References of "2012"
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See detailLa culturalisation du politique
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Article for general public (2012)

Les valeurs que nous croyons enracinées dans une partie du champ idéologique deviennent de plus en plus nomade. On examine brièvement pourquoi la laïcité, valeur historiquement portée par la gauche, est ... [more ▼]

Les valeurs que nous croyons enracinées dans une partie du champ idéologique deviennent de plus en plus nomade. On examine brièvement pourquoi la laïcité, valeur historiquement portée par la gauche, est aujourd'hui intégréee au dispositif idéologique de la droite la plus radicale. On examine brièvement le cas de la laïcité. [less ▲]

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See detailDu théâtre magique au cinéma fantastique : les figures extatiques de Georges Méliès
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in Gimello-Mesplomb, Frédéric (Ed.) Le Cinéma fantastique français à l’épreuve du genre fantastique. Socioanalyse d’une production artistique (2012)

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See detailLe vieillissement actif dans l'entreprise
Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailLes haut-parleurs électrodynamiques
Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg

Learning material (2012)

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See detailEngineering geological mapping in Wallonia (Belgium) : present state and recent computerized approach
Delvoie, Simon ULg; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg; Ruthy, Ingrid ULg et al

Poster (2012, April)

An engineering geological map can be defined as a geological map with a generalized representation of all the components of a geological environment which are strongly required for spatial planning ... [more ▼]

An engineering geological map can be defined as a geological map with a generalized representation of all the components of a geological environment which are strongly required for spatial planning, design, construction and maintenance of civil engineering buildings. In Wallonia (Belgium) 24 engineering geological maps have been developed between the 70s and the 90s at 1/5,000 or 1/10,000 scale covering some areas of the most industrialized and urbanized cities (Liège, Charleroi and Mons). They were based on soil and subsoil data point (boring, drilling, penetration test, geophysical test, outcrop. . . ). Some displayed data present the depth (with isoheights) or the thickness (with isopachs) of the different subsoil layers up to about 50 m depth. Information about geomechanical properties of each subsoil layer,useful for engineers and urban planners, is also synthesized. However, these maps were built up only on paper and progressively needed to be updated with new soil and subsoil data. The Public Service of Wallonia and the University of Liège have recently initiated a study to evaluate the feasibility to develop engineering geological mapping with a computerized approach. Numerous and various data (about soil and subsoil) are stored into a georelational database (the geotechnical database – using Access, Microsoft®). All the data are geographically referenced. The database is linked to a GIS project (using ArcGIS, ESRI®). Both the database and GIS project consist of a powerful tool for spatial data management and analysis. This approach involves a methodology using interpolation methods to update the previous maps and to extent the coverage to new areas. The location (x, y, z) of each subsoil layer is then computed from data point. The geomechanical data of these layers are synthesized in an explanatory booklet joined to maps. [less ▲]

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See detailA new species of Caprella (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from the Mediterranean Sea
Sturaro, Nicolas ULg; Guerra-García, José Manuel

in Helgoland Marine Research (2012)

A new caprellid amphipod, Caprella tavolarensis n. sp., is described based on specimens collected from a Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadow at the Tavolara- Punta Coda Cavallo Marine Protected Area ... [more ▼]

A new caprellid amphipod, Caprella tavolarensis n. sp., is described based on specimens collected from a Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadow at the Tavolara- Punta Coda Cavallo Marine Protected Area (Sardinia, Mediterranean Sea). The species is close to Caprella liparotensis, but can be clearly distinguished by smaller size, presence of a short rostrum, body elongate and dorsally smooth, absence of serrate carina on the basis of gnathopod 2 and pereopods, mouthparts scarcely setose, absence of Wne setae on peduncle of antenna 1 and absence of swimming setae on antenna 2. The number of caprellid species reported from the Mediterranean Sea has increased from 23 (1993) to 41 (2010), consequently, further taxonomical studies should be addressed to properly estimate the total amphipod diversity in the Mediterranean Sea. [less ▲]

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See detailRevealing MPLS Tunnels Obscured from Traceroute
Donnet, Benoît ULg; Luckie, Matthew; Mérindol, Pascal et al

in Computer Communication Review (2012), 42(2), 87-93

Operators have deployed Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) in the Internet for over a decade. However, its impact on Internet topology measurements is not well known, and it is possible for some MPLS ... [more ▼]

Operators have deployed Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) in the Internet for over a decade. However, its impact on Internet topology measurements is not well known, and it is possible for some MPLS configurations to lead to false router-level links in maps derived from traceroute data. In this paper, we introduce a measurement-based classification of MPLS tunnels, identifying tunnels where IP hops are revealed but not explicitly tagged as label switching routers, as well as tunnels that obscure the underlying path. Using a large-scale dataset we collected, we show that paths frequently cross MPLS tunnels in today's Internet: in our data, at least 30% of the paths we tested traverse an MPLS tunnel. We also propose and evaluate several methods to reveal MPLS tunnels that are not explicitly flagged as such: we discover that their fraction is significant (up to half the explicit tunnel quantity) but most of them do not obscure IP-level topology discovery. [less ▲]

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See detailLa médiation scolaire. Un regard des acteurs sur leurs pratiques
Kuty, Olgierd ULg; Schoenaers, Frédéric ULg; Dubois, Christophe ULg et al

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2012)

Dans nos sociétés en réseaux qui se caractérisent par un pluralisme normatif, on peut faire société sans partager des valeurs communes. Le fonctionnement des institutions scolaires illustre les nouveaux ... [more ▼]

Dans nos sociétés en réseaux qui se caractérisent par un pluralisme normatif, on peut faire société sans partager des valeurs communes. Le fonctionnement des institutions scolaires illustre les nouveaux modes de régulation des tensions, de la diversité, de l'intégration, etc. désormais à l’œuvre. C'est dans ce contexte que le concept de médiation a fait son apparition dans nos écoles, comme dispositif d'apaisement ou de maintien du lien social. La diffusion de tels dispositifs doit beaucoup à la création de services centraux puis locaux de médiation, tout comme au travail de nombreux médiateurs qui ont progressivement investi le champ scolaire. Cet ouvrage constitue une exploration du développement de leur fonction et il rend compte de la culture professionnelle qui les anime. Cette exploration conduit à s'interroger sur le processus de diffusion de la médiation scolaire tout en contextualisant cette dernière dans le spectre plus large de la médiation en général, un concept désormais répandu dans les champs familiaux, judiciaires, sanitaires, administratifs, politiques et sociaux les plus divers. [less ▲]

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See detailTHE RESPONSE OF ACETOBACTER SENEGALENSIS TO STRESSORS: A STUDY TOWARDS IMPROVEMENT OF VINEGAR STARTER PRODUCTION
Shafiei, Rasoul ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg

in Acetic Acid Bacteria (2012, April)

Acetic acid bacteria encounter various harsh conditions during acetic acid fermentation. Ethanol as the main substrate and acetic acid as the major product at low pH can influence deeply on the cellular ... [more ▼]

Acetic acid bacteria encounter various harsh conditions during acetic acid fermentation. Ethanol as the main substrate and acetic acid as the major product at low pH can influence deeply on the cellular functions of acetic acid bacteria. In previous studies in CWBI, Acetobacter senegalensis was used for production of dried vinegar starters; however the impact of stressors (ethanol and acetic acid) on A. senegalensis remained unclear. In this study, different techniques such as flow cytometry, culturability on solid medium and 2-DiGE were used comparatively to investigate the effect of carbon sources of inoculum media on the tolerance of A. senegalensis to stressors. Analysis of respiration system by flow cytometric methods showed that the presence of 2% (v/v) acetic acid in inoculum medium, in one hand, causes 80% of cells to continue to do respiration after a sudden exposure to 1- 3% (v/v) acetic acid in stress media while 89.7% of cells grown in glucose appeared as dead cells after an abrupt exposure to 3%(v/v) of acetic acid. On the other hand, 59.2% and 49.33% of cells grown in the presence of 2% (v/v) of acetic acid could maintain their entire membrane integrity after exposure to 1% and 3% (v/v) of acetic acid, respectively. Inoculum medium contained 5% (v/v) of ethanol as a carbon source enabled about 90% of cells to keep their growing capacities after a sudden exposure to 3% acetic acid. In contrast, just 40% of cells grown in glucose as a carbon source maintained their culturability on solid medium after exposure to 1% acetic acid. A similar profile of culturability was observed for the cells grown in 5% (v/v) ethanol or 2% (v/v) of acetic acid. A proteomic approach (2-DiGE) was used to analyze proteins expressed in the presence of different carbon sources. Differentially expressed proteins were mainly associated with energy metabolism, carbohydrate metabolisms, folding, sorting and degradation processes. The relative abundance of proteins was extensively different for cell grown in glucose compared with protein contents of cells grown in ethanol or acetic acid. In conclusion, production of a cost effective vinegar starter needs a qualified biomass which tolerates ethanol and acetic acid. Tolerance of A. senegalensis to acetic acid depends to a great extent on the composition of the medium which cells grow in. In spite of low adaption to acetic acid for cell grown in glucose, using ethanol or acetic acid in inoculum media renders a physiological state in A. senegelensis which enables it to cope with higher concentration of acetic acid readily, this biomass has a potential to be used as a starter [less ▲]

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See detailUse of ionic liquids for biocatalytic synthesis of sugar derivatives
Galonde, Nadine ULg; Nott, Katherine ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg et al

in Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology (2012), 87(4), 451-471

Sugar-based compounds are widely used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents and food. They are mainly produced by chemical methods, but the use of enzymes as ‘a greener alternative’ to organic ... [more ▼]

