Delayed reepithelialization and scarring deregulation following drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Paquet, Philippe ; ; Quatresooz, Pascale et al
in Burns (2007), 33(1), 100-4
A 51-year-old Caucasian woman developed severe drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) due to allopurinol. The withdrawal of the culprit drug was unfortunately delayed, and dramatic retardation of ... [more ▼]
A 51-year-old Caucasian woman developed severe drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) due to allopurinol. The withdrawal of the culprit drug was unfortunately delayed, and dramatic retardation of reepithelialization was observed. At that stage of disease evolution, an inflammatory cell infiltrate was present in the dermis. Coverage of eroded lesions by frozen cultured keratinocyte allografts failed to hasten reepithelialization compared to ungrafted sites. This unusual protracted TEN evolution was followed by the development of extensive hypertrophic and keloid scars. Several biopsies were taken over 6 months. The histologic presentation of the grafted and ungrafted eroded scar tissues looked similar. Both the number and size of the Factor XIIIa-positive dermal dendrocytes, as well as the number of alpha-actin-positive myofibroblasts showed a marked increase between weeks 2 and 12 after grafting. They were reduced after 6 months when the scarring process was stabilized. alpha1 [IV] collagen was never expressed over the eroded scars. Similar to burn patients, delayed reepithelialization might be a risk factor for abnormal scarring in TEN. Cultured keratinocyte allograft apparently offered no improvement in reepithelialization and did not prevent abnormal scarring in this TEN patient. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (7 ULg)
Biochemical investigations after burning injury: complement system, protease-antiprotease balance and acute-phase reactants.
Faymonville, Marie ; Micheels, Jean ; Bodson, Lucien et al
in Burns (1987), 13(1), 26-33
Seventeen burned patients were investigated--Group I (n=10) with a mean burned area expressed as unit burn standard (UBS) of 69 +/- 24 and Group II (n = 7) with a mean UBS of 23 +/- 8. Blood samples were ... [more ▼]
Seventeen burned patients were investigated--Group I (n=10) with a mean burned area expressed as unit burn standard (UBS) of 69 +/- 24 and Group II (n = 7) with a mean UBS of 23 +/- 8. Blood samples were collected immediately after admission, 6-12 h after injury, during the morning and evening of day 1, and then daily for 2 weeks. This prospective study demonstrated complement activation in vivo in all burned patients, measured by C3d/C3 ratio index which was not related to the extent of the burned surface. A significant protease-antiprotease imbalance, correlated to the severity of burns, was found, leukocyte elastase was increased throughout the observation period, alpha 2-macroglobulin drastically decreased in severely burned patients, and alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor promptly decreased below the normal level in patients with more than 40 UBS. Finally, there was a delayed but then persistent acute-phase reactant protein response involving C-reactive protein, haptoglobin and alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, the concentrations of which reached a plateau on days 6 or 7. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULg)