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See detailBiology and Signal Transduction pathways of the Lymphotoxin-αβ/LTβR system
Remouchamps, Caroline ULg; Boutaffala, Layla; Ganeff, Corinne et al

in Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews (2011), 22

This review focuses on the biological functions and signalling pathways activated by Lymphotoxin α (LTα)/Lymphotoxin β (LTβ) and their receptor LTβR. Genetic mouse models shed light on crucial roles for ... [more ▼]

This review focuses on the biological functions and signalling pathways activated by Lymphotoxin α (LTα)/Lymphotoxin β (LTβ) and their receptor LTβR. Genetic mouse models shed light on crucial roles for LT/LTβR to build and to maintain the architecture of lymphoid organs and to ensure an adapted immune response against invading pathogens. However, chronic inflammation, autoimmunity, cell death or cancer development are disorders that occur when the LT/LTβR system is twisted. Biological inhibitors, such as antagonist antibodies or decoy receptors, have been developed and used in clinical trials for diseases associated to the LT/LTβR system. Recent progress in the understanding of cellular trafficking and NF-κB signaling pathways downstream of LTα/LTβ may bring new opportunities to develop therapeutics that target the pathological functions of these cytokines. [less ▲]

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