References of "Belgian Journal of Hematology"
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See detailPractical management of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Belgium
Benghiat, FS.; Beguin, Yves ULg; Dessars, B. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (in press)

Imatinib has drastically changed the outcome of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), with the majority of them showing a normal life span. Recently, the development of second and third generation ... [more ▼]

Imatinib has drastically changed the outcome of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), with the majority of them showing a normal life span. Recently, the development of second and third generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and the possibility of treatment discontinuation made the management of these patients more challenging. In this review, practical management guidelines of CML are presented, adapted to the Belgian situation in 2014. In first line chronic phase patients, imatinib, nilotinib and dasatinib can be prescribed. While second generation TKIs give faster and deeper responses, their impact on long-term survival remain to be determined. The choice of the TKI depends on CML risk score, priority for a deep response to allow a treatment-free remission protocol, age, presence of comorbid conditions, side effect profile, drug interactions, compliance concerns and price. Monitoring the response has to be made according the 2013 ELN criteria, and is based on the bone-marrow cytogenetic response during the first months and on the blood molecular response. Molecular follow-up is sufficient in patients with a complete cytogenetic response. For patients who fail frontline therapy, nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib and ponatinib are an option depending of the type of intolerance or resistance. T315I patients are only sensitive to ponatinib, which has to be carefully handled due to cardiovascular toxicity. Advanced phase diseases are more difficult to handle, with treatments including allogeneic stem cell transplantation, which is also an option for patients failing at least two TKIs. The possibility of treatment-free remission and pregnancy are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailBHS guidelines for the treatment of Burkitt lymphoma
BONNET, Christophe ULg; Janssens, A.; Wu, KL. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (in press)

Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a rare but very aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma characterized by an isolated translocation t(8;14)(q24;q32). The sporadic form is the subentity most frequently encountered in ... [more ▼]

Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a rare but very aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma characterized by an isolated translocation t(8;14)(q24;q32). The sporadic form is the subentity most frequently encountered in our country. Diagnosis and initial work-up must be completed rapidly to start treatment as soon as possible. Positron emission tomography (PET) scan is useful for initial staging and to evaluate the chemosensitivity of the tumor during and after treatment. After debulking, it is recommended to add rituximab to chemotherapy. Currently intensive short-cycle chemotherapies (ISCC) and low intensity chemotherapies (LIC) are two valuable options. Radiotherapy is not indicated except in case of central nervous system involvement. Patients achieving complete remission must be followed carefully during the first year to detect recurrence of the disease. More than 80% of patients sustain their remission one year following initial treatment and are considered cured. For patients in partial remission or with chemosensitive relapse, autologous stem cell transplantation is recommended following re-induction with non-cross-resistant polychemotherapy. Monitoring complete blood counts and cognitive functions is important to detect late toxicity of the applied therapies. [less ▲]

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See detailTreatment of mantle cell lymphomas: recommendations of the Belgian Hematological Society
MOURIN, E.; VAN HOOF, A.; BOSLY, A. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2014), 5

Mantle cell lymphoma was recognised in the nineties and is characterised by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation which results in overexpression of cyclin D1.1 This disease represents approximately 6% of ... [more ▼]

Mantle cell lymphoma was recognised in the nineties and is characterised by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation which results in overexpression of cyclin D1.1 This disease represents approximately 6% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Mantle cell lymphoma generally affects patients over 60 years-old. Most patients have advanced disease (>70 % Ann Arbor stage IV). Several efforts have been made to predict outcome in mantle cell lymphoma. The cell-proliferation marker Ki-67, the Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index, fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and minimal residual disease are prognostic tools. For young patients, chemoimmunotherapy followed by high-dose chemotherapy plus stem cell transplantation is the treatment of choice. For the main group of older patients, chemo-immunotherapy followed by maintenance with rituximab is the gold standard. In relapses, temsirolimus is actually registered and new drugs, such as ibrutinib, are currently evaluated with promising preliminary results.2 [less ▲]

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See detailBHS guidelines for the treatment of marginal zone lymphomas.
BRON, D.; VAN DEN NESTE, E.; KENTOS, A. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2014), 5

