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See detailA method for evaluating transport energy consumption in suburban areas
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Environmental Impact Assessment Review (2012), 33

Urban sprawl is a major issue for sustainable development. It represents a significant contribution to energy consumption of a territory especially due to transportation requirements. However, transport ... [more ▼]

Urban sprawl is a major issue for sustainable development. It represents a significant contribution to energy consumption of a territory especially due to transportation requirements. However, transport energy consumption is rarely taken into account when the sustainability of suburban structures is studied. In this context, the paper presents a method to estimate transport energy consumption in residential suburban areas. The study aimed, on this basis, at highlighting the most efficient strategies needed to promote awareness and to give practical hints on how to reduce transport energy consumption linked to urban sprawl in existing and future suburban neighborhoods. The method uses data collected by using empirical surveys and GIS. An application of this method is presented concerning the comparison of four suburban districts located in Belgium to demonstrate the advantages of the approach. The influence of several parameters, such as distance to work places and services, use of public transport and performance of the vehicles, are then discussed to allow a range of different development situations to be explored. The results of the case studies highlight that travelled distances, and thus a good mix between activities at the living area scale, are of primordial importance for the energy performance, whereas means of transport used is only of little impact. Improving the performance of the vehicles and favoring home-work give also significant energy savings. The method can be used when planning new areas or retrofitting existing ones, as well as promoting more sustainable life styles regarding transport habits. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Parlement Jeunesse de la Communauté française, une initiative citoyenne ?
Wintgens, Sophie ULg; Dabée, Maëlle

in Fournier, Bernard; Hudon, Raymond (Eds.) Engagements politiques et citoyens de jeunes. Bilans et expériences au Canada et en Europe (2012, February)

Créée en 1997 dans l'esprit du modèle québécois, l'ASBL Parlement Jeunesse de la Communauté française organise annuellement une simulation parlementaire à destination de jeunes francophones résidants en ... [more ▼]

Créée en 1997 dans l'esprit du modèle québécois, l'ASBL Parlement Jeunesse de la Communauté française organise annuellement une simulation parlementaire à destination de jeunes francophones résidants en Belgique, âgés de 17 à 26 ans. Cette initiative citoyenne permet ainsi à une centaine de jeunes, idéalement issus de tous milieux et de tous horizons, de découvrir les rouages internes de la démocratie, conformément aux mécanismes et procédures propres au système parlementaire belge. Là où nombre d'études scientifiques sur l'engagement politique des jeunes s'accordent sur la prévalence d'un désintérêt manifeste et – plus largement – sur une tendance générale au déclin de l'engagement politique chez les jeunes, l'action citoyenne mise en œuvre par le Parlement Jeunesse témoigne en réalité de l'existence de formes moins classiques – dans le cas présent, associative – de socialisation des jeunes à la « chose politique ». L’objectif général poursuivi dans cette contribution est d'identifier la nature et les fondements de l'engagement politique déployé à travers cette jeune initiative, ainsi que d’en mesurer la portée et les limites. Dès lors, en quoi le Parlement Jeunesse participe-t-il de l’engagement politique des jeunes ? Ne contribue-t-il qu’au renforcement d’un intérêt politique latent et préexistant ? A contrario, participe-t-il de la construction d’un engagement politique au départ d’un processus d’apprentissage pratique des rouages de la démocratie parlementaire ? En d’autres termes, quelles sont les forces et les faiblesses de cette initiative citoyenne en terme de socialisation politique de la jeunesse ? [less ▲]

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See detailBeleidsaanbevelingen ter ondersteuning van ondernemers in moeilijkheden
Van Caillie, Didier ULg; Lambrecht, Johan

Book published by Koning Boudewijn Stichting - 1ère (2012)

This study proposes an extended discussion of 7 measures adapted for increasing the efficiency of administrative and legal measures taken in Belgium in order to sustain entrepreneurs confrontated to the ... [more ▼]

This study proposes an extended discussion of 7 measures adapted for increasing the efficiency of administrative and legal measures taken in Belgium in order to sustain entrepreneurs confrontated to the first steps of a business decline [less ▲]

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See detailContract 21539/08/NL/SFe - Advancement of mechanical verification methods for non-linear spacecraft: Modal analysis using nonlinear normal modes.
Renson, Ludovic ULg; Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

Report (2012)

The objective of this technical note is to explore the applicability of nonlinear modal analysis to spacecraft structures. To this end, algorithms for the continuation of periodic solutions are applied to ... [more ▼]

The objective of this technical note is to explore the applicability of nonlinear modal analysis to spacecraft structures. To this end, algorithms for the continuation of periodic solutions are applied to the finite element model of the SmallSat spacecraft. Nonlinear normal modes and their corresponding frequencies of oscillation are computed, and the results are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailRhino vs paquebot: 1-0
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailDéveloppement d'un prototype exploitant les brevets ViBe et le chiffrement d'images
Schadeck, Damien ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

