References of "2012"
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See detailOxford Centre for Evidence‐Based Medicine 2011 Levels of Evidence ‐ Traduction française
OCEBM Levels of Evidence Working Group; Durieux, Nancy ULg; Pasleau, Françoise ULg et al

E-print/Working paper (2012)

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See detailPrevention of group B streptococcal neonatal disease revisited. The DEVANI European project
Rodriguez-Granger, J.; Alvargonzales, J. C.; Berardi, A. et al

in European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology (2012)

The purpose of this paper was to present the current knowledge on the prevention of group B streptococcus (GBS)neonatal infections and the status of prevention policies in European countries and to ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper was to present the current knowledge on the prevention of group B streptococcus (GBS)neonatal infections and the status of prevention policies in European countries and to present the DEVANI pan-European program, launched in 2008. The aim of this program was to assess the GBS neonatal infection burden in Europe, to design a new vaccine to immunize neonates against GBS infections, to improve the laboratory performance for the diagnosis of GBS colonization and infection, and to improve the methods for the typing of GBS strains. The current guidelines for GBS prevention in different countries were ascertained and a picture of the burden before and after the instauration of prevention policies has been drawn. After the issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines, many European countries have adopted universal screening for the GBS colonization of pregnant women and intrapartum prophylaxis to colonized mothers. Nevertheless, some European countries continue advocating the risk factor approach to GBS prevention. Most European countries have implemented policies to prevent GBS neonatal infections and the burden of the disease has decreased during the last several years. Nevertheless, further steps are necessary in order to develop new strategies of prevention, to improve microbiological techniques to detect GBS colonization and infection, and to coordinate the prevention policies in the EU. [less ▲]

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See detailActualités du droit des marchés publics : les options et les variantes
Durviaux, Ann-Lawrence ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailDiurnal CO2 flux responses in cultivated savanna in Benin (West Africa)
Ago, Expédit Evariste ULg; Agbossou, Euloge Kossi; Galle, Sylvie et al

Scientific conference (2012, February 08)

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See detailEnergetic systems evaluation using Life Cycle Assessment
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Scientific conference (2012, February 08)

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See detailActualités du droit des marchés publics
Durviaux, Ann-Lawrence ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailCooccurrences des personnes dans le discours de l'enfant: une approche statistique de la construction de l'identité
Poudat, Céline; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

Conference (2012, February 08)

L’acquisition de la représentation du temps nous donne, avec le développement du langage, accès à la narrativité. Ces histoires que nous racontons aux enfants leur permettent d’accéder au monde de la ... [more ▼]

L’acquisition de la représentation du temps nous donne, avec le développement du langage, accès à la narrativité. Ces histoires que nous racontons aux enfants leur permettent d’accéder au monde de la signification. Peu à peu l’enfant s’approprie sa propre histoire en même temps qu’il constitue son identité. Le concept de self narrative (Denett, 1991), matérialisé dans le discours par l’utilisation des pronoms personnels, est un premier produit de cette évolution. Il est donc intéressant de connaître la manière dont se construit ce récit qui deviendra autobiographique à l’adolescence. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of pesticide retention on leaves using high-speed imaging
Massinon, Mathieu ULg; Lebeau, Frédéric ULg

Poster (2012, February 08)

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See detailparticipation politique, diaspora congolaise et transnationalismes
Demart, Sarah ULg; Bodeux, Leila

Conference (2012, February 08)

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See detailInfluence de l'apport de différentes sources lipidiques en fin de gestation sur les résultats techniques des truies allaitantes et de leurs porcelets
Boudry, Christelle ULg; Vanrobays, Marie-Laure ULg; Devos, Sven

in IFIP; INRA (Eds.) 44èmes journées de la Recherche Porcine (2012, February 08)

From day 103 in gestation until farrowing, 4 successive groups of 15 sows received 70 g per day of one of the 3 following oils: 1) coconut oil (CO); 2) fish oil (FO) and 3) shark liver oil (SO). At day ... [more ▼]

