References of "European Surgical Research = Europäische Chirurgische Forschung = Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailType II to type I transformation of chronically stimulated goat latissimus dorsi muscle: a histoenzymological, biochemical, bioenergetic, and functional study.
Radermacker, M. A.; Focant, B.; Hautecler, T. et al

in European Surgical Research = Europäische Chirurgische Forschung = Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes (1996), 28

Five goat latissimus dorsi muscles (LDM) were submitted to a progressive chronic electrostimulation program to reach an integrated understanding of the fast-to-slow transformation process in large mammals ... [more ▼]

Five goat latissimus dorsi muscles (LDM) were submitted to a progressive chronic electrostimulation program to reach an integrated understanding of the fast-to-slow transformation process in large mammals. LDM were regularly sampled and followed during a period of 8 months. Each sample was simultaneously assessed for histoenzymological study, myosin and LDH isoforms and bioenergetic capacities [NADH dehydrogenase cytochrome c oxidoreductase (NADH Cyt c OR), succinate dehydrogenase cytochrome c oxidoreductase (Succ Cyt c OR), cytochrome c oxidase (Cyt c Ox) and LDH]. Such muscles were also tested with and without completion of II to I transformation for their mechanical properties in isometric and isotonic strain gauge testing. The conversion of fast-to-slow myosin monitored by heavy chain (HC I) and light chain slow component (LC2s) began a few days after stimulation and was almost 100% after 100 days. The H-LDH isoforms evolved similarly but did not reach 100% conversion after 200 days. The activity of respiratory chain oxidases increased within 36 h but to a variable extent and peaked after 32 days, corresponding to a 75% transformation of myosin compared to initial levels. NADH Cyt c OR, Succ Cyt c OR, and Cyt c Ox, respectively increased 10-, 5- and 5-fold. These activities then significantly decreased before the completion of the myofibrillar transformation and reached a plateau with stable activities that remained 2- to 3-fold higher than the unstimulated LDM. LDH activity sharply decreased until day 62 (5-fold) and then plateaued. Functionally, muscle showed a reduced speed of contraction and moderate reduction in power output but had become fatigue-resistant. This study documents the transformation process in large mammals and suggests the dynamic relation between workload, aerobic-anaerobic metabolism and the contractile myofibrillar system. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSurgical Technique for Cardiomyoplasty and Iterative Transthoracic Biopsies in an Experimental Goat Model
Radermecker, M. A.; Fourny, J.; Bonnet, Pierre ULg et al

in European Surgical Research = Europäische Chirurgische Forschung = Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes (1993), 25(2, Mar-Apr), 110-22

Cardiomyoplasty is a new surgical procedure using transformed skeletal muscle to reinforce or substitute for the myocardium. For the purpose of studying surgical technique and investigating basic ... [more ▼]

Cardiomyoplasty is a new surgical procedure using transformed skeletal muscle to reinforce or substitute for the myocardium. For the purpose of studying surgical technique and investigating basic questions, we have developed a model of reinforcement cardiomyoplasty. Herein, we describe anesthetic management, surgical technique, and the technique for iterative transthoracic biopsies. This model has proven to be valuable in several long-term studies involving more than 30 goats. Preliminary data to ascertain the efficacy of the proposed technique are provided. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)