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See detailLes enjeux prospectifs wallons à la lumière d’un dispositif participatif
Guyot, Jean-Luc; Rieppi, Stéphane ULg; Van Cutsem, Michaël et al

E-print/Working paper (2012)

La prospective a souvent recours à la démarche participative. Fréquemment, dans son travail analytique, le prospectiviste fait intervenir les acteurs concernés par le système qu'il examine, que ceux-ci ... [more ▼]

La prospective a souvent recours à la démarche participative. Fréquemment, dans son travail analytique, le prospectiviste fait intervenir les acteurs concernés par le système qu'il examine, que ceux-ci opèrent dans ce système ou qu’ils possèdent une expertise particulière par rapport à celui-ci. Dans la majorité des cas, cette intervention s’effectue au cours de l’exercice prospectif. Le présent working paper expose un autre type de situation : l’intervention et la participation des acteurs se placent ici en amont du travail prospectif, au moment de la délimitation des enjeux et des thématiques à considérer dans le cadre du développement d’un programme de recherche. L'expérience présentée par les auteurs, bien qu’elle recoure à l’utilisation d’un outil relativement classique en prospective, à savoir le Delphi, revêt un aspect original. Développée auprès de deux publics distincts, des équipes de recherche d’une part et des membres de l’administration wallonne, d’autre part, elle a permis d’identifier un certain nombre d’enjeux prospectifs majeurs pour la Wallonie et de définir des objets de recherche en rapport avec ces derniers. L'identification et la présentation de ces enjeux fait l’objet du présent texte. Dans un premier temps, celui-ci se propose de décrire le processus d’identification de ces enjeux et, dans un second temps, d’expliciter la nature de ceux-ci. [less ▲]

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See detailCahier n° 22 - Constitution d’académies : quels enjeux pour les universités ?
Parotte, Céline ULg; Fallon, Catherine ULg

in Cahiers de Sciences Politiques de l'ULg (2012)

Trop d’universités en Belgique ? Après de nombreux débats récurrents sur le sujet, le francophone Décret Bologne du 31 mars 20041 a provoqué un rassemblement des neuf institutions universitaires, appelées ... [more ▼]

Trop d’universités en Belgique ? Après de nombreux débats récurrents sur le sujet, le francophone Décret Bologne du 31 mars 20041 a provoqué un rassemblement des neuf institutions universitaires, appelées à collaborer davantage pour former trois académies. L’académie « Wallonie Bruxelles » regroupant l’Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), la Faculté Polytechnique de Mons (FPMs) et l’Université de Mons-Hainaut (UMH), l’académie « Wallonie Europe » regroupant l’Université de Liège (ULg), la Faculté d’agronomie de Gembloux (FUSAGx) et enfin celle de « Louvain » reprenant l’Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL), les Facultés Universitaires Catholiques de Mons (FUCaM), les Facultés de Notre Dame de la Paix (FNDP) et les Facultés Universitaires de Saint Louis (FUSL). Cet article s'intéresse d’une part au processus de négociations menant à la constitution au sein de la Communauté française des «académies » et à la manière dont elles ont évolué par la suite. [less ▲]

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See detailComment gérer l’hypertension intracrânienne réfractaire ?
MACHUROT, Pierre-Yves; LEDOUX, Didier ULg

in Réanimation (2012), 21(S2), 319-324

Intracranial hypertension is one of the major causes of secondary injury in traumatic brain injury leading to a significant burden of morbidity and mortality. We here present a review of available ... [more ▼]

Intracranial hypertension is one of the major causes of secondary injury in traumatic brain injury leading to a significant burden of morbidity and mortality. We here present a review of available therapies for the treatment of refractory intracranial hypertension that is defined as an intracranial hypertension that does not respond to the firstline therapies. Second-line therapies that are available for the treatment of refractory intracranial hypertension include mild induced hypothermia, inotropes, and vasopressors for the control of cerebral perfusion pressure, transient hyperventilation, barbiturates, and decompressive craniectomy. Apart from decompressive craniectomy, these therapies are supported by the last guidelines published by the Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF). However, the level of evidence supporting them is low to moderate. This is probably partly explained by the fact that traumatic brain injury is extremely heterogeneous and requires multimodal and individualised care, which makes randomised clinical trials difficult to set up. On-going studies like those conducted on induced hypothermia (EUROTHERM3235) and on decompressive craniectomy (RESCUEicp) may lead to new perspectives for the management of patients suffering from refractory intracranial hypertension. [less ▲]

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See detailHigher-Moment Risk Exposures in Hedge Funds
Lambert, Marie ULg; Hübner, Georges ULg; Papageorgiou, Nicolas

Conference (2012, January)

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See detailIndividual decisions in placenta increta and percreta: a case series.
CHANTRAINE, Frédéric ULg; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg; PETIT, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Perinatal Medicine (2012), 40(3), 265-70

Abstract Objective: Placenta increta or percreta is an uncommon pathology, sometimes associated with high maternal morbidity. Its prevalence increases proportionally to the number of cesarean sections ... [more ▼]

