References of "2012"
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See detailHet janushoofd van Julia (1885)
Steyaert, Kris ULg

in Nederlandse Letterkunde (2012), 17(1), 10-31

In 1884 Willem Kloos and Albert Verwey started work on Julia, a collection of forty poems written in the manner of the successful author Fiore della Neve (M.G.L. van Loghem). In their pamphlet The ... [more ▼]

In 1884 Willem Kloos and Albert Verwey started work on Julia, a collection of forty poems written in the manner of the successful author Fiore della Neve (M.G.L. van Loghem). In their pamphlet The Incompetence of the Dutch Literary Critics (1886), in which Julia’s true authorship was revealed, Kloos and Verwey made plain that the poems had been conceived as deliberate nonsense, something the Dutch literary establishment had failed to recognize. Nevertheless, a close reading of the collection brings to light a number of textual similarities with Kloos’s and Verwey’s serious poetry written in the period 1883-1885. This article reveals Julia as a fascinating hybrid in which an older aesthetic coexists with a new poetical language associated with the Eighties Movement. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigations sur les protéines placentaires extraites des cotylédons fœtaux du Cervus elaphus
Fondja, E.; Okuyama, M.; Petrova, A. et al

Poster (2012, February)

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See detailEvaluation of the Enhanced Assumed Strain and Assumed Natural Strain in the SSH3D and RESS3 Solid Shell Elements for Single Point Incremental Forming Simulation
Guzmán Inostroza, Carlos Felipe ULg; Ben Bettaieb, Amine ULg; Velosa de Sena, José Ilidio et al

in Key Engineering Materials [=KEM] (2012), 504-506

Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF) is a recent sheet forming process which can give a symmetrical or asymmetrical shape by using a small tool. Without the need of dies, the SPIF is capable to deal ... [more ▼]

Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF) is a recent sheet forming process which can give a symmetrical or asymmetrical shape by using a small tool. Without the need of dies, the SPIF is capable to deal with rapid prototyping and small batch productions at low cost. Extensive research from both experimental and numerical sides has been carried out in the last years. Recent developments in the finite element simulations for sheet metal forming have allowed new modeling techniques, such as the Solid Shell elements, which combine the main features of shell hypothesis with a solid-brick element. In this article, two recently developed elements -SSH3D element [1, 2] and RESS3 element [3]- implemented in Lagamine (finite element code developed by the ArGEnCo department of the University of Liège) are explained and evaluated using the SPIF line test. To avoid locking problems, the well-known Enhanced Assumed Strain (EAS) and Assumed Natural Strain (ANS) techniques are used. The influence of the different EAS and ANS parameters are analysed comparing the predicted tool forces and the shape of a transversal cut, at the end of the process. The results show a strong influence of the EAS in the forces prediction, proving that a correct choice is fundamental for an accurate simulation of the SPIF using Solid Shell elements. [less ▲]

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See detailStructuration de la diversité génétique du genre Milicia: taxonomie, phylogéographie, dynamique des populations
Daïnou, Kasso ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Characterizing population genetic structure using phylogeographic approach contributes to understanding of evolutionary processes that affect plant populations. The present study investigated how past ... [more ▼]

Characterizing population genetic structure using phylogeographic approach contributes to understanding of evolutionary processes that affect plant populations. The present study investigated how past environmental variations can shape the spatial genetic diversity of an African timber tree species, Milicia excelsa (Welw) C.C. Berg. Given that plant responses to disturbances are closely linked to life history traits, this research also aimed to describe relationships between the reproductive traits of M. excelsa and its population genetic structure. Phylogeographic analyses were performed throughout the range of M. excelsa using nuclear and chloroplastic markers. Ecological characterization was conducted for a single population located in south-East Cameroon. Since M. excelsa is similar to the other species of its genus, M. regia (A. Chev) C.C. Berg, we first performed a morphogenetic comparison of these two taxa. The results confirmed an important morphological similarity between the two species with very rare discriminating criteria. In fact Bayesian assignment methods and reproductive isolation patterns suggest the occurrence of interspecific hybridization, which appeared to be unidirectional: hybrids displayed the M. regia morphotype. Because M. regia is known to be more adapted to humid tropical forests, one may expect it to occur in the Congo basin zone. However, its range is restricted to the western part of West Africa while M. excelsa occurs from Guinea-Conakry to Zimbabwe. Interestingly, in the case of M. excelsa, Central and West African specimens had no shared haplotype. This result was unexpected because long gene dispersal distances were found in Cameroonian populations, as expected from the behaviours of the main dispersal animals we identified, the bat Eidolon helvum and the parrots Psittacus erithacus and Agapornis swindernianus. In general, despite the likelihood for long distance seed dispersal, distinct genetic clusters were identified over West and Central Africa and their location may support the forest refugia hypothesis. In addition a phylogeographical signal was detected in chloroplast DNA indicating a prolonged separation between West and Central Africa populations with an accumulation of new mutations. At a smaller spatial scale, patterns of genetic structure also seemed to be weakly influenced by divergent reproduction times among sympatric individuals. The level of genetic diversity in the study populations falls within the range of values calculated for other tropical tree species. If phylogeography helps to infer population history, it also requires ecological or biological information to confirm some uncertainties. Such detailed data were often lacking to completely interpret numerous of our results. The present study raised new questions and led to new perspectives for further investigation both in phylogeography and botany. [less ▲]

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See detailA dynamic analysis of higher-comoment risk premiums in Hedge Fund returns
Lambert, Marie ULg

in Journal of Derivatives and Hedge Funds (2012), 18(1), 73-84

Hedge funds display a strong non-linear payoff structure because of the use of highly dynamic trading strategies. This article examines the relevance of using higherorder comoment equity risk premiums ... [more ▼]

Hedge funds display a strong non-linear payoff structure because of the use of highly dynamic trading strategies. This article examines the relevance of using higherorder comoment equity risk premiums implied in the United States and the emerging markets for capturing these return non-linearities. We provide evidence that the higherorder comoment equity risk premiums help in explaining the returns of the different hedge fund strategies from the Hedge Fund Research classification. We perform a dynamic analysis where moment risk exposures are examined separately in up and down markets. We show that hedge fund styles tend to vary their exposures to moment risks according to the market regimes. [less ▲]

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See detailLower impact of blue light on non-visual brain functions in older subjects
Daneault, V; Vandewalle, Gilles ULg; Hébert, M et al

Poster (2012, February)

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See detailQuel traitement pour les patients souffrant de lombalgie ?
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Hill, J. C.

in Axxon Journal (2012)

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See detailLa Foire du livre, terrain d'enquête
Barnabé, Fanny ULg; Bertrand, Charlotte ULg; Duchesne, Laurence

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailAmérique latine: progrès et défis d'une région en plein essor
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Spirit of Management (2012), 14

Depuis 2003, l'Amérique latine connaît une période économique de croissance importante. Elle parvient à traverser la crise mondiale sans trop de difficultés. La demande chinoise des matières premières ... [more ▼]

Depuis 2003, l'Amérique latine connaît une période économique de croissance importante. Elle parvient à traverser la crise mondiale sans trop de difficultés. La demande chinoise des matières premières latino-américaines combinée à une augmentation de la consommation interne et de l'investissement expliquent ces performances. Par ailleurs, des progrès ont été accompli en matière sociale. En outre, la région connaît une stabilité politique grâce à l'enracinement de la démocratie depuis plus de 20 ans. Toutefois, l'Amérique latine a encore pas mal de défis à relever: diversification économique et des débouchés; réduction des inégalités; lutte contre la criminalité organisée, la violence et la corruption. [less ▲]

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See detailCours de géologie
Poty, Edouard ULg

Learning material (2012)

Notes du cours de géologie de 1 bac en géologie et de 2 bac en géographie

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See detailEuropean project, demo “NETFLEX” For large integration of renewables using DLR, PST and PMU.
Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg

Conference (2012, February)

forecasting ampacity as a need for power system operation

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See detailLearning to play K-armed bandit problems
Maes, Francis ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence (ICAART 2012) (2012, February)

We propose a learning approach to pre-compute K-armed bandit playing policies by exploiting prior information describing the class of problems targeted by the player. Our algorithm first samples a set of K ... [more ▼]

We propose a learning approach to pre-compute K-armed bandit playing policies by exploiting prior information describing the class of problems targeted by the player. Our algorithm first samples a set of K-armed bandit problems from the given prior, and then chooses in a space of candidate policies one that gives the best average performances over these problems. The candidate policies use an index for ranking the arms and pick at each play the arm with the highest index; the index for each arm is computed in the form of a linear combination of features describing the history of plays (e.g., number of draws, average reward, variance of rewards and higher order moments), and an estimation of distribution algorithm is used to determine its optimal parameters in the form of feature weights. We carry out simulations in the case where the prior assumes a fixed number of Bernoulli arms, a fixed horizon, and uniformly distributed parameters of the Bernoulli arms. These simulations show that learned strategies perform very well with respect to several other strategies previously proposed in the literature (UCB1, UCB2, UCB-V, KL-UCB and $\epsilon_n$-GREEDY); they also highlight the robustness of these strategies with respect to wrong prior information. [less ▲]

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See detailA Finite Element Subproblem Method for Position Change Conductor Systems
Dular, Patrick ULg; Krähenbühl, Laurent; Vazquez Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2012), 48(2), 403-406

Analyses of magnetic systems with position changes of both massive and stranded conductors are performed via a finite element sub- problem method. A complete problem is split into subproblems associated ... [more ▼]

Analyses of magnetic systems with position changes of both massive and stranded conductors are performed via a finite element sub- problem method. A complete problem is split into subproblems associated with each conductor and the magnetic regions. Each complete solution is then expressed as the sum of subproblem solutions supported by different meshes. The subproblem procedure simplifies both meshing and solving processes, with no need of remeshing, and accurately quantifies the effect of the position changes of conductors on both local fields, e.g., skin and proximity effects, and global quantities, e.g., inductances and forces. Applications covering parameterized analyses on conductor positions to moving conductor systems can benefit from the developed approach. [less ▲]

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See detail« Spaßmacher » et « Ernstmacher » en poésie allemande. Les poèmes profanes de Robert Gernhardt.
Viehöver, Vera ULg

in Culture, le Magazine Culturel de l'Université de Liège (2012)

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See detailQuantifications en supergéométrie
Leuther, Thomas ULg

Poster (2012, February)

Le poster présente de façon vulgarisée certaines idées sous-jacentes à la recherche de quantifications invariantes en supergéométrie.

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See detailOptimization of particle packing by analytical and computer simulation approaches
He, Huan ULg; Stroeven, Piet; Stroeven, Martijn et al

in Computers and Concrete (2012), 9(2), 119-131

Optimum packing of aggregate is an important aspect of mixture design, since porosity may be reduced and strength improved. It may also cause a reduction in paste content and is thus of economic relevance ... [more ▼]

Optimum packing of aggregate is an important aspect of mixture design, since porosity may be reduced and strength improved. It may also cause a reduction in paste content and is thus of economic relevance too. Several mathematic packing models have been developed in the literature for optimization of mixture design. However in this study, numerical simulation will be used as the main tool for this purpose. A basic, simple theoretical model is used for approximate assessment of mixture optimization. Calculation and simulation will start from a bimodal mixture that is based on the mono-sized packing experiences. Tri-modal and multi-sized particle packing will then be discussed to find the optimum mixture. This study will demonstrate that computer simulation is a good alternative for mixture design and optimization when appropriate particle shapes are selected. Although primarily focusing on aggregate, optimization of blends of Portland cement and mineral admixtures could basically be approached in a similar way. [less ▲]

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