References of "9999"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailRage Against the Machine
Levaux, Christophe ULg

Book published by Densité (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBesides Decorum: Notes on Formality
Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

in Dorn, Andreas (Ed.) Filtering Decorum – Facing Reality (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailQuantification of anthropogenic effects in the landscape of Lubumbashi
Andre, Marie ULg; Vranken, Isabelle ULg; Boisson, Sylvain ULg et al

in Mahy, Grégory; Colinet, Gilles; Bogaert, Jan (Eds.) Anthropisation au Katanga (in press)

In order to understand the dynamic of the (sub)urbanisation and so, to quantify the anthropogenic effects of the rapid growth of tropical cities, it is crucial to find and apply valuable methods. In this ... [more ▼]

In order to understand the dynamic of the (sub)urbanisation and so, to quantify the anthropogenic effects of the rapid growth of tropical cities, it is crucial to find and apply valuable methods. In this contribution, the transferability of the Rüdisser et al. (2012) «Distance to Nature» hemeroby assessment method to the landscape surrounding the city of Lubumbashi (DRC) is evaluated. That methodology has the advantage of taking structural connectivity into account by computing the distance to natural habitats. As it had never been applied to an African city before, some adjustments (fitting of the local land uses types into the hemeroby levels designed to Austria) and amendments (suppression of the final classification into hemeroby level simplification) are proposed. Moreover, an analysis of the decanal (2002-2013) hemeroby dynamics is presented. Results suggest that the Distance to Nature methodology is transferable but requires good field knowledge to define reference habitats and identify them in the Landsat classified images. There was a dramatic decrease of the «natural» and «near-natural» levels in the study extent during the studied period. In addition, 32% of the land underwent anthropisation increase, mostly around cities and following a ribbon development. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 211 (75 ULg)
See detailEl idiota de la familia
Sartre, Jean-Paul; Canto, Patricio; Willson, Patricia ULg

Book published by Ediciones Colihue - 3 vols. Vol. I: traducción de Patricio Canto y Patricia Willson, notas de Patricia Willson; vols. II y III: traducción y notas de Patricia Willson (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFair Trade and Co-operatives
Nicholls, Alex; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Michie, Jonathan; Blassi, J.; Borzaga, Carlo (Eds.) The Handbook of Co-operative and Mutual Businesses (in press)

The Fair Trade and co-operative movements have much in common. This chapter aims to examine the convergences and divergences between the two fields, highlighting what they can learn from each other and ... [more ▼]

The Fair Trade and co-operative movements have much in common. This chapter aims to examine the convergences and divergences between the two fields, highlighting what they can learn from each other and how practitioners and researchers in the two areas can better collaborate. Fair trade is an innovative approach to economic development that uses a market-driven approach to exploit the growing trend in ethical, or caused-based, consumption (Nicholls & Opal 2005). Fair Trade organizations aim to re-engineer the value chains between poor producers and artisans - typically in developing countries - and their wholesale buyers such that a greater proportion of the overall rents accrue to those who provide the inputs. Put simply, Fair Trade aims to ensure that the poorest actors in a supply chain benefit from more of the overall financial value creation as a development tool. Moreover, Fair Trade reconnects producers and consumers at the point of purchase such that consumption becomes a political – or, at least, life style – choice. This chapter is structured as follows. After this introduction, the second section describes the development of Fair Trade from its historical roots to the current organizational landscape and market organization. Next there is a discussion of several key issues and challenges that have emerged as Fair Trade has become increasingly institutionalized. Then, the fourth section explores the relationship between Fair Trade and the co-operative and mutual movements. Finally, conclusions serve to sum up the chapter. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 144 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling structures in fire with SAFIR®: Theoretical background and capabilities
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Gernay, Thomas ULg

in Journal of Structural Fire Engineering (in press)

Purpose: This paper describes the theoretical background and main hypotheses at the basis of SAFIR®, a nonlinear finite element software for modeling structures in fire. The paper also explains how to use ... [more ▼]

Purpose: This paper describes the theoretical background and main hypotheses at the basis of SAFIR®, a nonlinear finite element software for modeling structures in fire. The paper also explains how to use the software at its full extent. The discussed numerical modeling principles can be applied with other similar software. Approach: Following a general overview of the organization of the software, the thermal analysis part is explained, with the basic equations and the different possibilities to apply thermal boundary conditions (compartment fire, localized fire, etc.). Next, the mechanical analysis part is detailed, including the time integration procedures and the different types of finite elements: beam, truss, shell, spring and solid. Finally, the material laws are described. The software capabilities and limitations are discussed throughout the paper. Findings: By accommodating multiple types of finite elements and materials, by allowing the user to consider virtually any section type and to input the fire attack in multiple forms, the software SAFIR® is a comprehensive tool for investigating the behavior of structures in the fire situation. Meanwhile, being developed exclusively for its well-defined field of application, it remains relatively easy to use. Value: The paper will improve the knowledge of readers (researchers, designers and authorities) about numerical modeling used in structural fire engineering in general and the capabilities of a particular software largely used in the fire engineering community. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (7 ULg)
See detailEuphrosina kolerin, Beckhin vonn Paindten, die Berndt bonesche und andere beclagtinnen – Femininmovierung von Appellativen und Namen in Hexenverhörprotokollen des 16./17. Jahrhunderts.
Möller, Robert ULg

in Denkler, Markus; Elspaß, Stephan; Hüpper, Dagmar (Eds.) et al Deutsch im 17. Jahrhundert. Studien zu Sprachkontakt, Sprachvariation und Sprachwandel. (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailApproches ergonomiques et approches psychosociologiques de la formation : mise en perspective conceptuelle et praxéologique
Faulx, Daniel ULg; Petit, Lucie

in Actes du 16ème Congrès de Psychologie du Travail et des Organisation de Langue Française. (in press)

From both a scientific and a practical point of view, two major trends seem to presently rule the adult training field: the psychosociological trend and the ergonomic trend. Though each one has widely ... [more ▼]

From both a scientific and a practical point of view, two major trends seem to presently rule the adult training field: the psychosociological trend and the ergonomic trend. Though each one has widely contributed in developing training in organizational human resources development, we fail to see any significant level of understanding between the two trends or any dialogue based on scientific objectivity. The aim of this present paper is to hopefully initiate a dialogue with an eye towards development in training practices. A better understanding of these main approaches would bring help to those who seek to train personnel and to better orientate their choice of training. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 195 (47 ULg)
See detailAtlas zur deutschen Alltagssprache
Elspaß, Stephan; Möller, Robert ULg

Cartographic material (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
See detailMusikerbiographien und -autobiographien
Viehöver, Vera ULg

in Jahn, Bernhard (Ed.) Handbuch der Musik des Barock, Bd. 5: Musik in den Künsten und Wissenschaften der Barockzeit (in press)

article sur les autobiographies de musiciens dans une encyclopédie en 6 volumes consacrée à la musique à l'âge baroque

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBiolaw and dual use dilemma: the freedom of scientific research in relationship with traditional and emerging sciences and technologies
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

in International Journal of Biolaw (in press)

Science and technology require an intervention by the law, and law is called upon to intervene in front of their evolution, and to look for proper solutions of governance and rational responses to their ... [more ▼]

Science and technology require an intervention by the law, and law is called upon to intervene in front of their evolution, and to look for proper solutions of governance and rational responses to their risks. One of the main issues to be investigated from the legal viewpoint is represented by the ‘dual-use dilemma’ that arises both in ‘traditional’ and new areas of techno-sciences. Indeed, any kind of research has the potential to be used both for bad as well as for good purposes. Therefore, it is important to reflect upon the ways to control possibly dangerous research without preventing the progress from going further. Such ‘dual-use dilemma’, then, entails the study of one of the fundamental freedoms in the biolaw area: the freedom of scientific research, its limits, and relationship with other rights/needs/freedoms (such the need of security). This work focuses on two areas of the techno-scientific world. One is more ‘traditional’, i.e. nuclear science, in whose context the reflections on ‘dual-use’ were born and developed, and the other one is a new emerging technology, which is synthetic biology. The aim is to understand how the freedom of scientific research could be shaped in relationship with other rights/needs/interests for dealing with ‘dual-use’ issues in the aforementioned areas of science and technology. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOrganocatalytic coupling of CO2 with oxetane
Alves, Margot ULg; Grignard, Bruno ULg; Boyaval, Amélie ULg et al

in ChemSusChem (in press)

The organocatalytic coupling of CO2 with oxetanes is investigated under solvent-free conditions. The influence of the main reaction parameters (type of organocatalytic system, pressure and temperature) on ... [more ▼]

The organocatalytic coupling of CO2 with oxetanes is investigated under solvent-free conditions. The influence of the main reaction parameters (type of organocatalytic system, pressure and temperature) on the yield, the product formed and the selectivity of the reaction are discussed. An onium salt combined with a fluorinated alcohol promotes the efficient and selective organocatalytic synthesis of ?,?-hydroxyl oligocarbonates by coupling CO2 with oxetanes at 130°C and at a CO2 pressure as low as 2 MPa. NMR characterizations were correlated with MALDI-ToF analyses for elucidating the structure of the oligomers. Online FTIR studies under pressure, NMR titrations and DFT calculations allowed an in-depth understanding of the reaction mechanism. Finally, CO2- based poly(carbonate-co-urethane)s were synthesized by step- growth polymerization of hydroxyl telechelic oligocarbonates with MDI. The organocatalytic system described in this paper constitutes an innovative sustainable route to the selective preparation of hydroxyl telechelic carbonates, of high interest for many applications, notably for the polyurethane business, especially for coatings or foams. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (17 ULg)
See detailÉclairer les enjeux de la reconstruction industrielle du bassin liégeois : l'apport des archives des Etablissements insalubres et dangereux (1919-1925)
Peters, Arnaud ULg; Defechereux, Olivier ULg; Destatte, Julien ULg