Report (2012)

This report develops many software enhancements proposed to speed up ViBe, a patented technology designed to detect backgrounds and motion in video sequences. It also elaborates on a technology for the ... [more ▼]

This report develops many software enhancements proposed to speed up ViBe, a patented technology designed to detect backgrounds and motion in video sequences. It also elaborates on a technology for the partial encryption of images. [less ▲]

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See detailPropositions pour une politique de soutien des indépendants en difficulté
Van Caillie, Didier ULg; Lambrecht, Johan

Book published by Fondation Roi Baudouin - 1ère édition (2012)

This study discusses seven proposals allowing to increase the efficiency of administrative and legal measures taken by Belgian Public Authorities to prevent and to tackle with the difficulties encountered ... [more ▼]

This study discusses seven proposals allowing to increase the efficiency of administrative and legal measures taken by Belgian Public Authorities to prevent and to tackle with the difficulties encountered by entrepreneurs confrontated to the first steps of a business decline. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat have the last outbreaks of atypical myopathy in Europe told us: new epidemiological evidence.
Votion, Dominique ULg

in Verwilghen, Denis; Van Galen, Gaby; Busoni, Valeria (Eds.) Belgian International Congress: Hippos 2012 (2012, February)

Atypical myopathy outbreaks are of an acute and unexpected nature and the information given in this review aims at helping equine practitioners in the recognition and handling of a suspected case in the ... [more ▼]

Atypical myopathy outbreaks are of an acute and unexpected nature and the information given in this review aims at helping equine practitioners in the recognition and handling of a suspected case in the event of AM outbreaks. So, this review (1) describes the diagnostic tools for AM, (2) reports prognostic criteria, and (3) lists preventive measures based on recent epidemiological surveys. [less ▲]

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See detailResults of kidney transplantation from controlled donors after cardio-circulatory death: a single center experience.
Ledinh, H.; WEEKERS, Laurent ULg; BONVOISIN, Catherine ULg et al

in Transplant International (2012), 25

The aim of this study was to determine results of kidney transplantation (KT) from controlled donation after cardio-circulatory death (DCD). Primary end-points were graft and patient survival, and post ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine results of kidney transplantation (KT) from controlled donation after cardio-circulatory death (DCD). Primary end-points were graft and patient survival, and post-transplant complications. The influence of delayed graft function (DGF) on graft survival and DGF risk factors were analyzed as secondary end-points. This is a retrospective mono-center review of a consecutive series of 59 DCD-KT performed between 2005 and 2010. Overall graft survival was 96.6%, 94.6%, and 90.7% at 3 months, 1 and 3 years, respectively. Main cause of graft loss was patient's death with a functioning graft. No primary nonfunction grafts. Renal graft function was suboptimal at hospital discharge, but nearly normalized at 3 months. DGF was observed in 45.6% of all DCD-KT. DGF significantly increased postoperative length of hospitalization, but had no deleterious impact on graft function or survival. Donor body mass index >/=30 was the only donor factor that was found to significantly increase the risk of DGF (P < 0.05). Despite a higher rate of DGF, controlled DCD-KT offers a valuable contribution to the pool of deceased donor kidney grafts, with comparable mid-term results to those procured after brain death. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentifying and computing nonlinear normal modes
Cammarano, A.; Carrella, A.; Renson, Ludovic ULg et al

in Proceedings of the SEM IMAC XXX Conference (2012, February)

Non linear normal modes offer a rigorous framework, both mathematical and physical, for theoretical and experimental dynamical analysis. Albeit still in its infancy, the concept of non linear normal modes ... [more ▼]

Non linear normal modes offer a rigorous framework, both mathematical and physical, for theoretical and experimental dynamical analysis. Albeit still in its infancy, the concept of non linear normal modes has the potential of providing to both the academic and the industrial establishment a powerful tool for the analysis of non linear dynamical systems. However, in order to exploit the full potential of this theory (and its associated simulation capability), there is need to integrate it with other branches of non linear structural dynamics: namely, in order for the non linear normal modes of a real - physical - structure to be computed, there is need to identify and quantify its non linearity. In this paper, an identification method based on the measured Frequency Response Function (FRF) is employed to identify and quantify the system's non linearity before computing the system's non linear normal modes. [less ▲]

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See detailBénéfices démontrés et potentiels de l'administration intraveineuse périopératoire de lidocaïne
Giudice, Véronica; LAUWICK, Séverine ULg; KABA, Abdourahmane ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(2), 81-84

