References of "Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs"
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See detailEmerging drugs for prevention of graft failure after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
SERVAIS, Sophie ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg

in Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs (2013), 18(2), 173-192

Introduction: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the treatment of choice for many patients suffering from hematological malignancies, severe hemoglobinopathies, bone marrow ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the treatment of choice for many patients suffering from hematological malignancies, severe hemoglobinopathies, bone marrow failures or severe primary immunodeficiencies. Graft rejection/failure (GF) is a life-threatening complication following allo-HSCT that is most commonly caused by the reactivity of recipient T cells, natural killer (NK) cells or antibodies against donor grafted hematopoietic cells. The increasing use of allo-HSCT following reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) and the increasing use of alternative donors (unrelated cord blood and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched donor) have resulted in higher frequency of GF. Areas covered: This review describes the pathogenesis and current prevention and treatment of GF as well as agents in development for GF prevention or treatment. Expert opinion: The risk of GF may be reduced in the future by optimizing the conditioning regimens and post-grafting immunosuppression, increasing the number of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and/or immune cells transplanted, optimizing HSC homing and better detecting patients at high risk of GF by searching for pre-transplant donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies in patients given grafts from HLA-mismatched donors, or by closely monitoring donor T- and/or NK-cell chimerism after allo-HSCT following RIC. [less ▲]

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See detailEmerging therapeutic agents for onychomycosis.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs (2007), 12(3), 345-53

Onychomycosis is a frequent disorder that represents the most prevalent fungal infection, particularly among older individuals. Diverse fungi of the dermatophyte, non-dermatophyte mold and yeast families ... [more ▼]

Onychomycosis is a frequent disorder that represents the most prevalent fungal infection, particularly among older individuals. Diverse fungi of the dermatophyte, non-dermatophyte mold and yeast families have been reported to be responsible for onychomycosis. The output from the pharmaceutical industry of new antifungals to treat onychomycosis has been limited over the last decade. Present treatment options include both oral and topical drugs, with oral therapies giving better outcomes. However, neither of these treatment options provides high cure rates that are durable. At present, azoles and allylamines are keeping the pivotal roles. New derivatives with a favorable risk-benefit ratio and new formulations of older azoles seem to be promising. Thus, ongoing drug development activities have focused on novel delivery technologies to facilitate incorporation of existing antifungal drugs inside the nail plate and the discovery of new active antifungals. [less ▲]

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