References of "9999"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHealth relevance of intestinal protein fermentation in young pigs
Pieper, Robert; Villodre Tudela, Carmen; Taciak, Marcin et al

in Animal Health Research Reviews (in press)

The physiological role of the gastrointestinal microbiota has become an important subject of nutrition research in pigs in the past years, and the importance of intestinal microbial activity in the ... [more ▼]

The physiological role of the gastrointestinal microbiota has become an important subject of nutrition research in pigs in the past years, and the importance of intestinal microbial activity in the etiology of disease is doubtless. This review summarizes the recent knowledge related to the microbial ecology of protein fermentation and the appearance of protein-derived metabolites along the pig intestine. The amount of fermentable protein depends on factors such as dietary protein concentration, protein digestibility due to secondary or tertiary structure, the interaction with dietary compounds or anti-nutritional factors, and the secretion of endogenous proteins into the gut lumen. High protein diets increase the luminal concentrations and epithelial exposure to putatively toxic metabolites and increase the risk for post-weaning diarrhea, but the mechanisms are not yet clarified. Although the use of fermentable carbohydrates to reduce harmful protein-derived metabolites in pigs is well-established, recent studies suggest that the inclusion of fermentable carbohydrates into diets with low protein digestibility or high dietary protein level may not ameliorate all negative effects with regard to epithelial response. Based on the current knowledge, the use of diets with low levels of high-quality protein may help to reduce the risk for intestinal disease in young pigs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCultural Marxism : A Survey
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Religion Compass (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCompte rendu de S. Perceau, O. Szerwiniack (dir.), Polutropia : d’Homère à nos jours (Paris, 2014)
Pitz, Zoé ULg

in Revue de Philologie, de Littérature et d'Histoire Anciennes (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailResolved astrometric orbits of ten O-type binaries
Le Bouquin, J.-B.; Sana, H.; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (in press)

Our long term aim is to derive model-independent stellar masses and distances for long period massive binaries by combining apparent astrometric orbit with double-lined radial velocity amplitudes (SB2 ... [more ▼]

Our long term aim is to derive model-independent stellar masses and distances for long period massive binaries by combining apparent astrometric orbit with double-lined radial velocity amplitudes (SB2). We follow-up ten O+O binaries with AMBER, PIONIER and GRAVITY at the VLTI. Here, we report about 130 astrometric observations over the last 7 years. We combine this dataset with distance estimates to compute the total mass of the systems. We also compute preliminary individual component masses for the five systems with available SB2 radial velocities. Nine over the ten binaries have their three dimensional orbit well constrained. Four of them are known colliding wind, non-thermal radio emitters, and thus constitute valuable targets for future high angular resolution radio imaging. Two binaries break the correlation between period and eccentricity tentatively observed in previous studies. It suggests either that massive star formation produce a wide range of systems, or that several binary formation mechanisms are at play. Finally, we found that the use of existing SB2 radial velocity amplitudes can lead to unrealistic masses and distances. If not understood, the biases in radial velocity amplitudes will represent an intrinsic limitation for estimating dynamical masses from SB2+interferometry or SB2+Gaia. Nevertheless, our results can be combined with future Gaia astrometry to measure the dynamical masses and distances of the individual components with an accuracy of 5 to 15\%, completely independently of the radial velocities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEntre mutation et métissage Co-construction d’une ethnographie émancipatrice et féministe
Vivas Romero, Maria ULg

in Émulation Revue des Jeunes Chercheuses et chercheurs en sciences sociales (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe plain-chant dans l’environnement musical du jeune Henri Du Mont
Corswarem, Emilie ULg

in Bisaro, Xavier (Ed.) Les messes en plain-chant d’Henri Du Mont (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
See detailLa carte de Vandermaelen et le paysage industriel wallon à la fin de la première industrialisation
Peters, Arnaud ULg; Defechereux, Olivier ULg

in Actes du IXème Congrès de l’Association des Cercles francophones d’Histoire et d’Archéologie de Belgique (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (17 ULg)
See detailLa contribution du CHST à l'inventaire wallon des terrains potentiellement pollués
Defechereux, Olivier ULg; Peters, Arnaud ULg

in Actes du IXème Congrès de l’Association des Cercles francophones d’Histoire et d’Archéologie de Belgique (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHigh-throughput sequencing analysis reveals the genetic diversity of different regions of the murine norovirus genome during in vitro replication
Mauroy, Axel ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Nezer, Carine et al

in Archives of Virology (in press)