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See detailContract 21539/08/NL/SFe - Advancement of mechanical verification methods for non-linear spacecraft: Nonlinear identification using a subspace-based method in the frequency domain
Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Renson, Ludovic ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

Report (2012)

The objective of this technical note is to explore the applicability of a newly introduced nonlinear system identification technique to spacecraft structures. To this end, numerical experiments are ... [more ▼]

The objective of this technical note is to explore the applicability of a newly introduced nonlinear system identification technique to spacecraft structures. To this end, numerical experiments are conducted using a finite element model of the SmallSat spacecraft. A detailed introduction to the method, referred to as the frequency-domain nonlinear subspace identification (FNSI) method, is provided and its major assets are commented. Random-type and sine-sweep excitations are considered and identification results are extensively discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDossier Texas - Alan Govenar
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailLe ciel pour tous
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailLivre Blanc Céréales - Gembloux
Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg

Book published by Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech - Edition février 2012 (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 ULg)
See detailLes carrières professionnelles des cadres : regard croisé du genre et de l'âge
Grodent, Françoise ULg

Scientific conference (2012, February)

Ce papier a pour objectif de réaliser une revue de littérature qui doit permettre de construire une recherche empirique visant à apporter une vision comparative des carrières des hommes et des femmes ... [more ▼]

Ce papier a pour objectif de réaliser une revue de littérature qui doit permettre de construire une recherche empirique visant à apporter une vision comparative des carrières des hommes et des femmes cadres en regard de trois groupes d’âge : les moins de 35 ans, les [35-50] ans et les plus de 50 ans. Nous considérons les deux sexes étant donné que les trajectoires professionnelles sont influencées par le sexe de la personne ainsi que par les stéréotypes et les rôles qui y sont directement associés (genre). Les générations, quant à elles, nous permettront de tenir compte de l’évolution des facteurs de contexte que sont notamment ces rôles attribués au masculin et au féminin à travers les époques. En effet, les constructions sociales liées au sexe des individus sont susceptibles de changer d’une génération à l’autre et donc d’agir distinctement sur les intentions de carrière. Le fait d’introduire la dimension générationnelle, en plus de celle du genre, est l’occasion d’aborder le concept d’intersectionnalité qui consiste en un croisement des groupes cibles propres à la gestion de la diversité. A l’issue de cet aperçu théorique faisant état de la littérature existante relative à cette thématique des carrières des individus occupant un poste à responsabilités, nous pourrons mettre en évidence différentes questions de recherche qu’il nous faudra, dans un second temps, confronter à la réalité du terrain. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat have the last outbreaks of atypical myopathy in Europe told us: new treatment plans
Van Galen, Gaby ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg

in Verwilghen, Denis; Van Galen, Gaby; Busoni, Valeria (Eds.) Belgian International Congress: Hippos 2012 (2012, February)

Management and treatment of atypical myopathy cases

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See detailLa monnaie de sa pièce. Poétique et morale du macairisme dans les Physiologies
Stienon, Valérie ULg

in Fix, Florence; Fougère, Marie-Ange (Eds.) L’argent et le rire, de Balzac à Mirbeau (2012)

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See detailA Single Ancient Origin for Prototypical Serine/Arginine-Rich Splicing Factors1[W][OA]
Califice, Sophie; Baurain, Denis ULg; Hanikenne, Marc ULg et al

in Plant Physiology (2012), 158(2), 546-560

Eukaryotic pre-mRNA splicing is a process involving a very complex RNA-protein edifice. Serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins play essential roles in pre-mRNA constitutive and alternative splicing, and have ... [more ▼]

Eukaryotic pre-mRNA splicing is a process involving a very complex RNA-protein edifice. Serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins play essential roles in pre-mRNA constitutive and alternative splicing, and have been suggested to be crucial in plant-specific forms of developmental regulation and environmental adaptation. Despite their functional importance, little is known about their origin and evolutionary history. SR splicing factors have a modular organization featuring at least one RRM domain and a C-terminal region enriched in Ser/Arg dipeptides. To investigate the evolution of SR proteins, we infer phylogenies for >12,000 RRM domains representing >200 broadly sampled organisms. Our analyses reveal that the RRM domain is not restricted to eukaryotes and that all prototypical SR proteins share a single ancient origin, including the plant-specific SR45 protein. Based on these findings, we propose a scenario for their diversification into four natural families, each corresponding to a main SR architecture, and a dozen subfamilies, of which we profile both sequence conservation and composition. Finally, using operational criteria for computational discovery and classification, we catalogue SR proteins in 20 model organisms, with a focus on green algae and land plants. Altogether, our study confirms the homogeneity and antiquity of SR splicing factors, while establishing robust phylogenetic relationships between animal and plant proteins, which should enable functional analyses of lesser characterized SR family members, especially in green plants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (40 ULg)