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See detailModelling realized niche of metallophyte species along copper and cobalt gradients on Katanga copper hills
Boisson, Sylvain ULg; Seleck, Maxime ULg; Guillaume, Arielle et al

Poster (2012, February 10)

In South Central Africa were identified more than 650 plant species tolerant to heavy metals, several of which endemic to Katanga and critically endangered by mining activities. These metallophyte are ... [more ▼]

In South Central Africa were identified more than 650 plant species tolerant to heavy metals, several of which endemic to Katanga and critically endangered by mining activities. These metallophyte are distributed over a hundred hills containing high copper and cobalt concentrations (20 to 10000 mg/kg for copper and 2 to 1000 mg/kg for cobalt). To understand the response of metallophyte to heavy metals, the ecological niches of 80 cupro-cobaltophytes were modeled with general additive models (GAM). Results show that (1) three groups of species were identified according to their optimum along a metal concentrations gradient and (2) a positive relationship exists between niche amplitude and optimum copper concentration. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration of external information into genetic evaluations by a Bayesian procedure
Vandenplas, Jérémie ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg

Poster (2012, February 10)

One of the most important theoretical assumptions of methods used to assess genetic values is that all available information has to be considered simultaneously to obtain unbiased estimates. However, the ... [more ▼]

One of the most important theoretical assumptions of methods used to assess genetic values is that all available information has to be considered simultaneously to obtain unbiased estimates. However, the widespread international exchange of genetic material and, more recently, the important development of the genomic selection lead to the coexistence of different genetic evaluations. Therefore, the blending of the different sources of information is necessary to achieve better prediction. Integration of external information into genetic evaluations by a Bayesian procedure can partially resolve the problem under some assumptions. Results from such a method that also avoids double counting among external animals are highly similar to those from a joint evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement territorial et parcs d'activités économiques
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailUse of Chrysoperla carnea larvae for biological control of immature stages of Leptinotarsa decemlineata
Sablon, Ludovic ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Verheggen, François ULg

Poster (2012, February 10)

In laboratory assays, we demonstrated predation of Chrysoperla carnea lacewing larvae against eggs, first and second larval instars of Colorado potato beetle (CPB). When looking at the daily consumption ... [more ▼]

In laboratory assays, we demonstrated predation of Chrysoperla carnea lacewing larvae against eggs, first and second larval instars of Colorado potato beetle (CPB). When looking at the daily consumption, we found that prey consumption by the third larval instar was 3-fold higher compared to the two first instars. Partial or total consumption of prey was also numbered. Different proportions of partial/total consumption were found and these depend on the lacewing larval stage. This study provides new perspectives for possible use of C. carnea as a biological agent to control CPB. Nevertheless, additional work has to be conducted under semi-natural and field to completely evaluate this predatory potential. [less ▲]

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See detailToward a single definition of periurban areas? A review of terms, definitions and characteristics relating to the "urban" terminology.
Andre, Marie ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg et al

Poster (2012, February 10)

Remote sensing image interpretation and classification require a clear definition of what is considered as a rural, a periurban, a suburban or an urban area. Such a definition is also essential in order ... [more ▼]

Remote sensing image interpretation and classification require a clear definition of what is considered as a rural, a periurban, a suburban or an urban area. Such a definition is also essential in order to compare results of studies in periurban zones. Different terms, definitions and characteristics relating to these four concepts have been reviewed in the literature and compared according to different criteria like their type, citation frequency, strenghts and weaknesses, in the scope of a landscape evolution analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailMadame Bovary, celle que l'on n'attendait pas.
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailModelling the disturbed argillite - Strain localization
Pardoen, Benoît ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg

Scientific conference (2012, February 09)

The excavation process creates a damaged zone around the galleries composing underground structures. The prediction of the extension but especially of the fracturing structure in this zone remains an ... [more ▼]