in Parmentier, Isabelle (Ed.) Actes des Deuxièmes Rencontres d'Histoire de l'Environnement en Belgique (Belgique, Luxembourg, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe culpable a perseguido: Baudelaire y el proceso de Las Flores del mal
Mogollon Zapata, Juan Manuel ULg

in Revista Historia, Teoría, Crítica (in press)

¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal paso de ser un autor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo ... [more ▼]

¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal paso de ser un autor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo desviar a su favor una circunstancia que, a primera vista, era desafortunada? Baudelaire supo utilizar el escándalo que provocó la publicación de Las Flores del Mal para promover su figura pública. Un análisis de las posturas discursivas desplegadas por Baudelaire y por sus pares durante y después del proceso nos permitirá comprender mejor la inversión que el poeta hace de su condenación al transformar la sanción penal y moral, y la exclusión a la que ésta conduce, en un signo de su grandeza y de su gloria póstuma. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe workers’ speeches in the daily life scenes of the XIXth-Dynasty tombs at Deir el-Medina and its vicinity
Motte, Aurore ULg

in "Deir el-Medina and the Theban Necropolis in Contact: Describing the interactions within and outside the community of workmen" (in press)

In this paper, I study the workers’ speeches (“Reden and Rufe”) in the 19th-Dynasty tombs of Deir el-Medina and its surroundings. For this period, only three tombs in Deir el-Medina (TT 212, TT 217, and ... [more ▼]

In this paper, I study the workers’ speeches (“Reden and Rufe”) in the 19th-Dynasty tombs of Deir el-Medina and its surroundings. For this period, only three tombs in Deir el-Medina (TT 212, TT 217, and TT 266) and one in the Theban necropolis (TT 16) preserve such texts. The goal of this paper is twofold. First, it aims at showing that, after falling into disuse in elite tombs, workers’ speeches appear in the tombs of craftsmen and the upper middle class, further evidence of the “democratisation” phenomenon during the 19th Dynasty. A wall relief fragment of the craftsman Meryptah from Saqqara (18th-19th Dynasty) indicates that this phenomenon was not restricted to the Theban area. The second goal of this paper is to determine what kind of language is used in 19th-Dynasty workers’ speeches, since this literary genre is sometimes thought to be written in the vernacular. I argue that it is a mimetic language, “à-la-manière-de,” more than an actual colloquial language. Regarding this question, the tombs of Ipuy (TT 217) and Amennakht (TT 266) lead to a dead-end because of their fragmentary state. The tomb of Ramose (TT 212) and the tomb of Panehsy and his wife Tarenu (TT 16), on the other hand, reveal Late Egyptian linguistic features. But, because their owners belong to a lower social class than the elite, it might suggest a reinterpretation of the rules specific to the literary genre of the workers’speeches (possible diastratic/diaphasic variation). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUse of primary and secondary polyvinylamines for efficient gene transfection
Dréan, Mathilde; Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Gonçalves, Christine et al

in Biomacromolecules (in press)

Gene transfection with polymeric carrier remains a challenge, particularly high transfection levels combined with low toxicity are hard to achieve. We herein revisit polyvinylamines, an old and neglected ... [more ▼]

Gene transfection with polymeric carrier remains a challenge, particularly high transfection levels combined with low toxicity are hard to achieve. We herein revisit polyvinylamines, an old and neglected family of cationic polymers. They can be readily obtained by controlled hydrolysis of polyvinylamides prepared through (controlled) radical polymerization. A series of tailor-made and well-defined polyvinylamines bearing primary amino groups, and poly(N- methylvinylamine) bearing secondary amines, were evaluated for the transfection of cells with pDNA as a function of their molar mass, molar mass distribution and degree of deacetylation. Unexpected high transfection levels, in combination with low cytotoxicity were recorded for both series. Surprisingly, a great impact of the molar mass was observed for the primary amine polyvinylamine series, whereas the results were mostly independent on molar mass or dispersity for the polymer bearing secondary amine. It was further established that a certain percentage of acetamide groups increased the transfection level, while maintaining low cytotoxicity. These results highlight for the first time the real potential of polyvinylamines as gene carriers, and make these polymers very attractive for further development in gene therapy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEpistémologie de la théorie du complot
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Cahiers de l'Éducation Permanente (Les) (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (10 ULg)