Marginal zone lymphomas are a heterogeneous subtype of indolent B-non-Hodgkin Lymphoma that includes three distinct diseases: Extranodal mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, nodal marginal zone ... [more ▼]

Marginal zone lymphomas are a heterogeneous subtype of indolent B-non-Hodgkin Lymphoma that includes three distinct diseases: Extranodal mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, nodal marginal zone lymphoma and splenic marginal zone lymphoma lymphocytes +/- villous lymphocytes. The different diagnosis, work up and treatment options are discussed in these guidelines. [less ▲]

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See detailGalectin expression in the multiple myeloma microenvironment
Muller, Joséphine ULg; CAERS, Jo ULg; Binsfeld, Marilène ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2014)

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See detailHemolytic crisis induced by rasburicase administration revealing G-6-PD deficiency.
SID, Sélim ULg; Dugauquier, D.; DE PRIJCK, Bernard ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2014)

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See detailVaccination guidelines in hematopoietic transplant patients : recommendations from the BHS Transplant Committee
Moors, I.; Schoemans, H.; Callens, S. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2014), 6

Over the past years, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is increasingly used as a consolidation therapy in several haematological diseases and solid tumours. In the post-transplantation period ... [more ▼]

Over the past years, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is increasingly used as a consolidation therapy in several haematological diseases and solid tumours. In the post-transplantation period, the immunity of HSCT recipients is impaired due to toxicity of the pre-HSCT treatment (chemo- and/or radiotherapy) and the conditioning regimen with reset of the immune system and – in case of allogeneic stem cell transplantation – possible graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) and use of immunosuppressive drugs. This leads to a considerably increased risk of infections, with higher morbidity and mortality in these patients. Therefore, prevention of infections, through antibiotic prophylaxis, life style adjustments, germfree nutrition and revaccination, is of major importance to improve outcomes. In this article we present the Belgian guidelines for vaccination after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, based on available data in the literature and international guidelines, taking into account the availability of vaccines and - if applicable - their reimbursement in Belgium. We present a general vaccination schedule for post-HSCT patients, a proposition for pre-transplant vaccination and donor vaccination, and an overview of special indications such as travel vaccinations and vaccinations of close contacts and health care workers, with guidelines for titer follow up. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiple myeloma cells instruct myeloid-derived suppressor cells to release pro-angiogenic cytokines
Binsfeld, Marilène ULg; Heusschen, Roy ULg; Lamour, Virginie et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2014)

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See detailEstablishment of a murine graft-versus-myeloma model using allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
Binsfeld, Marilène ULg; BEGUIN, Yves ULg; Belle, Ludovic et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2014)

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See detailSummary of the BVAC/ABCA program hosted by the general annual meeting of the BHS in Ghent, Friday January 25th 2013.
KORNREICH, A; GOTHOT, André ULg

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), 4(2), 77-82

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See detailErythropoietin therapy after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation : a prospective randomised trial.
JASPERS, Aurélie ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg; WILLEMS, Evelyne ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013, January)

Based on the impairment of erythropoietin production after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), we previously reported in a phase-2 trial that recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO ... [more ▼]

Based on the impairment of erythropoietin production after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), we previously reported in a phase-2 trial that recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapy was very efficient when started one month after transplantation. We also demonstrated that anemia after nonmyeloabalative (NM) HCT was less sensitive to rhEPO therapy than after conventional allogeneic HCT. This prompted us to confirm these findings in a prospective randomised trial. One hundred and thirty-one patients were randomised (1:1) between no treatment (arm 1) or erythropoietin (Neorecormon) at the dose of 500 U/kg/week (arm 2). Once the target Hb (13g/dL) has been attained, the dose of rhEPO was reduced by half, while it was withheld when Hb was = 14g/dL. Cohort A included 42 patients on day 28 after myeloablative HCT, cohort B 39 patients on day 28 after NMHCT, and cohort C 50 patients on day 0 of NMHCT. Primary endpoints included proportion of complete correctors (i.e. patients reaching Hb = 13g/dL) and median time to achieve Hb correction in each arm. The proportion of complete correctors before day 126 posttransplant was 0% in group 1A vs 52.4% in group 2A, 0% in group 1B vs 69.5% in group 2B and 19.1% in group 1C vs 70.2% in group 2C. Median time to achieve Hb = 13g/dL was not reached in group 1B vs 49 days in group 2B; 363 and 59 days in groups 1A and 1B respectively and 363 and 87 days in groups 3A and 3B respectively (figure 1). Hb evolution in each group is shown in figure 2. Seventyone patients (47/62 in control groups and 24/57 in treated groups, p=0.0003) required red blood cell transfusions. The difference was most pronounced in cohort B. There was no difference in rates of thrombo-embolic events or other complications between the two arms. In conclusion, this is the first trial to demonstrate that EPO therapy hastens erythroid recovery and decreases transfusion requirements when started one month after allogeneic HCT. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary immune thrombocytopenia in adults
Janssens, A.; Lambert, C.; Bries, G. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), 4(1), 2-11

