References of "Australian Journal of Chemistry"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCan Lignin Wastes Originating From Cellulosic Ethanol Biorefineries Act as Radical Scavenging Agents?
Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg

in Australian Journal of Chemistry (in press)

Lignin is a co-product from the biorefinery and paper industry. Its non-energetic valorization remains a field of extensive R&D developments. In this perspective, this study is undertaken to evaluate the ... [more ▼]

Lignin is a co-product from the biorefinery and paper industry. Its non-energetic valorization remains a field of extensive R&D developments. In this perspective, this study is undertaken to evaluate the radical scavenging ability of some herbaceous lignins. These lignins, extracted from Miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus) or Switchgrass (Panicum Virgatum L.), are selected as benchmarks for this study as a function of their chemical structure and average molecular weight. These technical lignins, side-products in the bioethanol production process, are found to display a moderate antioxidant activity as evaluated by the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil) free radical scavenging test system. A correlation between the radical scavenging properties and the molecular features is proposed and discussed. Infrared spectroscopy is evaluated as a straightforward qualitative prediction tool for the radical scavenging capacity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (31 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChemical Modifications on 4-Arylpiperazine-Ethyl Carboxamide Derivatives Differentially Modulate Affinity for 5-HT1A, D4.2, and alpha(2A) Receptors: Synthesis and In Vitro Radioligand Binding Studies
Graulich, Amaury; Léonard, Marc ULg; Résimont, Mélissa et al

in Australian Journal of Chemistry (2010), 63

A series of substituted 4-aryl-piperazine ethyl heteroarylcarboxamides were prepared and tested in in vitro radioligand binding studies. The presence of a quinoxaline has a favourable impact in terms of ... [more ▼]

A series of substituted 4-aryl-piperazine ethyl heteroarylcarboxamides were prepared and tested in in vitro radioligand binding studies. The presence of a quinoxaline has a favourable impact in terms of serotonin 5-HT1A versus dopamine D4.2 receptor selectivity. Compounds with a 3-CF3 group at the distal phenyl ring are the most effective in terms of affinity and selectivity for 5-HT1A versus D4.2 receptors. A 4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine in replacement of the corresponding 4-phenyl-piperazine side chain is also favourable not only for the affinity for 5-HT1A and D4.2 receptors but also in some cases for 2A-adrenoceptors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMicrowave-Assisted Ruthenium-Catalyzed Reactions
Nicks, Francois ULg; Borguet, Yannick ULg; Delfosse, Sebastien et al

in Australian Journal of Chemistry (2009), 62(3), 184-207

Since the first reports on the use of microwave irradiation to accelerate organic chemical transformations, a plethora of papers has been published in this field. In most examples, microwave heating has ... [more ▼]

Since the first reports on the use of microwave irradiation to accelerate organic chemical transformations, a plethora of papers has been published in this field. In most examples, microwave heating has been shown to dramatically reduce reaction times, increase product yields, and enhance product purity by reducing unwanted side reactions compared with conventional heating methods. The present contribution aims at illustrating the advantages of this technology in homogeneous catalysis by ruthenium complexes and, when data are available, at comparing microwave-heated and conventionally heated experiments. Selected examples refer to olefin metathesis, isomerization reactions, 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions, atom transfer radical reactions, transfer hydrogenation reactions, and H/D exchange reactions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (31 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMicrowave-Assisted Synthesis of Vinyl Esters through Ruthenium-Catalyzed Addition of Carboxylic Acids to Alkynes
Nicks, Francois ULg; Libert, Lionel ULg; Delaude, Lionel ULg et al

in Australian Journal of Chemistry (2009), 62(3), 227-231

A rapid and efficient method is described for the selective synthesis of enol esters via the microwave-accelerated addition of carboxylic acids to terminal alkynes. The method employs the readily ... [more ▼]

A rapid and efficient method is described for the selective synthesis of enol esters via the microwave-accelerated addition of carboxylic acids to terminal alkynes. The method employs the readily available [RuCl2(p-cymene)(PPh3)] complex as catalyst without the need of bases, and reactions are complete in 20 min. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (23 ULg)