Calsenilin is required for endocrine pancreas development in zebrafish.
; Peers, Bernard ; et al
in Developmental Dynamics : An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists (2007), 236(6), 1517-25
Calsenilin/DREAM/Kchip3 is a neuronal calcium-binding protein. It is a multifunctional protein, mainly expressed in neural tissues and implicated in regulation of presenilin processing, repression of ... [more ▼]
Calsenilin/DREAM/Kchip3 is a neuronal calcium-binding protein. It is a multifunctional protein, mainly expressed in neural tissues and implicated in regulation of presenilin processing, repression of transcription, and modulation of A-type potassium channels. Here, we performed a search for new genes expressed during pancreatic development and have studied the spatiotemporal expression pattern and possible role of calsenilin in pancreatic development in zebrafish. We detected calsenilin transcripts in the pancreas from 21 somites to 39 hours postfertilization stages. Using double in situ hybridization, we found that the calsenilin gene was expressed in pancreatic endocrine cells. Loss-of-function experiments with anti-calsenilin morpholinos demonstrated that injected morphants have a significant decrease in the number of pancreatic endocrine cells. Furthermore, the knockdown of calsenilin leads to perturbation in islet morphogenesis, suggesting that calsenilin is required for early islet cell migration. Taken together, our results show that zebrafish calsenilin is involved in endocrine cell differentiation and morphogenesis within the pancreas. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
A 295-Kda Intermediate Filament-Associated Protein in Radial Glia and Developing Muscle Cells in Vivo and in Vitro
; Thiry, Marc ; et al
in Developmental Dynamics : An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists (2000), 219(4), 514-25
The RC2 antibody is frequently used to label mouse radial glial cells in all parts of the nervous system where neuronal migration occurs during embryonic and early postnatal life. The antigen recognized ... [more ▼]
The RC2 antibody is frequently used to label mouse radial glial cells in all parts of the nervous system where neuronal migration occurs during embryonic and early postnatal life. The antigen recognized by this antibody still needs to be identified. We have characterized further its localization in vivo, its expression and subcellular localization in vitro, as well as its molecular nature. Histologic investigations of whole mouse embryos reveal an equally intense expression of RC2 immunostaining in radial glial cells in brain and spinal cord and in skeletal muscle. In glial cells cultures, the RC2 antibody recognizes an epitope located on the glial cytoskeleton and identified as an intermediate filament associated protein (IFAP) at the ultrastructural level. RC2 immunostaining in those cells is strongly dependent on the presence of a serum-derived activity. Serum-removal causes a decrease of the staining while adding serum back to the cells induces reexpression of RC2 immunoreactivity. By Western blotting, we find that in intermediate filament (IF) preparations obtained from cultured cerebellar glia, the RC2 antibody recognizes a 295-kDa protein whose expression is also dependent on the presence of serum in culture medium. In developing muscle cells, RC2 immunostaining is observed from the myoblast stage and disappears after complete myotube fusion. Both in vivo and in vitro, staining is first seen as a loose capping around myoblasts nuclei and progressively concentrates into Z-disks in association with the muscle IF protein desmin. The RC2 antibody also recognizes a 295-kDa protein band in muscle tissue protein extracts. Thus, the RC2 antibody recognizes a developmentally regulated cytoskeletal protein that is expressed, like other previously identified IFAPs, by cells of the glial and myogenic lineages and whose expression in vitro seems to be controlled by a signaling mechanism known to modulate astroglial morphology. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 77 (4 ULg)
Differential expression of galectin-1 and galectin-3 during first trimester human embryogenesis.
; ; et al
in Developmental Dynamics : An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists (1997), 209(4), 399-405
Development of complex organisms requires specific temporospatial differentiation and expression of the correct phenotype through activation of a variety of genes. Galectins are mammalian lectins able to ... [more ▼]
Development of complex organisms requires specific temporospatial differentiation and expression of the correct phenotype through activation of a variety of genes. Galectins are mammalian lectins able to interact with various extracellular matrix glycoconjugates and have been implicated in several biological events including cell attachment, differentiation, apoptosis, embryogenesis, and cancer invasion and metastasis. In this study, we have examined the expression of galectin-1 and galectin-3 during human first trimester embryogenesis using immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Variable amounts of galectin-1 and galectin-3 were detected in all tissue protein extracts. Galectin-1 expression was demonstrated in the connective tissue and derived tissues such as smooth and striated muscle cells, and in some epithelia, such as in the basal layers of the skin after 14 weeks and in the epithelial cells of the gonads. Galectin-3 was detected mainly in epithelia, such as the skin, epithelial lining of the digestive and respiratory tract, and urothelium and excretory tubes of the kidney, but also in the myocardial cells, in the peripheral and preossifying hypertrophic chondrocytes, and in the notochord and in the liver. Our study constitutes the first demonstration of galectin-1 and galectin-3 during human embryogenesis. The differential expression of these two lectins suggests that they could participate in the complex processes of tissue differentiation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (23 ULg)