References of "2012"
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See detailLa culturalisation du politique
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Article for general public (2012)

Les valeurs que nous croyons enracinées dans une partie du champ idéologique deviennent de plus en plus nomade. On examine brièvement pourquoi la laïcité, valeur historiquement portée par la gauche, est ... [more ▼]

Les valeurs que nous croyons enracinées dans une partie du champ idéologique deviennent de plus en plus nomade. On examine brièvement pourquoi la laïcité, valeur historiquement portée par la gauche, est aujourd'hui intégréee au dispositif idéologique de la droite la plus radicale. On examine brièvement le cas de la laïcité. [less ▲]

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See detailA fully nonlinear finite element model for orthodontic tooth movement prediction
Mengoni, Marlène ULg; D'Otreppe, Vinciane ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering. (2012, April)

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See detailEngineering geological mapping in Wallonia (Belgium) : present state and recent computerized approach
Delvoie, Simon ULg; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg; Ruthy, Ingrid ULg et al

Poster (2012, April)

An engineering geological map can be defined as a geological map with a generalized representation of all the components of a geological environment which are strongly required for spatial planning ... [more ▼]

An engineering geological map can be defined as a geological map with a generalized representation of all the components of a geological environment which are strongly required for spatial planning, design, construction and maintenance of civil engineering buildings. In Wallonia (Belgium) 24 engineering geological maps have been developed between the 70s and the 90s at 1/5,000 or 1/10,000 scale covering some areas of the most industrialized and urbanized cities (Liège, Charleroi and Mons). They were based on soil and subsoil data point (boring, drilling, penetration test, geophysical test, outcrop. . . ). Some displayed data present the depth (with isoheights) or the thickness (with isopachs) of the different subsoil layers up to about 50 m depth. Information about geomechanical properties of each subsoil layer,useful for engineers and urban planners, is also synthesized. However, these maps were built up only on paper and progressively needed to be updated with new soil and subsoil data. The Public Service of Wallonia and the University of Liège have recently initiated a study to evaluate the feasibility to develop engineering geological mapping with a computerized approach. Numerous and various data (about soil and subsoil) are stored into a georelational database (the geotechnical database – using Access, Microsoft®). All the data are geographically referenced. The database is linked to a GIS project (using ArcGIS, ESRI®). Both the database and GIS project consist of a powerful tool for spatial data management and analysis. This approach involves a methodology using interpolation methods to update the previous maps and to extent the coverage to new areas. The location (x, y, z) of each subsoil layer is then computed from data point. The geomechanical data of these layers are synthesized in an explanatory booklet joined to maps. [less ▲]

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See detailLight as a modulator of cognitive brain functions
Vandewalle, Gilles ULg

Conference (2012, April)

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See detailLa médiation scolaire. Un regard des acteurs sur leurs pratiques
Kuty, Olgierd ULg; Schoenaers, Frédéric ULg; Dubois, Christophe ULg et al

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2012)

Dans nos sociétés en réseaux qui se caractérisent par un pluralisme normatif, on peut faire société sans partager des valeurs communes. Le fonctionnement des institutions scolaires illustre les nouveaux ... [more ▼]

Dans nos sociétés en réseaux qui se caractérisent par un pluralisme normatif, on peut faire société sans partager des valeurs communes. Le fonctionnement des institutions scolaires illustre les nouveaux modes de régulation des tensions, de la diversité, de l'intégration, etc. désormais à l’œuvre. C'est dans ce contexte que le concept de médiation a fait son apparition dans nos écoles, comme dispositif d'apaisement ou de maintien du lien social. La diffusion de tels dispositifs doit beaucoup à la création de services centraux puis locaux de médiation, tout comme au travail de nombreux médiateurs qui ont progressivement investi le champ scolaire. Cet ouvrage constitue une exploration du développement de leur fonction et il rend compte de la culture professionnelle qui les anime. Cette exploration conduit à s'interroger sur le processus de diffusion de la médiation scolaire tout en contextualisant cette dernière dans le spectre plus large de la médiation en général, un concept désormais répandu dans les champs familiaux, judiciaires, sanitaires, administratifs, politiques et sociaux les plus divers. [less ▲]

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See detailThe earthquake sedimentary record in marine sediment from cores in the western part of the Marmara Sea, Turkey
Drab, Laureen; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Schmidt, Sabine et al

Conference (2012, April)

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See detailToward a Taxonomy of Key Success Factors for SME’s in a Changing Environment : the case of the Luxury Industry
Riguelle, France ULg; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Proceedings of the The 12th IAMB Conference (2012, April)

