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See detailDynamiques transactionnelles de reconnaissance dans l’accompagnement des enseignants novices.
Dejean, Karine ULg

in Recherches & Educations (2012), 7

This paper is based on current doctoral research investigating recognition processes that condition professional identity construction of novice teachers at the beginning of their career. This study ... [more ▼]

This paper is based on current doctoral research investigating recognition processes that condition professional identity construction of novice teachers at the beginning of their career. This study focuses on a specific stage of professional integration which is the traineeship and analyzes accompaniment strategies that trainees consider to be positive to the development of their capacity to act as a part of their professional skills. Three case studies are presented. They report on self-recognition mechanisms that support the development of valued professional self-images and the emotional dynamics that these processes involve. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche dépendancielle de la coordination des compléments du verbe en ancien français
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Neveu, Frank; Muni Toke, Valelia; Blumenthal, Peter (Eds.) et al 3e Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française (2012)

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See detailLaura GIANVITTORIO, "Il discorso di Eraclito. Un modello semantico e cosmologico nel passagio dall’oralità alla scrittura"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2012), 81

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See detailElectrical properties of improper ferroelectrics from first principles
Stengel, Massimiliano; Fennie, Craig J.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2012), 86

We study the interplay of structural and polar distortions in hexagonalYMnO3 and short-period PbTiO3/SrTiO3 (PTO/STO) superlattices by means of first-principles calculations at constrained electric ... [more ▼]

We study the interplay of structural and polar distortions in hexagonalYMnO3 and short-period PbTiO3/SrTiO3 (PTO/STO) superlattices by means of first-principles calculations at constrained electric displacement field D. We find that in YMnO3 the tilts of the oxygen polyhedra produce a robustly polar ground state, which persists at any choice of the electrical boundary conditions. Conversely, in PTO/STO the antiferrodistortive instabilities alone do not break inversion symmetry, and open-circuit boundary conditions restore a nonpolar state.We suggest that this qualitative difference naturally provides a route to rationalizing the concept of “improper ferroelectricity” from the point of view of first-principles theory. We discuss the implications of our arguments for the design of novel multiferroic materials with enhanced functionalities and for the symmetry analysis of the phase transitions. [less ▲]

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See detailPerspectives therapeutiques de l'insuffisance cardiaque.
Nellessen, E.; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue medicale suisse (2012), 8(351), 1591-7

Heart failure constitutes a major public health problem. Its incidence continues to grow and its prognosis remains poor. Therapeutic approach of chronic heart failure with left ventricular systolic ... [more ▼]

Heart failure constitutes a major public health problem. Its incidence continues to grow and its prognosis remains poor. Therapeutic approach of chronic heart failure with left ventricular systolic dysfunction is well codified. Recommended medical treatment is presented with the description of the different therapeutic classes. Recent advances are discussed. New therapeutic targets are described. Optimization of recognized treatment and application to heart failure of drugs used for other indications are developed. Therapeutic approach of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction is tackled but stays far less well defined. Many studies concerning treatment of acute heart failure are ongoing. [less ▲]

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See detailA Structural Model for Early Exit of Older Men in Belgium
Lefebvre, Mathieu ULg; Orsini, Kristian

in Empirical Economics (2012), 43(1), 379-398

In this paper we propose a structural model of the retirement decision for older workers in Belgium. We model the exit paths available through the various available schemes. Our framework allows ... [more ▼]

In this paper we propose a structural model of the retirement decision for older workers in Belgium. We model the exit paths available through the various available schemes. Our framework allows exploiting all information on possible exit paths and also better identifying preferences and constraints. Results based upon Belgian microsimulation data from 2001 for private sector workers fits rather well observed behavior. Simulations of hypothetical reforms illustrate the potential effects of changing social security rules. [less ▲]

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See detailAccompagner un processus de changement dans le cadre du développement de la VAE au sein de deux universités: analyse des stratégies
Dejean, Karine ULg

in Charlier, Evelyne (Ed.) Accompagner un agir professionnel (2012)

L'article décrit les stratégies d'accompagnement mises en œuvre dans le cadre du développement de la validation des acquis de l'expérience (VAE) au sein de deux universités. Les différents rôles joués par ... [more ▼]

L'article décrit les stratégies d'accompagnement mises en œuvre dans le cadre du développement de la validation des acquis de l'expérience (VAE) au sein de deux universités. Les différents rôles joués par les accompagnateurs et les tensions entre ceux-ci sont analysés [less ▲]

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See detailCommunity assembly along a soil depth gradient: contrasting patterns of plant trait convergence and divergence in a Mediterranean rangeland
Bernard-Verdier, Maud; Navas, Marie-Laure; Vellend, Mark et al

in Journal of Ecology (2012), (100), 1422-1433

1. Understanding how environmental factors drive plant community assembly remains a major challenge in community ecology. The strength of different assembly processes along environmental gradients, such ... [more ▼]