The Belgian Hematological Society (BHS) guideline panel on adult primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) reviewed the recent literature on diagnosis and treatment to make recommendations on the best ... [more ▼]

The Belgian Hematological Society (BHS) guideline panel on adult primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) reviewed the recent literature on diagnosis and treatment to make recommendations on the best strategies for frontline and subsequent-line treatment. No treatment is necessary for patients with platelet counts higher than 30000/ l in the absence of bleeding symptoms. Patients newly diagnosed or relapsing after a long-term treatment-free period can be managed with corticosteroids with or without intravenous immunoglobulins. A second line therapy is indicated for those patients who are intolerant or unresponsive to or relapse after initial corticosteroid treatment and have a risk of bleeding. The guideline panel recommends splenectomy as it is the treatment with the highest curative potential and an acceptable safety pro le. If possible, splenectomy should be delayed to at least twelve months after diagnosis as spontaneous remission can occur in this time period. Thrombopoietin receptor (TPO-R) agonists are recommended for patients who are refractory to or relapse after splenectomy or who have a contra-indication to splenectomy irrespective of the duration of ITP. The guideline panel agrees that rituximab, azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine A, danazol, dapsone, mycophenolate mofetil and vincristine/vinblastine are potential treatment options, especially for patients refractory to TPO-R agonists. [less ▲]

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See detailTreatment of peripheral T-cell lymphomas: recommendations of the Belgian Hematological Society (BHS).
Van Obbergh, F.; Van Hoof, A.; Verhoef, G. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), 4 (3)

The sub-committee on lymphoproliferative disorders of the Belgian Hematological Society has met several times to prepare guidelines on the management of patients with peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Each ... [more ▼]

The sub-committee on lymphoproliferative disorders of the Belgian Hematological Society has met several times to prepare guidelines on the management of patients with peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Each panellist's expert provided interpretation of the evidence, based on literature review and personal experience. The available evidence was systematically discussed prior to formulating recommendations. A systematic approach to obtain consensus of expert opinion was used. After each meeting, the draft guideline was circulated to all experts for comment and approval. The present guidelines focus on general management of peripheral T-cell lymphomas with special emphasis on more specific disease-adapted stratégies. [less ▲]

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See detailInfusion of CliniMACS (Myltenyi Biotec) Enriched Regulatory T Cells Delays Experimental Xenogeneic Graft-versus-Host Disease
Hannon, Muriel ULg; Lechanteur, C.; Somja, Joan ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), Abstracts book(Supplement of 28th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 15

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See detailThe Immunomodulating Peptide Thymosin Alpha 1 Has no Effect on Multiple Myeloma Evolution and on Immune Reconstitution
Binsfeld, Marilène ULg; Otjacques, Eléonore ULg; Hannon, Muriel ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), Abstracts book(Supplement of 28th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 41

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See detailComparison of Immune Reconstitution after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with Flu-TBI versus TLI-ATG Conditioning
Hannon, Muriel ULg; Humblet-Baron, S.; Graux, C. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), Abstracts book(Supplement of 28th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 38

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See detailGuidelines for newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and relapsed DLBCL
Verhoef, G.; Schroyens, W.; Bron, D. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), 4 (2)

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See detailAdaptation of a Murine Chronic GVH Model to Study Graft versus Myeloma Effect after Allogeneic Transplantation
Binsfeld, Marilène ULg; Belle, Ludovic ULg; Hannon, Muriel ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2012), Abstracts book(Supplement of 27th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 16

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