Sugar-based compounds are widely used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents and food. They are mainly produced by chemical methods, but the use of enzymes as ‘a greener alternative’ to organic synthesis has been investigated for more than 20 years. Due to the low polar substrate solubility in organic solvents compatible with enzymes, research has focused on the application of substitutes for biocatalysis, especially ionic liquids (ILs). After introducing the main properties of ILs and especially their ability to solubilize sugars, this review focuses on one of their applications, the biocatalytic synthesis of carbohydrate derivatives. In this context, they can be used in pure IL systems, in IL/IL systems or in IL/organic solvent systems. Finally, this review provides an update on the environmental fate of ILs. Their exploitation in ‘green’ processes is still limited due to their low degradability but research is currently under way to design new more ‘eco-friendly’ ILs. [less ▲]

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See detailThe earthquake sedimentary record in marine sediment from cores in the western part of the Marmara Sea, Turkey
Drab, Laureen; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Schmidt, Sabine et al

Conference (2012, April)

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See detailPresentation of the report about degradation inhibitors and metal additives impact on solvent degradation
Léonard, Grégoire ULg

Report (2012)

Literature review about impact of additives on solvent degradation

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See detailThe optimization of microsatellite genotyping and genetic sexing of non-invasively collected polar bear tissue: Implications for monitoring and census.
Harris, Christopher; Van Coeverden De Groot, Peter; Kamookak, L et al

Conference (2012, April)

The monitoring of Polar Bears in Canada has been completed largely through management unit (MU) wide capture-mark-recapture (CMR) surveys. While this data is very useful at the time of collection, these ... [more ▼]

The monitoring of Polar Bears in Canada has been completed largely through management unit (MU) wide capture-mark-recapture (CMR) surveys. While this data is very useful at the time of collection, these surveys are expensive and take time to plan and execute; cannot be feasibly executed across the polar bear range at intervals that reflect the expected rapid environmental changes in the Arctic; and are disdained by the Inuit as being invasive. As part of recent efforts to explore less expensive and non-invasive methods to monitor polar bears (see Wong et al & Van Coevderden de Groot et al this conference) we are evaluating genetic information obtained from non-invasively collected polar bear tissue. In this work we report on the genetic data obtained from non-invasively collected harisnags recovered from sampling stations erected between May-June 2006-2009 in M’Clintock Channel, Nunavut. Across the 4 years 344 hair snags were collected; following Paetkau (2004) we optimized 6 microsatellite loci to reliably amplify polar bear DNA from this tissue and we modified the procedure of Pages et al (2009) to reliably genetically sex these tissues. Our estimates for two common errors with this type of tissue across all loci – allelic dropout (0.026) and false allele (0.03) - were both less than p =.05. This suggests these errors are not going to significantly affect the accuracy of the consensus genotypes collected from these data. Using consensus genotypes from relevant hairsnags, we posit a minimum of 59 (max 82) unique bears entered our sampling stations. Of these, 24% were female, 64% were male, and 12% could not be sexed. We resampled 2 bears in 2006, 1 in 2007, 0 bears in 2008 and 14 bears in 2009 – the 2009 value reflects significantly increased sampling effort in 2009. Five bears were re-sampled between the non-invasive surveys in 2006-2009. When comparing our data to a subset of cubs and subadults captured during the Taylor et al. (2006) CMR survey of M’Clintock Channel (MU), we found 6 genotype matches. Our sampling stations may have a male bias as the sex ratio from the 1998-2000 CMR study was 42.1% ♂ (Taylor et al 2006) vs. 64% ♂ (this study). We cannot accurately determine the age bias (but see Wong et al this conference). Genetic data from Polar bear faecal samples may provide an unbiased sex and age sample of polar bears in any MU. Any data from these samples will help refine hairsnag derived MKNA estimate of polar bears from any MU. Here we report on our efforts to genotype and genetically sex 95 faecals we have collected from M’Clintock Channel from 2006-2009. Finally, we discuss the implications of these findings, results from other noninvasive work (Wong et al & Van Coevderden de Groot et al this conference) and ongoing/proposed work in the context of i) a non-invasive Inuit-based polar bear activity and health survey, and ii) a more rigorous census method which may allow more precise adjustments of harvest levels than currently possible using infrequently collected CMR data only. [less ▲]

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See detailL'astronomie dans le monde
Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (2012)

Collision dans le Dragon; Trou noir de masse intermédiaire;Zoom sur une galaxie lointaine; Les jours de Vénus s’allongent ?; Lumière cendrée; Anomalies magnétiques lunaires; Océan martien; Hercule par le ... [more ▼]

Collision dans le Dragon; Trou noir de masse intermédiaire;Zoom sur une galaxie lointaine; Les jours de Vénus s’allongent ?; Lumière cendrée; Anomalies magnétiques lunaires; Océan martien; Hercule par le VST [less ▲]

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