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See detailL'(ir)responsabilité du pouvoir judiciaire : fondement et mise à l'épreuve de l'immunité judiciaire en drois québécois et belge
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg; Lacroix, Mariève

in Revue de Droit International et de Droit Comparé (in press), 2017/3

Ce long article compare les régimes juridiques belge et québécois sur la question de la responsabilité civile pour les fautes commises par les juges dans l'exercice du pouvoir judiciaire. Bien que les ... [more ▼]

Ce long article compare les régimes juridiques belge et québécois sur la question de la responsabilité civile pour les fautes commises par les juges dans l'exercice du pouvoir judiciaire. Bien que les solutions retenues de part et d’autre de l’Atlantique semblent divergentes a priori – absolutisme de l’immunité du juge au Québec et relativisation de celle-ci en Belgique –, un examen plus approfondi révèle que les incidences pratiques ne sont pas aussi radicalement opposées. Certes, l’État belge peut engager sa responsabilité civile en présence d’une faute du juge, ce qui ne saurait être admis au Québec , mais les modalités de l’action civile que la jurisprudence belge a retenues (spécialement la condition de recevabilité et la notion de faute caractérisée) limitent fortement l’ampleur du contentieux dans ce domaine. Par ailleurs, au Québec, on relève un infléchissement – purement théorique, car aucun cas concret où la responsabilité civile du juge a été retenue n’existe à l’heure actuelle – du principe de l’immunité absolue du juge dans le cadre de sa responsabilité civile personnelle, lorsqu’il agit sans compétence, tout en sachant ne pas avoir compétence d’agir ainsi. [less ▲]

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See detailDissensus, n°7. Dossier "Technique et politique" (Edition en cours)
Pieron, Julien ULg

Book published by PoPuPS (in press)

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See detailInlays
Dolce, Rita; Couturaud, Barbara ULg

in Lebeau, M. (Ed.) Associated Regional Chronologies for the Ancient Near East and the Eastern Mediterranean (in press)

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See detailReconciling Plato’s and Aristotle’s Cosmologies. Attemps at Harmonization in Simplicius
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Strobel, Benedikt (Ed.) Die Kunst der philosophischen Exegese bei den antiken Platon- und Aristoteles Kommentatoren (in press)

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See detailPolyurethane coatings in 20th century outdoor painted sculptures. Part II: Comparative study of four systems by means of Py-GC/MS
Defeyt, Catherine ULg; Schilling, Michael; Langenbacher, Julia et al

in Heritage Science (in press)

Because PU coatings offer a compromise between aesthetic and performance expectations, unachievable with other types of industrial paints, they are currently recognized as the most appropriate option to ... [more ▼]

Because PU coatings offer a compromise between aesthetic and performance expectations, unachievable with other types of industrial paints, they are currently recognized as the most appropriate option to coat sculptures intended for an outdoor setting. However, the PU class includes various systems, such as two package solvent-borne, two package water-borne, one package water-borne and fluoropolymer polyurethanes, which possess very different properties. 115 reference samples of PU coatings were investigated by means of Py-GC/MS, in order to outline the differences and the similarities existing, in terms of composition, between the major PU systems used for creating as well as for conserving modern painted outdoor sculptures. The Py- GC/MS study of an extended number of reference samples showed that the composition of equivalent PU systems strongly varies depending on the product line and the manufacturer. Furthermore the comparison of all the produced pyrograms allowed defining characteristic marker compounds helpful to discriminate specific PU paint systems. [less ▲]

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See detailLife as Music in Deleuze and von Uexküll (En préparation)
Pieron, Julien ULg

in Wolfe, Charles (Ed.) Forms of Vitalism (in press)

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See detailBioreducible cross-linked core polymer micelles enhance in vitro activity of methotrexate in breast cancer cells
Gulfam, Muhammad ULg

in Biomaterials Science (in press)

Polymer micelles have emerged as promising carriers for controlled release applications, however, several limitations of micelle-based drug delivery have also been reported. To address these issues, we ... [more ▼]

