References of "Experimental Aging Research"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effects of aging on the recognition of different types of associations
Bastin, Christine ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Experimental Aging Research (2006), 32

The present study examined how aging influences item and associative recognition memory, and compared memory for two types of associations: associations between the same kinds of information and ... [more ▼]

The present study examined how aging influences item and associative recognition memory, and compared memory for two types of associations: associations between the same kinds of information and associations between different kinds of information. A group of young adults and a group of older adults performed a forced-choice face recognition task and two multitrial forced-choice associative recognition tasks, assessing memory for face-face and face-spatial location associations. The results showed disproportionate age-related decline of associative recognition compared to intact item recognition. Moreover, aging affected both types of associative tasks in the same way. The findings support an associative deficit hypothesis (Naveh-Benjamin, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 26, 1170–1187, 2000), which attributes a substantial part of the age effect on episodic memory tasks to difficulty with binding individual components into a cohesive memory trace. This associative deficit seems to affect same-information associations, as well as different-information associations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for emotional and neutral events in older and younger adults
Comblain, Christine; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Experimental Aging Research (2005), 31(2), 173-189

The authors investigated age-related differences in phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for positive, negative, and neutral events. Younger and older participants were asked to recall ... [more ▼]

The authors investigated age-related differences in phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for positive, negative, and neutral events. Younger and older participants were asked to recall two specific memories of each type and then to rate their memories on several sensorial ( e. g., visual, taste) and contextual ( e. g., location, time) characteristics. The authors found that emotional ( both positive and negative) memories contained more sensorial and contextual details than neutral memories in both age groups, whereas positive and negative memories did not differ on most dimensions. In addition, negative memories were associated with a higher intensity of positive feelings and a reduced complexity of storyline in older as compared to younger adults. These results suggest that the effect of emotion on phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories is similar in younger and older adults, but that older adults tend to reappraise negative events in a more positive light than younger adults. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 111 (4 ULg)