1. Understanding how environmental factors drive plant community assembly remains a major challenge in community ecology. The strength of different assembly processes along environmental gradients, such as environmental filtering and functional niche differentiation, can be quantified by analysing trait distributions in communities. While environmental filtering affects species occurrence among communities, functional divergence or convergence is strongly related to species abundances within communities, which few studies have taken into account. We examine the trait-mediated effect of these two processes along a stress-resource gradient. 2. We measured species abundances and the distributions of eight traits related to vegetative and regenerative phases in plant communities along a gradient of soil depth and resource availability in Mediterranean rangelands. We quantified environmental filtering, defined as a local restriction of trait range, and trait divergence, based on abundance-weighted trait variance, using a two-step approach with specifically designed null models. 3. Communities presented a clear functional response to the soil gradient, as evidenced by strong trends in community-weighted trait means. We detected environmental filtering of different traits at both ends of the gradient, suggesting that, contrary to widespread expectations, trait filtering may not necessarily be the result of abiotic filtering under harsh conditions but could likely also result from biotic interactions in productive habitats. 4. We found marked shifts in trait abundance distributions within communities along the gradient. Vegetative traits (e.g. leaf dry matter content) diverged on shallow soils, reflecting the coexistence of distinct water- and nutrient-use strategies in these constrained habitats and converged with increasing soil resource availability. By contrast, regenerative traits (e.g. seed mass) tended to diverge towards deeper soils, while plant reproductive heights diverged all along the gradient. 5. Synthesis: Our study highlights how the combination of abundance data with traits capturing different functional niches is critical to the detection of complex functional responses of plant communities to environmental gradients. We demonstrate that patterns of trait divergence and filtering are strongly contingent on both trait and environment such that there can be no expectation of a simple trend of increasing or decreasing functional divergence along a gradient of resource availability. [less ▲]

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See detailTesting semiochemicals from aphid, plant and conspecific: attraction of Harmonia axyridis
Leroy, Pascal ULg; Schillings, Thomas ULg; Farmakidis, Julien ULg et al

in Insect Science (2012), 19

Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is an invasive specie affecting the dynamics and composition of several guilds. Nowadays, no biological control method is available to reduce the ... [more ▼]

Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is an invasive specie affecting the dynamics and composition of several guilds. Nowadays, no biological control method is available to reduce the populations of this harmful coccinellid. Attractants and semiochemicals seem to be the best alternative but only few studies have tested the impact of semiochemicals on this Asian lady beetle. In this work, through wind-tunnel experiments, semiochemicals from aphids [Z,E-nepetalactone, (E)-β-farnesene, α-pinene and β-pinene], from coccinellids [(-)-β-caryophyllene] and from the nettle Urtica dioica L. were envisaged as potential attractants. The nettle volatile compounds [(Z)-3-hexenol and (E)-2-hexenal] were extracted using a Clevenger Apparatus® and identified by headspace-GC-MS. The main components of the aphid alarm pheromone as well as a component of the aphid sexual pheromone strongly attracted both sexes of the Asian lady beetle while (-)-β-caryophyllene only attracted few individuals and had no impact on the males. The nettle extract as well as the (Z)-3-hexenol oriented both males and females to the odour source. The (E)-2-hexenal was showed to have no effect on females even if this green leaf volatile attracted males. This study highlighted that some semiochemicals from aphids and from nettle extracts orientated the harlequin ladybird H. axyridis. These volatile compounds could certainly help for an efficient biological control approach against this invasive specie. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving Generalization for 3D Object Categorization with Global Structure Histograms
Madry, Marianna; Ek, Carl Henrik; Detry, Renaud ULg et al

in IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (2012)

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See detailMieux comprendre et évaluer la réserve en eau des sols forestiers
Ridremont, François ULg; Degré, Aurore ULg; Claessens, Hugues ULg

in Forêt Wallonne (2012), 116

La ressource en eau constitue un des facteurs déterminants de l’adaptation de nos écosystèmes forestiers aux bouleversements climatiques annoncés. L’évaluation de la réserve en eau des sols devrait amener ... [more ▼]

La ressource en eau constitue un des facteurs déterminants de l’adaptation de nos écosystèmes forestiers aux bouleversements climatiques annoncés. L’évaluation de la réserve en eau des sols devrait amener à une meilleure perception de la vulnérabilité des stations forestières au stress hydrique et à des recommandations de gestion plus précises quant au choix des essences à implanter et aux techniques de sylviculture. Cet article introductif rappelle quelques fondamentaux concernant l’économie en eau d’un sol et la capacité des arbres à puiser l’eau stockée. [less ▲]

