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See detailIsotopic Ratios in Comets: Status and Perspectives
Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Manfroid, Jean ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg et al

in Earth, Moon, and Planets (2009), 105

Isotopic abundance ratios are excellently suited to probe the origin of solar system matter. We review the recent measurements of the isotopic ratios of the light elements (D/H, [SUP]12[/SUP]C/[SUP]13 ... [more ▼]

Isotopic abundance ratios are excellently suited to probe the origin of solar system matter. We review the recent measurements of the isotopic ratios of the light elements (D/H, [SUP]12[/SUP]C/[SUP]13[/SUP]C, [SUP]16[/SUP]O/[SUP]18[/SUP]O, [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N, [SUP]32[/SUP]S/[SUP]34[/SUP]S) in cometary dust and gas and discuss briefly their implications. Special emphasis will be put on the determinations and progress performed in the field over the past years thanks to high resolution spectroscopy of cometary comae obtained with the ESO Very Large Telescope. Future perspectives from space missions and ground-based observations with new large and extremely large telescopes operating in the optical, infrared and submillimeter wavelengths will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailA Multi-Wavelength Simultaneous Study of the Composition of the Halley Family Comet 8P/Tuttle
Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Bockelée-Morvan, Dominique; Dello Russo, N. et al

in Earth, Moon, and Planets (2009), 105

We report on simultaneous optical and infrared observations of the Halley Family comet 8P/Tuttle performed with the ESO Very Large Telescope. Such multi-wavelength and coordinated observations are a good ... [more ▼]

We report on simultaneous optical and infrared observations of the Halley Family comet 8P/Tuttle performed with the ESO Very Large Telescope. Such multi-wavelength and coordinated observations are a good example of what can be done to support space missions. From high resolution optical spectroscopy of the CN (0,0) 388 nm and NH[SUB]2[/SUB] (0,9,0) 610 nm bands using UVES at UT2 we determined [SUP]12[/SUP]C/[SUP]13[/SUP]C = 90 ± 10 and [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N = 150 ± 20 in CN and we derived a nuclear spin temperature of NH[SUB]3[/SUB] of 29 ± 1 K. These values are similar to those found in Oort-Cloud and Jupiter Family comets. From low resolution long slit spectroscopy with FORS1 at UT2 we determined the CN, C[SUB]3[/SUB] and C[SUB]2[/SUB] production rates and the parent and daughter scale lengths up to 5.2 10[SUP]5[/SUP] km tailward. From high resolution IR spectroscopy with CRIRES at UT1 we measured simultaneously the production rates and mixing ratios of H[SUB]2[/SUB]O, HCN, C[SUB]2[/SUB]H[SUB]2[/SUB], CH[SUB]4[/SUB], C[SUB]2[/SUB]H[SUB]6[/SUB], and CH[SUB]3[/SUB]OH. [less ▲]

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See detailTridimensional Dissipative Semi-Numerical Model
Jancart, Sylvie ULg; Lemaitre, Anne

in Earth, Moon, and Planets (2003), 92

Our research combines mean motion resonances and dissipative forces in the averaged elliptic spatial restricted three-body problem. The models presented can be applied in many contexts mixing resonances ... [more ▼]

Our research combines mean motion resonances and dissipative forces in the averaged elliptic spatial restricted three-body problem. The models presented can be applied in many contexts mixing resonances and dissipations, e.g., asteroid belt, transneptunian region, exoplanets, systems of planetary rings, etc. We propose a semi-numerical model that simulates the behaviour of test particles under the effect of generic forces, functions of powers of the position and/or of the velocity. This model is valid for any orbital eccentricities or inclinations, even at high values. Captures around symmetric and asymmetric equilibria are reproduced and the apparitions of a plateau of inclination for long periods of time are dectected. [less ▲]

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See detailSplit Comet C/2001 A2 (LINEAR)
Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Boehnhardt, Hermann; Sekanina, Zdenek et al

in Earth, Moon, and Planets (2002), 90

Comet C/2001 A2 experienced several splitting events during its 2001 perihelion passage. The first break-up event was observed in March 2001 (IAUC 7616). In this paper we report the first results of our ... [more ▼]

Comet C/2001 A2 experienced several splitting events during its 2001 perihelion passage. The first break-up event was observed in March 2001 (IAUC 7616). In this paper we report the first results of our extensive imaging and spectroscopic monitoring campaign with ESO telescopes over several weeks before and after the perihelion passage on May 25 2001. [less ▲]

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