This paper aims at proposing a synthetic taxonomy of key success factors (KSF) for SME's in the luxury industry. Both typologies of KSF for SME's in overall on the one hand, and for companies of the ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at proposing a synthetic taxonomy of key success factors (KSF) for SME's in the luxury industry. Both typologies of KSF for SME's in overall on the one hand, and for companies of the luxury industry on the other hand, constructed on a basis of a critical literature review regarding the two domains concerned (SME's performance management and performance management of companies of the luxury industry) are gathered to propose a single synthetic taxonomy of KSF for SME's of the luxury industry. [less ▲]

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See detailDegradation inhibitors and metal additives: impact on solvent degradation
Léonard, Grégoire ULg

Report (2012)

This report is part of a PhD thesis currently taking place at the University of Liège in collaboration with the company Laborelec. A Degradation Test Rig (DTR) has been built in order to evaluate solvent ... [more ▼]

This report is part of a PhD thesis currently taking place at the University of Liège in collaboration with the company Laborelec. A Degradation Test Rig (DTR) has been built in order to evaluate solvent degradation in CO2 capture conditions. Details about degradation effects and about the DTR may be found in a previous report (PhD mid-term report, G. Léonard, 2011). Experiments to study the effect of process conditions on degradation are in progress with 2-ethanolamine (MEA) as benchmark solvent. This report presents first a brief overview of the different degradation mechanisms and associated products, followed by a literature review about metal influence on MEA degradation and a state of the art review about degradation inhibitors. [less ▲]

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See detailL'astronomie dans le monde
Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (2012)

Collision dans le Dragon; Trou noir de masse intermédiaire;Zoom sur une galaxie lointaine; Les jours de Vénus s’allongent ?; Lumière cendrée; Anomalies magnétiques lunaires; Océan martien; Hercule par le ... [more ▼]

Collision dans le Dragon; Trou noir de masse intermédiaire;Zoom sur une galaxie lointaine; Les jours de Vénus s’allongent ?; Lumière cendrée; Anomalies magnétiques lunaires; Océan martien; Hercule par le VST [less ▲]

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See detailRèglement 2201/2003 en matière de dissolution du mariage et de responsabilité parentale : synthèse de jurisprudence
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Van Drooghenbroeck, Jean-François (Ed.) Droit judiciaire européen et international (2012)

This paper presents an overview of the case law of the ECJ in relation to Regulation 2201/2003. The focus is on cases decided by the ECJ and by French and Belgian courts, with a few reference made to ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an overview of the case law of the ECJ in relation to Regulation 2201/2003. The focus is on cases decided by the ECJ and by French and Belgian courts, with a few reference made to court practice in England. Cases are presented and discussed in relation to the various provisions of the Regulation to which they relate. For each case, an abstract is included, followed by (critical) comments. This overview appeared in a book presenting the main European regulations dealing with European procedural law (jurisdiction of courts, recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments). The book is part of a series edited by Prof. Georges de Leval (University of Liège), which collects court practice in relation to procedural law. [less ▲]

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See detailHow does elicitor and antimicrobial fengycin interact with plasma membranes of sensitive cells ?
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Eeman, Marc; Lins, Laurence ULg et al

Conference (2012, April)

Fengycin is characterized by its strong antifungal and low hemolytic activities. It has also been recently demonstrated that it has plant elicitor properties and is also able to enhance the elicitors’ ... [more ▼]

Fengycin is characterized by its strong antifungal and low hemolytic activities. It has also been recently demonstrated that it has plant elicitor properties and is also able to enhance the elicitors’ activity of surfactin. The cell target of its biological activities is supposed to be plasma membrane. In spite of these interesting biological activities, fengycin has not been extensively investigated probably because of the difficulties related to its production. In a first time; we have characterized the interfacial properties of fengycin by tensiometry measurements and demonstrated that this surface activity was pH-dependent. In a second time; we have investigated the interactions of the lipopeptide with membrane lipids using model membranes such as Langmuir monolayers and multilammelar vesicles (MLVs). Our results indicate that the lipopeptide was able to penetrate into different lipid monolayers showing a preference for sterol-containing monolayers. In order to better understand the mechanism of the interactions of fengycin with membranes at the molecular level, MLVs with or without fengycin have been analyzed by spectroscopic techniques. We have shown that conformational changes of the lipopeptide occurred in the presence of lipids and they were more significant in the presence of sterol. Moreover, tyrosine residues of the lipopeptide seem to play an important role in these interactions. In conclusion, we have determined that the surface-active behavior as well as the conformation of fengycin depends on its environment. We have also showed that the lipopeptide does not interact with all class of lipids in the same way and presents a preference for sterols. The presence of key groups within peptide cycle has also been supposed for the biological activities of the lipopeptide. [less ▲]

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See detailLe vieillissement actif dans l'entreprise
Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailRéponses du Martin-pêcheur huppé Alcedo cristata à la perturbation de ses sites de nidification
Kisasa Kafutshi, Robert ULg

in Malimbus (2012), 34(28-38),

From 2004 to 2009, two colonies of Malachite Kingfisher were monitored by ringing the nestlings and adults, counting eggs and observing parental activity at the nests. Results show that 10 % of nests were ... [more ▼]

