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See detailEvidence that the Two-Way Communication Checklist identifies patient-doctor needs discordance resulting in better 6-month outcome.
van Os, J.; Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica (2008), 118(4), 322-6

OBJECTIVE: To assess an intervention aimed at reducing patient-professional carer needs discordance. METHOD: In a group of 460 patients with schizophrenia, the Two-Way Communication Checklist (2-COM), an ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess an intervention aimed at reducing patient-professional carer needs discordance. METHOD: In a group of 460 patients with schizophrenia, the Two-Way Communication Checklist (2-COM), an instrument to rate needs, was completed at baseline, 2 months and 6 months by both the patient and the professional carer, allowing for the quantification of patient-carer needs discordance. RESULTS: Reduction in patient-reported 2-COM needs in the group with low baseline needs discordance was much greater at 2 and 6 months (2 months: beta = -0.65, P < 0.001; 6 months: beta = -1.00, P < 0.001) than in the group with high baseline discordance (2 months: beta = -0.35, P < 0.001; 6 months: beta = -0.49, P < 0.001). Reduction in needs discordance between baseline and 2 months (beta = -0.07, P = 0.004) as well between 2 and 6 months (beta = -0.05, P = 0.020) was associated with greater levels of CGI clinical improvement. CONCLUSION: The fact that patient-carer needs discordance impacts negatively, and its reduction positively, on 6-month outcome suggests that systematic inventory of patient-carer views on needs is necessary. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of an antidepressant compliance questionnaire
Demyttenaere, K.; Bruffaerts, R.; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica (2004), 110(3), 201-207

Objective: The development of the Antidepressant Compliance Questionnaire (ADCQ), assessing patients' attitudes and beliefs on depression and antidepressants. Method: A 51-item questionnaire was applied ... [more ▼]

Objective: The development of the Antidepressant Compliance Questionnaire (ADCQ), assessing patients' attitudes and beliefs on depression and antidepressants. Method: A 51-item questionnaire was applied to 85 psychiatric out-patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD). This data set was used to assess psychometric properties of the ADCQ. The questionnaire was also applied to 272 primary care out-patients with MDD. Results: A principal component analysis revealed four dimensions with good internal consistency and acceptable test-retest reliability: 'perceived doctor-patient relationship', 'preserved autonomy', 'positive beliefs on antidepressants' and 'partner agreement', resulting in a final questionnaire comprising 33-items. Responses were independent from depression severity and patient age. The response patterns of both psychiatric and primary care patients are provided and illustrate the many erroneous beliefs on antidepressants. Conclusion: The ADCQ has good psychometric properties; further investigation should investigate whether this questionnaire is predictive of patient compliance. [less ▲]

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See detailMetabolic stress as a paradigm to elucidate genotype-environment interaction in psychosis
Marcelis, Machteld; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Gielen, Jacques et al

in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica (2002), 105(Suppl. 411), 91

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