From day 103 in gestation until farrowing, 4 successive groups of 15 sows received 70 g per day of one of the 3 following oils: 1) coconut oil (CO); 2) fish oil (FO) and 3) shark liver oil (SO). At day 102 of gestation, at farrowing and at weaning, backfat thickness of the sows was determined. The total number of piglets, the number of piglets born alive, stillborn and dead during the suckling period and the duration of gestation were measured. At birth as well as 24 hours, 14 days and 28 days (weaning) later, the piglets were weighed individually. Colostrum samples were collected at farrowing and 24 hours later for the determination of IgG and IgA contents and the fatty acid profile. Neither performance parameters of the sows nor IgG and IgA concentrations in colostrum were affected by the different dietary treatments. This was probably due to the short duration of trial period in which the oil supplements were administered. However, the colostral fatty acid profiles reflected very well the profiles of the supplemented oils. Furthermore, the different treatments affected the growth performances of the piglets. At weaning, the piglets from the FO treatment were respectively 263 and 329 g heavier than the piglets from the SO and CO treatments (P < 0.05). This corresponded to 4.2 % and 5.8 % increase of the ADG in comparison to the SO and CO treatments, respectively. These results show the importance of the fatty acid composition in colostrum on the performances of piglets and consequently the importance of the feeding of sows at the end of gestation. [less ▲]

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See detailBall milling control: the reconciliation of macroscopic SensoMag® data with microscopic optical information.
Leroy, Sophie ULg; Köttgen, Axel ULg; de Haas, Bernard et al

Poster (2012, February 08)

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See detailDéfinition du profil écologique de l'azobé (Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn F., Ochnaceae) dans les forêts sempervirentes du Cameroun
Biwole, Achille ULg; Bourland, Nils ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

Poster (2012, February 08)

Ekki or L. alata is a commercial timber species in Guinea-Congolian region considered vulnerable (IUCN, 2011). Indeed, its population structure shows a severe lack of regeneration in some rainforests ... [more ▼]

Ekki or L. alata is a commercial timber species in Guinea-Congolian region considered vulnerable (IUCN, 2011). Indeed, its population structure shows a severe lack of regeneration in some rainforests (Palla et al., 2002). Moreover, in logging areas, insufficient knowledge about its ecological profile limits any reliable modeling of population dynamics on a long term. Consequently, original research, to improve its ecological characterization to ensure its sustainable management is conducted in moist evergreen forest in southern Cameroon. First results on population dynamics of this species show, in plots study of recruitment, a population without major deficit regeneration. On its silvicultural ability, although that estimated on plantations on parks under 2 years old, the trends of growth (ca 30 and 0.5 cm / year respectively in height and diameter) and mortality (3, 3% / year) suggest a positive perspective. Current work in relation to other topics of research should provide further insights into its ecological profile in the evergreen forests of Cameroon. [less ▲]

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See detailTraining image scenarios for the Meuse alluvial aquifer and consistency with geophysical data
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Caers, Jef; Nguyen, Frédéric ULg

Poster (2012, February 08)

Recently, multiple-point statistics (MPS) introduced the training image (TI) concept to replace the variogram within an extended sequential simulation in order to describe more accurately multimodal ... [more ▼]