From 2004 to 2009, two colonies of Malachite Kingfisher were monitored by ringing the nestlings and adults, counting eggs and observing parental activity at the nests. Results show that 10 % of nests were destroyed by people in the Symphonies site as against 78 % in the Monastery site. Consequently, the number of nests available for breeding is lower at Monastery than at Symphonies. The number of fledged chicks per nest at Symphonies was twice that at the Monastery. Site fidelity is higher for the adults in the Symphonies site (26 %) than at the Monastery (11 %). This suggests that the Monastery site is less favourable to the survival of the Malachite Kingfisher than the Symphonies site. The best strategy to protect this species seems to be the maintenance of a good number of nesting sites. [less ▲]

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See detailL'impact de la divulgation d'informations sur la liquidité du marché français
Ajina, Aymen ULg; Sougné, Danielle ULg; Lakhal, Faten

in Finance et Stratégies de Développement (2012)

This paper examines the relationship between the quality of financial disclosure and the French stock-market liquidity. Based on a sample of 196 firms over a period from 2004 to 2007, we find that there ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the relationship between the quality of financial disclosure and the French stock-market liquidity. Based on a sample of 196 firms over a period from 2004 to 2007, we find that there is a positive and statistically significant relationship between the quality of Annual Reports and market liquidity. This result should encourage French authorities to develop the informational environment as an indispensable means to prevent the risk of illiquidity. [less ▲]

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See detailL'économie sociale et solidaire
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Blanchet, Vivien; Carimentrand, Aurélie (Eds.) Dictionnaire du commerce équitable (2012)

Définit l'économie sociale et solidaire et positionne le commerce équitable par rapport à cette notion

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See detailEffect of Transient Creep Strain Model on the Behavior of Concrete Columns Subjected to Heating and Cooling
Gernay, Thomas ULg

in Fire Technology (2012), 48(2), 313-329

In the numerical analysis of structures in fire, the material models that are used have important implications on the global behavior of the structure. In concrete, a particular phenomenon appears when ... [more ▼]

In the numerical analysis of structures in fire, the material models that are used have important implications on the global behavior of the structure. In concrete, a particular phenomenon appears when subjected to high temperatures: the transient creep strain. Models integrating explicitly a term for transient creep strain have been proposed in the literature but, in the current Eurocode 2 model, there is no explicit term for transient creep strain. This phenomenon is included in the Eurocode 2 model, but it is implicitly considered in the mechanical strain term. A series of experimental fire tests on axially restrained concrete columns subjected to heating and cooling has been recently performed at South China University of Technology and described by Wu et al. (Fire Technol 46:231–249). In the original paper, it was shown that using the implicit model of Eurocode 2, the behavior of the columns cannot be simulated properly, especially during the cooling phase. The objective of the present paper is to perform again the fire tests simulations using a new formulation of the Eurocode 2 model that contains an explicit term for transient creep. In the first part of the paper, the explicit formulation of the Eurocode 2 model is presented. In the second part, the fire tests are modeled with the software SAFIR using, on the one hand, the implicit Eurocode model and, on the other hand, the new explicit model. It is shown that the transient creep model has significant implications on the global behavior of structural concrete members, as the residual axial load sustained by the columns at the end of the fire can differ by up to 25% of the initial applied load depending on the transient creep strain model that is used for the calculation. The experimental behavior is better matched with the new explicit model than with the current Eurocode model. Particularly, the results given by the Eurocode model during the cooling phase are unconservative as the residual axial load is overestimated. Finally, it is explained why, on the basis of an example, in a performance-based approach, these results can have important implications on the global fire resistance of a structure. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganisation du commerce équitable
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Blanchet, Vivien; Carimentrand, Aurélie (Eds.) Dictionnaire du commerce équitable (2012)

Définition et discussion de la notion d'organisation du commerce équitable

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See detailImposing periodic boundary condition on arbitrary meshes by polynomial interpolation
Nguyen, Van Dung ULg; Béchet, Eric ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg et al

in Computational Materials Science (2012), 55

In order to predict the effective properties of heterogeneous materials using the finite element approach, a boundary value problem (BVP) may be defined on a representative volume element (RVE) with ... [more ▼]

In order to predict the effective properties of heterogeneous materials using the finite element approach, a boundary value problem (BVP) may be defined on a representative volume element (RVE) with appropriate boundary conditions, among which periodic boundary condition is the most efficient in terms of convergence rate. The classical method to impose the periodic boundary condition requires the identical meshes on opposite RVE boundaries. This condition is not always easy to satisfy for arbitrary meshes. This work develops a new method based on polynomial interpolation that avoids the need of matching mesh condition on opposite RVE boundaries. [less ▲]

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