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See detailMeiotic segregation analysis in cows carrying the t(1;29) Robertsonian translocation.
Bonnet-Garnier, A; Lacaze, S; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Cytogenetic & Genome Research (2008), 120

Heterozygous carriers of Robertsonian translocations generally have a normal phenotype but present reproductive failure. In cattle, the t(1;29) Robertsonian translocation is very common and carriers show ... [more ▼]

Heterozygous carriers of Robertsonian translocations generally have a normal phenotype but present reproductive failure. In cattle, the t(1;29) Robertsonian translocation is very common and carriers show a 3-5% decrease in fertility. Some data suggest that female carriers have a higher decrease than male carriers but no direct studies of the chromosome content of oocytes from a t(1;29) carrier cow have been performed so far. Four heterozygous carrier cows underwent hormonal stimulations and follicles punctions and about 800 oocytes were matured in vitro. Six hundred metaphase II preparations were obtained and analysed by fluorescent in situ hybridization with bovine chromosome 1 and 29 painting probes. Proportions of different kinds of oocytes were assessed: 74.11% (292/394) were normal and balanced, 4.06% (16/394) unbalanced and 21.83% (86/394) diploid. For all cows, the number of normal oocytes was not significantly different from the number of translocated oocytes but the diploidy and unbalanced rate were significantly different between them. As found in bulls, the meiotic segregation pattern in cows has shown a preponderance of alternate products. However, the frequency of unbalanced gametes determined in females (4.06%) was significantly higher than the frequency observed in males (2.76%). The divergence in the rate of diploid gametes (0.04% vs. 21.83%) is mainly explained by the difference between males and females. [less ▲]

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See detailA 4,103 marker integrated physical and comparative map of the horse genome.
Raudsepp, T; Gustafson-Seabury, A; Durkin, Keith ULg et al

in Cytogenetic & Genome Research (2008), 122

A comprehensive second-generation whole genome radiation hybrid (RH II), cytogenetic and comparative map of the horse genome (2n = 64) has been developed using the 5000rad horse × hamster radiation hybrid ... [more ▼]

A comprehensive second-generation whole genome radiation hybrid (RH II), cytogenetic and comparative map of the horse genome (2n = 64) has been developed using the 5000rad horse × hamster radiation hybrid panel and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The map contains 4,103 markers (3,816 RH; 1,144 FISH) assigned to all 31 pairs of autosomes and the X chromosome. The RH maps of individual chromosomes are anchored and oriented using 857 cytogenetic markers. The overall resolution of the map is one marker per 775 kilobase pairs (kb), which represents a more than five-fold improvement over the first-generation map. The RH II incorporates 920 markers shared jointly with the two recently reported meiotic maps. Consequently the two maps were aligned with the RH II maps of individual autosomes and the X chromosome. Additionally, a comparative map of the horse genome was generated by connecting 1,904 loci on the horse map with genome sequences available for eight diverse vertebrates to highlight regions of evolutionarily conserved syntenies, linkages, and chromosomal breakpoints. The integrated map thus obtained presents the most comprehensive information on the physical and comparative organization of the equine genome and will assist future assemblies of whole genome BAC fingerprint maps and the genome sequence. It will also serve as a tool to identify genes governing health, disease and performance traits in horses and assist us in understanding the evolution of the equine genome in relation to other species. [less ▲]

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