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See detailBénard instabilities in a binary-liquid layer evaporating into an inert gas: stability of quasi-stationary and time-dependent reference profiles
Machrafi, Hatim ULg; Rednikov, Alexey; Colinet et al

in European Physical Journal. Special Topics (2011), 192(1), 71-81

This study treats an evaporating horizontal binary-liquid layer in contact with the air with an imposed transfer distance. The liquid is an aqueous solution of ethanol (10 % wt). Due to evaporation, the ... [more ▼]

This study treats an evaporating horizontal binary-liquid layer in contact with the air with an imposed transfer distance. The liquid is an aqueous solution of ethanol (10 % wt). Due to evaporation, the ethanol mass fraction can change and a cooling occurs at the liquid-gas interface. This can trigger solutal and thermal Rayleigh-B´enard-Marangoni instabilities in the system, the modes of which corresponding to an undeformable interface form the subject of the present work. The decrease of the liquid-layer thickness is assumed to be slow on the diffusive time scales (quasi-stationarity). First we analyse the stability of quasistationary reference profiles for a model case within which the mass fraction of ethanol is assumed to be fixed at the bottom of the liquid. Then this consideration is generalized by letting the diffusive reference profile for the mass fraction in the liquid be transient (starting from a uniform state), while following the frozen-time approach for perturbations. The critical liquid thickness below which the system is stable at all times quite expectedly corresponds to the one obtained for the quasi-stationary profile. As a next step, a more realistic, zero-flux condition is used at the bottom in lieu of the fixed-concentration one. The critical thickness is found not to change much between these two cases. At larger thicknesses, the critical time at which the instability first appears proves, as can be expected, to be independent of the type of the concentration condition at the bottom. It is shown that solvent (water) evaporation plays a stabilizing role as compared to the case of a non-volatile solvent. At last, an effective approximate Pearson-like model is invoked making use in particular of the fact that the solutal Marangoni is by far the strongest as an instability mechanism here. [less ▲]

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See detailMulty-year cycles observed in air temperature data and proxy series
Mabille, Georges ULg; Nicolay, Samuel ULg

in European Physical Journal. Special Topics (2009), 174

First, palaeoclimatic time series are analyzed under the lens of the continuous wavelet transform. Two cycles, of period 30 and 43 months respectively, are detected in millennial temperature ... [more ▼]

First, palaeoclimatic time series are analyzed under the lens of the continuous wavelet transform. Two cycles, of period 30 and 43 months respectively, are detected in millennial temperature reconstructions. These rhythms correspond to the ones detected in weather station temperature records in a previous study of the authors. It is then showed that most parts of the globe are affected by at least one of the two cycles. Their relationship with the main climatic indices is also investigated, as well as the statistical significance of the observations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe spin-flip amplitude in the impact-parameter representation
Selyugin, O. V.; Cudell, Jean-René ULg

in European Physical Journal. Special Topics (2008)

The impact-parameter representation of the spin-flip amplitude of hadron elastic scattering is examined in different unitarisation schemes, taking the Born term of the spin-flip amplitude from the Dubna ... [more ▼]

The impact-parameter representation of the spin-flip amplitude of hadron elastic scattering is examined in different unitarisation schemes, taking the Born term of the spin-flip amplitude from the Dubna Dynamical Model (DDM). It is shown that the basic properties of the unitarisation schemes are independent of the functional form used for unitarisation but heavily depend on the asymptotic value of the unitarised amplitude. [less ▲]

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