Polymer micelles have emerged as promising carriers for controlled release applications, however, several limitations of micelle-based drug delivery have also been reported. To address these issues, we have synthesized a functional biodegradable and cytocompatible block copolymer based on methoxypoly (ethyleneglycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone-co-α-azido-ε-caprolactone) (mPEG-b-poly(εCL-co-αN3εCL)) as a precursor of reduction sensitive core-crosslinked micelles. The synthesized polymer was formulated as micelles using a dialysis method and loaded with the anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer drug methotrexate (MTX). The micellar cores were subsequently crosslinked at their pendent azides by a redoxresponsive bis(alkyne). The size distributions and morphology of the polymer micelles were assessed using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy, and drug release assays were performed under simplified (serum free) physiological and reductive conditions. Cellular uptake studies in human breast cancer cells were performed using Oregon-green loaded core-crosslinked micelles. The MTX-loaded core-crosslinked micelles were assessed for their effects on metabolic activity in human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells by evaluating the reduction of the dye MTT 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide. The apoptosis inducing potential of MTX-loaded core-crosslinked micelles was analysed using Hoechst/propidium iodide (PI) and annexin-V/PI assays. The data from these experiments indicated that drug release from these cross-linked micelles can be controlled and that the redoxresponsive micelles are more effective carriers for MTX than non-crosslinked analogues and the free drug in the cell-lines tested. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire du thymus : d'un organe vestigial au cerveau de la tolérance immunitaire
Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (in press)

This synthesis presents the most important disruptions of conceptions about the thymus since its discovery in Antique Greece. For centuries, the thymus has been considered as a vestigial organ, and its ... [more ▼]

This synthesis presents the most important disruptions of conceptions about the thymus since its discovery in Antique Greece. For centuries, the thymus has been considered as a vestigial organ, and its role in T-lymphocyte differentiation has been proposed only in the 1960’s. Most recent studies attribute to the thymus an essential and unique role in the programming of central immunological self-tolerance. The basal mechanism implicated in this function is the transcription in thymic epithelium of genes encoding precursors of self-antigens. Processing of these latters leads to presentation of self-antigens by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) machinery expressed by thymic epithelial and dendritic cells. During fetal life, this presentation drives negative selection of T-cell clones harboring receptors with high affinity for these complexes MHC/self-antigen. After birth, this presentation promotes the generation of regulatory T cells specific for these complexes. A number of studies, as well as the identification of Aire and Fezf2 genes, have shown that a thymus dysfunction plays a crucial role in the development of organ-specific autoimmunity. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatiotemporal variation of drought characteristics in the context of climate change in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China
Li, Xiang-Xiang; Ju, Hui; Garré, Sarah ULg et al

in Journal of Integrative Agriculture (in press)

Understanding the potential drought characteristics under climate change is essential for reducing vulnerability and establishing adaptation strategies, especially in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain ... [more ▼]

Understanding the potential drought characteristics under climate change is essential for reducing vulnerability and establishing adaptation strategies, especially in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain) which is the grain production base in China. In this paper, the variation of drought characteristics including drought event frequency, duration, severity and intensity for the past 50 years (1961-2010) and future scenarios (2010-2099) based on observed meteorological data and RCP 8.5 projections were investigated, respectively. Firstly, the applicability of three climatic drought indices including the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index based on the Penman–Monteith equation (SPEI-PM) and the Thornthwaite equation (SPEI-TH) were compared in tracing recorded agricultural drought areas. Then, the drought characteristics including drought event, duration, severity and intensity using “run theory” was analyzed for both historical observations and future RCP 8.5 scenarios based on the proper index. Correlation analysis between drought indexes and agricultural drought areas showed that SPEI-PM performed better than SPI and SPEI-TH in the 3H Plain. Based on the results of SPEI-PM, droughts over the past 50 years have experienced reduced drought with shorter durations, and weaker severity and intensity. However, for the future RCP 8.5 scenario, drought is predicted to rise in frequency, duration, severity and intensity from 2010-2099 although drought components during the 2010-2039 were milder compared to historical conditions. This study highlights that the estimations for atmospheric evaporative demand would bring in differences in long term drought trend of drought indexes and consequently the applicability in 3H Plain. The results of this paper can help inform researchers and local policy makers to establish drought risk management strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of 16S rRNA gene metagenetic monitoring of refrigerated food products for understanding the kinetics of microbial subpopulations at different storage temperatures: the example of white pudding
Cauchie, Emilie ULg; Gand, Mathieu; Kergourlay, Gilles ULg et al

in International Journal of Food Microbiology (in press)

In order to control food losses and wastage,monitoring the microbial diversity of food products, during processing and storage is important, as studies have highlighted the metabolic activities of ... [more ▼]

