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See detailEtudes sartriennes, 17 : Les émotions
Caeymaex, Florence ULg; Cormann, Grégory ULg

Book published by Ousia (in press)

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See detailReview: Yves Gingras, Sociologie des sciences, Paris, PUF, 2013, pp.128
Vangeebergen, Thomas ULg

in Tecnoscienza (in press), 5(1),

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See detailEffets d’amendements carbonatés et organiques sur la culture de deux légumes sur sol contaminé à Lubumbashi (RD Congo)
Mpundu Mubemba, Michel; Useni, Yannick; Nyembo, Lucien et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (in press)

Given the risks of contamination of the vegetables grown in gardens in the city of Lubumbashi due to soil pollution, agronomic solutions to reduce these risks have been experimented. The choice of ... [more ▼]

Given the risks of contamination of the vegetables grown in gardens in the city of Lubumbashi due to soil pollution, agronomic solutions to reduce these risks have been experimented. The choice of appropriate amendments (type and quantity) and the selection of plant varieties able to restrict transfers of trace metals (TM) from the soil to plant edible organs are part of the most conventional remediation techniques. Amaranth and spinach beet have been cultivated in pot trials according to randomized complete blocks with four replications on a contaminated soil that received different doses of liming and/or organic products and slightly contaminated soil. Along with an effect on soil chemistry, the amendments have been effective in reducing the transfer of trace metals from soil to plant. The lime-based treatments were more effective than compost. TM levels in plants however remained high whatever the application of amendments and the question of food chain contamination remains posed. [less ▲]

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See detailA New Three Object Triangulation Algorithm for Mobile Robot Positioning
Pierlot, Vincent ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Robotics (in press)

Positioning is a fundamental issue in mobile robot applications. It can be achieved in many ways. Among them, triangulation based on angles measured with the help of beacons is a proven technique. Most of ... [more ▼]

Positioning is a fundamental issue in mobile robot applications. It can be achieved in many ways. Among them, triangulation based on angles measured with the help of beacons is a proven technique. Most of the many triangulation algorithms proposed so far have major limitations. For example, some of them need a particular beacon ordering, have blind spots, or only work within the triangle defined by the three beacons. More reliable methods exist; however, they have an increasing complexity or they require to handle certain spatial arrangements separately. In this paper, we present a simple and new three object triangulation algorithm, named ToTal, that natively works in the whole plane, and for any beacon ordering. We also provide a comprehensive comparison between many algorithms, and show that our algorithm is faster and simpler than comparable algorithms. In addition to its inherent efficiency, our algorithm provides a very useful and unique reliability measure, assessable anywhere in the plane, which can be used to identify pathological cases, or as a validation gate in Kalman filters. [less ▲]

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See detailLa maladie de Lyme entre cadrage infectieux, vectoriel et zoonotique : vers une écologisation des problèmes sanitaires ?
Massart, Clémence ULg

in VertigO : la Revue Electronique en Sciences de l'Environnement (in press)

Cet article est consacré à la qualification de la maladie de Lyme en France. Principale pathologie vectorielle de l’hémisphère nord, la maladie de Lyme est transmise par une tique du genre Ixodes (Ixodes ... [more ▼]

Cet article est consacré à la qualification de la maladie de Lyme en France. Principale pathologie vectorielle de l’hémisphère nord, la maladie de Lyme est transmise par une tique du genre Ixodes (Ixodes ricinus en Europe ; Ixodes persulcatus en Asie ; Ixodes scapularis aux États-Unis et au Canada). Les médecins et les malades ont d’abord développé un cadrage infectieux, ancré dans la santé humaine, réservé à Lyme et soumis à une vive controverse. Progressivement, un second cadrage vectoriel s’est structuré autour des entomologistes médicaux puis des écologues, généralement étrangers à la problématique des maladies humaines. Axé sur le vecteur, ce cadrage englobe les autres maladies transmises par Ixodes ricinus en Europe qui, durant les 30 dernières années, n’ont cessé d’être découvertes : bartonnelles, babésioses, tularémie, encéphalite à tiques, etc. Combinée à ces nouvelles pathologies, la notoriété de Lyme a finalement contribué à ouvrir la catégorie « transmission vectorielle » – traditionnellement associée aux moustiques des pays tropicaux – aux tiques et aux maladies de l’hémisphère nord qu’elles véhiculent. Un troisième cadrage axé sur les réservoirs et qualifié de zoonotique commence enfin à se dessiner. Il faut reconnaître dans cette juxtaposition des cadrages – infectieux, vectoriel et zoonotique – une forme d’écologisation des problèmes sanitaires. [less ▲]

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See detailL'idéologie de la Nieuw‐Vlaamse Alliantie
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Revue européenne de géopolitique Outre-Terre (in press)