In this study, we report the genetic diversity and nucleotide mutation rates of five representative regions of the murine norovirus genome during in vitro passages. The mutation rates were similar in ... [more ▼]

In this study, we report the genetic diversity and nucleotide mutation rates of five representative regions of the murine norovirus genome during in vitro passages. The mutation rates were similar in genomic regions encompassing partial coding sequences for non-structural (NS) 1-2, NS5, NS6, NS7 proteins within open reading frame (ORF) 1. In a region encoding a portion of the major capsid protein (VP1) within ORF2 (also including the ORF4 region) and a portion of the minor structural protein (VP2), the mutation rates were estimated to be at least one order of magnitude higher. The VP2 coding region was found to have the highest mutation rate. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling the strain localization around an underground gallery with a hydro-mechanical double scale model; effect of anisotropy
van den Eijnden, AP; Bésuelle, Pierre; Collin, Frédéric ULg et al

in Computers and Geotechnics (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFibre concentrate from artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) stem by-products: Characterization and application as a bakery product ingredient
Boubaker, Maroua; El Omri, Abdelfatteh; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Food Science & Technology International (in press)

The potential of fibre concentrate from artichoke stem by-product in bakery application was investigated. The elaboration of fibre concentrate was characterized by an extraction yield of 48.5%. The ... [more ▼]

The potential of fibre concentrate from artichoke stem by-product in bakery application was investigated. The elaboration of fibre concentrate was characterized by an extraction yield of 48.5%. The chemical composition showed high total dietary fibre (85 g/100 g d.m) and low lipid contents (0.5 g/100 g d.m). The fibre concentrate showed good water holding capacity (8.17 g/g) and high oil holding capacity (16.17 g/g). The effect of fibre concentrate incorporation to wheat dough, at level of 2%, on the rheological properties and physical characteristics of bread was also evaluated. The results showed that the addition of fibre concentrate in wheat flour significantly improved (P<0.05) dough properties inducing an increase of water absorption, stability and tenacity, and a reduction of extensibility and softening in comparison to the dough without fibre. The colour values of the crust and crumb were significantly (P<0.05) altered by the addition of fibre concentrate. It was also found that incorporation of fibre concentrate to bread produced a comparable specific volume and enhanced the shelf life, as textural studies revealed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment reconnaître un autographe parmi les papyrus littéraires grecs ? L'exemple du P. Oxy. 74.4970
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Bauden, Frédéric; Franssen, Elise (Eds.) In the Author's Hand'. Holograph and Authorial Manuscripts in the Islamic Handwritten Tradition (in press)

A small number of autographs are attested among the Greek literary papyri dating from the IV/III centuries BC to the VI/VII centuries AD. They can be found in the form of papyrus rolls, papyrus slips ... [more ▼]

A small number of autographs are attested among the Greek literary papyri dating from the IV/III centuries BC to the VI/VII centuries AD. They can be found in the form of papyrus rolls, papyrus slips, papyrus or parchment codices or even wooden tablets. According to research by A. Petrucci and T. Dorandi, evidence from the material and the format of the piece, from the layout of the text and its writing, from the state of the text and from the literary genre allow for the identification of autographs. The present paper will briefly review the about 50 Greek literary papyri considered to be autographs. Special attention will be paid to a recently edited II-century medical papyrus (P.Oxy. 74.4970), which seems to present the characteristics of an autograph. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPaul Hymans, la Belgique et les affaires internationales (1914-1927). Un homme et un État dans la « hiérarchie »
Genin, Vincent ULg

in L’arbitre de l’Europe. Fixer, penser, contester les hiérarchies politiques en Europe (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (30 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the identification of paedomorphic and overwintering larval newts based on cloacal shape: review and guidelines
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Current Zoology (in press)

Paedomorphosis is an alternative process to metamorphosis in which adults retain larval traits at the adult stage. It is frequent in newts and salamanders, where larvae reach sexual maturity without ... [more ▼]