In order to control food losses and wastage,monitoring the microbial diversity of food products, during processing and storage is important, as studies have highlighted the metabolic activities of somemicroorganismswhich can lead to spoilage. Knowledge of this diversity can be greatly improved by using a metagenetic approach based on high throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing, which enables a much higher resolution than culture-based methods. Moreover, the Jameson effect, a phenomenon described by Jameson in 1962, is often used to classify bacterial strains within an ecosystem. According to this, we have studied the bacterial microbiota of Belgian white pudding during storage at different temperatures using culture-dependent and independent methods. The product was inoculated with a mix of dominant strains previously isolated from this foodstuff at the end of its shelf life (Carnobacterium maltaromaticum, Lactobacillus fuchuensis, Lactobacillus graminis, Lactobacillus oligofermentans, Lactococcus lactis, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Raoultella terrigena and Serratia sp.). Daily during 16 days, the absolute abundance of inoculated strain was monitored by combining total count on plate agar and metagenetic analysis. The resultswere confirmed by qPCR analysis. The growth of each specieswasmodelled for each temperature conditions, representative of good or bad storage practices. These data allowed the bacterial strains subdivision into three classes based on criteria of growth parameters for the studied temperature: the “dominant”, the “subdominant” and the “inhibited” bacterial species, according to their maximal concentration (Nmax, log CFU/g), growth rate (μmax, 1/h) and time to reach the stationary phase (TRSP, days). Thereby, depending on the storage conditions, these data have permitted to follow intrinsically the evolution of each strain on the bacterial ecosystemof Belgianwhite pudding. Interestingly, it has shown that the reliability of the Jameson effect can be discussed. For example, at 4 °C when Lactococcus lactis and Serratia sp. stopped growth at day 12, at the same time Carnobacterium maltaromaticum reached its maximal concentration and entered its stationary phase. In opposition to this, it can be noticed that in the same condition, the “sub-dominant” organisms continued their growth independently of the “dominant” species behaviour. In this case, the Jameson effect was not illustrated. This pattern is described for all storage conditions with the same strain classifications. These results highlighted the importance of combining metagenetic analysis and classical methods, with modelling, to offer a new tool for studying the evolution ofmicroorganisms present in perishable foodwithin different environmental conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe constant of recognizability is computable for primitive morphisms
Durand, Fabien; Leroy, Julien ULg

in Journal of Integer Sequences (in press)

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See detailCarte géologique de Wallonie (Belgique) 1/10.000. 59/3 Rochefort
Barchy, Laurent; Dejonghe, Léon; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg

Cartographic material (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data, produced since the previous edition published in 1900 (Stainier)

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See detailP.Leod. inv. 2: fragment d'un document relatif à un bien immobilier (?)
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Davoli, Paola; Pellé, Natascia (Eds.) Polymatheia. Studi offerti a Mario Capasso (in press)

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See detailExploring Metacognition as Support for Learning Transfer
Scharff, Lauren; Draeger, John; Verpoorten, Dominique ULg et al

in Teaching & Learning Inquiry: The ISSoTL Journal (in press)

The ability to transfer learning to new situations lies at the heart of lifelong learning and the employability of university graduates. Because students are often unaware of the importance of learning ... [more ▼]

The ability to transfer learning to new situations lies at the heart of lifelong learning and the employability of university graduates. Because students are often unaware of the importance of learning transfer and staff do not always explicitly articulate this expectation, this article explores the idea that metacognition (intentional awareness and the use of that awareness) might enhance the development of learning transfer. Our exploratory study includes results from a survey of 74 staff and 118 students from five institutions in Australia, Belgium, UK, and USA. Our data indicate that many staff and a majority of students do not have a clear understanding of what learning transfer entails, and that there are many mismatches between staff and student perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors regarding learning transfer. This helps explain why learning transfer does not occur as often as it could. We found significant positive correlations between thinking about transfer and thinking about learning processes and the likelihood to use awareness of metacognition to guide practice. Our findings suggest a positive relationship between metacognition and learning transfer. Implications for scholarship of teaching and learning are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailHabiter le trouble, avec Donna Haraway
Pieron, Julien ULg; Caeymaex, Florence ULg; Despret, Vinciane ULg

Book published by Editions Dehors (in press)

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See detailHarzé - La Gleize. Carte géologique de la Wallonie. Notice explicative
Lamberty, Pauline ULg; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg; Mottequin, Bernard et al

Book published by SPW/Editions (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1899 (Gustave Dewalque) at ... [more ▼]

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1899 (Gustave Dewalque) at the scale of 1/40.000 by the "Commission Géologique de Belgique" and the second one, published in 1959 (Asselberghs & Geukens) at the scale of 1/40.000 by the Geological Survey of Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailResidues in beeswax: a health risk for the consumer of honey and beeswax?
Wilmart, O; Legrève, A; Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (4 ULg)