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See detailFunction of the chloroplastic NAD(P)H dehydrogenase Nda2 for H(2) photoproduction in sulphur-deprived Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
Mignolet, Emmanuel; Lecler, Renaud; Ghysels, Bart ULg et al

in Journal of biotechnology (2012), 162(1), 81-8

The relative contributions of the PSII-dependent and Nda2-dependent pathways for H(2) photoproduction were investigated in the green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii after suphur-deprivation. For this ... [more ▼]

The relative contributions of the PSII-dependent and Nda2-dependent pathways for H(2) photoproduction were investigated in the green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii after suphur-deprivation. For this purpose, H(2) gas production was compared for wild-type and Nda2-deficient cells with or without DCMU (a PSII-inhibitor) in the same experimental conditions. Nda2-deficiency caused a 30% decrease of the maximal H(2) photoevolution rate observed shortly after the establishment of anoxia, and an acceleration of the decline of H(2) photoevolution rate with time. DCMU addition to Nda2-deficient cells completely inhibited H(2) photoproduction, showing that the PSII-independent H(2) photoproduction relies on the presence of Nda2, which feeds the photosynthetic electron transport chain with electrons derived from oxidative catabolism. Nda2-protein abundance increased as a result of sulphur deprivation and further during the H(2) photoproduction process, resulting in high rates of non-photochemical plastoquinone reduction in control cells. Nda2-deficiency had no significant effect on photosynthetic and respiratory capacities in sulphur-deprived cells, but caused changes in the cell energetic status (ATP and NADPH/NADP+ ratio). The rapid decline of H(2) photoevolution rate with time in Nda2-deficient cells revealed a more pronounced inhibition of H(2) photoproduction by accumulated H(2) in the absence of non-photochemical plastoquinone reduction. Nda2 is therefore important for linking H(2) photoproduction with catabolism of storage carbon compounds, and seems also involved in regulating the redox poise of the photosynthetic electron transport chain during H(2) photoproduction. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of an Advanced GTN Model
Fansi, Joseph; Habraken, Anne ULg; Balan, Tudor et al

Conference (2012)

The present contribution consists of implementing an advanced GTN damage model as a "User Material subroutine" in the Abaqus FE code. This damage model is based on specific nucleation and growth laws.This ... [more ▼]

The present contribution consists of implementing an advanced GTN damage model as a "User Material subroutine" in the Abaqus FE code. This damage model is based on specific nucleation and growth laws.This model is applied to the prediction of the damage evolution and the stress state in notched specimens made of dual phase steel. By comparing numerical predictions with experimental results based on high-resolution X-ray absorption tomography, the numericalapproach was improved and validated [less ▲]

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See detailReview of Françoise Kral's 'Critical Identities in Contemporary Anglophone Diasporic Literature'
Dony, Christophe ULg

in South Asian Diaspora (2012), 4(1), 117-119

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See detailTravailler le social dans une société du travail sur Soi
Vrancken, Didier ULg

in Aballea, François (Ed.) Institutionnalisation, désinstitutionnalisation de l’intervention sociale (2012)

Tout en analysant les reconfigurations et les mouvements d'inflexion actuellement en cours au sein du travail social, cet article propose de les situer dans un contexte sociétal plus général, celui de l ... [more ▼]

Tout en analysant les reconfigurations et les mouvements d'inflexion actuellement en cours au sein du travail social, cet article propose de les situer dans un contexte sociétal plus général, celui de l'avènement de "Sociétés du travail sur Soi". [less ▲]

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See detailHydrogen-Saturated Silicon Nanowires Heavily Doped with Interstitial and Substitutional Transition Metals
Durgun, E.; Bilc, Daniel ULg; Ciraci, S. et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry C: Nanomaterials, Interfaces, and Hard Matter (2012), 116

We report a first-principles systematic study of atomic, electronic, and magnetic properties of hydrogen-saturated silicon nanowires (H-SiNW) that are heavily doped by transition metal (TM) atoms placed ... [more ▼]

We report a first-principles systematic study of atomic, electronic, and magnetic properties of hydrogen-saturated silicon nanowires (H-SiNW) that are heavily doped by transition metal (TM) atoms placed at various interstitial and substitutional sites. Our results obtained within the conventional GGA+U approach have been confirmed using a hybrid functional. To reveal the surface effects, we examined three different possible facets of HSiNW along the [001] direction with a diameter of ∼2 nm. The energetics of doping and resulting electronic and magnetic properties are examined for all alternative configurations. We found that except Ti, the resulting systems have a magnetic ground state with a varying magnetic moment. Whereas H-SiNWs are initially nonmagnetic semiconductor, they generally become ferromagnetic metal upon TM doping. They can even exhibit half-metallic behavior for specific cases. Our results suggest that H-SiNWs functionalized by TM impurities form a new type of dilute magnetic semiconductor potentially attractive for new electronic and spintronic devices on the nanoscale. [less ▲]

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