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See detailCosmological constraints on mirror matter parameters
Ciarcelluti, Paolo; Wallemacq, Quentin ULg

in Advances in High Energy Physics (in press), 2014

Up-to-date estimates of the cosmological parameters are presented as a result of numerical simulations of cosmic microwave background and large scale structure, considering a flat Universe in which the ... [more ▼]

Up-to-date estimates of the cosmological parameters are presented as a result of numerical simulations of cosmic microwave background and large scale structure, considering a flat Universe in which the dark matter is made entirely or partly of mirror matter, and the primordial perturbations are scalar adiabatic and in linear regime. A statistical analysis using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method allows to obtain constraints of the cosmological parameters. As a result, we show that a Universe with pure mirror dark matter is statistically equivalent to the case of an admixture with cold dark matter. The upper limits for the ratio of the temperatures of ordinary and mirror sectors are around 0.3 for both the cosmological models, that show the presence of a dominant fraction of mirror matter, 0.06 < Ω_{mirror} h^2 < 0.12. [less ▲]

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See detailAffixes transitivisants en français Examen morphologique des données du LVF
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg; Martin, Fabienne

in Actes du 27e Congrès International de Linguistique et de Philologie Romanes (in press)

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See detailNGOs and female circumcision in Egypt. An anthropological enquiry.
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Journal of the Anthropology of the Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia (in press)

In 1994, during the International Conference on Population and Development convened by the United Nations in Cairo, a shocking video was shown, realized by an operator of CNN and depicting the ... [more ▼]

In 1994, during the International Conference on Population and Development convened by the United Nations in Cairo, a shocking video was shown, realized by an operator of CNN and depicting the circumcision of a ten-year-old child living in this very same city. Discourses around female circumcision were not new in Egypt and in the international community, but what was considered as a new episode of a recurrent scandal (not the last one indeed) led to enhance the "war against bad government"[1]. A war fought by means of ideological weapons produced by expert knowledges among which the medical and the feminist ones. The assignment of a value to the state of integrity of the female body and to the women freedom of choice, both designed according to Western canons, led to different actions to “save” Egyptian women. In this context, development agencies fosters a widespread representation of the victim, constituted by the woman mutilated body. Such representation is functional to put in place programs which do not guarantee a freedom of choice, but rather require adherence to another female model, one that defines the "modern" woman. My article, based on ethnographic experience, aims at highlighting the complexity of such dynamics and the role played by humanitarianism within them. Female body becomes the arena where local and international economic powers operate, disregarding a real understanding of the practice, its meanings and its eventual change. ________________________________________ [1] Foucault, Michel. La nascita della clinica. Il ruolo della medicina nella costituzione delle scienze umane, Einaudi, Torino 1969: 48. [less ▲]

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See detailLong term Immune Reconstitution and infection burden after Mismatched Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
SERVAIS, Sophie ULg; Lengline, Etienne; Porcher, Raphael et al

in Biology of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (in press)

Mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) or umbilical cord blood (UCB) can be chosen as alternative donors for allogeneic stem cell transplantation but might be associated with long lasting immune deficiency ... [more ▼]

Mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) or umbilical cord blood (UCB) can be chosen as alternative donors for allogeneic stem cell transplantation but might be associated with long lasting immune deficiency. Sixty-six patients who underwent a first transplantation from either UCB or 9/10 MMUD (n= 36) and who survived beyond 3 months were evaluated. Immune reconstitution was prospectively assessed at sequential time points after transplantation. NK, B, CD4+ and CD8+T cells and their subsets as well as regulatory T cells (Treg) were studied. Detailed analyses on infections occurring after 3 months were also assessed. The 18-month cumulative incidences of infection-related death were 8 and 3%, and of infections were 72 and 57% after MMUD and UCB transplantation, respectively. Rates of infection per 12 patient-month were roughly 2 overall (1 for bacterial, 0.9 for viral and 0.3 for fungal infections). Memory, naïve CD4+ and CD8+T cells, naïve B cells and Treg cells reconstitution between the 2 sources was roughly similar. Absolute CD4+T cells hardly reached 500 per μL by one year posttransplantation and most B cells were of naïve phenotype. Correlations between immune reconstitution and infection were then performed by multivariate analyses. Low CD4+ and high CD8+T cells absolute counts at 3 months were linked to increased risks of overall and viral (but not bacterial) infections. When assessing for the naïve/memory phenotypes at 3 months among the CD4+ T cell compartment, higher percentages of memory subsets were protective against late infections: central memory CD4+T cells protected against overall and bacterial infections; late effector memory CD4+T cells protected against overall, bacterial and viral infections. At the opposite, high percentage of effector- and late effector-memory subsets at 3 months among the CD8+ T cell compartment predicted higher risks for viral infections. Patients transplanted from alternative donors represent a population with very high risk of infection. Detailed phenotypic analysis of immune reconstitution may help to evaluate infection risk and to adjust infection prophylaxis. [less ▲]

