References of "2012"
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See detailEvaluation of three immunoassays for serodiagnosis of human Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection
HUYNEN, Pascale ULg; TOUSSAINT, Françoise ULg; HAYETTE, Marie-Pierre ULg et al

in Clinical Microbiology & Infection (2012, April), 18(S3), 231

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See detailAllergenic properties of the house dust mite protease Der p 3
Bouaziz, Ahlem ULg

Poster (2012, April)

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See detailPosture polémique ou polémisation de la posture ?
Moor, Louise ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2012), 10

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See detailObserved and simulated time evolution of HCl, ClONO2, and HF total column abundances
Kohlhepp, R; Ruhnke, R; Chipperfield, M P et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (2012), 12(7), 3527--3556

Time series of total column abundances of hydrogen chloride (HCl), chlorine nitrate (ClONO2), and hydrogen fluoride (HF) were determined from ground-based Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra ... [more ▼]

Time series of total column abundances of hydrogen chloride (HCl), chlorine nitrate (ClONO2), and hydrogen fluoride (HF) were determined from ground-based Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra recorded at 17 sites belonging to the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) and located between 80.05°N and 77.82°S. By providing such a near-global overview on ground-based measurements of the two major stratospheric chlorine reservoir species, HCl and ClONO2, the present study is able to confirm the decrease of the atmospheric inorganic chlorine abundance during the last few years. This decrease is expected following the 1987 Montreal Protocol and its amendments and adjustments, where restrictions and a subsequent phase-out of the prominent anthropogenic chlorine source gases (solvents, chlorofluorocarbons) were agreed upon to enable a stabilisation and recovery of the stratospheric ozone layer. The atmospheric fluorine content is expected to be influenced by the Montreal Protocol, too, because most of the banned anthropogenic gases also represent important fluorine sources. But many of the substitutes to the banned gases also contain fluorine so that the HF total column abundance is expected to have continued to increase during the last few years. The measurements are compared with calculations from five different models: the two-dimensional Bremen model, the two chemistry-transport models KASIMA and SLIMCAT, and the two chemistry-climate models EMAC and SOCOL. Thereby, the ability of the models to reproduce the absolute total column amounts, the seasonal cycles, and the temporal evolution found in the FTIR measurements is investigated and inter-compared. This is especially interesting because the models have different architectures. The overall agreement between the measurements and models for the total column abundances and the seasonal cycles is good. Linear trends of HCl, ClONO2, and HF are calculated from both measurement and model time series data, with a focus on the time range 2000–2009. This period is chosen because from most of the measurement sites taking part in this study, data are available during these years. The precision of the trends is estimated with the bootstrap resampling method. The sensitivity of the trend results with respect to the fitting function, the time of year chosen and time series length is investigated, as well as a bias due to the irregular sampling of the measurements. The measurements and model results investigated here agree qualitatively on a decrease of the chlorine species by around 1%yr-1. The models simulate an increase of HF of around 1%yr-1. This also agrees well with most of the measurements, but some of the FTIR series in the Northern Hemisphere show a stabilisation or even a decrease in the last few years. In general, for all three gases, the measured trends vary more strongly with latitude and hemisphere than the modelled trends. Relative to the FTIR measurements, the models tend to underestimate the decreasing chlorine trends and to overestimate the fluorine increase in the Northern Hemisphere. At most sites, the models simulate a stronger decrease of ClONO2 than of HCl. In the FTIR measurements, this difference between the trends of HCl and ClONO2 depends strongly on latitude, especially in the Northern Hemisphere. [less ▲]

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See detailLa médiation scolaire. Un regard des acteurs sur leurs pratiques
Kuty, Olgierd ULg; Schoenaers, Frédéric ULg; Dubois, Christophe ULg et al

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2012)

Dans nos sociétés en réseaux qui se caractérisent par un pluralisme normatif, on peut faire société sans partager des valeurs communes. Le fonctionnement des institutions scolaires illustre les nouveaux ... [more ▼]

