References of "Ecotoxicology"
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See detailAcanthocephalan parasites: help or burden in Gammarid amphipods exposed to cadmium?
Gismondi, Eric ULg; Cossu-Leguille, Carole; Beisel, Jean-Nicolas

in Ecotoxicology (2012), 21

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See detailUsing sets of behavioral biomarkers to assess short-term effects of pesticide: a study case with endosulfan on frog tadpoles
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; D'hooghe, Bastien; Ficetola, G. Francesco et al

in Ecotoxicology (2012), 21(4), 1240-1250

Pesticides and other chemicals often have detrimental effects at environmental concentrations. Many amphibian species are particularly threatened because of their susceptibility but also because wetlands ... [more ▼]

Pesticides and other chemicals often have detrimental effects at environmental concentrations. Many amphibian species are particularly threatened because of their susceptibility but also because wetlands are often polluted. Behavioral assessments of toxicity have the advantage of showing sublethal effects but quantitative measures at varied scales of integrations are rarely considered together. In this study, we aimed at showing that these behavioral endpoints could be differently affected across time and concentrations, and be biomarkers of toxicity. To this end, we tested the effects of an organochlorine pesticide (endosulfan) on amphibians during a standard 96 h test. We evaluated possible lag effects in continuing the analyses after removal of the pesticide. The study was based on 240 tadpoles (4 pesticide treatments: 0.4, 3, 22, and 282 lg/l, 1 control and 1 solvent-control). Abnormal behaviors such as lying and swirling rapidly were exhibited only in the presence of the pesticide. Essential functions such as breathing and feeding were deeply affected by the pesticide: contaminated tadpoles breathed and fed less than control tadpoles. They also moved less and occupied a more central position in the aquariums in the presence of the pesticide. A higher mortality was only found at the highest concentration. These results suggest that endosulfan is toxic to amphibians at environmental concentrations. Behavioral markers showed potential as early warning systems. They should thus be used in complement to other markers to detect sublethal effects only a few days after application of the pesticide and at concentrations where mortality does not occur. [less ▲]

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See detailCadmium toxicokinetics and bioaccumulation in turtles: trophic exposure of Trachemys scripta elegans
Guirlet, Elodie; Das, Krishna ULg

in Ecotoxicology (2012), 1

Ecotoxicological data in reptiles are mainly represented by field studies reporting tissues burden of wild-captured individuals but much less is known on processes of uptake, depuration, accumulation and ... [more ▼]

Ecotoxicological data in reptiles are mainly represented by field studies reporting tissues burden of wild-captured individuals but much less is known on processes of uptake, depuration, accumulation and effects of inorganic contaminants in these species. In this study, females’ Trachemys scripta elegans were exposed to cadmium (Cd) through a CdCl2 supplemented-diet with increased environmental relevant concentrations during 13 weeks and then went through a decontamination phase during 3 weeks being fed uncontaminated food. Blood and feces were collected during the three phases of the experiment and the turtles were sacrificed at the end of the experiment and organs samples collected. The Cd concentrations in blood remained stable over the course of the experiment while Cd concentrations in feces increased with time and with amount of Cd ingested. Assimilation efficiency in liver and kidney together was low (0.7 – 6.1 %) but did occur and Cd accumulated in a dose-dependent manner in organs in the following order of concentrations: kidney>liver>pancreas>muscle. In terms of organs burden, Cd-burden was the highest in liver followed by kidney and pancreas. The assimilation efficiency decreased as Cd ingested increased suggesting that at higher dose of Cd absorption decreased and/or depuration increased. Mineral content of the liver was modified according to Cd level with increased concentrations of zinc and iron with increasing Cd levels. Accumulation of Cd had no effects on survival, food consumption, growth or weight and length suggesting no effect of treatment on females’ body conditions. [less ▲]

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