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See detailPhénoménologie brentanienne
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Austriaca (in press)

Mon ambition est de mettre en lumière quelques traits distinctifs du programme d’analyse de l’esprit développé par Franz Brentano et les membres de son école. Plus spécialement, je suggérerai qu’il y a un ... [more ▼]

Mon ambition est de mettre en lumière quelques traits distinctifs du programme d’analyse de l’esprit développé par Franz Brentano et les membres de son école. Plus spécialement, je suggérerai qu’il y a un sens à parler d’une authentique phénoménologie brentanienne. J’entends par là un programme de recherche original, distinct notamment de la phénoménologie de Husserl – qui, à partir de 1903, n’est plus conçue comme une psychologie empirique ni, a fortiori, comme une psychologie expérimentale – et de la « phénoménologie » de Stumpf – qui, se rattachant à la tradition plus ancienne d’une Empfindungslehre, désigne exclusivement l’étude des phénomènes sensibles ou des matériaux sensoriels . Ma conviction est qu’un examen attentif des caractéristiques propres à la phénoménologie ou psychologie descriptive d’inspiration brentanienne est une bonne manière de donner un sens à l’expression de « phénoménologie autrichienne » qui a été proposée, dans la littérature, pour désigner le champ d’investigation ouvert par Brentano et les brentaniens. [less ▲]

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See detailConsommation de produits d'origine animale dans la concession forestière 039/11 de la SODEFOR à Oshwe (R.D. Congo)
Semeki Ngabinzeke, Jean; Belani Masamba, Justin; Ntoto M'Vubu et al

in Tropicultura (in press)

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See detailData processing of vibrational chemical imaging for pharmaceutical applications.
Sacre, Pierre-Yves ULg; De Bleye, Charlotte ULg; Chavez, Pierre-François ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (in press)

Vibrational spectroscopy (MIR, NIR and Raman) based hyperspectral imaging is one of the most powerful tools analyze pharmaceutical preparation. Indeed, it combines the advantages of vibrational ... [more ▼]

Vibrational spectroscopy (MIR, NIR and Raman) based hyperspectral imaging is one of the most powerful tools analyze pharmaceutical preparation. Indeed, it combines the advantages of vibrational spectroscopy to imaging techniques and allows therefore the visualization of distribution of compounds, crystallization processes. However, these techniques provide a huge amount of data that must be processed to extract the relevant information. This review presents fundamental concepts of hyperspectral imaging, the basic theory of the most used chemometric tools used to pre-process, process and post-process the generated data. The last part of the present paper focuses on pharmaceutical applications of hyperspectral imaging and highlights the data processing approaches to enable the reader making the best choice among the different tools available. [less ▲]

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See detailMaison Questienne
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Charlier, Sébastien; Moor, Thomas (Eds.) Guide d’architecture moderne et contemporaine à Liège (in press)

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See detailLes ambiguïtés de l’anthropomorphisme : de la divinité agissante à sa statue dans la céramique grecque
Collard, Hélène ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

L’image, sous ses divers aspects, a joué un rôle essentiel dans la vie des anciens Grecs, en particulier dans le domaine religieux, puisque elle était l’une des modalités de perception du divin. En Grèce ... [more ▼]

L’image, sous ses divers aspects, a joué un rôle essentiel dans la vie des anciens Grecs, en particulier dans le domaine religieux, puisque elle était l’une des modalités de perception du divin. En Grèce, la figuration anthropomorphe des dieux est largement majoritaire. Toutefois, en se tournant vers un support particulier, le vase peint, et un type de représentation particulier, la statue divine, on montrera ici que l’anthropomorphisme a pu amener une certaine ambiguïté. Dans la céramique, les représentations de statues fonctionnent sur plusieurs modes, selon la chronologie. C’est ce que l’on propose d’analyser, en examinant un groupe de vases décorés d’un thème semblable et sur lesquels une divinité est représentée, mais soit sous la forme d’une figure « vivante », soit d’une statue plus ou moins bien caractérisée. Cette étude permettra d’aborder les concepts de « fixité » et de « mouvement » de/dans l’image, mais aussi d’explorer quelques pistes de réflexions sur l’image divine et, plus largement, sur les modes de représentation du divin en Grèce ancienne. [less ▲]

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See detailFranz Brentano, Psychologie descriptive
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Book published by TBA (in press)

Nouvelle traduction française intégrale des célèbres leçons de Brentano sur la psychologie descriptive.

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See detailPérils de la copie : les cas de l’Estoire del Saint Graal, du Merlin et de la Suite Vulgate
Combes, Annie ULg

in Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale (in press)

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See detailLes animateurs de la vie littéraire en Belgique francophone : de leur rôle interne à leur position de médiateur transnational
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

in Blanchard, Nelly; Thomas, Mannaig (Eds.) Des littératures périphériques (in press)

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