Dans nos sociétés en réseaux qui se caractérisent par un pluralisme normatif, on peut faire société sans partager des valeurs communes. Le fonctionnement des institutions scolaires illustre les nouveaux modes de régulation des tensions, de la diversité, de l'intégration, etc. désormais à l’œuvre. C'est dans ce contexte que le concept de médiation a fait son apparition dans nos écoles, comme dispositif d'apaisement ou de maintien du lien social. La diffusion de tels dispositifs doit beaucoup à la création de services centraux puis locaux de médiation, tout comme au travail de nombreux médiateurs qui ont progressivement investi le champ scolaire. Cet ouvrage constitue une exploration du développement de leur fonction et il rend compte de la culture professionnelle qui les anime. Cette exploration conduit à s'interroger sur le processus de diffusion de la médiation scolaire tout en contextualisant cette dernière dans le spectre plus large de la médiation en général, un concept désormais répandu dans les champs familiaux, judiciaires, sanitaires, administratifs, politiques et sociaux les plus divers. [less ▲]

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See detailL'économie sociale et solidaire
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Blanchet, Vivien; Carimentrand, Aurélie (Eds.) Dictionnaire du commerce équitable (2012)

Définit l'économie sociale et solidaire et positionne le commerce équitable par rapport à cette notion

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See detailOrganisation du commerce équitable
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Blanchet, Vivien; Carimentrand, Aurélie (Eds.) Dictionnaire du commerce équitable (2012)

Définition et discussion de la notion d'organisation du commerce équitable

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See detailSuccessions internationales: perspectives d'avenir
Rosoux, Hélène ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales, vol. 55 (2012)

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See detailFamilial pituitary adenomas : current concepts and perspectives
jaffrain-Rea, ML; Beckers, Albert ULg

in Abstract book - National Symposium in Endocrinology - Romanian Society of Endocrinology (2012, April)

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See detailVers une plus grande intégration des outils de conception?
Habran, Maxime ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2012)

Mise en évidence des principes relatifs à deux outils de conception, le schéma de développement de l'espace communautaire (SDEC) et le schéma de développement de l'espace régional (SDER)

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See detailSalivary Glucose Oxidase from Caterpillars Mediates the Induction of Rapid and Delayed-Induced Defenses in the Tomato Plant
Tian, Donglan; Peiffer, Michelle; Shoemaker, Erica et al

in PLoS ONE (2012), 7(4), 36168

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See detailThe oxygen nightglow emissions of Venus: vertical distribution and role of collisional quenching
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Soret, Lauriane ULg; Migliorini, Alessandra et al

Conference (2012, April)

The oxygen nightglow emissions of Venus: vertical distribution and role of collisional quenching J.-C. Gérard (1), L. Soret (1), A. Migliorini (2), G. Piccioni (2), and P. Drossart (3) (1) LPAP ... [more ▼]

The oxygen nightglow emissions of Venus: vertical distribution and role of collisional quenching J.-C. Gérard (1), L. Soret (1), A. Migliorini (2), G. Piccioni (2), and P. Drossart (3) (1) LPAP - Université de Liège - Belgium (jc.gerard@ulg.ac.be, 0032 4 366 9711), (2) INAF - Rome, Italy, (3) LESIA, Observatoire de Paris - Meudon, France Three-body recombination of atomic oxygen produces O2 molecules excited in different electronic states such as a 1∆g, b 1 􏰀+g , A 3 􏰀+u , c 1 􏰀uand A’ 3∆u, each with a specific quantum efficiency. When they radiate, optical transitions are observed in a wide range of wavelengths extending from the ultraviolet to the near infrared. In planetary atmospheres, spontaneous radiative deexcitation compete with collisional quenching with ambient molecules and atoms. As a consequence, the corresponding airglow emission profiles may significantly differ from each other in brightness and altitude of the emitting layer. We model the volume emission rates and limb profiles of the O2 Atmospheric Infrared (a 1∆-X 3 􏰀), Herzberg I (A 3 􏰀-X 3 􏰀), Herzberg II (c 1 􏰀-X 3 􏰀), Chamberlain (A’ 3∆-a 1∆) bands expected on the Venus night side. The quenching rates are taken from laboratory and observational planetary data and we apply two different methods to determine the oxygen and CO2 density profiles. One is based on recent analysis of data collected by instruments on board the Venus Express mission. The second one uses a one-dimensional chemical-diffusive model where the free parameters are the strength of turbulent transport and the downward flux of O atoms. Both approaches indicate that the calculated intensities of each transition range over several orders of magnitude and that differences are expected in the altitude of the maximum emission. These predictions will be compared with VIRTIS/Venus Express limb observations, which make it possible to derive the vertical distribution of the O2 emissions in the visible and infrared. These measurements suggest that no difference is observed between the altitude of the peak of the IR Atmospheric and Herzberg II bands. Conclusions will be drawn about the validity of the current set of quenching coefficients used in the model. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction of the cross-section capacity of hot-rolled profiles using the direct strength method and the continuous strength method
Li, Yongzhen ULg; Rossi, Barbara ULg

in Chan, S.L.; Shu, G.P. (Eds.) Proceedings of seventh International Conference on Advances in Steel Structures (2012, April)

