Treating allergic rhinitis: continuous versus on-demand regime? Executive summary of the Supportive Initiatives for the Global Management of Allergy (SIGMA): report from the Belgian Working Group
; ; Cataldo, Didier et al
in B-ENT (2009), 5(12), 1-25
This Supportive Initiative for the Global Management of Allergy (SIGMA) initiative gathered together four multidisciplinary and inter-university groups of Belgian experts in the treatment of allergic ... [more ▼]
This Supportive Initiative for the Global Management of Allergy (SIGMA) initiative gathered together four multidisciplinary and inter-university groups of Belgian experts in the treatment of allergic rhinitis to review the literature and come to a consensus opinion on the global management of allergy. Their conclusions were as follows. Group 1 concluded that in children suffering from allergic rhinitis, there is sufficient expert opinion in favour of continuous treatment with both H1-antihistamines and corticosteroids for controlling symptoms during periods of allergen exposure, but not to support continuous treatment during periods when symptoms are negligible in an attempt to prevent the development of new allergic diseases. Group 2 came to similar conclusions in adults. Group 3 considered adults with concomitant asthma and stressed the crucial necessity to screen each asthmatic for allergic rhinitis and institute appropriate therapy for both conditions. Even though efficacious treatment algorithms are available for both rhinitis and asthma, an integrated management of these frequently concomitant diseases is not always prescribed even though there is a proven clinical advantage of adequate treatment of the nose of asthmatics. Group 4 concluded that for both H1-antihistamines and nasal corticosteroids, safety data indicate that continuous treatment may be given without fears of adverse consequences. With regard to the cost implications of continuous therapy versus on-demand therapy, there are indications that effective treatment of allergic rhinitis by continuous treatment reduces overall drug costs, particularly that of escape medication and indirect costs in the form of days absent from work and school. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (0 ULg)
Ericksonian hypnosis in tinnitus therapy.
Maudoux, Audrey ; Bonnet, Sophie ; et al
in B-ENT (2007), 3 Suppl 7
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Ericksonian therapy on tinnitus STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomised, prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: A total of 49 patients ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Ericksonian therapy on tinnitus STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomised, prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: A total of 49 patients underwent hypnosis therapy. Fourteen patients failed to finish the therapy (drop-out rate: 35%). Of the 35 patients who completed the therapy, 20 were male and 15 female. The average age was 46.3 years (range 17-78). INTERVENTION: The treatment is based on the principles and approaches of Ericksonian hypnosis. The first session was mainly dedicated to the evaluation of the impact of tinnitus on the patient's life and to an explanation of hypnosis therapy. The next sessions were "learning sessions" based on relaxation and mental imaging. Exercises were first based on all senses other than hearing. Then they focused on hearing, teaching patients how to modulate sound intensity, and finally how to modulate tinnitus intensity. Patients also learnt self-hypnosis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): To evaluate the effect of the treatment, tinnitus was assessed with the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory questionnaire before and after the therapy. Results: After 5 to 10 sessions (mean: 8.09 + -1.92) of Ericksonian hypnosis therapy, the 35 patients were capable of self-hypnosis with the aim of modulating their tinnitus, and the measured THI score fell for all patients. The global score improved significantly from 60:23 before EH therapy to 16.9 at discharge. Within the group, the initial score was distributed as follows: 0% slight, 14% mild, 31% moderate, 31% severe and 23% catastrophic. The t-test for dependent variables revealed significant improvements in all subgroups (p < or = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this clinical trial demonstrate that Ericksonian hypnosis, in particular using self-hypnosis, is a promising technique for treating patients with tinnitus. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Speech discrimination and intelligibility: outcome of deaf children fitted with hearing aids or cochlear implants.
Lejeune, Brigitte ;
in B-ENT (2006), 2(2), 63-68
We retrospectively studied outcome of a sample of 36 congenitally deaf children who were fitted with either a conventional hearing aid or a cochlear implant and who received many years of audio-phonatory ... [more ▼]
We retrospectively studied outcome of a sample of 36 congenitally deaf children who were fitted with either a conventional hearing aid or a cochlear implant and who received many years of audio-phonatory training.To rate auditory capacity and speech intelligibility, we used commonly used metrics: CAP and SIR. At the end of the 5-Years period, CAP and SIR scores of cochlear implant children are significantly higher than those of conventional hearing aid children. This study is one of few that evaluates outcome of conventional hearing aid and cochlear implant fitting with age matched congenitally deaf children anno 2000. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 131 (11 ULg)