parasitological, and toxicological ... [more ▼]

From 1992 to 1995, dead seabirds found on Belgian beaches were collected and various tissues of 241 birds were sampled for histopathological, bacteriological, parasitological, and toxicological investigations. The most common species examined was the guillemot (Uria aalge). Necropsies revealed cachexia (severe emaciation), acute haemorrhagic gastro-enteropathy and oil contamination in many of these birds. Statistical analyses were performed in order to explore correlations of these with biological parameters such as age, sex, and origin (pelagic or non-pelagic). The pelagic origin of seabirds were associated with the three main findings. Oil contamination was associated with acute gastro-enteropathy and cachexia, and cachexia was more prevalent among juveniles. Finally, cachexia and acute gastro-enteropathy were strongly associated. It is possible that oiled pelagic seabirds become cachectic and die of acute gastro-enteropathy. (C) 1997 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. [less ▲]

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