Paedomorphosis is an alternative process to metamorphosis in which adults retain larval traits at the adult stage. It is frequent in newts and salamanders, where larvae reach sexual maturity without losing their gills. However, in some populations, larvae overwinter in water, while remaining immature. These alternative ontogenetic processes are of particular interest in various research fields, but have different causes and consequences, as only paedomorphosis allows metamorphosis to be bypassed before maturity. It is thus relevant to efficiently identify paedomorphs versus overwintering larvae. In this context, the aim of this paper was threefold: firstly, to perform a meta-analysis of the identification procedures carried out in the literature; secondly, to determine the effectiveness of body size to make inferences about adulthood by surveying natural newt populations of Lissotriton helveticus and Ichthyosaura alpestris, and thirdly, to propose easy guidelines for an accurate distinction between large larvae and paedomorphs based on an external sexual trait, which is essential for reproduction — the cloaca. More than half of the studies in the literature do not mention the diagnostic criteria used for determining adulthood. The criteria mentioned were the presence of mature gonads (10%), eggs laid (4%), courtship behaviour (10%), and external morphological sexual traits (39%) including the cloaca (24%). Body-size thresholds should not be used as a proxy for paedomorphosis, because overwintering larvae can reach a larger size than paedomorphs within the same populations. In contrast, diagnosis based on cloacal external morphology is recommended, as it can be processed by the rapid visual assessment of all caught specimens, thus providing straightforward data at the individual level for both sexes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 136 (48 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe addition effect of Tunisian date seed fibers on the quality of chocolate spreads
Bouaziz, M. A.; Abbes, F.; Mokni, A. et al

in Journal of Texture Studies (in press)

Novel chocolate spreads were enriched by soluble and insoluble dietary fibers from Tunisian Deglet Nour date seeds at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5% levels in the conventional chocolate spread. Defatted Deglet Nour ... [more ▼]

Novel chocolate spreads were enriched by soluble and insoluble dietary fibers from Tunisian Deglet Nour date seeds at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5% levels in the conventional chocolate spread. Defatted Deglet Nour date seeds (DNDS), date seed soluble fiber concentrate (DSSFC) and date seed insoluble fiber concentrate (DSIFC) were characterized by high levels of dietary fibers (80 – 90%). Chocolate spread enriched with 5% of DSSFC presented the highest OBC (304.62%) compared to the control (102%). Whatever the DSIFC and DSSFC incorporation levels, no significant difference was recorded between the firmness, chewiness and adhesiveness of prepared chocolate spreads compared to the control (P<0.05). Sensory evaluation revealed that all prepared chocolate spreads enriched by DSIFC and DSSFC were accepted by panelists. These results indicated the value of date seeds as new source of dietary fibers to develop chocolate spread and could also improve health benefits and functional properties. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPrise en compte de l’expérience non formelle et informelle : aperçu du contexte européen
Danse, Cédric ULg; Peters, Stéphanie ULg; Faulx, Daniel ULg

in Valorisation de l'expérience en Europe: un dispositif en construction? (in press)

Ce texte est un apreçu des structures et directives européennes visant à développer la Formation Tout au Long de la Vie (Lifelong Learning) au travers de la reconnaissance des acquis non formels et ... [more ▼]

Ce texte est un apreçu des structures et directives européennes visant à développer la Formation Tout au Long de la Vie (Lifelong Learning) au travers de la reconnaissance des acquis non formels et infomels. Nous disctuons également des logiques qui sous-tendent l'application d'une telle politique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 170 (49 ULg)
Full Text
See detailValorisation et validation de l’expérience et des compétences : pratiques en Belgique francophone
Danse, Cédric ULg; Peters, Stéphanie ULg; Faulx, Daniel ULg

in Valorisation de l'expérience en Europe: un dispositif en construction? (in press)

La valorisation de l'expérience connaît un développement considérable, en particulier depuis les accords de Lisbonne concernant la Formation Tout au Long de la Vie (FTLV) dans les années 2000. Située au ... [more ▼]

La valorisation de l'expérience connaît un développement considérable, en particulier depuis les accords de Lisbonne concernant la Formation Tout au Long de la Vie (FTLV) dans les années 2000. Située au confluent de stratégies individuelle, organisationnelle, nationale et continuentale, la reconnaissance des apprentissages non formels et informels, dont les avancées diffèrent selon les états membres de l'UE, est au coeur des attentions. Pour mieux saisir le développement en Belgique francophone de la prise en compte de l'expérience des individus, le présent chapitre dresse le paysage des strucutures officielles permettant de valoriser voire valider les compétences acquises par les individus tout au long de leur vie. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 424 (80 ULg)