The excavation process creates a damaged zone around the galleries composing underground structures. The prediction of the extension but especially of the fracturing structure in this zone remains an unresolved issue in the context of underground storage. Disturbed argillite and damage (fracturing) can be numerically modeled by the development of strain localization bands. Within the framework of classical finite elements, the strain localization depends on the mesh while the second gradient method overcomes this difficulty. This method is implemented in the finite element code Lagamine and is used to model biaxial compression tests performed in laboratory. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Voice of Occupy: Did Western Capitalism Fail?
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailRole of western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman, 1847) on the dynamics of tropical logged forest ecosystems
Haurez, Barbara ULg; Petre, Charles-Albert ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

Poster (2012, February 08)

The western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman) (WLG) which is considered as a critically endangered species by IUCN, could play a fundamental function in seeds dispersal of several ... [more ▼]

The western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman) (WLG) which is considered as a critically endangered species by IUCN, could play a fundamental function in seeds dispersal of several plant species. This could be related to its frugivorous diet, its stomach capacity and the long gut retention time of the ingested food, its extensive daily path length, and its ability to swallow seeds of variable sizes. In addition, this animal tends to deposit most of ingested seeds in suitable habitats (especially logging gaps and old logging roads) for light-demanding plant development. This research will be conducted within the moist evergreen forest of Central Gabon in a logging concession granted to the company CEB Precious Woods. A preliminary study was undertaken as a Master thesis. It was aiming at obtaining a first insight of interactions between WLG and timber exploitation in Central Gabon and at assessing the extent to which they may benefit of each other. WLG abundances were estimated in unlogged and logged sites in the concession, and nesting behavior described. Seeds dispersed during the study period (February-May) by WLG were identified through fecal analysis. Relatively high WLG abundances were observed in the concession. WLG were found to nest preferentially in open areas and to frequently use old logging road network for nesting and feeding. Sixteen species were observed to be dispersed by WLG. Seeds of the most abundant species, Santiria trimera, were subjected to four treatments: (1) passed seeds, (2) passed seeds in fecal matrix, (3) seeds surrounded by fresh pulp and (3) seeds extracted from fresh fruits. The germination successes of S. trimera were significantly higher after gut passage partly thanks to fruit pulp removal. Our PhD study aims to characterize the functional ecology of WLG in tropical forests dynamics, especially regarding logging biotopes. Our research will be organized in three parts: (1) the survey of gorilla populations in the study area coupled with the characterization of their nests and habitats, (2) the study of dispersed species and of the effect of passage through gorilla gut on seed germination, (3) the estimate of dispersal distances for the species Santiria trimera (Burseraceae) by using molecular markers. Data for the second and third parts will be collected in one site selected thanks to the results of the survey for its high gorilla density, to assess the following assumptions: (1) gorillas favor the regeneration of many plant species, including timber trees; (2) they improve the genetic diversity and limit the genetic structure by widening the genetic pool and dispersing diasporas on large distances. If these hypotheses are accepted, sylvicultural practices may be adapted so as to take advantage from the presence of gorilla population. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution to the study of physicochemical and functional properties of hemicelluloses and xylooligosaccharides (XOS) extracted from rapeseed meal
Mertens, Cécile ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

Poster (2012, February 08)

Rapeseed meal is one of the main industrial co-products from agriculture in Belgium, with more than 30 000 T produced each year. Beside its agricultural and energetic applications, new paths of ... [more ▼]

Rapeseed meal is one of the main industrial co-products from agriculture in Belgium, with more than 30 000 T produced each year. Beside its agricultural and energetic applications, new paths of valorization are being developed in order to add value to the rapeseed meal, usually by extraction of interesting molecules. In this thesis project, the aimed molecules are hemicelluloses, which are obtained via a global fractionation method that is being developed and optimized, constituting the first part of this project. Indeed, while rapeseed meals are globally already well exploited (mainly for their feed value), rapeseed hemicelluloses have not yet been studied for food application. Yet, hemicelluloses can be used as food additives (thickener, stabilizer, etc) mainly in bakery products. The literature being incomplete regarding the chemical structure of rapeseed hemicelluloses, one of the objectives of this project is to study their physicochemical properties, in regard with their technofunctional properties. Rapeseed hemicelluloses can also be used as raw material to produce an emergent type of prebiotic: xylooligosaccharides (XOS). These molecules can be introduced as well in the food supplement sector. Their production will be achieved by enzymatic hydrolysis, for a polymerization degree between two and five. Thus, the production and the physicochemical and technofunctional characterization of rapeseed XOS constitute the last objective of this project. This thesis is part of the SYNBIOFOR project, which aim is to create new symbiotic ingredients. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 227 (22 ULg)
See detailmigrations congolaises en Belgique et géographies religieuses
Demart, Sarah ULg; Melice, Anne ULg; Meiers, Bénédicte ULg