Material yielding on one hand and local buckling on the other hand limit the cross-section capacity of steel structural members. Current structural design codes use the concept of cross-section ... [more ▼]

Material yielding on one hand and local buckling on the other hand limit the cross-section capacity of steel structural members. Current structural design codes use the concept of cross-section classification to determine the cross-section resistance of hot-rolled profiles. In this system, the Effective Width Method (EWM) is employed to account for local buckling effects for slender, class 4, cross-sections. Alternative design methods for treatment of local buckling in metallic cross-sections have been proposed, including the Direct Strength Method (DSM), developed for cold-formed steel structural profiles, and, recently, the Continuous Strength Method (CSM). The DSM is based on the assumption that the strength can be predicted from the ratio of the yield strength to the elastic critical load in conjunction with a strength curve for the entire cross-section. Thus it is essentially an extension of the use of column curves for global buckling, but with application to local buckling instability. The CSM is a deformation-based design approach which is based on a continuous relationship between cross-sectional slenderness and cross-section deformation capacity and a rational exploitation of strain hardening. This paper is focused on the evaluation of the cross-sectional resistance of hot-rolled structural profiles. Test data from literature experimental programmes have been gathered and analysed to compare the predictions from the DSM and CSM design approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailChargement de marchandises dans un avion cargo: le cas des marchandises nécessitant des précautions particulières
Schyns, Michael ULg; Limbourg, Sabine ULg; Kleyntssens, Thomas ULg

Conference (2012, April)

D'une part, les entreprises de transport aérien ont acheminé en 2010 plus d’un tiers de la valeur des exportations mondiales. D'autre part, le chargement des avions est une opération complexe soumise à de ... [more ▼]

D'une part, les entreprises de transport aérien ont acheminé en 2010 plus d’un tiers de la valeur des exportations mondiales. D'autre part, le chargement des avions est une opération complexe soumise à de nombreuses contraintes et peu d'outils sont disponibles pour aider les loadmasters à trouver la meilleure disposition des conteneurs dans les avions. Limbourg, Schyns et Laporte (2011) ont proposé un modèle à variables entières pour traiter les problèmes élémentaires. Notre travail est une extension de ces travaux. Nous considérons des chargements spéciaux qui impliquent des précautions particulières (produits dangereux, animaux, produits réfrigérés, aliments périssables, ...) ainsi que le transport de marchandises de plus grande taille. L’ajout de ces deux types de contraintes se justifie par la grande fréquence de ces situations dans des problèmes réels rencontrés par nos partenaires industriels. Le problème résultant est très complexe et nous proposons un outil pour le résoudre. [less ▲]

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See detailEcouter le bruit, faire entendre la gêne
Colon, Paul-Louis ULg

in Communications (2012), (90), 95-107

Noise issues and ordinary listening have long been adressed separately in the social sciences. This paper argues in favor of the usefulness of an integrated approach to both, from the standpoint of an ... [more ▼]

Noise issues and ordinary listening have long been adressed separately in the social sciences. This paper argues in favor of the usefulness of an integrated approach to both, from the standpoint of an ethnographic investigation on the perception and management of sonic environment which was carried out in French-speaking Belgium. This heuristic approach – combining listening and noise – makes it possible to describe the process of when the feeling of annoyance comes about and the ability for annoyed people to express it. [less ▲]

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See detailRay-tracing modelling of the diffraction by half-planes and slits based on the energy flow lines concept
Billon, Alexis ULg; Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Proceedings of the Acoustics 2012 Nantes conference (2012, April)

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See detailCLUPI, a high-performance imaging system on the ESA-NASA rover of the 2018 ExoMars mission to discover biofabrics on Mars
Josset, Jean-Luc; Westall, Frances; Hofmann, B.A. et al

Conference (2012, April)

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