Recently, multiple-point statistics (MPS) introduced the training image (TI) concept to replace the variogram within an extended sequential simulation in order to describe more accurately multimodal distributions, with interconnected and curvilinear structures, such as those of alluvial plains. The role of the TI is to depict the conceptual geological patterns and it should be representative of the geological heterogeneity. MPS consists in extracting patterns from the training image, and anchoring them to subsurface data (e.g. well-log, seismic and production data). The construction of TI is one of the most critical and important step of MPS. Sedimentological studies may not be always available in a particular area. In this work, the alluvial aquifer of the Meuse river in the area of Liege is being investigated and there is few sedimentological data to build directly 3D conceptual model of the aquifer. In this context, we used general features of the Meuse river (slope, rate of flow, type of fluvial system) to select hydrofacies (based on a lithological classification in clay, sand and gravel) and their geometrical characteristics (channels and lobes of different sizes). Then several scenarios were built using these parameters to represent the uncertainty related to different possible geological scenarios. To verify the consistency of these TIs, a comparison with 2D electrical resistivity tomography data was carried out. 2D sections were randomly selected in the TIs and several cases were analyzed including the size of channels and lobes, the influence of surface resistivity in the results and the influence of the electrical resistivity of each facies. Forward and inverse electrical resistivity modelling was conducted on these synthetic models and the results were compared to field cases. The approach followed for the comparison is based on the calculation of a Euclidean distance between models and the visualization in a 2D or 3D space using multidimensional scaling (MDS). This technique allows verifying if field cases fall in the distribution represented by synthetic cases. In a second step, a cluster analysis was achieved on the MDS-map to provide a sensitivity analysis and to highlight which parameters were the most important for building training images. Then, the probability of each scenario was evaluated for the field cases using conditional probability. Conditional probability requires the calculation of the density function corresponding to the probability of the data given a geological scenario. This density function was obtained using a kernel density estimation technique based on the observations of the 2D MDS-map. Both the cluster analysis and the calculation of conditional probabilities for uncertain geological scenarios show that some parameters are not very sensitive (size of clay lenses, surface resistivity distribution) and that we can narrow the range of variations of some parameters (facies electrical resistivity values, gravel bodies size is more likely small, etc.). It shows that the investigation of the consistency of TI is an important step in each study including MPS. The next steps of the study are to generalize the analysis of the consistency of geological scenario with 3D geophysical data instead of 2D sections and to incorporate geophysical data as soft conditioning data for MPS simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailBruxelles : les défis territoriaux d'une mini-ville mondiale
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailImpact of cultivation practices on soil respiration
Dufranne, Delphine ULg; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2012, February 08)

In addition to its, evident, food supply function, agriculture is subjected to various pressures and has to respond to many challenges like reducing its CO2 emissions, maintaining or improving the soil ... [more ▼]

In addition to its, evident, food supply function, agriculture is subjected to various pressures and has to respond to many challenges like reducing its CO2 emissions, maintaining or improving the soil quality, maintaining productivity, sequestrating of the carbon stock in soil... Cultivation practices are known to induce a modification of soil organic matter quantity, quality and spatial distribution, which may impact dry matter decomposition kinetics. In order to bring answers to these questions, a multidisciplinary project (SOLRESIDUS) was set up by the University of Liege, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech in collaboration with Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W). The aim was to investigate the impact of cultivation practices (tillage and residue restitution) on crop growth, yield and environment, as well as on soil properties and on activities. In the present study, we focused on the impacts on soil CO2 fluxes. The experimental site is situated in Gembloux, in the Belgian loamy region. The plot is divided into 4 latin squares where two tillage modalities (plough after 2 stubble breaking vs only 2 stubble breaking) and two straw management practices (restitution vs. exportation) were compared. For 3 years, soil respiration was measured with automatic and manual dynamic soil chambers. Moreover, soil respiration was measured as well in cropping zone (total respiration) as in root exclusion zones created with root exclusion cylinders (heterotrophic respiration). As first results, we observed: -a significantly higher flux in plots with residue restitution, which is clearly explained by the larger amount of organic carbon prone to decomposition; -a decrease of standardized heterotrophic respiration (linked with residue decomposition) during growing seasons; -no significant differences in soil respiration between tillage modalities after 3 growing seasons. The experiment is still in progress, more years being necessary in order to evaluate the long-term impacts of cultivation practices on soil respiration. [less ▲]

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See detailDépenses en viande par les ménages belges en 2008
Ferrandis Vallterra, Salvador ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg et al

Speech/Talk (2012)

Analysis of meat expenditure by Belgian households in 2008. Meat expenditure by Belgian households during 2008 is analyzed. Expenditure is extracted from the Belgian Household Budget Survey at the FPS ... [more ▼]

Analysis of meat expenditure by Belgian households in 2008. Meat expenditure by Belgian households during 2008 is analyzed. Expenditure is extracted from the Belgian Household Budget Survey at the FPS Economy, S.M.E.s, Self-employed and Energy. The database also provides sociodemographic information about the households participating in the survey. To explain the observed variability of the meat expenditure based on the explanatory factors available, an analysis of the covariance is performed. The three quantitative factors have a bigger effect on the meat expenditure than the three other qualitative factors. The proportion of meat expenditure variability explained by the explanatory factors of the selected model is 31,41%. [less ▲]

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