Conference (2012, February 08)

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See detail50 Years of contrasted residue management in an agricultural crop: Impacts on the soil carbon budget and on soil heterotrophic respiration.
Buysse, Pauline ULg; Roisin, Christian; Aubinet, Marc ULg

Conference (2012, February 08)

Within the context of Climate Change, crop management exerts a strong influence on the soil carbon (C) balance. This study aims (1) to estimate the C loss by soil heterotrophic respiration (SHR) in ... [more ▼]

Within the context of Climate Change, crop management exerts a strong influence on the soil carbon (C) balance. This study aims (1) to estimate the C loss by soil heterotrophic respiration (SHR) in different residue management treatments through the establishment of their soil C budgets and (2) to compare these estimations with field SHR measurements. Three contrasted treatments were considered: Residue Export (RE), Farm Yard Manure addition (FYM) and Residue Restitution after harvest (RR). They were established in 1959 and continuously applied since then at an experimental field located in the Hesbaye region in Belgium. The soil C budget was calculated for each treatment on the basis of total soil organic C content measurements and C input data compiled since the beginning of the experiment. This allowed estimating the C loss by SHR in the different treatments. SHR measurements were performed in 2010 and 2011 to compare them with the budget-based estimations and to assess SHR sensitivity to temperature in the different treatments. The soil C budgets showed that the soil under the RR treatment was likely to undergo the largest C loss by SHR since the beginning of the experiment. The comparison between the results from the C budget and the SHR field measurements, performed 50 years after the experiment had begun, did however show that the treatment that received the largest amount of crop residues (RR) did not necessarily sequestrate the most C or produce the largest CO2 fluxes (FYM). Besides, no significant difference between treatments was observed in the field measurements in terms of SHR sensitivity to temperature. Laboratory investigations (microbial biomass, basal respiration, metabolic diversity and soil fractionation) will later be performed to better understand the effects of long-term residue management on soil C dynamics. [less ▲]

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See detailEsthétique matérielle, philosophie de l'histoire et barbarie
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

Scientific conference (2012, February 08)

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See detailActualités du droit des marchés publics : les options et les variantes
Durviaux, Ann-Lawrence ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 333 (12 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailCerebrospinal Fluid Collection Tubes: a critical issue for Alzheimer Disease diagnosis
Perret-Liaudet, Armand; Pelpel, Mathieu; Tholance, Yannick et al

in Clinical Chemistry (2012), 58

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg)
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See detailRelevance of pedotopographical indicators in the assessment of spatial distribution of soil water resources under forest stands. General Methodology.
Ridremont, François ULg; Claessens, Hugues ULg

Poster (2012, February 08)

Water resources constitute one of the most decisive factors of the adaptation of forest ecosystems facing climate changes. The assessment of soil water resources should lead a better understanding of ... [more ▼]

Water resources constitute one of the most decisive factors of the adaptation of forest ecosystems facing climate changes. The assessment of soil water resources should lead a better understanding of forest sites vulnerability to water stress and provide appropriate management recommendations for the choice of trees species and sylvicutlural techniques. This study aims to confront mapping pedotopographical indicators related to the water resource richness of forest sites to the soil moisture regime. The effect of soil moisture on the forest ecosystem productivity and the bioindicator expression of flora will be study too. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (10 ULg)