Abstract Objective: Placenta increta or percreta is an uncommon pathology, sometimes associated with high maternal morbidity. Its prevalence increases proportionally to the number of cesarean sections. This study analyzed the changes of our management strategy to devise treatment guidelines for this uncommon disorder. Materials and methodology: Between 2005 and 2011, 10 cases of placenta increta or percreta were managed at our university hospital maternity department. Results: Among the 10 cases, seven were diagnosed prenatally. Two patients were diagnosed early, at 14 and 17 weeks of gestational age, and their pregnancies were terminated. Five had hysterectomies during the intrapartum period, and despite attempted conservative treatment for the two others, hysterectomy proved necessary 2 months postpartum because of intrauterine infections. Seven of the 10 women had hysterectomies. Conclusion: Prenatal diagnosis of placenta increta or percreta is essential to plan the delivery in a competent tertiary care center. The decision to perform a cesarean hysterectomy or leave the placenta in situ for spontaneous delivery is based on the extent of infiltration, the patient's hemodynamic status, and her desire to remain fertile. The high-risk of infection and severe hemorrhage must not be overlooked should conservative treatment be chosen. This situation requires prolonged close monitoring. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of spray retention on synthetic superhydrophobic surface with retention on outdoor grown wheat leaves
Massinon, Mathieu ULg; Lebeau, Frédéric ULg

in International Advances in Pesticide Application: Aspects of Applied Biology 114, 2012 (2012, January)

A method has been designed to test the retention of drops generated by a moving agricultural nozzle using high speed imaging both on synthetic and leaf surfaces. The method allows a precise investigation ... [more ▼]

A method has been designed to test the retention of drops generated by a moving agricultural nozzle using high speed imaging both on synthetic and leaf surfaces. The method allows a precise investigation of spray retention by a characterisation of impact speed, drop diameter and impact behaviour. The paper presents a comparison of the spray behaviour on the synthetic surface with the behaviour on outdoor grown wheat leaves fixed on a microscope slide. Target surfaces were horizontal. A range of surface tension was tested using the tank-mix adjuvant Break-Thru S240 at different concentrations in distilled water. Results show the relevance of a synthetic surface for use as reference for the assessment of spray application efficiency. The drop behaviour on the superhydrophobic slide was representative of difficult-to-wet leaves surfaces. The reference surface avoids the natural variability of leaves and is therefore more suited to conduct comparative assessment of formulation retention performance. [less ▲]

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See detailFast-GC quantifacation of harmonine, the major defense alkaloid of the multicolored Asian ladybird Harmonia axyridis (Pallas)
Fischer, Christophe ULg; Laurent, Pascal ULg; Heuskin, Stéphanie ULg et al

in American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (2012), 3

These last few years the multicolored Asian ladybird, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), previously introduced in Europe and North America as a biological control agent, has swiftly spread out on those ... [more ▼]

These last few years the multicolored Asian ladybird, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), previously introduced in Europe and North America as a biological control agent, has swiftly spread out on those territories and turns out to be a pest in several ways. In order to improve understanding of several key points of the biology of this ladybird, a novel fast-GC method of quantification of harmonine, the main defense alkaloid of H. axyridis, has been designed and validated using the accuracy profile concept for concentrations ranging from 13 to 264 µg/individual. This method allows quantifying harmonine in a single insect with a maximal error risk of 20%. For ladybirds collected in spring, mean harmonine concentration observed was 106.6 µg/individual with a very high standard deviation of 80.2 µg/individual, which can easily be explained by the strong asymmetry of the results distribution. Males and females seem equally chemically protected as the harmonine concentration did not significantly differ between sexes. This method is currently used to improve our comprehension of several key points of H. axyridis biology including aggregation behavior and aposematism. [less ▲]

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See detailL'astronomie dans le monde
Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (2012)

Rotation folle;SS Leporis; Kepler; Rayons cosmiques; Trous noirs géants; Comète Lovejoy

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See detailACTUS – L’art performance : un genre artistique impertinent pour expérimenter sa liberté de spectateur
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

in FLUX NEWS – Trimestriel d’actualité d’art contemporain (2012)

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See detailPost-traumatic thoracic outlet syndrome
DUBUISSON, Annie ULg; lamotte, Catherine; FOIDART, Marguerite ULg et al

in Acta Neurochirurgica (2012)

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See detailMain virulence factors and pathogenesis of enteric and urinary tract pathogenic Escherichia coli
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2012, January)

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See detailIonospheric effects on relative positioning within GPS dense network
Lejeune, Sandrine; Wautelet, Gilles ULg; Warnant, René ULg

in GPS Solutions (2012), 16(1), 105-116

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See detailLung disorders in dogs and cats
Clercx, Cécile ULg

Scientific conference (2012, January)

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See detailRapport de mission de janvier 2012; PIC Bonne gouvernance (UCG-UCL-ULg)
Verjans, Pierre ULg

Report (2012)

Lors de la mission de janvier du Nord vers le Sud pour le projet "Bonne gouvernance et pratiques efficientes à l'est de la RDC" (troisième année du projet), deux mémoires de DEA ont pu être défendus et ... [more ▼]

Lors de la mission de janvier du Nord vers le Sud pour le projet "Bonne gouvernance et pratiques efficientes à l'est de la RDC" (troisième année du projet), deux mémoires de DEA ont pu être défendus et une salle inaugurée pour institutionnaliser l'ODAG qui doit s'insérer dans la structure de l'UCG. [less ▲]

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See detailPERS - Doctoraat onderzoekt de kwaliteit van leven bij alzheimer
Missotten, Pierre ULg

in Contactblad van het Academisch Centrum voor Huisartsgeneeskunde van de K.U.Leuven (2012)

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See detailChangement climatique, géomorphologie littorale, désertification
Ozer, Pierre ULg

Learning material (2012)

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See detailHeisenberg-limited metrology without entanglement
Braun, Daniel; Martin, John ULg

Conference (2012, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)